Radionuclide Distribution and Transport in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems: A Compendium of Data: VOLUME SIX

Radionuclide Distribution and Transport in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems: A Compendium of Data: VOLUME SIX

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Radioactivity is released in effluents from
nuclear power plants and their supporting
fuel cycle facilities. Methods have been
developed by which the radiological im­
pact on man of these releases can be as­
sessed. These methods rely on data from
field and laboratory studies concerned
with radionuclide and stable element dis­
tribution and transport in both terrestrial
and aquatic ecosystems. The data from
these studies have been published in a wide
range of journals and reports from research
institutions over a period of several decades.
The present work presents a systematic and
critical review of the data and gives guide­
lines for their use in assessments of the im­
pacts of routine releases of radioactive ef­
fluents.
This work is being published as a series of
volumes. Volumes 1 and 2 cover major
fission and activation products respective­
ly, while volume 3 covers a variety of major
metabolites and related elements. Further
volumes cover the major actinide elements.
The scope and detail of the volumes in this
series is such that it is likely to become a
standard reference work for those who are
concerned with the study and regulation
of radioactivity in the environment. It will
also be a useful source of data for those
concerned with the distribution and trans­
port of a variety of stable environmental
pollutants.
A.A.BALKEMA PUBLISHERS
P.O.Box 1675, Rotterdam, Netherlands RADIONUCLIDE DISTRIBUTION AND TRANSPORT IN
TERRESTRIAL AND AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS
A COMPENDIUM OF DATA
!i.
Radionuclide Distribution
and Transport in Terrestrial
and Aquatic Ecosystems
A Compendium of Data
P.J.COUGHTREY / D.JACKSON / M.C.THORNE
Associated Nuclear Services, Epsom, UK
VOLUME SIX
Prepared for the Directorate-General Employment, Social Affairs and Education,
Health and Safety Directorate, Commission of the European Communities and , o
supported by the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food M^—y<?i-¿.Λ y> ^ -^ ^
A.A.BALKEMA/ROTTERDAM/BOSTON/ røgfePARL.EUrc?. n:' 'i-h.
I N. C.
t
£OÆ S'Î/Ô'TI Contents of the Series
VOLUME ONE VOLUME THREE
1. General Principles 19. Sodium
2. Rubidium 20. Sulphur
3. Strontium 21. Chlorine
4. Zirconium 22. Selenium
5. Niobium 23. Bromine
6. Ruthenium 24. Technetium
7. Caesium 25. Tin
8. Cerium 26. Antimony
9. Lanthanides 27. Tellurium
28. Iodine
VOLUME TWO
VOLUME FOUR 10. Chromium
11. Manganese 29. Plutonium
12. Iron 30. Neptunium
13. Cobalt
14. Nickel VOLUME FIVE
15. Zinc
31. Americium
16. Molybdenum
32. Curium and the higher actinides
17. Silver
18. Cadmium
VOLUME SIX
Compendium summarising the
important data for each element
Publication arranged by: Commission of the European Communities,
Directorate-General Information Market & Innovation, Luxembourg
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities, The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food,
nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission or they is responsible for the use which might
be made of the following information. The results may be used in the formulation of UK Government
policy, but at this stage do not necessarily represent Government policy.
EUR8115 VI
For the complete set of six volumes, ISBN 90 6191 277 6
For volume 1, ISBN 90 6191 278 4
Fore 2, ISBN 90 6191 279 2
For volume 3. ISBN 90 6191 280 6
Fore 4, ISBN 90 6191 281 4
For volume 5, ISBN 90 6191 292 X
Fore 6, ISBN 90 6191 293 8
© ECSC, EEC, EAEC, Brussels and Luxembourg, MAFF, London, 1985
Published by A.A.Balkema, P.O.Box 1675. 3000 BR Rotterdam, Netherlands
Distributed in USA & Canada by A.A.Balkema Publishers, P.O.Box 230, Accord, MA 02018
Printed in the Netherlands Contents to Volume 6
Preface IX
Authors' Preface XI
Introduction 1
AMERICIUM 9
1. Introductory remarks 10
2. Environmental data for radioisotopes 1
3. Summary of data status3
ANTIMONY5
1. Occurrence of the stable element6
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element7
3.l data for radioisotopes8
4. Summary of data status 2
BROMINE1
1. Occurrence of the stable element2
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element3
3.l data for radioisotopes4
4. Summary of data status6
CADMIUM7
1. Occurrence of the stable element8
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element 29
3.l data for radioisotopes 30
4. Summary of data status2
CAESIUM 33
1. Occurrence of the stable element4
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element5
3.l data for radioisotopes
4. Summary of data status8
CERIUM9
1. Occurrence of the stable element 40
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element1
3.l data for radioisotopes
4. Summary of data status4
CHLORINE5
1. Occurrence of lhe stable element6
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element7
3.l data for radioisotopes
4. Summary of data status 5vi Contents
CHROMIUM 51
1. Occurrence of the stable dement2
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element 53
3.l data for radioisotopes4
4. Summary of data status6
COBALT7
1. Occurrence of the stable element8
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element9
3.l data for radioisotopes 60
4. Summary of data status
CURIUM AND THE HIGHER ACTIN1DES3
1. Introductory remarks4
2. Environmental data for radioisotopes5
3. Summary of data status7
IODINE 69
1. Occurrence of the stable element 7
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element1
3.l data for radioisotopes2
4. Summary of data status4
IRON 7
1. Occurrence of the stable element6
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element
3.l data for radioisotopes8
4. Summary of data status 80
LANTHANIDES (OTHER THAN CERIUM)1
1. Occurrence of the stable element2
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element3
3.l data for radioisotopes
4. Summary of data status
MANGANESE7
1. Occurrence of the stable element8
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element 89
3.l data for radioisotopes 9
4. Summary of data status
MOLYBDENUM3
1. Occurrence of the stable element4
2. Environmental distribution of the stable element5
3.l data for radioisotopes6
4. Summary of data status
NEPTUNIUM 99
1. Introductory remarks 100
2. Environmental data for radioisotopes1
3. Summary of data status
NICKEL5
1. Occurrence of the stable element