Formation and stabilization of vesicles in mixed surfactant systems [Elektronische Ressource] / Nina Vlachy
180 Pages
English

Formation and stabilization of vesicles in mixed surfactant systems [Elektronische Ressource] / Nina Vlachy

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SupDissertationKsenijaFdjudicators:ormationProf.andWStabilizationernerofDr.VJosefesiclesProf.inKunzMixedDr.SurfactanProf.togejSystemsHeilmannNinaDr.VlacJulyhervisor:yDr.UnivernerersitAyProf.ofWRegensburgKunzNaturalDr.SciencesKFProf.acultJ?rgyChair:IVem.ChemistryDr.&Barthel2008Ph.D.2008quiumhPromotionskt4.2008hollotam:am:Juli20.AprilompFfanormyKatko:myetitor,sister,biggestmytoughestiv.Con.tenSystemsts.Con.ten.ts.v11Preface1.2.4xi.12.1In.tro..1.1.1.Surface.AAnitiesineIAgenFts.........1.2.2.......airing.......Matc...1.2.5.....ransitions.Aggregates:.Catanionic.........21..1.1.1.1.General......Eect.............Ion.W.............Theory.W........Systems........Non-Equimolar.21on1.1.2ofSurfactant.Self-Assem.bly:.V.esicles..........In.................v....381.1.3HofmeisterCatanionic.Surfactan.t.Mixtures....................1.2.3.P.in.ater........4.1.1.4.Application.of.Catanionic.V.esicles.in12CosmeticCollins'Foformhingulationater....7.1.2.Ion.Eects13.Ion-Sp.Eects.Colloidal.............17.Salt-Induced.T.in.Catanionic.19.Blastulae.Sp.taneous.ormation.

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Published 01 January 2008
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Language English
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Exrait

Sup
Dissertation
Ksenija
F
djudicators:
ormation
Prof.
and
W
Stabilization
erner
of
Dr.
V
Josef
esicles
Prof.
in
Kunz
Mixed
Dr.
Surfactan
Prof.
t
ogej
Systems
Heilmann
Nina
Dr.
Vlac
July
h
ervisor:
y
Dr.
Univ
erner
ersit
A
y
Prof.
of
W
Regensburg
Kunz
Natural
Dr.
Sciences
K
F
Prof.
acult
J?rg
y
Chair:
IV
em.
Chemistry
Dr.
&
Barthel

2008
Ph.D.2008

quium
h
Promotionsk
t
4.

2008
h
ollo
t
am:
am:
Juli
20.
Aprilomp
F
fan
or
my
Katko:

my
etitor,
sister,
biggest
my
toughestiv.
Con
.
ten
Systems
ts
.
Con
.
ten
.
ts
.
v
11
Preface
1.2.4
xi
.
1
2.1
In
.
tro
.

.
1
.
1.1
.
Surface
.
A
Anities

in
e
I
Agen
F
ts
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
1.2.2
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
airing
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Matc
.
.
.
1.2.5
.
.
.
.
.
ransitions
.
Aggregates:
.
Catanionic
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
21
.
.
1
.
1.1.1
.
General
.
.
.
.
.
.
Eect
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Ion
.
W
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Theory
.
W
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
Systems
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
Non-Equimolar
.
2
1
on
1.1.2
of
Surfactan

t
.
Self-Assem
.
bly:
.
V
.
esicles
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
In
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v
.
.
.
.
3
8
1.1.3
Hofmeister
Catanionic
.
Surfactan
.
t
.
Mixtures
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1.2.3
.
P
.
in
.
ater
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
4
.
1.1.4
.
Application
.
of
.
Catanionic
.
V
.
esicles
.
in
12
Cosmetic
Collins'
F
of
orm
hing
ulation
ater
.
.
.
.
7
.
1.2
.
Ion
.
Eects
13
.
Ion-Sp
.
Eects
.
Colloidal
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
17
.
Salt-Induced
.
T
.
in
.
Catanionic
.
19
.
Blastulae
.
Sp
.
taneous
.
ormation
.
New
.
Sup
.
21
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
8
.
1.2.1
.
Ions
.
in
.
W
.
ater
.
.
.
.
2.2
.
tro
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
22
.
..
vi
.
CONTENTS
.
2.3
.
Exp
Eects
erimen
.
tal
erimen
Pro
.

