Elements of Gaelic grammar;

Elements of Gaelic grammar;

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HANDUOUND AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PRESS Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive in 2007 witii funding from IVIicrosoft Corporation littp://www.arcliive.org/details/elementsofgaelicOOstewuoft ZeVt ELEMENTS OF GAELIC GKAMMAK IN rOUE PARTS I. Of Pronunciation and III. Of Syntax Orthography IV. Of Derivation and II. Op the Parts of Speech Composition BY ALEXANDER STEWART MINISTEB OF THE GOSPEL AT DINGWALL HONORAETMEMBER OF THK HIGHLAND SOCIKTT OP SCOTLANI> IRogal Celtic Society JEDltiou^ REVISED.FOURTH EDITION preface by THE REV. DR MLAUCHLANWITH MACLACHLAN & STEWARTEDINBURGH: : SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, k Co.LONDON 1886. PREFACE, For several years the Grammar of the Gaelic language by the Rev. Dr Stewart of Moulin has been out of print. This has been a source of regret to scholars and students of that tongue. Not but that there are other Grammars of real value, which it would be unjust either to ignore or to depreciate, and which have served, and are serving, an excellent purpose in connection with Celtic Literature. But the Grammar ofDr Stewart has peculiar features of its own which give it a permanent value. It is distinguished by its simplicity, conciseness, and philosophical accuracy. No Grammar of any lan- bears on its pages the marks of real and profoundguage scholarship, in so far as it goes, more than does the Grammar ofDr Stewart.

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HANDUOUND
AT THE
UNIVERSITY OF
TORONTO PRESSDigitized by tine Internet Arciiive
in 2007 witii funding from
IVIicrosoft Corporation
littp://www.arcliive.org/details/elementsofgaelicOOstewuoftZeVt
ELEMENTS
OF
GAELIC GKAMMAK
IN rOUE PARTS
I. Of Pronunciation and III. Of Syntax
Orthography IV. Of Derivation and
II. Op the Parts of Speech Composition
BY
ALEXANDER STEWART
MINISTEB OF THE GOSPEL AT DINGWALL
HONORAETMEMBER OF THK HIGHLAND SOCIKTT OP SCOTLANI>
IRogal Celtic Society JEDltiou^
REVISED.FOURTH EDITION
preface by THE REV. DR MLAUCHLANWITH
MACLACHLAN & STEWARTEDINBURGH:
: SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, k Co.LONDON
1886.PREFACE,
For several years the Grammar of the Gaelic language
by the Rev. Dr Stewart of Moulin has been out of
print. This has been a source of regret to scholars and
students of that tongue. Not but that there are other
Grammars of real value, which it would be unjust either
to ignore or to depreciate, and which have served, and
are serving, an excellent purpose in connection with
Celtic Literature. But the Grammar ofDr Stewart has
peculiar features of its own which give it a permanent
value. It is distinguished by its simplicity, conciseness,
and philosophical accuracy. No Grammar of any lan-
bears on its pages the marks of real and profoundguage
scholarship, in so far as it goes, more than does the
Grammar ofDr Stewart. One cannot read a sentence
how carefully he had collected hisof it without seeing
materials, and with what judgment, caution, and saga-
city he has compared them and drawn his conclusions.
His discussions upon the Article, the Noun, the Verb,
and the evidence of this. It isPreposition, a.re ample
no discussion is, with thedoubt true that a much fuller
more abundant modern scholarship, com-resources ofIT PREFACE.
and desirable, far Drpetent but, so as he goes, Stewart's
treatment of the subject is of a masterly character.
That there are defects to be found in the work is
very tme. On the subject of disquisitionsSyntax his
are deficient in fulness, and there is a want of
grammatical exercises throughout. It was at first
thought desirable by the publishers and their advisers
fullerto remedy these defects by introducing notices
numberon the subject of Syntax, and a considerable
of grammatical exercises from other sources open to
them. But it was finally deemed best in every view of
Stewart's work thatit to give just as he had left it, and
is done here with the exception of a list of subscribers'
introduction. Messrs Maclachlan andnames in the
Stewart are doing the literary community a service in
republishing this volume, and thanks are specially due
Celtic Society of Edinburgh, a societyto the Eoyal
which has done much to foster the interests of education
in the Highlands, and which has given substantial aid
the accomplishment of this undertaking.towards
Thos. M'Lauchlan.
Edinbxtrou, Ist August 187S.CONTENTS.
IXTROrrCTION,
PART I.
or Pronunciation and Orthography, . • 1
PART II.
OF THE PARTS OF SPEECH.
Article,Chap. I.—Of the 37
Chap. 11.—Of Nouns, 37
Of Gender, 38
Of Declension, 43
Chap. III.—Of Adjectives, 55
Of Numeral Adjectives, 59
Chap. IV.—Of Pronouns,
. 61
Chap. v.—Of Verbs, • 65
Formation of the Tenses, . 76
Use and import of the Moods and Tenses, 85
Irregular Verhs, 95
Defective Verbs, 99
Reciprocating state of Verbs, 102
Impersonal use of Verbs, 105
Auxiliary Verbs, 107
VI.—OfChap. Adverbs, . 109
Chap. VII.—Of Prepositions, 116
Idiomatic phrases. 125
Chap. VIII.—Of Conjunctions, 134
Chap. IX.—Of Interjections, 13«VI CONTENTS.
PART III.
OF SYNTAX.
PAOB
Chap. I.—Of Concord, .... 137
Sect. Of of Article with a Noun.1. the agreement the 137
Sect. 2. Of the of an Adjective with a Noun, 141
Sect. 3. Of the agreement of a Pronoun with its Ante
cedent, .... 146
Sect. 4. Of the agreement aVerb with its Nominative 149of
Sect. 5. Of the of one Noun with another, 152
Chap. II.—Of Government, . 154
Sect. 1. Of the Government of Nouns, . 154
Of theSect. 2. of Adjectives, 169
Sect. 3. Of the Government of Verbs, 159
Sect. 4. Of the of Adverbs, 160
Sect. 6. Of the Government of Prepositions, 160
Sect. 6. Of the Conjunctions,of 162
PART IV.
OF DERIVATION AND COMPOSITION.
Chap. I.—Of Derivation, . . , , 164
Composition, .Chap. II.—Of . . . 168
Reading, &c.,Exercises in . 175