STRUCTURAL MECHANICS IN REACTOR TECHNOLOGY: Vol. K(a): Seismic Response Analysis of Nuclear Plant Systems
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STRUCTURAL MECHANICS IN REACTOR TECHNOLOGY: Vol. K(a): Seismic Response Analysis of Nuclear Plant Systems

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580 Pages
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TRANSACTIONS
of the
8th International Conference on
STRUCTURAL
MECHANICS
IN REACTOR
TECHNOLOGY
Centre de Conférences Albert Borschette
Brussels, Belgium ■ August 19-23, 1985
Vol. Κ (a). Seismic Response Analysis of
Nuclear Power Plant Systems
Conference organization by :
CEC The Commission of the European Communities
International Association for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology
NORTH-HOLLAND
for
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES CONFERENCE ORGANIZATION BY:
Commission of the European Communities
International Association for Structural Mechanics in Reactor
Technology e.V.
in cooperation with
ANATECH International Corporation, U.S.A.
Argonne National Laboratory, U.S.A.
Bechtel Associates Professional Corporation, U.S.A.
Bechtel Power Corporation, U.S.A.
Bundesanstalt für Materialprüfung, Germany
Robert L. Cloud Associates, U.S.A.
Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France
Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Electric Power Research Institute, U.S.A.
Electricité de France, France
Franklin Research Center, U.S.A.
Gesellschaft für Reaktorsicherheit (GRS), Germany
Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany
Naval Research Laboratory, U.S.A.
Northwestern University, U.S.A.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, U.S.A.
Stevenson & Associates, U.S.A.
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Switzerland
United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, U.K.
Universität Innsbruck, Austria
University of California, U.S.A. y of Illinois, U.S.A.
University of Tokyo, Japan
U.S. Department of Energy, U.S.A.
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, U.S.A.
CO-SPONSORING INSTITUTIONS
AND SOCIETIES:
American Academy of Mechanics, U.S.A. n Nuclear Society, U.S.A.
American Society of Civil Engineers, U.S.A.
Americany of Mechanical Engineers, U.S.A.
Associated Nuclear Services, U.K.
Belgian Nuclear Society, Belgium
Britishr Energy Society, U.K.
ENEA — Ente Nazionale Energie Alternative, Italy
European Nuclear Society, Switzerland
International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Italy
Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Japan
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, U.S.A.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, U.S.A.
Nuclear Energy Agency — OECD, France
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S.A.
Société Française d'Energie Nucléaire, France STRUCTURAL
MECHANICS
IN REACTUR
TECHNOLUGY
Vol. Κ (a). Seismic Response Analysis of
Nuclear Power Plant Systems
Division Coordinators :
A. H. HADJIAN, Bechtel Power Corporation, Los Aig^FSÇal.Ey.S/Ap r¡> ]­Q^
H. SHI BATA, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
K. c.
£^/? to.aoi EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Sergio FINZI, General Chairman and Scientific Chairman
Director, Nuclear Research and Development, DG XII-JRC, Commission of the European Communities,
Brussels, Belgium
Heinz W. BARGMANN, Deputy General Chairman
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Stanley H. FISTEDIS, Scientific Chairman
Manager, Engineering Mechanics Program, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, U.S.A.
André JAUMOTTE, Scientific
Professor, Institut Mécanique Appliquée, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
Bruno A. BOLEY, Advisor General
Dean, The Technological Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, U.S.A.
Paolo FASELLA, C.E.C. Representative
Director General, Directorate-General Science, Research and Development (DG XII)
Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium
Raymond K. APPLEYARD, C.E.C. Representative
Director General,l Information Market and Innovation (DG XIII)
Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium
Jean RASTOIN, Directeur
de la Division d'Etude et de Développement des Réacteurs, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique,
C.E.N. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
John M. GIBB, Secretary of Executive Committee
Head, Department for Scientific and Technical Communication,
Directorate-General Information Market and Innovation (DG XIII)
Commission of the European Communities, Luxembourg
Mme J. STALPAERT, Co-Secretary of Executive Committee
& Publication Manager
Department for Scientific and Technical Communication,
Directorate-General Information Market and Innovation (DG XIII)
Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium
ORGANIZATION COMMITTEE
L. Hannes LARSSON, Chairman
Pierre Marien
Dieter Roesgen
Mme J. Stalpaert
Claudio Vivante
FOUNDERS AND HONORARY MEMBERS OF THE
International Association for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology
t Thomas A. JAEGER
Bundesanstalt für Materialprüfung, Berlin, Germany
t Zenons ZUDANS
Franklin Research Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
t Antoni SAWCZUK
Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Udine, Italy TRANSACTIONS
of the
8th International Conference on
STRUCTURAL
MECHANICS
IN REACTUR
TECHNOLOGY
Centre de Conférences Albert Borschette
Brussels, Belgium ■ August 19-23, 1985
Edited by
Mme J. STALPAERT
Commission of the European Communities
Directorate-General Information Market and Innovation
NORTH-HOLLAND
for
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Published by
NORTH-HOLLAND PHYSICS PUBLISHING - AMSTERDAM
(A Division of Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.)
