FCCS Tutorial STUDENT WORKBOOK
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FCCS Tutorial STUDENT WORKBOOK

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Description

FCCS Tutorial

STUDENT WORKBOOK





Land Management Tool Training Package
Fire and Environmental Applications Team
USFS - PNW Research Station
Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory
400 North 34th Street, Suite 201
Seattle, Washington 98103
TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION................................................................................................. 1
Instructions for Installing the FCCS Software.........................................................3
FCCS TUTORIAL 5
Welcome to the FCCS 1.0 Tutorial...................................................................... 6
Part 1: Introduction to Fuel Characteristics Classification System (FCCS) 1.0 ... 7
What is FCCS? ..................................................................................................8
Why is the FCCS needed?...................................................................................9
Who uses FCCS? .............................................................................................10
What can you do with FCCS? ............................................................................11
What is a Fuelbed? ..........................................................................................12
How Were the FCCS Fuelbeds Developed?...........................................................13
Fuelbeds by Region .........................................................................................14
Using the FCCS ...

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FCCS Tutorial STUDENT WORKBOOK Land Management Tool Training Package Fire and Environmental Applications Team USFS - PNW Research Station Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory 400 North 34th Street, Suite 201 Seattle, Washington 98103 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION................................................................................................. 1 Instructions for Installing the FCCS Software.........................................................3 FCCS TUTORIAL 5 Welcome to the FCCS 1.0 Tutorial...................................................................... 6 Part 1: Introduction to Fuel Characteristics Classification System (FCCS) 1.0 ... 7 What is FCCS? ..................................................................................................8 Why is the FCCS needed?...................................................................................9 Who uses FCCS? .............................................................................................10 What can you do with FCCS? ............................................................................11 What is a Fuelbed? ..........................................................................................12 How Were the FCCS Fuelbeds Developed?...........................................................13 Fuelbeds by Region .........................................................................................14 Using the FCCS Fuelbeds..................................................................................15 Calculating Fuel Characteristics .........................................................................17 FCCS Fire Potentials ........................................................................................18 Fire Behavior Potential Index (0-9) .................................................................19 Crown Fire Potential Index (0-9).....................................................................20 Available Fuel x (0-9) ................................................................21 Part 2: Installing FCCS v 1.0 ............................................................................ 22 Downloading FCCS ..........................................................................................23 Installing FCCS ...............................................................................................24 Part 3: Using FCCS........................................................................................... 25 Opening FCCS.................................................................................................26 Welcome to FCCS............................................................................................27 Getting Help ...................................................................................................28 Search for Fuelbed29 Using the d Search Form ......................................................................30 Information on Selection Criteria ....................................................................31 Refining a Fuelbed Query ..............................................................................32 Select Fuelbed by Filename............................................................................33 Edit Fuelbed34 Entering and Editing Data35 Common/Scientific Name Lookup Tool.............................................................36 Canopy - Trees37 Canopy – Snags...........................................................................................38 Canopy - Ladder Fuels ..................................................................................39 Shrubs........................................................................................................40 Nonwoody Fuels41 Woody Fuels - All Downed and Dead Wood ......................................................42 Woody Fuels - Sound Wood ...........................................................................43 y Fuels - Rotten Wood44 Woody Fuels - Stumps45 Woody Fuels - Woody Fuel Accumulations........................................................46 Litter-Lichen-Moss........................................................................................47 Ground Fuels - Duff ......................................................................................48 Squirrel