Between transnational mission and migration life: formation and diversity of an evangelical Chinese community in Germany [Elektronische Ressource] / vorgelegt von: Qilan Shen
445 Pages
English
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Between transnational mission and migration life: formation and diversity of an evangelical Chinese community in Germany [Elektronische Ressource] / vorgelegt von: Qilan Shen

Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer
445 Pages
English

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Religionswissenschaft Between Transnational Mission and Migration Life: Formation and Diversity of an Evangelical Chinese Community in Germany Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Philosophischen Fakultät der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität zu Münster (Westf.) vorgelegt von Qilan Shen aus Shanghai, V.R. China 2010 1Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 10.08.2010 Dekan: Prof. Dr. Christian Pietsch_____ Referent: Prof. Dr. Annette Wilke______ Korreferent: Prof. Dr. Judith Könemann_____ 2CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................................................12 1.1 TRANSNATIONAL RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES AS RESEARCH SUBJECT............................................13 1.2 RESEARCH DESIGN .......................................................................................................................17 2 THE THEORY FRAME OF THE STUDY ..................................................................................19 2.1 TRANSNATIONALISM AS A WIDER PERSPECTIVE............................................................................19 2.1.1 Transnationalism as Key Idea ............................................................................................19 2.1.2 Transnational Identity of the Community ........................................................................

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Published 01 January 2010
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Religionswissenschaft

Between Transnational Mission and Migration Life:
Formation and Diversity of an Evangelical Chinese Community
in Germany

Inaugural-Dissertation

zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades

der

Philosophischen Fakultät

der

Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität

zu

Münster (Westf.)

vorgelegt von

Qilan Shen

aus Shanghai, V.R. China
2010
1Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 10.08.2010

