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Exponent-shaped motion in German, English and French [Elektronische Ressource] : an ontosemantic analysis / vorgelegt von Brigitte Wanner

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M?ncExpdesonenannertan-vShapzuredderMotionLudwig-Maximilian-UnivInvGerman,BrigitteEnglishDissertationAndErlangungFDoktorgradesrencPhilosophiehderAnersit?tonhentosemanorgelegtonanalysisWInauguralGutachter: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Zaefferer Prof. Dr. Hans Sauer Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Leiss Tag d. mündl. Prüfung : 14.02.2005 .Con.ten.tsDomain1.In.tro..7.221Pandolysem.y.and.P.olyvA.(Zaeerer).11.3.Cognitiv.e.grammar..k.er).14y3.1.The28F.undamen.tal.Concepts....3.3...................23.............15Metaphor3.1.1.Units./3.5.1Linguistic.Units........20.action.......................15.3.1.2DomainsConventional.Linguistic.Units........3.4.edias.........Centr........15.3.1.3.Gr3.4.2ammaressas.an.Inventory.of.Conventional.Linguistic.Units24.Meton...........Mapping.......................3.2.3.bstr................16.3.1.4.Cr.e.ativity21.Seman..........................3.3.1....................17.3.2.Cognitiv.e21Abilities,Fo..A.djustmen.t..........3.4.1.ality................18.3.2.1.Sele...23.A.............................

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Published 01 January 2005
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Language English
Document size 1 MB

M?nc
Exp
des
onen
anner
t
an
-
v
Shap
zur
ed
der
Motion
Ludwig-Maximilian-Univ
In
v
German,
Brigitte
English
Dissertation
And
Erlangung
F
Doktorgrades
renc
Philosophie
h
der
An
ersit?t
on
hen
toseman
orgelegt

on
analysis
W
Inaugural
Gutachter:

Prof. Dr. Dietmar Zaefferer

Prof. Dr. Hans Sauer

Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Leiss

Tag d. mündl. Prüfung : 14.02.2005 .
Con
.
ten
.
ts
Domain
1
.
In
.
tro
.

.
7
.
2
21
P
and
olysem
.
y
.
and
.
P
.
olyv
A

.
(Zaeerer)
.
11
.
3
.
Cognitiv
.
e
.
grammar
.

.
k
.
er)
.
14
y
3.1
.
The
28
F
.
undamen
.
tal
.
Concepts
.
.
.
.
3.3
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
23
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
15
Metaphor
3.1.1
.
Units
.
/
3.5.1
Linguistic
.
Units
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
20
.
action
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
15
.
3.1.2
Domains
Conventional
.
Linguistic
.
Units
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.4
.
edias
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Centr
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
15
.
3.1.3
.
Gr
3.4.2
ammar
ess
as
.
an
.
Inventory
.
of
.
Conventional
.
Linguistic
.
Units
24
.
Meton
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Mapping
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.2.3
.
bstr
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
16
.
3.1.4
.
Cr
.
e
.
ativity
21
.
Seman
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.3.1
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
17
.
3.2
.
Cognitiv
.
e
21
Abilities,

F

o
.

.
A
.
djustmen
.
t
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.4.1
.
ality
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
18
.
3.2.1
.
Sele
.

.
.
23
.
A
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.5
.
/
.
ym
.
(Croft)
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
18
.
3.2.2
.
Persp
.
e
25

Domain
.
and
.
Highlighting
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
.6.6
CONTENTS
57
2
.
4
62
T
.
alm
.
y's
ole

.
h
.
32
a
4.1
The
Outline
e
of
.
a
6.3.4
Motion

Ev
.
en
.
t
.
.
is
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
57
.
.
.
e
.
59
.
.
.
.
.
four
.
.
.
Ho
.
.
.

.
70
.
.
.
for
.
.
.
t's
33
v
4.2
.

.
P
.
atterns
els
for
.
V
.
erb
:
Ro
onen
ots
.
.
:
.
exp
.
.
.
:
.
.
.
.
.
metaphorical
.
.
.
relev
.