Middens.....................................................................50 els - Basal Accumulations................................................................51 Customize Fuelbed .......................................................................................52 Managing Fuelbed Files ....................................................................................53 Saving Custom Fuelbeds ..................................................................................54 Creating Reports .............................................................................................55 FCCS Fire Potentials Report ...........................................................................56 General Report ............................................................................................57 Strata & Categories Report ............................................................................58 Input Report................................................................................................59 Printing and Viewing Reports60 Exporting Fuelbeds to Consume 3.0 ...................................................................61 Part 4: Case Studies......................................................................................... 62 Southern Case Study .......................................................................................63 Step 1: Selecting FCCS Fuelbed to Customize...................................................64 Step 2: Assembling Data...............................................................................65 Step 3: Editing Canopy Data..........................................................................66 4: Editing Shrub Data............................................................................68 Step 5: Entering Nonwoody Fuels DAta ...........................................................69 6: Editing Woody Fuels DAta70 Step 7: Editing Litter-Lichen-Moss Data71 8: Entering Ground Fuels Data................................................................72 Step 9: Customize Fuelbed Screen..................................................................73 Step 10: Calculating FCCS Fire Potentials ........................................................74 Step 11: Comparing Fire Potential Reports.......................................................75 Step 12: Reviewing Calculated Fuel Characteristics ...........................................76 Western Case Study ........................................................................................77 Step 1: Selecting FCCS Fuelbed to Customize...................................................78 2: Assembling Fuelbed Data ...................................................................79 Step 3: Editing Canopy Data..........................................................................80 4: Entering Snag Data ...........................................................................83 Step 5: En Shrub Data85 6: Entering Nonwoody Fuels Data............................................................86 Step 7: Editing Woody Fuels Data87 8: Editing Litter-Lichen-Moss Data...........................................................89 Step 9: Editing Ground Fuels Data..................................................................90 Step 10: Customize Fuelbed Screen................................................................91 Step 11: Calculating FCCS Fire Potentials ........................................................93 Step 12: Creating a Comparison Fuelbed96 Step 13: Comparing Calculated Results98 Glossary......................................................................................................... 100 FCCS Tutorial -- 1 INTRODUCTION Development of spatial fuelbed property layers is one of the most important tasks required to operate fuel and fire management decision support systems and dynamic vegetation models. Knowledge of wildland fuelbed characteristics always has been important to fire managers, and is becoming increasingly important to ecologists, air quality managers, and carbon balance modelers. As the source of all fire behavior and fire effects models, fuelbeds must be characterized and mapped before any calculation of fire potential can be made. Fuel mapping, hazard assessment, evaluation of fuel treatment options and sequences, and monitoring fire effects all require a consistent and scientifically applied fuel characteristic classification system. It is prohibitively difficult to inventory all fuelbed characteristics every time it is necessary to predict events or to make management decisions. Fuelbeds are structurally complex; they vary widely in their physical attributes, potential fire behavior and effects, and in the options they present for fire control and use. Variation in fuelbed characteristics is not random or chaotic but is the expression of ecological processes working over time, of natural disturbance events, and of human manipulation. The Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS), released in August 2005, was designed to provide fuel managers with a nationally consistent and durable system to characterize and classify fuelbeds and to provide numerical inputs to fire behavior, fire effects, and dynamic vegetation models. Using FCCS The FCCS offers a set of fuelbeds, representing various fuel environments throughout the United States, that were compiled from published and unpublished literature, fuels photo series, fuels data sets, and expert opinion. The system enables modification and enhancement of these fuelbeds to represent a particular scale of interest. The FCCS then reports assigned and calculated fuel characteristics for each existing fuelbed stratum including the canopy, shrubs, nonwoody, woody, litter/lichen/moss, and ground fuels (i.e., duff) and fuel categories within each stratum. Finally, the system classifies each fuelbed by calculating fire potentials that provide an index (0-9) of the intrinsic capacity of each fuelbed for surface fire behavior, crown fire, and available consumption of fuels. Applications The FCCS outputs are being used in a national wildland fire emissions