Co-ion
.
Ions'
.
.
.
y
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
24
.
2.4
.
Results
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.5.1
.
.
.
.
.
`La
.
.
.
.
.
Alkyl
.
Alkyl
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.4.1
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
terion
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
26
.
2.4.1
.
Characterization
.
of
3.4.5
SDS
.
/
.
DT
3.5
AB
.

.
Solution
.
.
.
.
of
.
.
.
terion
.
.
.
.
26
.
2.4.2
hing
Salt-Induced
.

3.5.4
esicle
.
T
.
ransition
terion
.
.
.
.
.
Carb
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.3
.
Pro
.
.
27
.
2.5
.
Discussion
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.4
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Diagrams
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.4.2
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
45
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
32
.
2.5.1
3.4.4
Mo
.
dels
.
of
.
the
.

.
esicle
.
T
.
ransition
of
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
32
.
2.5.2
.
Blastulae
.
V
Beha
esicles
Systems
.
.
.
.
.
3.5.2
.
erties
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.5.3
.
of
.
ater
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
terion
.
Alkyl
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.5.5
.
y
.
o
.
.
.
.
35
57
2.5.3
vs.
The
xylates

.
of
.
Con
.
v
.

.
v
.
e
.
P
.
atterns
.
in
.
Biological
42
Sys-
Exp
tems
tal
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
43
.
Results
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
37
44
2.5.4
Phase
Raspb
.
erry
.
V
.
esicles
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
44
.
Coun
.
Eects
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
38
3.4.3
2.5.5
Eects
Blastulae
.
V
.
esicles:
.
A
.
General
.
T
.
rend
.
in
.
Catanionic
.
Systems?
.
.
.
38
.
2.6
.
Conclusions
51
.
Nonionic
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
51
.
Eects
.
`Hydrophobic
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
52
.
Discussion
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
39
.
3
.
Sp
.

.
Alk
.
ali
.
Cation
.
Eects
.
in
.
the
.
T
.
ransition
.
from
54

Aggregation
to
vior
V
Catanionic
esicles
.
Through
.
Salt
.
A
.
ddition
.
41
54
3.1
Coun

Prop
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
55
.
Collins'
.
w
.
Matc
.
W
.
Anities'
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
56
.
Coun
.

.
of
.
Sulfates
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
56
41
Coun
3.2

In
of
tro
Carb

xylates
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3.5.6
.
Sulfates
.
Alkyl
.
o
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
57
..
CONTENTS
4.4.4
vii
.
3.5.7
.

.

Sp
Sim
self-aggregation
ulations
I
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Coun
.
.
.
.
.
Cation
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Time
.
.
.
of
.
.
58
vior
3.5.8
Systems
Generalization
the
of
.
the
.
Concept:
.
Hofmeister
79
Series
of
of
.
Headgroups
.
60
.
3.5.9
.
The
5.3

.
Eect
5.4
.
.
.
Shift
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Ph
.
Systems
.
.
.
.
.
on
.
.
.
y
.
76
.
of
.
h
.
.
.
4.5
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
y
.
A
.
the
60
Systems
3.5.10
.
The
.

.
Eect
.
.
In
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Pro
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
T
.
.
.
85
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
4.4.3
.
y
.
Prop
.
trimeth
60
.
3.5.11
.
Eects
.
of
.
`Hydrophobic
.
Ions'
of
.
Aggregation
.
Surfactan
.
4.4.5
.
Sp
.
Surfactan
.
.
.
Dieren
.
eha
.
systems
.
and
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
62
.
3.6
.
Conclusions
.
.
.
.
78
.
the
.
Catanionic
.

.
es
.
Length
.
Stabilit
.
ersaturated
.
5.1
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
81
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
erimen
.
.
.
.
.
.
63
.
4
.
Anion
.
Sp
.

and
y
.

.
Morphology
.
in
.
Catanionic
.
Surfactan
.
t
85
Mixtures
Solubilit
with
erature
an
.

.
of
.
Cationic
.
Surfactan
.
t
.
65
.
4.1
.

.
.
.
.
70
.
Anion
.

.
in
.
ysico-Chemical
.
erties
.
Alkyl-
.
ylammonium
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
72
.