for
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,
DIRECTORATE-GENERAL INFORMATION
MARKET AND INNOVATION
Distributed by
ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS B.V.
P.O. Box 103
NL-1000 AC Amsterdam
The Netherlands
Sole distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada:
ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHING COMPANY INC.
52 Vanderbilt Avenue
New York, N.Y. 10017
U.S.A.
North-Holland ISBN for this volume: 0444 86964 6 d ISBN for the set : 0444 86969 7
EUR 10.001 DE/EN/FR
LEGAL NOTICE
The Commission of the European Communities is not responsible for the use which could be
made of the following information.
© Copyright CECA, CEE, CEEA Luxembourg, 1985
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. TABLE OF CONTENTS
Division K. SEISMIC RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF
NUCLEAR POWER PLANT SYSTEMS
Κ (a) Session Κ 1. Design Ground Motions I
Κ 1 /1 Analytical and Observational Study on Seismic Scattering Proper­
ty of a Site with Geological Irregularity
H. Kawase, T. Sato, Ohsaki Research Institute, Fukoku Seimei
Bldg., 2­2­2, Uchisaiwai­cho, Chiyoda­ku, Tokyo 100, Japan
S. Sato, G. Tanaka, Hokkaido Electric Power Co., Inc., Civil Engi­
neering Dept., Higashi 1­chôme, Ohdohri, Chuo­ku, Sapporo
060, Japan
Κ 1/3 Preparation of a Catalogue of European Earthquakes and of an
Atlas of European Seismic Maps
J.M. Van Gils, 39 Av. de l'Exposition, B­1080 Brussels, Bel­
gium
H.A. Maurer, Commission of the European Communities, Depart­
ment Nuclear Plant Safety, 200 rue de la Loi, Β­1049 Brussels,
Belgium
Κ 1 /4 Seismic Load Assumptions in Low Seismic Zones
D. Hosser, König und Heunisch, Beratende Ingenieure, Letzter
Hasenpfad 21, D­6000 Frankfurt/Main 70, Germany
Κ 1/5 Probabilistic Modelling of Earthquake Ocurrences in the Space­
Time Domain
M.S. Yücemen, Yarmouk University, Dept. of Civil Engineering,
Irbid, Jordan
Κ 1/6 Ground Acceleration Distribution of Montenegro Earthquake and
Its Influence on Determination of Seismic Design Parameters
D. Petrovski, University of Skopje, Institute of Earthquake Engi­
neering and Engineering Seismology, POB 101, 91000 Skopje,
Yugoslavia
Κ 1/7 Realistic Design Principles of Nuclear Power Plants against Earth­
quakes in the FRG — Present Stage of Discussion of the New
Concept for a KTA­Safety­Standard Concerning Earthquake De­
sign
M. Hintergräber, R. Wittmann, Kraftwerk Union AG, Abt. VRS 13,
Postfach 3220, D­8520 Erlangen, Germany
Κ 1/8 Earthquake Design Response Spectra for Nuclear Installations in
Switzerland
B. Rast, E. Berger, P. Zwicky, Basler & Hofmann, Consulting Engi­
neers, Forchstrasse 395, CH­8029 Zürich, Switzerland
Notes: — The sign (*) designates Invited Lectures.
— A title mentioned on the Table of Contents but not followed by a summary or a paper means that
the paper was not available at the time of finishing of the book.
— A paper number missing in the numeral order means that the paper was cancelled or with­
drawn.