Dekan: Prof. Dr. Christian Pietsch_____

Referent: Prof. Dr. Annette Wilke______

Korreferent: Prof. Dr. Judith Könemann_____
2CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................................................12
1.1 TRANSNATIONAL RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES AS RESEARCH SUBJECT............................................13
1.2 RESEARCH DESIGN .......................................................................................................................17
2 THE THEORY FRAME OF THE STUDY ..................................................................................19
2.1 TRANSNATIONALISM AS A WIDER PERSPECTIVE............................................................................19
2.1.1 Transnationalism as Key Idea ............................................................................................19
2.1.2 Transnational Identity of the Community ...........................................................................21
2.2 RELIGIONS IN CONTEMPORARY TRANSNATIONAL MIGRATION STUDIES........................................21
2.2.1 The First Approach.............................................................................................................22
2.2.2 The Second Approach .........................................................................................................23
2.2.3 The Third Approach............................................................................................................24
2.2.4 The Fourth Approach..........................................................................................................27
2.2.5 My Approach ......................................................................................................................29
2.3 RELEVANT RESEARCH...................................................................................................................30
2.4 SOME USEFUL THEORETICAL TOOLS.............................................................................................32
2.4.1 Social Networks ..................................................................................................................33
2.4.2 Social Capital .....................................................................................................................34
2.4.3 Embeddedness ....................................................................................................................34
3 AN ETHNOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMUNITY...........................................37
3.1 HISTORY OF THE COMMUNITY ......................................................................................................37
3.2 RELATIONSHIPS TO RELEVANT ORGANIZATIONS ...........................................................................38
3.3 THEOLOGY AND RITUAL ...............................................................................................................40
3.3.1 Sunday Worship ..................................................................................................................41
3.3.2 Sunday School ....................................................................................................................43
3.3.3 Bible Reading Groups.........................................................................................................44
3.4 ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE .........................................................................................................47
3.5 ETHNIC DIVERSITY .......................................................................................................................47
33.6 SOCIAL ACTIVITIES AND SOCIAL SERVICES...................................................................................48
3.6.1 Communication Room ........................................................................................................48
3.6.2 Missionary Work.................................................................................................................49
3.6.3 Barbeque ............................................................................................................................49
3.6.4 Camping .............................................................................................................................51
3.6.5 Excursion............................................................................................................................52
3.6.6 Website................................................................................................................................53
3.6.7 Wedding ..............................................................................................................................54
3.7 LANGUAGE ...................................................................................................................................55
3.8 COMMUNICATION WITH GERMAN CHURCHES ...............................................................................56
3.9 COMMUNICATION WITH TRANSNATIONAL MISSIONARY INSTITUTIONS .........................................56
3.9.1 Transnational Missionary Groups......................................................................................56
3.9.2 Chinese Biblical Seminary in Europe.................................................................................57
4 FIELD WORK AND REFLECTION ON METHODS ...............................................................60
4.1 PROCESS OF FIELD WORK.............................................................................................................60
4.2 INTERVIEWS ..................................................................................................................................61
4.3 OBJECTIVE HERMENEUTICS ..........................................................................................................64
4.3.1 A Short Guide to Objective Hermeneutics..........................................................................64
4.3.2 The Advantage of Applying Objective Hermeneutics .........................................................66
4.3.3 Reflection on the Method....................................................................................................69
4.4 DOCUMENTARY METHOD..............................................................................................................69
5 ANALYSIS OF PASTOR H ...........................................................................................................72
5.1 BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE OF PASTOR H.........................................................................................72
5.2 ANALYSIS OF BEGINNING SEQUENCES ..........................................................................................72
5.2.1 The Beginning Stimulus ......................................................................................................72
5.2.2 The Narrative Opens ..........................................................................................................73
5.3 THE HYPOTHESIS OF LATENT MEANING GENERATING RULES AND STRUCTURE ...........................78
5.4 INDICATIONS FROM THE INTERVIEW..............................................................................................79
5.4.1 China Mission as a Goal of Transnational Mission ...........................................................79
45.4.2 Transnational Missionary Detour in Germany...................................................................82
5.4.3 Strategies in Transnational Mission ...................................................................................85
5.4.3.1 Active Approach of Young Students .............................................................................................85
5.4.3.2 Local and Transnational Religious Education...............................................................................87
5.4.3.3 Structure Construction of the Community ....................................................................................89
5.4.3.4 Community Activities ...................................................................................................................92
5.4.3.5 Concurrence with Other Communities..........................................................................................95
5.5 SUMMARY...................................................................................................................................100
5.5.1 Motive of Joining the Community.....................................................................................100
5.5.1.1 Community as a Chain of Transnational Mission .......................................................................100
5.5.1.2 Strategies of Developing a Transnational Religious Community................................................101
5.5.2 The Type of Pastor H and its Function in the Community................................................104
6 ANALYSIS OF MR. R..................................................................................................................107
6.1 BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE OF MR. R.............................................................................................107
6.2 ANALYSIS OF BEGINNING SEQUENCES ........................................................................................107
6.2.1 The Beginning Stimulus ....................................................................................................107
6.2.2 The Narrative Opens ........................................................................................................107
6.3 THE HYPOTHESIS OF LATENT MEANING GENERATING RULES AND STRUCTURE .........................113
6.4 INDICATIONS FROM THE INTERVIEW............................................................................................115