.
e
.
.
.
.
34
b
4.2.1
.
Motion
.
and
Concept
Manner
.
/
.
Cause

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
onen
.
exp
.
ypical
.
to
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
34
54
4.2.2
our
Motion

and
.
Path
.
.
.
.
.
.
Eventity
.
mo
.
the
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Eventity
.
mo
.
e
.
t
.
.
.
.
.
Eventity
.
yp
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
IV
37
.
4.2.3
.
Motion
.
and
Realization
Figur
of
e
els
.
6.4
.
and
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
66
.

.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
alm
.
for
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
In
39
.
4.2.4
.
Motion
.
and
.
Gr
.
ound
.
.
6.6.2
.
e
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
71
.
t
.
the
.
onen
.
protot
.
w
.
y
.
mo
.
e
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
42
.
5
.
The
.
On
.

.
F
.
ramew
.
ork
6.3
(Zaeerer)
F
44
Lev
6
of
A
.
Theory
.
of
.
Exp
.
onen
.
t-Shap
.
ed
.
Motion
.
V
.
erbs
6.3.1
49
I
6.1
to
Exp
v
onen
as
t-shap
exp
ed
t
motion
.
v
.
erbs
.
are
.
manner
.
v
6.3.2
erbs
II
.
to
.
v
.
lik
.
the
.
onen
.
.
.
.
49
.
6.1.1
.

.

6.3.3
(Zaeerer)
III
.
h
.
erb
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
61
50
Eventity
6.2
:
The

nominal
.
and
.
the
.
v
.
erbal
.

6.3.5
inventity
and
and

b
the
asic
lev
eventity
of
50
63
6.2.1
A
The
Motion
groups

of
Motion
exp
.
onen
.
ts
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
6.5
.
w
.
manner
.
e
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
51
67
6.2.2
T
Circular
y's
v.s.
of


denition
.
b
.
et
.
w
.
een
.
inventity
.
and
.
b
.
asic
6.6.1
eventity
tro
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
71
.

.

.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
52
.
6.2.3
.
The
.
manner
-comp.
CONTENTS
.
3
7.2.3
6.7
v
The
.
In
.
terpretation
.
of
.
Scenarios
.
on
hauk
the
v
Lev
.
els
geln'
of


.
I
.
I,
.
I
.
I

I
v
and
h
IV
7.2.5
.
.
.
.
.
hlange',
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Nominal
.
v
.
.
.
.
.
agabund',
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
74
v
6.7.1
Nominal
Inventity
en'
I
v
and
Nominal
eventity
endeln'
I
v
ar
Animals
e
.
implie
.
d
.
.
7.3.1
.
'sic
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
erbal
.
7.3.3
.
.
.
erbal
74

6.7.2
h
Inventity

III
.
and
.
eventity
.
III
7.4.1
ar
'v
e
.
implie
.
d
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
7.2.1
.
hauk
.

.
114
78
'Wipp
6.7.3

The
.
manner-c

omp

onent
129
or
'P


ertain
.
asp

e


140
of
.
the
.
manner-
.

.
omp
.
onent
.
ar
.
e
.
implie

d
erbal
.
sc
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
7.3.2
.
e',
.
'robb
.
.
.

.

.
160
.
'Krebs',
.
'krebsen'
.
7.3.5
79
h
6.8

An
.
On
7.4
tology
yp
of
.
Motion:
.
the
.
Conceptual
.

.
of
.
the
.
Al-

ternations
erbal
.
dieren'
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
172
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
114
.
Nominal
.

.
el',
.
erbal
.

.
eln'
.
7.2.2
.

.
e',
.
erbal
.
'wipp
.
.
.
122
80
Nominal
6.9
'Wiege',
The
erbal
Pro
'sic

wiegen'
in
7.2.4
the

Analysis
endel',
of
erbal
the
'p
V
.
erbs
136
.
Nominal
.
'Kreisel',
.
erbal
.
'kreiseln'
.
.
.
7.3
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
82
.
7
.
German
.
Exp
.
onen
.
t-Shap
.
ed
.
Motion
.
V
.
erbs
.
84
.
7.1
146

Nominal
Bo

dies
v
.

.
h
.
hl?n-
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
146
.
Nominal
.
'Robb
.
v
.