V Κ 1/9 DBSGM Determination for an Eastern Canadian NPP Site
T.S. Aziz, M.M. Elgohary, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited,
Sheridan Park Research Community, Mississauga, Ontario
L5K 1B2, Canada
D. Kwong, Maritime Nuclear, 527 King Street, Fredericton, N.B.
E3B5G4, Canada
Κ 1/10 Design Earthquake for Guangdong Nuclear Power Plant Site
Chen Da­sheng, Tian Hong­qing, Institute of Engineering Mechan­
ics, State Seismological Bureau of China, Harbin, P.R. of China
K 1/11 Seismic Design Parameters for Nuclear Power Plants on the East
Coast of Mainland China
P.C. Rizzo, W.J. Johnson, Paul C. Rizzo Associates, Inc., 206
Rodi Road, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15235, U.S.A.
Session K 2. Design Ground Motions II
K 2/1 Probabilistic Site Dependent Design Spectra for a NPP
M. Chavez (Sección Dinamica), M.P. Romo (Sección Mecanica de
Suelos), M. Arroyo (Sección Dinamica), Instituto de Ingenieria,
UNAM, Mexico 20 D.F., Mexico
K 2/2 Power Spectral Density Functions Compatible with Design Re­
sponse Spectra
M. Shinozuka, T. Mochio, Columbia University, Dept. of Civil Engi­
neering and Engineering Mechanics, New York, N. Y. 10027,
U.S.A.
D. Jeng, N.C. Chokshi, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission,
Structural and Geotechnical Engineering Branch, Washington,
D.C. 20555, U.S.A.
K 2/3 Characterization of Local Seismicity and Simulation of Accelero­
grams
C. Carino, F. Carli, Università di Pavia, Dipartimento Meccanica
delle Strutture, Via Luino 12, 1­27100 Pavia, Italy
K 2/4 A New Technique for Generating Spectrum Compatible Accelero­
gram
A.K. Ghosh, N. Muralidharan, Reactor Analysis & Systems Divi­
sion, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 400 085, In­
dia
K 2/5 Effects of Phase Characteristics of Simulated Earthquake Ground
Motions on the Response Spectra
Y. Ohsaki, T. Watanabe, K. Naraoka, Ohsaki Research Institute,
Shimizu Construction Co., Ltd., Fukoku Seimei Bldg., 2­2­2
Uchisaiwai­cho, Chiyoda­ku, Tokyo 100, Japan
J. Kanda, R. Iwasaki, University of Tokyo, Dept., of Architecture,
7­3­1, Hongo, Bunkyo­ku, Tokyo 113, Japan
T. Masao, Technical Research Laboratory, Fujita Corporation, 74
Oodona, Kohoku­ku, Yokohama 223, Japan
Y. Kitada, Nippon Atomic Industry Group Co., Ltd., Nuclear Engi­
neering Dept., 4­1 Ukishima­cho, Kawasaki­ku, Kawasaki 210,
Japan
K. Sakata, Toshiba Corporation, Nuclear Engineering Section, 8
Shinsugita, lsogo­ku, Yokohama 235, Japan
VI Κ 2/6 Simulated Earthquake Motion Using Algebraic Function Phase
Most Fitting Simultaneously Against Response Spectra with Dif­
ferent Damping
T. Masao, Fujita Corporation, Nuclear Power Plant Civil & Archi­
tecture Dept., 74 Oodana, Kohokuku, Yokohama 223, Japan
J. Kanda, R. Iwasaki, University of Tokyo, Dept. of Building Engi­
neering, 7­3­1 Hongo, Bunkyo­ku, Tokyo 113, Japan
Y. Ohsaki, Shimizu Construction Co., Ltd., 16­1 Kyobashi 2­
chome, Chuoku, Tokyo 104, Japan
Y. Kitada, Nippon Atomic Industry Group Co., Ltd., 4­1 Ukishima­
chyo, Kawasaki­ku, Kawasaki 210, Japan
M. Sa k ata, Toshiba Corporation, Nuclear Engineering Section, 8
Shinsugita, lsogo­ku, Yokohama 235, Japan
K 2/7 A Simple Accelerogram Correction Method to Prevent Unrealistic
Displacement Shift
L. Borsoi, A. Ricard, Framatome, Département EE/C, Tour Fiat,
F­92084 Paris­la­Défense Cedex 16, France
K 2/8 Adjustment of Accelerograms Using Dynamic Programming to
Give Realistic Velocity and Displacement Information
I.A. Mumme, CSIRO, Division of Mineral Physics, Private Mail Bag
7, Sutherland, New South Wales 2232, Australia
R. McLaughlin, AAEC, Lucas Heights, Computing Section, Private
Mail Bag, Sutherland, New South Wales 2232, Australia
K 2/9 Approximate Formulas to Evaluate Non­Linear Soil Amplifica­
tions
R. Carpaneto, A. Del Grosso, S. Lagomarsino, G. Solari, Universi­
tà degli Studi di Genova, Istituto di Scienza delle Costruzioni,
Via Montallegro 1, 1­16145 Genova, Italy
K 2/10 A Comparison Between Characteristics of Synthetic and Natural
Seismic Waves Taking Building Filtration Effects into Account
C. Callens, J.C. Leroux, M. Monchanin, Fragema, B.P. 83, F­
69398 Lyon, France
Session K 3. Design Ground Motions III
K 3/2 Recommendation for Changes to Appendix A 10CFR 100
P.C. Rizzo, W.J. Johnson, Paul C. Rizzo Associates, Inc., 206
Rodi Road, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15235, U.S.A.
