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Early paleogene environmental turnover in the southern Tethys as recorded by foraminiferal and organic walled dinoflagellate cysts assemblages [Elektronische Ressource] / submitted by Elisa Guasti

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Published 01 January 2005
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EARLY PALEOGENE ENVIRONMENTAL TURNOVER
IN THE SOUTHERN TETHYS AS RECORDED
BY FORAMINIFERAL AND ORGANIC-WALLED
DINOFLAGELLATE CYSTS ASSEMBLAGES





Dissertation
for the doctorate degree
of the Department of Geosciences
at the University of Bremen










Submitted by
Elisa Guasti
Bremen, 2005






















Tag des Kolloquiums:
25.04.2005

Gutachter:
Prof. Dr. J. Kuss
Prof. Dr. R. P. Speijer

Prüfer:
Prof. Dr. H. Willems
Prof. Dr. J. Peckmann


- Contents -


Contents

Preface 5

Acknowledgments 7

Chapter I: Introduction and Summary 9

Chapter II: Paleocene sea-level and productivity changes at
the southern Tethyan margin (El Kef, Tunisia). 25

Chapter III: Paleoenvironmental change at the
Danian-Selandian transition in Tunisia:
planktic foraminifera and organic-walled dinoflagellate
cysts records. 51

Chapter IV: Transient biotic change within the Danian- Selandian
transition in Egypt and Jordan 75

Chapter V: The Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum in Egypt
and Jordan: an overview of the planktic
foraminiferal record 111

Chapter VI: The impact of Paleocene Eocene thermal maximum on
foraminifera in the southern Tethys (Dababiya, Egypt). 147

Chapter VII: Synthesis 181

Appendix 193





































- Preface -
PREFACE

The results of my research are compiled in different papers. My own contributions are as
followed:

1) Paleocene sea-level and productivity changes at the southern Tethyan margin (El
Kef, Tunisia), chapter II.
Authors: Elisa Guasti, Tanja J. Kouwenhoven, Henk Brinkhuis and Robert P. Speijer.
Journal: Marine Micropaleontology (2005) 55, 1-17
Status: published.
Own contributions: organic dinocysts evaluation (relative abundances,
protoperidinioid/gonyaulacoid ratio and terrestrial/marine ratio); integration of these data
with published results on benthic foraminifera, text and figures.

2) Paleoenvironmental change at the Danian-Selandian transition in Tunisia: planktic
foraminifera and organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts records, chapter III
Authors: Elisa Guasti, Robert P. Speijer, Henk Brinkhuis, Jan Smit and Etienne Steurbaut.
Status: will be submitted to Marine Micropaleontology
Own contribution: collecting samples, stratigraphy of the localities, biostratigraphy,
evaluation of planktic foraminiferal assemblages and relative proxies (relative abundances,
planktic/benthic ratio, numbers of foraminifera per gram), organic dinocysts assemblages
and relative proxies (protoperidinioid/gonyaulacoid ratio, terrestrial/marine ratio), stable
isotope measurements (part of them); text and figures.

3) Transient biotic change within the Danian- Selandian transition in Egypt and
Jordan, chapter IV.
Authors: Elisa Guasti, Robert P. Speijer, Eliana Fornaciari, Birger Schmitz, Dick Kroon and
Ahmed Gharaibeh.
Journal: Journal of Foraminiferal Research
Status: submitted
Own contribution: collecting samples in Jordan, biostratigraphy, evaluation of planktic
foraminifera assemblages and relative proxies (relative abundances, planktic/benthic ratio,
numbers of foraminifera per gram), qualitative analysis of benthic foraminifera of Jordanian
samples, part of the stable isotope measurement; text and figures.





5- Preface -

4) The Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum in Egypt and Jordan: an overview of the
planktic foraminiferal record, chapter V.
Authors: Elisa Guasti and Robert P. Speijer
Journal: GSA special publication "Large Ecosystem Perturbations: Causes and
Consequences"
Status: Submitted
Own contribution: collecting samples in Jordan and at Dababiya (Egypt), biostratigraphy,
stratigraphy of the localities, evaluation of planktic foraminiferal assemblages and respective
proxies (relative abundances, planktic/benthic ratio, numbers of foraminifera per gram);
text and figures.

5) The impact of Paleocene Eocene thermal maximum on foraminifera in the southern
Tethys (Dababiya, Egypt), chapter VI.
Authors: Sander Ernst, Elisa Guasti, Christian Dupuis and Robert P. Speijer
Journal: Marine Micropaleontology
Status: will be submitted
Own contribution: collecting part of the sample and analysis of planktic foraminiferal
assemblages.






















6- Acknowledgements -



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

First of all, I would like to thank Prof. Robert P. Speijer, who constantly encouraged and
supported me with his enthusiasm and reliance in believing in my self. He also opened a
door into my knowledge of the Paleocene and of the Arabic world.
Prof. Jochen Kuss is kindly thanked for all his support and the fruitful discussions we had,
in particular in the final stage of my PhD-project. A special thank for patiently explaining me
the German university sytem.
I thank Prof. Helmut Willems for setting up the Europrox, and all the people involved.
Among various, I thank Maria for her kind help with bureaucracy, Helena and Marco for
their support and patience in organizing interesting activities. Henk Brinkhuis, from whom I
learnt that also dinocysts can be pretty – when we find them!
For several helps and encouragement (and patience), a special thank to the working group:
Frauke, Jacques, Jens, Martina, Ralf and Sebastian (N.B. alphabetical order). Particularly
thank to Christian, Erna and Markus. Outside the working group, several people are warmly
thanked for their support and the nice time we spent together, among other: Benni,
Joachim, Linda, Martin, Regina, Rik, and Rosa. Special thanks to Matthias for his
friendship, and to Alessia, for the brief but exciting time we shared together in Bremen.
Thanks to all the colleaugues of the National Resources Auhtority (NRA) in Amman (Jordan)
for their logistical help during the fieldwork.
The period spent in Utrecht was really special. For that, I thank all the people I met during
that time and made that period so pleasant. Especially Tanja, who since she picked me up
as a fax in far February 1999, she still encourages me with her friendship and several helps.
Francesca, Timme, Appy and Wessel have been always special during this continuous back
and forward Italy-Germany-Holland.
I would like to thank Astrid, Simi, Ellen and Sander for the kind hospitality during all my
visits in Leuven, and the long drinking night-chat (right, Simi?).
During the last part of writing up, I warmly thank Heiko for his support.
I thank Silvia Iaccarino for being always so supportive and believing in my capacity; pushing
me to follow my (sometimes) instinctive ideas.
Besides the distance, my Italian friends were always present in my life, sometimes only
through digital system, and often by nice visits. Specially Dania, Samanta, Francesca,
Ughetta, Claudia, Maurizia, Matteo, Carlo, Luca.
Very special thank goes to my family, in particular to my parents, who even though they
have no clue of what I am doing, always encouraged my choices and my steps of life. Thanks
to my grandparents, who unfortunatelly cannot see this.


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CHAPTER I

Introduction