Jubilee history of Thorold township and town : from the town of the red man to the present. --

Jubilee history of Thorold township and town : from the town of the red man to the present. --

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THE THOROLD ARMSJUBILEE HISTORYOFTHOROLDTOWNSHIP AND TOWNFROM THE TIME OF THE RED MAN TO THE PRESENT-X*)V.../BY H: THOMPSPUBLISHED MPSONJOHNFOR THETHOROLD AND BEAVERDAMS HISTORICAL SOCIETY.II I10ROI.D:TIIK TIIOKOU) I OST PRINTING AM) IT I .I.ISl II Ni I OMPANVSgy-SJEntered to Act of the Parliament of in theCanada, 1898,according year by JohnII. at the ofThompson, Department AgriculturePREFACEof the Provincial Historical AssociationIt was the suggestionthe of local histories that caused the Thoroldcompilingregardingforth thisand Beaverdams Historical toSociety work, althoughputa ofthe members had felt that the Township possessed historylongits own well worth recording.has been devoted to the Town of ThoroldConsiderable spaceRobinson and St.the of Portand to JohnsVillages Allanburgh,while briefer mentionwhich lie within the ;West, wholly Townshipwhich/ lies within Pelham. Ashas been made of Fonthill, partlyof is on the south side of thea small Wellandportion Chippawaonlyas from thesince the town is consideredCreek, and separateits has not beenfor all historyTownship municipal purposes,is that both theseincluded in this work. It however,hoped,due attention when the of Crowlandwill receive Townshipsplacestheir annals.and Pelham recordfrom the descendantsinformation has beenThe chieflygatheredwhereverof the settlers, although, possible, documentaryearlymade. Inbeen obtained to statementsevidence has also verify anyfromis to errors in ...

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THE THOROLD ARMS JUBILEE HISTORY OF THOROLD TOWNSHIP AND TOWN FROM THE TIME OF THE RED MAN TO THE PRESENT -X*)V... / BY H: THOMPSPUBLISHED MPSONJOHN FOR THE THOROLD AND BEAVERDAMS HISTORICAL SOCIETY . I I I10ROI.D :TIIK TIIOKOU) I OST PRINTING AM) IT I .I.ISl II Ni I OMPANV Sgy-S J Entered to Act of the Parliament of in theCanada, 1898,according year by John II. at the ofThompson, Department Agriculture PREFACE of the Provincial Historical AssociationIt was the suggestion the of local histories that caused the Thoroldcompilingregarding forth thisand Beaverdams Historical toSociety work, althoughput a ofthe members had felt that the Township possessed historylong its own well worth recording. has been devoted to the Town of ThoroldConsiderable space Robinson and St.the of Portand to JohnsVillages Allanburgh, while briefer mentionwhich lie within the ;West, wholly Township which/ lies within Pelham. Ashas been made of Fonthill, partly of is on the south side of thea small Wellandportion Chippawaonly as from thesince the town is consideredCreek, and separate its has not beenfor all historyTownship municipal purposes, is that both theseincluded in this work. It however,hoped, due attention when the of Crowlandwill receive Townshipsplaces their annals.and Pelham record from the descendantsinformation has beenThe chieflygathered whereverof the settlers, although, possible, documentaryearly made. Inbeen obtained to statementsevidence has also verify any fromis to errors in,such a work it creeping for,impossible prevent bestrecords on even theabsence of writtenin the many points, differauthorities greatly. those svho have sotakes this ofThe writer thankingopportunity beinformation. It wouldassistance infurnished procuringkindly names of all those within theto mention the Townshipimpossible thanks are due towork in this butwho have aided the way, special of the who has muchHistorianMrs. Society, givenJames Munro, of ThoroldB.to A. \V. Rcavlev, A.,valuable ; Ksq., Principalhelp onwritten thewho has C.cology, ArcheologySchool, chapterHigh who has furnishedand to A. Sutherland,and ; KM]-,Topography kindness oftheof the fire manythe Throughhistory company. 61827 LIBRARY.RUBLIC1QRKWORTH has beeninformationaccurateoutside the Township,livingpersons ofFitzGibbon : Miss M. A.onobtained important pointsmany of Sir Thorold, Bart.,of "A Veteran 1812"; JohnauthorToronto, T.Col. G. Denison,Lincolnshire ;Park, Grantham,Syston who has furnishedSt. Catharines,Toronto Beatty, Esq., ; Stephen Raids andthe Fenian Capt.the information ;most of regarding ; Aentitledfrom whoseof Fort monographCruikshank Erie, the onin Welland chapterof County"HistoryCentury Municipal book has beenin this compiled.governmentmunicipal PUBLISHER S PREFACE The Thorokl and Beaverdams Historical in outSociety, bringing this are in the line of a movementJubilee History, working pioneer which it is will become the Dominion.hoped general throughout The ofof the the different andlocalities,recording history fully historians born and on thefreely, by residing ground, frequently actual descendants of the who wrested their fromhomespioneers the them from the beasts that roamed at andforest, protected will, fromdefended them the is a work of too muchagain foreign invader, value and of too vast not to be to theimportance encouraged very utmost citizen.patrioticby every The the of for himself and for thepf Thorold,publisher History which has tohe a warm interest inSociety represents, acknowledge tin.- and of of thework, many kindly expressions appreciation effort, even while the work was in course of from whosepreparation, many are of value.opinions l- a ofrom business the must beview,purely point enterprise allowed to be a bold one. To such a book at such apublish price, the chief demand for which must from a townsinglenecessarilyfome as asand make it a financial well a and artistic success,ship, literary no small ot not to of the assurancedegree confidence, speakrequires that the venture will be in that smallfully appreciated constituency. The illustrative features also call for mention. Most of the of the and a few oldcourse, portraitsphotographs, excepting, from which the were made were takenengravings bypictures, Thorold and the of the asamateurs, quality engravings they appear in the book well lor the skill and care bestowed thespeaks upon illustrations which are fromThoseoriginals. photographs by are so marked. professionals CONTENTS ICHAPTER CEOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGYTOPOGRAPHY, racesTrees and animals. PrehistoricSurface. Soil.General Topography. orTrails.houses and customs. Onghiara, Niagara.Neutrals Ojibways. rIndian relics illustrated. PageAn Indian burial.Folklore. IICHAPTER SETTLEMENT Indian treaties.Mode ofFirst comers. travelling.United Empire Loyalists. List ofList ofThe of Thorold original patentees.Township.naming firstNotes about thewho settled in theButler s Township.Rangers J J-^settlers. IIICHAPTER STRUGGLES AND SUCCESSESEARLY and fish. Woollencontrivances. clothing.houses. Fruits, gameLog Ingenious Wild animals. The "Cold,Itinerant tailors and shoemakers. Swamps. 1 lurricane ofstores. The GreatYear" of 1792.1788. MilitaryHungry The old LutheranAct. First Parliament of Canada.Constitutional Upper from his OldChurch. Rev. Robert Addison. Extracts buryingregister. / </<vRumors of war.First mills and ~>Jgrounds. shops. CHAPTER IV TOWNSHIPAMERICAN OCCUPATION OE THE Peninsula inOutbreak of war in 1812. Americans take York and TheNiagara. of Americans retreat to Forttheir hands. The battle Creek.Sloney s band. of valuables.American raids. Hiding Capt.ChapinGeorge. account oiMerritt s and s scouts. DeCou sFitzGibbondragoons Capt. stored in DeCou shis as a of war. Military suppliesexperiences prisoner house. /ay ?5