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COMMON NOMENCLATURE OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS NIPRO. Edition 1975

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OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTES EUROPEENNES ­ STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES ­ STATISTISCHES ,
Τ DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN ­ ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE ­ BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EURI
PESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN ­ DET STATISTISKE DEPARTEMENT FOR DE EUROPAEISKE FAELLESSKABER ­OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMM
NAUTES EUROPEENNES ­ STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES ­ STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSC
AFTEN ­ ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE ­ BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN ­ DET S
ATISTISKE DEPARTEMENT FOR DE EUROPAEISKE FAELLESSKABER ­ OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTES EUROPEENNES ­ STATISI
i CAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES ­ STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN ­ ISTITUTO STATISTICO DE
LE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE ­ BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN ­ DET STATISTISKE DEPARTEMENT FOR DI
UROPAEISKE FAELLESSKABER ­ OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTES EUROPEENNES ­ STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN C
MMUNITIES ­ STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN ­ ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE ­ BUREA
VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN ­ DET STATISTISKE DEPARTEMENT FOR DE EUROPAEISKE FAELLESSKABER
OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMI"
DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCH
Tl COMMUNITIES ­ STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCH NAUTES EUROPEENNES ­ STAT
rATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEEC REAU VOC 1AFTEN ­ ISTITUTO STATISTICO
ÏTimiF DFS COMMUNAUTES EURO TATISTISKE DEPARTEMENT FOR
ICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN
LE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE ­ BURE
EUROPAEISKE FAELLESSKABER
MUNITIES ­ STATISTISCHES AM
OOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROI eurostat
FICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMU
R EUROPAISCHEN GEMEINSCH/
THE EUROPE
OF THE EU
À EUROPE
STATIE E FAELLEÍ
COMMON NOMENCLATURE OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
NIPRO
Edition 1975 DE EUROPÆISKE FÆLLESSKABERS STATISTISKE KONTOR
STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN
STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES
eurostat
ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE
BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN
Luxembourg, Centre Européen, Boîte postale 1907 — Tél. 43011 Télex: Comeur Lu 3423
1049 Bruxelles, Bâtiment Berlaymont, Rue de la Loi 200 (Bureau de liaison) — Tél. 735 80 40
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zijn. COMMON NOMENCLATURE OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
NIPRO
Edition 1975
Manuscript completed in October 1976 Reproduction of the contents of this publi­
cation is subject to acknowledgment of the
source
Printed in Belgium PREFACE
EUROSTAT is pleased to be able to present to the public the first edition of the Common
Nomenclature of Industrial Products or NIPRO.
This nomenclature classifies products according to the branch of industry producing them,
and in this way provides a basis for the definition of the General Industrial Classification of
Economic Activities within the European Communities, the NACE.
The NIPRO will also provide the guidelines for work in the field of statistics of production by
products.
The present edition of the NIPRO is provisional; EUROSTAT would be pleased to receive
observations from the responsible bodies in the Member States of the European
Communities and from professional organizations, which will enable the present persion to
be improved.
In creating the NIPRO, EUROSTAT received great assistance from the "Statistisches
Bundesamt" of the Federal Republic of Germany, two officials of which, Messrs Skiebe and
Potkowik, joined in the preparation of the nomenclature.
Moreover, various professional federations, organized at the European level, provided
proposals for their respective branches.
EUROSTAT would like to thank all those who, by their assistance, made possible the
preparation of the NIPRO.
Luxembourg, November 1976. J. MAYER CONTENTS
Introduction VII
Units of measurement XX
Common Nomenclature of Industrial Products (NIPRO) 1
Annex A: Correlation Table NIPRO-NIMEXE (75) A1
Annex Β :n Table NIMEXE (75)-NIPRO B
CorrelationeE (75)-NACE/CLIO
Annex C : Guest positions CINTRODUCTION
To this end I — General remarks
(1) NIPRO is conceived as a nomenclature of products,
1. "The need for a system for categorizing in a clear and
defining the industrial activities in NACE (§11) in
orderly way the vast number of individual phenomena with
terms of the products related thereto;
which statistical science has to deal has prompted the
nationall offices to evolve various kinds of (2) it is based on the application of NACE as a classifi­
classification systems. cation of activities devised for the collection of
institutional data from statistical inquiry units (§ 12);
Since these phenomena are related to entities of different
kinds, the classification systems adopted are governed by (3) it takes as a statistical unit the unit of economic
the entités to be covered. activity (KAU) defined in NACE (§ 12);
Thus a distinction is drawn in economic statistics between : (4) it has a decimal coding system in which the first five
digits are identical with those of the NACE (§11) and
(a) Commodity classifications : devised for categorizing
the last three represent the codes for the products as
goods with a view to the preparation of statistics for
such;
observing such goods and services in their functional
relationships with specific economic operations to (5) for each basic heading it gives the corresponding
which they have been subjected—e.g. production, heading in NIMEXE (§ 4), the harmonized
foreign trade or transport; Nomenclature of Goods for the External Trade
Statistics of the Community.
(b) Classifications of economic activities: devised for
categorizing production units according to the acti-
These points are discussed below.
vities carried on by them, with a view to the
preparation of statistics of the phenomena relating to
the participation of such u nits in the economic
process — e.g. the output of products, the input of II The EUROSTAT classifications
factors of production (labour, materials, investment)
3. Among the tasks of EUROSTAT, the harmonization of or the revenue of the units in question."1
statistics at Community level occupies a central position.