inventory and in the development of fuelbed, fire hazard, and treatment effectiveness maps on several national forests. Although the FCCS was built for the United States, the conceptual framework is applicable worldwide. FCCS facilitates the mapping of fuelbed characteristics and fire hazard assessments by providing fuelbeds, fuelbed characteristics, and predicted surface fire behavior, crown fire, and available fuel potentials. It also provides the necessary inputs to run current fuel consumption and emission production models, such as Consume 3.0 and the Fire FCCS Tutorial -- 2 Emissions Production Simulator (FEPS), which in turn, provide regional and national smoke inventories for wildland fires. The system is currently being showcased as a tool to map fuelbeds and fire hazard, enabling managers to maximize fuel treatment effectiveness on the Okanogan and Wenatchee National Forests, and on the Deschutes National Forest. FERA is also demonstrating the use of the FCCS as a basis for a national air pollutant and carbon emission inventory, in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The FCCS software is available for download from the FERA website (http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/fera/fccs/). For more information, contact: Roger Ottmar, Research Forester Fire and Environmental Applications Team USFS - PNW Research Station Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory 400 North 34th Street, Suite 201 Seattle, Washington 98103 FCCS Tutorial -- 3 Instructions for Installing the FCCS Software Download and Install FCCS Software 1. Download FCCS version 1.0 (1.71 200601091330) fccs.zip from http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/fera/fccs/ 2. Save this file on your c:\ drive, and unzip it. It will automatically be installed into a directory that it sets up, called c:\fccs. You may also save it to a directory of your choice, but be sure to remember where you saved it. 3. After verifying that you have Java installed (see below), open the FCCS by double- clicking on fccs.jar located in the directory where you unzipped the FCCS program. Be patient; allow at least 15 seconds for it to open! 4. You may wish to create your own shortcut of FCCS to the computer desktop for easier access. CAUTION! If you reinstall or update FCCS, and you have any customized fuelbeds in the ...\fccs\conf\fuelbeds\user_fuelbeds directory, copy them to a location outside the FCCS before reinstallng the program. Otherwise, your customized fuelbeds will be automatically deleted. Verify that the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is current. FCCS requires the JVM version 1.5 or later (maybe referred to as version 5.0). To verify that your machine has a reasonably current version, open a command line window (MS- Windows users: this means go to Start/Run and type in cmd.exe) and type: 1. java -version 2. If you get a message that 'java' is not recognized ...., it means that java is not installed or can not be found in your %PATH%. 3. If java is ok, you should see something like: java version "1.5.0_02" Java(TM) 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition (build 1.5.0_02-b09) Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 1.5.0_02-b09, mixed mode, sharing) Any version 1.5 or more recent is acceptable. How to install Java 1.5 (often referred to as 5.0 on the website) if you do not have it. 1. Obtain administrative privileges for this install. 2. Verify you have admin privileges by clicking the time on the tool bar in the lower right corner of your screen. It should put up a dialog to change the clock or give you an error message 3. Got to http://www.java.com 4. Click on the Java Software Download button. 5. It will ask that you accept the "Terms of Use" - Click continue. 6. Once the installation is complete, follow the steps above for verification FCCS Tutorial -- 4 How to install the FCCS These instructions assume that you have access to the web while performing the installation. It is not necessary to have access to the web to actually run FCCS. Most of the work will be done from the command line, so you should have a command line window open in whatever environment you are working in. See section on “Verify that the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is current” section above for help with the command line window. Verifying the FCCS installation Unzip the file into a directory. You will want to navigate into that directory in which you installed FCCS and then give the command fccs This will run the fccs.bat file which runs the application. You should see the Fuel Characteristics Classification System v 1.0 splash screen come up in a moment. If something goes wrong, you will see a number of error messages, which you will want to copy to an email message to help support diagnose the problem. FCCS Tutorial -- 5 FCCS TUTORIAL The following pages follow the online tutorial which can be downloaded and/or viewed at: http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/fera/products/software_tutorials.html The student workbook includes everything in the tutorials and provides space at the bottom of each page for your notes. FCCS Tutorial -- 6 Welcome to the FCCS 1.0 Tutorial To start the tutorial, click on a topic in the tutorial index. You can view the entire tutorial page by page by clicking the ► button on each screen or look up specific topics by clicking them in the index. If you click on a hyperlink within a tutorial page, please use the back button in your browser or click on the topic in the tutorial index to return to that tutorial page. Many screen captures throughout this tutorial have orange borders to highlight screen areas or buttons. Numbers corresponding to tutorial instructions have also been added to help you navigate the screens. FCCS Tutorial -- 7 Part 1: Introduction to Fuel Characteristics Classification System (FCCS) 1.0 • What is FCCS? • Why is FCCS needed? • Who uses FCCS? • What can you do with FCCS? • What is a fuelbed? • How were the FCCS fuelbeds developed? • Fuelbeds by region • Using the FCCS fuelbeds • Calculating fuel characteristics • FCCS fire potentials