6.4.1 Conversion as an Adaptation to the New Environment .................................................... 115
6.4.2 God as Guidance in Reorientation of Life........................................................................ 116
6.4.2.1 Adjustment in Relationships .......................................................................................................116
6.4.2.2 Reorientation in Career Choice...................................................................................................118
6.4.3 Embeddedness of Mr. R in the Community .......................................................................121
6.4.3.1 Growth with Development of the Community............................................................................121
6.4.3.2 Involvement as Executive Authority in the Community .............................................................122
6.4.3.3 His Identity as a Community Member ........................................................................................124
6.4.3.4 Role Awareness as a Community Leader ....................................................................................125
6.4.3.5 Mr. R’s Religious Practice...........................................................................................................130
56.4.4 Transnational Missionary Work and the Role of the Pastor .............................................130
6.4.4.1 Transnational Missionary Group.................................................................................................130
6.4.4.2 The Role of the Pastor.................................................................................................................137
6.4.5 Influence on the Family ....................................................................................................141
6.5 SUMMARY...................................................................................................................................144
6.5.1 Motive of Joining the Community.....................................................................................144
6.5.1.1 Adaptation and Reorientation with New Conversion..................................................................144
6.5.1.2 Embeddedness in the Community as Spiritual Growth...............................................................146
6.5.2 The Type of Mr. R..............................................................................................................147
6.5.2.1 Mr. R as a Reproduced Leader Type ...........................................................................................147
6.5.2.2 The Function of Mr. R’s Type .....................................................................................................149
7 ANALYSIS OF MISS Q ...............................................................................................................151
7.1 BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE ............................................................................................................151
7.2 ANALYSIS OF THE BEGINNING SEQUENCES .................................................................................151
7.2.1 The Beginning Stimulus ....................................................................................................151
7.2.2 The Narrative Opens ........................................................................................................151
7.3 THE HYPOTHESIS OF LATENT MEANING GENERATING RULES AND STRUCTURE .........................154
7.4 INDICATIONS FROM THE INTERVIEW............................................................................................154
7.4.1 Community as a Family Substitute ...................................................................................154
7.4.2 Emotional Support from the Community ..........................................................................156
7.4.3 Practical Support from the Community ............................................................................157
7.4.4 Further Education and Religious Teaching......................................................................159
7.4.4.1 Community Activities in Germany .............................................................................................159
7.4.4.2 Sermons and Religious Education...............................................................................................160
7.4.4.3 Theological Understanding and Identity .....................................................................................165
7.4.5 Language as a Barrier and the Contact outside the Community......................................168
7.4.6 The Role of the Pastor ......................................................................................................169
7.4.7 The Family Reaction and Future Influence ......................................................................172
7.5 SUMMARY...................................................................................................................................173
67.5.1 Motive of Joining the Community.....................................................................................173
7.5.1.1 First level: Reconnection with Childhood Experience ................................................................174
7.5.1.2 Second level: Benefits of Being a Member of the Community...................................................174
7.5.1.3 The Third Level: Community Involvement.................................................................................176
7.5.2 Miss Q’s Type in the Community.......................................................................................176
7.5.2.1 Miss Q as a Follower Type..........................................................................................................176
7.5.2.2 The Function of Miss Q’s Type...................................................................................................178
8 ANALYSIS OF MISS F................................................................................................................180
8.1 BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE OF MISS F............................................................................................180
8.2 ANALYSIS OF THE BEGINNING SEQUENCES .................................................................................180
8.2.1 The Beginning Stimulus ....................................................................................................180
8.2.2 The Narrative Opens ........................................................................................................181
8.3 THE HYPOTHESIS OF LATENT MEANING GENERATING RULES AND STRUCTURE .........................192
8.4 INDICATIONS FROM THE INTERVIEW............................................................................................193
8.4.1 A New World View and a Shelter for Emotions.................................................................193
8.4.2 From Resistance to Belief.................................................................................................196
8.4.3 Bible as Foundation of Family Values..............................................................................198
8.4.4 The Role of the Christians and the Role of Females in the Family...................................202
8.4.5 The Further Education in the Community Life.................................................................203
8.4.5.1 Sermons and Religious Education...............................................................................................203
8.4.5.2 The Function of Sunday School..................................................................................................203
8.4.5.3 Theological Understanding and Religious Identity .....................................................................205
8.4.6 Circle Outside the Community..........................................................................................206
8.4.7 The Role of the Pastor ......................................................................................................207
8.5 SUMMARY...................................................................................................................................209
8.5.1 Motive of Joining the Community.....................................................................................209
8.5.1.1 Joining the Community as Distinguishing Mark of Spiritual Conversion...................................209
8.5.1.2 Reconstruction of Family Values with the Bible.........................................................................210
8.5.1.3 Constancy and Activeness of the Community.............................................................................212
78.5.2 The Type of Miss F in Comparison to Miss Q ..................................................................214
8.5.2.1 Miss F as Follower Type .............................................................................................................214
8.5.2.2 The Function of Type of Miss F..................................................................................................216
8.5.2.3 In Comparison to Miss Q ............................................................................................................216
9 ANALYSIS OF MR. W.................................................................................................................219
9.1 BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE OF MR. W............................................................................................219
9.2 ANALYSIS OF BEGINNING SEQUENCES ........................................................................................219
9.2.1 The Beginning Stimulus ....................................................................................................219