Here the alignment of classification systems is essential, 2. For basic statistics, in particular, a distinction should be
to permit identification and consistent regrouping of the drawn between these two types of classification ; not only
entities studied. In fact, when nomenclatures differ from are the objects they classify different (for example,
one country to another—which they do—national statistics products—ships; activities (i.e. production units)—
based on them are not comparable and do not lend shipyards; but also, for methodological and adminis­
themselves to valid analysis at Community level. trative reasons, certain statistics can only be established
efficiently on the basis of production units (statistics on
The Statistical Office has therefore produced several employment, for example) whereas others have to be
based on products (e.g. statistics on external trade). But it classifications, in close collaboration with the competent
is important that, whatever the nature of the differences bodies in the Member States, especially the national
between classifications, statisticians endeavour to keep statistical institutes. The most important of these classifi­
them as parallel as possible. This is particularly important cations are:
in the production sector, which is the field covered by
NIMEXE : the Nomenclature of Goods for the External
NIPRO, the subject of this publication.
Trade Statistics of the Community and
Statistics of Trade between Member States
NST : the Standard Goods Nomenclature for
Transport Statistics The Common nomenclature of industrial products (NIPRO)
is intended NACE : the General Industrial Classification of
Economic Activities within the European (1) to provide a frame of reference and orientation for
Communities industrial production statistics on individual pro­
ducts, which are to be successively harmonized at
NIPRO : the Common Nomenclature of Industrial
Community level, branch by branch; Products; which is the subject—in an as yet
provisional version—of the present publi­(2) to define, in terms of technical and economic
cation. interdependence relationships, the industrial acti­
vities such as those listed in the General industrial
classification of economic activities within the
1 General industrial classification of economic activities within
European Communities (NACE), by a systematic the European Communities (NACE); EUROSTAT, Statistical n of products by branch of industry. Office of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 1970, p. 4.
VII NIMEXE : the Nomenclature of Goods for the External 9. NIMEXE and NST are commodity classifications as
defined in paragraph 1 of this document. Trade Statistics of the Community and Statistics of between Member States
NACE: the General Industrial Classification of 4. For directing and managing their economic and trade
Economic Activities within the European Com­policies, countries need statistics giving information on
imports and exports in a sufficiently detailed form. Also, munities
statistics must be available to cater for the professional
interests of businessmen in industry and trade who need to 10. Goods and services are produced in economic units
gain insight into their markets. where production factors are utilized for the purposes of
production.
After the establishment of the European Communities, the
same needs were felt at Community level. So, to provide
The aim of basic statistics (whether they are, say,
Community, government and business circles with an
industrial or social statistics) is to record the economic and
instrument to serve as a common basis for comparable
technical phenomena which reflect or determine the
statistics on intra- and extra- EEC trade, NIMEXE was
functioning of these units1.
devised and has been applied since 1966.
»
So that production structures can be clearly illustrated,
Under the Council Regulation (EEC) of 24 April 1972, the
statistics must subdivide the whole of the economy into
application and organization of NIMEXE is the subject of
significant and homogeneous fields of activity within which
Community legislation. NIMEXE is revised annually by a
production units can be classified and representative data
special Committee and the revised version is published in
on their operation can be supplied in a systematic fashion.
the Official Journal of the European Communities.
With these aims in mind, the statistical institutes in various 5. It should be noted that in all the Member States of the
countries have devised classifications of economic EC—and in many other countries too—statistics on
activities, but as theses are based on the external trade are produced by close collaboration
structures and requirements of different national econ­between the customs services and statistical offices. All
omies, they do not correspond to each other. the Member States of the Communities are also members
of the Customs Cooperation Council (CCC) and are
To give a single example, in some countries the man-made obliged to incorporate the conventions of that in­
fibres industry is included in the textiles industry, whereas tergovernmental organization in their own customs
in others it is classified under the chemical industry. As a legislation and practice, including the CCC's nomencla­
result data on employment or investments for example are ture. The latter is commonly referred to as the "Brussels
based on delimitations of these activities which are Nomenclature" but its official name is now, since 1976, the
different between countries and as a consequence are not "Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature" (CCCN).
comparable. As a result, Community legislation on customs matters is
constructed within the CCC system, and the
It goes without saying that if classifications do not match, "Nomenclature of the Common External Tariff of the
the statistical data based on them have a different scope. European Communities" (CCT) is embodied in the CCCN,
This is what has in fact happened, and it means that and is in fact a subdivision of it.
comparative analyses are unreliable and that the con­
ditions required for political and economic decisions at 6. Because of the interdependence of customs work and
Community level are not fulfilled. statistical work, NIMEXE was developed in the context of
customs nomenclatures and their methods of application-
—for instance, the 6-digit coding of NIMEXE is based on
the CCCN (the first four digits of the codes are the same) 11. To meet the need for uniform statistics for the whole of
and in most cases it follows the tariff subdivisions of the the Community, EUROSTAT drafted a classification of
CCCN, which are contained in the CCT. economic activities, the NACE, in close collaboration with
national statistical institutes in the Member States, and
7. Lastly, NIMEXE provides a direct correlation (via the published ¡tin 1970. Since then this classification has been
used as the basis for the collection and presentation of CCCN) with the Standard International Trade Classifi­
sectoral data in harmonized statistics within the Com­cation (SITC—first revision, 1971) produced by the United
munity. Nations; cross-references to the new revised version of
the SITC will be available in 1978.
NACE is arranged on the decimal system and is sub­
divided at different levels, viz.:
NST: the Standard Goods Nomenclature for Trans­
divisions (1 digit) e.g. 4 Other manufacturing
port Statistics
industries
8. This classification was devised by EUROSTAT for the
harmonization of statistics on national and international
transport in the Member States of the European Com­
In some countries these units are referred to as "institutions"
munities. It has a relatively small number of headings (175)
and In order to differentiate between statistics on the
made up of groups of headings from the CCCN (and functioning of these units and those referring to the products,
therefore also from NIMEXE). the former are called "institutional" statistics.
VIII