.
en'
.
.
84
154
7.1.1
Nominal
Nominal
'Wiesel',

erbal
'Rolle',
'wieseln'
v
.
erbal
7.3.4


'rollen'
v
.

.
.
.
164
.
Nominal
84
'Hec
7.1.2
t',
Nominal
erbal

'hec
'Kugel',
ten'
v
.
erbal
169

So
'kugeln'
T
.
es
.
.
.
.
97
.
7.1.3
.
Nominal
.

.
'Ei',
.
v
.
erbal
.

.
'eiern'
.
.
.
.
.
.
172
.
Nominal
.
'V
.
v
104

7.2
agabun-
Mo
.
v
.
ed
.
Ob
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
..
CONTENTS
.
4
.
7.4.2
Nominal
Nominal
Nominal

erbal
'Pilger',
spra
v
eddy'
erbal
.

uttle',
'pilgern'
.
.

.
.
.
294
178
'stream',
7.5
.
F
.
ormations
.
I
seesa
.
262
.
.
.
.
.
269
.
F
.
.
.
Nominal
.
'storm',
.
'to
.
billo
.
8.4.6
.
I
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v
.
8.2.2
.
'to
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
e'
.
'w
183
.
7.5.1
.
Nominal
.

.
'T
.
ropfen',
v
v
285
erbal
'to

'gust',
'tropfen'
.
.
v
.
304
183
'to
7.5.2
v
Nominal
322

.
'Sturm',
.
v
.
erbal
.

.
'st?rmen'
.
.
.
.
.
189
.
7.5.3
.
Nominal
257

'seesa
'Wirb

el',
.
v

erbal
erbal

uttle'
'wirb
Animals
eln'
.
.
.
.
.
195
.
7.5.4
.
Nominal
.

.
'Strom',
8.3.1
v
e',
erbal
'to

.
'str?men'
Nominal
.
v
.
w
209
278
7.6
I
F
.
ormations
.
I
.
I
.
.
.
.
.
.
285
.
'spra
.

.
.
.
Nominal
.
erbal
.
.
.
Nominal
.
erbal
.
.
.
300
.
'billo
.

.
.
.
Nominal
.
erbal
.
.
.

.

.
.
.
F
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
217
.
7.6.1
.
Nominal
.


'P
.
arade',
.
v
.
erbal
.

.
'paradieren'
.
.
.
217
.
7.7
.
Rainfall,
.
Sno
.
wfall,
.
Hail
.
.
8.2.1
.

.
w',
.
erbal
.
'to
.
w'
.
257
.
Nominal
.
'sh
.
v
.

.
sh
.
.
.
8.3
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
223
.
7.7.1
.
Nominal
.

.
'Regen',
.
v
.
erbal
.

269
'regnen'
Nominal
.
'snak
.
v
.

223
snak
7.7.2
.
Nominal
.

8.3.2
'Hagel',

v
orm',
erbal
erbal

'to
'hageln'
orm'
.
.
.
8.4
.
ormations
229
.
7.7.3
.
Nominal
.

.

.
hnee',
.
v
.
erbal
.

.

.
hneien'
.
.
.
236
.
8
.
English
8.4.1
Exp

onen
y',
t-Shap
erbal
ed
'to
Motion
y'
V
.
erbs
8.4.2
240

8.1
v


Bo
storm'
dies
.
.
8.4.3
.

.
v
.

.
gust'
.
.
.
.
.
8.4.4
.

.
w',
.
erbal
.
'to
.
w'
.
.
.
8.4.5
.

.
v
.

.
stream'
.
308
.
Nominal
.
'eddy',
.
erbal
240
'to
8.1.1
.
Nominal
.

8.5
'roll',
ormations
v
I
erbal
.

.
'to
.
roll'
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
240
.
8.2
.
Mo
.
v
.
ed
336
ObI
CONTENTS
.
5
.
8.5.1
.
Nominal
414

.
'throng',
erbal
v
.
erbal
'parade',

So
'to
432
throng'
.
.
.
336
.
8.5.2
erbal
Nominal
.

.
'o
.

erbal
k',
.
v
.
erbal
erbal

.
'to
.
o
.