K 3/3 Seismic Design Practices for Nuclear Power Plants Canadian Ver­
sus U.S.A.
T.S. Aziz, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Sheridan Park Re­
search Community, Mississauga, Ontario L5K 1B2, Canada
K 3/4 Site Specific Response Spectra Versus USNRC Regulatory Guide
1.60 Spectra
P.C. Rizzo, J.M. Musacchio, Paul C. Rizzo Associates Inc., 206
Rodi Road, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15235, U.S.A.
K 3/5 Realistic Seismic Loadings for Nuclear Power Plants in the FRG —
Possibilities for the Definition of Site Specific Seismic Loadings
and Identification of the Resulting Effects
VII M. Hintergräber, R. Wittmann, Kraftwerk Union AG, Abt. VRS 13,
Postfach 3220, D­8520 Erlangen, Germany
Κ 3/6 Damage Potential of Small Earthquakes: a Generic Case Study
M.A. Manrique, D.C. Pandya, Impeli Corporation, 350 Lennon
Lane, Walnut Creek, California 94598, U.S.A.
Session Κ 4. PANEL SESSION
Effective Ground Acceleration
Κ 4/1 Effective Ground Motion Considerations for Nuclear Power Plant
Design
R.P. Kennedy, S.A. Short, NTS/Structural Mechanics Associates,
5160 Birch Street, Newport Beach, California 92660, U.S.A.
Κ 4/2 Consideration of Near­Field Earthquakes for Design of Nuclear
Power Plants in Canada
J.K. Biswas, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Sheridan Park
Research Community, Mississauga, Ontario L5K 1B2, Canada
Κ 4/3 New Concepts of Seismic Input Definition for Nuclear Power Plant
Design in the FRG
G. König, Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Institut für Massiv­
bau, Alexanderstr. 5, D­6100 Germany
H.H. Klein, Ph. Holzmann AG, Taunusanlage 1, D­6000 Frank­
furt/Main, Germany
Κ 4/4 An Approach to Evaluate Effective Ground Motion for Nuclear
Power Plant
T. Itoh, H. Yamahara, K. Ishii, Ohsaki Research Institute, Shimizu
Construction Co., Ltd., Fukoku Seimei Bldg., 2­2­2, Uchisaiwai­
cho, Chiyoda­ku, Tokyo 100, Japan
Κ 4/5 State­of­the­Art from Italy
M. Basili, ENEA, Viale R. Margherita 125, 1­00138 Roma, Italy
F. Muzzi, ISMES S.p.A., Via Torquato Caramelli 14, 1­00197
Roma, Italy
S. Martinetti, ENEL, Via G.B. Martini 3, 1­00197 Roma, Italy
Session Κ 5. Soil­Structure Interaction I
Κ 5/1 An Overview of Models for Soil­Foundation­Structure Interaction
M.R. Resheidat, Yarmouk University, Dept. of Civil Engineering,
Irbid, Jordan
Κ 5/2 Equivalent Soil Resonators for Layered Half Spaces
D. Costes, J. Culambourg, C.E.A., CEN, DAS/SASR/SAER, B.P.
No. 6, F­92260 Fontenay­aux­Roses, France
Κ 5/3 The Evaluation Method of Soil­Spring for the Analyses of Founda­
tion Structures on Layered Bedsoil
S. Satoh, Kajima Corporation, Nuclear Power Plant Engineering
Dept., 29th Floor, Shinjuku Mitsui Bldg., 2­1­1 Nishishinjuku,
Shinjuku­ku, Tokyo 160, Japan
VIII