9.2.2 The Narrative Opens ........................................................................................................220
9.3 THE HYPOTHESIS OF LATENT MEANING GENERATING RULES AND STRUCTURE .........................225
9.4 INDICATIONS FROM THE INTERVIEW............................................................................................227
9.4.1 Imitating and Forming a Community ...............................................................................227
9.4.2 Role Awareness as a Community Leader..........................................................................229
9.4.3 The Role of the Pastor ......................................................................................................232
9.4.3.1 Transformation............................................................................................................................233
9.4.3.2 The Pastor as a Provider..............................................................................................................235
9.4.3.3 The Trajectory of Mr. W .............................................................................................................238
9.4.4 Religious Understanding and Teaching............................................................................241
9.4.5 The Consequences of Mr. W’s Trajectory..........................................................................244
9.5 SUMMARY...................................................................................................................................247
9.5.1 Motive of Joining the Community.....................................................................................247
9.5.1.1 Initiating a Community to Resume Religious Practice................................................................247
9.5.1.2 Deep Embeddedness as a Community Leader ............................................................................248
9.5.2 The Type of Mr. W.............................................................................................................249
9.5.2.1 Mr. W as a Competitive Leader Type..........................................................................................249
9.5.2.2 The Function of Mr. W’s type .....................................................................................................251
9.5.2.3 Development of Mr. W’s Trajectory............................................................................................254
10 ANALYSIS OF MISS E................................................................................................................256
10.1 BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE OF MISS E.......................................................................................256
810.2 ANALYSIS OF THE BEGINNING SEQUENCES ............................................................................256
10.2.1 The Beginning Stimulus ....................................................................................................256
10.2.2 The Narrative Opens ........................................................................................................257
10.3 THE HYPOTHESIS OF LATENT MEANING GENERATING RULES AND STRUCTURE.....................264
10.4 INDICATIONS FROM THE INTERVIEW .......................................................................................266
10.4.1 From Rejection to Tolerance.............................................................................................266
10.4.2 Identity Conflicts and Adaptation Strategy.......................................................................269
10.4.3 Community Life and Friendship as Attraction..................................................................271
10.4.4 Embeddedness of Miss E ..................................................................................................274
10.4.5 Missionary Work and the Role of the Pastor ....................................................................277
10.4.6 Circle outside the Community...........................................................................................280
10.5 SUMMARY..............................................................................................................................282
10.5.1 Motive of Joining the Community.....................................................................................282
10.5.1.1 A Selective Integration as Solution of Identity Conflicts.......................................................282
10.5.1.2 Community Life as Religious Practice ..................................................................................284
10.5.2 The Type of Miss E............................................................................................................285
10.5.2.1 Miss E as a Selective Integrated Type....................................................................................285
10.5.2.2 The Function of Miss E’s Type ..............................................................................................287
11 ANALYSIS OF MISS M...............................................................................................................290
11.1 BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE OF MISS M .....................................................................................290
11.2 ANALYSIS OF BEGINNING SEQUENCES ...................................................................................290
11.2.1 The Beginning Stimulus ....................................................................................................290
11.2.2 The Narrative Opens ........................................................................................................291
11.3 THE HYPOTHESIS OF LATENT MEANING GENERATING RULES AND STRUCTURE.....................298
11.4 INDICATIONS FROM THE INTERVIEW .......................................................................................299
11.4.1 Practical Support of the Community ................................................................................299
11.4.2 Being Baptized as Qualification of Staying in the Community .........................................300
11.4.3 Estrangement from the Community ..................................................................................303
11.4.4 Religious Understanding and Teaching............................................................................305
911.4.5 The Role of the Pastor ......................................................................................................306
11.4.6 Dropout from the Community ...........................................................................................309
11.4.7 Contact outside the Community........................................................................................312
11.5 SUMMARY..............................................................................................................................315
11.5.1 Motive of Joining the Community.....................................................................................315
11.5.2 Reasons of Leaving the Community..................................................................................316
11.5.3 The Type of Miss M...........................................................................................................318
11.5.3.1 Miss M as a Dropout Type.....................................................................................................318
11.5.3.2 The Function of Miss M’s type..............................................................................................319
12 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................................................321
12.1 TYPOLOGY OF THE COMMUNITY MEMBERS ...........................................................................321
12.1.1 Question One....................................................................................................................321
12.1.2 Question Two ....................................................................................................................323
12.2 DYNAMIC RELATIONSHIPS OF THE COMMUNITY MEMBERS....................................................324
12.3 THE TRAJECTORIES OF THE COMMUNITY MEMBERS ..............................................................326
12.4 THEORETICAL SIGNIFICANCE REGARDING TRANSNATIONALISM............................................330
12.5 INFLUENCES OF TRANSNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS....................................................................332
12.6 CONSEQUENCES OF TRANSNATIONAL MISSION ......................................................................334
APPENDIX .............................................................................................................................................336
INTERVIEW WITH PASTOR H..................................................................................................................336
INTERVIEW WITH MISS Q......................................................................................................................362
INTERVIEW WITH MISS F ......................................................................................................................376
INTERVIEW WITH MR. W AND MS. W ...................................................................................................388
INTERVIEW WITH MISS E ......................................................................................................................404
INTERVIEW WITH MISS M .....................................................................................................................420
BIBLIOGRAPHY ..................................................................................................................................435
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