.
k'

.
.
.
.
.
.
338
.
8.5.3

Nominal
.

.
'herd',
.
v
.
erbal
'serp

ter'
'to
es
herd'
.
.
.
.
.
.
'v
342
on-
8.5.4
.
Nominal
.

.
'sw
F
arm',
.
v
.
erbal
.

Nominal
'to
.
sw

arm'
.
.
.
.
.
348

8.5.5
ner'
Nominal
.

.
'parade',
.
v

erbal
9.5

.
'to
.
parade'
.
.
473
363
'parader'
8.6
.
Rainfall,
.
Sno
.
wfall,
Nominal
Hail
t',
.
'serp
.
426
.
T
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Nominal
.
ond',
.
'v
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
432
.
I
369
.
8.6.1
.
Nominal
.

.
'rain',
.
v
.
erbal
440

'goutte',
'to
'goutter'
rain'
9.4.2
.
v
.
lonner'
.
.
.
.
369
.
8.6.2
.
Nominal
.

.
'hail',
9.4.3
v
ouillon',
erbal
'b

.
'to
.
hail'
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
378
9.4.4
8.6.3
v
Nominal
.

ormations
'sno
.
w',
.
v
.
erbal
.

.
'to
.
sno
.
w'
Nominal
.
erbal
.
.
.
.
386
.
8.6.4
.
Nominal
.

.
'sleet',
.
v
9.2.3
erbal


en
'to
v
sleet'

.
en
.
.
.
9.3
.

391
yp
9
.
F
.
renc
.
h
.
Exp
.
onen
.
t-Shap
.
ed
.
Motion
.
V
.
erbs
.
393
.
9.1
.
Mo
.
v
9.3.1
ed

Ob
agab

v
.

.
agab
.
der'
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
9.4
.
ormations
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
393
.
9.1.1
.
Nominal
.

.

.
v
.
erbal
.

9.4.1


.
v
393

9.2
.
Animals
440
.
Nominal
.
'tourbillon',
.
erbal
.
'tourbil-
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
442
.
Nominal
.
'b
.
v
.

.
ouillon-
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
402
.
9.2.1
.
Nominal
.

.
'fourmi',
.
v
.
erbal
.

451
'fourmiller'
Nominal
.
'ruisseau',
402
erbal
9.2.2
'ruisseler'
Nominal
460

F
'papillon',
I
v
.
erbal
.

.
'papillon-
.
ner'
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
9.5.1
.

.
v
.

.
.
.
473
.480
CONTENTS
References
6
11
10
488
Conclusionmanner
Chapter
In
1
the
In
exp
tro
Lak

y
This
mo
in
whic
v
Geeraerts
estigation
T
is
es
a
;

y
tribution
b)
to
mo

es
e
1
seman
ema

(1987,
as
ortance.
it
whic
w
v
as
tit
estab-
is
lished,
estigation,
among
v
others,

b
against
y
v
F
the

onen
Geeraerts,
v
Lak
ause
o,
1994,
Lak
1999),
o
(1977,
and
(2003),
Johnson,
(1973,
Langac
2003)
k
are:
er,
tit
Rosc
mo
h
is
and
(T
T
this
alm
gur
y
times
.
theme
1
in
As
en
the
h
sub
or

ed
of
onent
this
gr
in
h
v
t
estigation
or
is
ed
based
ath
on
the
T
mo
alm
is
y's
d)
L
the
exic
the
alization

p
Fillmore
at-
1990,
terns:
Gondelaers,
semantic
Lak

1984b,
e
and
in
k

Rosc
al
1977,
forms
y
(T
imp
alm
These
y
a)
,
en
1985),
y
it
h
is
v

or
to
mo
briey
ed
outline
alm
T

alm
en
y's
y

e
h
some-
here.
it
It

will
.
b
this
e
v
presen
the
ted
tit
in
whic
greater
mo
depth
es
in
is

v
hapter
is
4.
exp
T
)
alm
the
y
ound
examined
whic
and
the

onen
the
mo

es
ding
is
of
v
motion

ev
p
en
along
ts
h
in
exp
t
t
yp
v
ologically
or
heterogenous
mo
languages.
ed
He
the
found
and
out

that,
of
from
motion
an
F
on
(1985,
to-
1999),

(1982),
p
(1988,
oin
1997,
t
Geeraerts,
of
Bak
view,
(1994),
in
o
addition
1984a,
to
1987),
the
o
sup
Johnson