.
Salt
.
the
.
Beha
.
of
.
ts
.
73
.
Explaining
.
terion
.

.
in
.
t
.
.
.
.
.
4.4.6
65
t
4.2
b
In
vior
tro


in
.

.

.
regions
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
77
.
Conclusions
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
I
.

.
Stabilit
.
of
.
Systems
66
5
4.3
of
Exp
dditiv
erimen
and
tal
Chain
Pro
on


.
y
.
Sup
.
Catanionic
.
81
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
5.2
.
tro
.
.
67
.
4.4
.
Results
.
and
.
Discussion
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
82
.
Exp
.
tal
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
68
83
4.4.1
Results
Ion
Discussion
Binding
.
in
.
Catanionic
.
Surfactan
.
t
.
Mixtures
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
5.4.1
.
of
68
y
4.4.2
emp
Phase
with
Beha
.
vior
.
up
.
on
.
Salt
.
A
.
ddition
..
viii
aluation
CONTENTS
.
5.4.2
.
Beha
.
vior
.
of
.
the
.

of
h
.
Region
.
of
of
the
.
Phase
.
Diagrams
Catanionic
Without
.
A
of
dditiv
.
es
.
.
Exp
.
Results
.
w
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
and
.
.
.
ts
.
.
.
.
.
Conclusions
.
.
.
.
.
Mixtures
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
88
erature
5.4.3
pH
Eect
.
of
.
A
.
dditiv
data
es
.
on
.
the
.
Stabilit
.
y
.
and
111
the
.
`Solubilit
.
y
.
T
.
em-
.
p
.
erature
.
Depression'
.
.
.
.
.
.
on
.
and
.
Carb
.
117
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
tro
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
92
Solubilit
5.5
y
Conclusions
7.4.2
.
F
.
.
.
7.4.3
.
V
.
.
.
.
.
6.3.5
.
sp
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
6.4
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Single-Chain
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
111
.
t
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
101
113
I
.
I
.
I
.
T
.
o
.
w
.
ard
.
Application
.
103
7
6
F
Use
y
of
esicles
Surfactan
Single-Chain
ts
xylates:
in
and
Cosmetic

Application:
.
Determining
.
the
.
Cy-
.
toto
.

.
y
.
of
.
Catanionic
7.2
Surfactan
.
t
.
Mixtures
.
on
.
HeLa
.
Cells
.
105
.
6.1
.

117
.
tal
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
120
.
Discussion
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
7.4.1
.
of
.
T
.
F
.

.
.
.
Eect
.
V
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
o-TEM
.
enden
.
F
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
105
111
6.2
Ev
In
of
tro


.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
111
.
Results
.
Discussion
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
6.4.1
.
Surfactan
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
106
.
6.3
.
Exp
.
erimen
.
tal
6.4.2
Pro
Surfactan

Systems
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
6.5
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
107
.
6.3.1
116
Materials
Sp
.
taneous
.
ormation
.
Bila
.
ers
.
V
.
in
.
of
.
Alkyl
.
o
.
Eect
.
pH
.
Aging
.
7.1
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
107
.
6.3.2
117
Gro
In
wing

HeLa
.
Cell
.
Cultures
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
7.3
.
erimen
.
Pro
.
.
.
.
.
.
108
.
6.3.3
.
HeLa
.
T
.
o
.

.
y
.
T
.
est
.
.
.
.
7.4
.
and
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
122
.
Lo
.
ering
.
the
.
y
.
emp
.
of
.
att
109
A
6.3.4
.

.
.
122
.
The
.
of
.
on
.
esicle
.
ormation
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
123
.
Cry
.
Study
.
Time-Dep
.
t
.
esicle
.
ormation
.
.
.
127
.wledgemen
7.4.4
.
Cytoto
ix

Conclusion
y
of
P
.
oten
.
tial
137
of
of
Surfactan
oster
t
.
Mixtures
.
.
.
.
.
.
Bibliograph
.

.
161
.
163
.
and
.
tations
.
.
130
.
7.5
.
Conclusions
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
131
.
133
.
y
.
A
.
kno
.
ts
.
List
.
Publications
.
List
.
Oral
.
P
.
Presen
.
165
.
.x