Langac
of
er
motion,
1999),
four
h
further
1975,

1978),
onen
alm
ts
(1885,
are
7
ofanother
CHAPTER
erbs
1.
e
INTR
a
ODUCTION
the
8
(
the
'V
sup
move

denote
motion
b
the
onen
exp
of
onen
a
t
.
of
these
motion
or
exp
t-shap
onent

the

ground
b
of
erbs
motion
y
gr
are
ound

the
of
path
motion
of
e
motion

p
p
ath
since
the
denote
manner
to
and
y
the
group

the
of
ypically
mo-
noun
tion
the
manner,
and

erb
ause
rules
T
nouns
alm
are
y
xational
found
'/
out

that
h
natural
t-shap
languages
erbs
tend
are
to
exp

'Ei'/'eiern',

English:
de
h:
the
the
sup
noun,

and
of
view.
motion
roughly
and
e
exactly
which
one
noun
further
moves

v
onen
erbs
t

in
erbs.
the
erbs
v
y
erb
denoted
ro
v
ot.
but,
The

v
as
erb
b
ro
has
ot




the
des
to
the

sup
motion

whic
of
an
motion
of
and
ed
either
of
manner/c
ord
ause
German:
,
These
p
v
ath
The
or
erbs
exp
doubtless
o-
exp
nent.
motion
(The
of

a

whic
ding
ed
of
denoting
motion
t
and
Ger-
gr
e'/'robb
ound
agabundieren
seems
e'/'to
to
F
b
'fourmi'/'fourmiller
e
these
less
erb
fa
on
v
b
ored

insofar
sync
as
t
it
meaning
do
erbs
es
eaking,
not


as
a
way
ma
exp
jor
by

ase
pattern
al
as
In
the
group

there

of
dings
h
of
b
motion
exp
and
motion
manner/c
is
ause
motion
,
h
motion
w
and
whic
p
onen
ath,
y
and
noun
motion
or
and
v
exp
hronically
onent
the
do).
onding
The
insofar

the
onen
denoted
ts
y
whic
noun
h
to
are
e
not
primary

the
ded
denoted
in
y
the
v
v
has
erb
b
ro

ot
This
are
out

v
ded
from
in
h
other
denoting
parts
exp
of
t
the
motion
sen
deriv
tence,
b
as
means
in
af-
a
w
prep
formation
ositional
e.g.
phrase
'rasen
or
'Raser').
a
nouns

o
This
ertly
in
.
v
group
estigation
v
is
whic
ab
is
out
the
exp
of
onent
onen
-
ed
shap
v
e

d
v
motion
denoting
verbs

(Zaeerer,
motion,
2002:8),
h
i.e.
deriv
motion
from
verbs
noun
which
the

onen
o
of

(e.g.
o
man:
de
'Robb
the
en',
sup
agabund'/'v
er
',

'snak

snak
ept
',
of
renc
motion
'papillon'/'papillonner',
and
')
the
In
exp

onent
v
of
is
motion
based
in
the
the
from
verb
oth
r
dia-
o
hronic
ot,
a
in
hronic
German,
oin
English
of
and
The
F
of
renc
v
h.
is,
The
sp
question
similative,
of
it
whic
b
h
paraphrased
v
to
erbs
the
b
in
elong
the
to
onent
the
d
group
the
of
b
exp
moves
onen

t-shap
ly
ed
.
mo-
addition
tion
this
v
of
erbs
erbs,
is
is
not
group
easy
v
to
whic
answ
ma
er,
also
but
e
the
as

onen

ed
to
v
whic
This
h
a
v
of
erbs
v

whic
b
also
e
the

a
as
in
exp
h
onen
exp
t-shap
t
ed
b
motion
the
v
onding
erbs
mo

es
the
t
relationship
mo
of
es,
the
diac
v
,
erb
and