Investigation of Communist activities in the North Carolina area. Hearing before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, second session. Including index. March 12, 13, and 14, 1956
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Investigation of Communist activities in the North Carolina area. Hearing before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, second session. Including index. March 12, 13, and 14, 1956

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172 Pages
English

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INVESTIGATION OF COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE NORTH CAROLINA AREA HABVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY DEPOSITED BY THE .UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MAY 28 1956 HEARING BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES HOUSE OE REPRESENTATIVES EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS SECOND SESSION MARCH 12, and 14, 195613, Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities INCLUDING INDEX UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 75146 WASHINGTON : 1956 COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES United Statks House of Repkesentatives FRANCIS E. WALTER, ronnsylvania. Chairman nAUOT.D VELDE. IlUnolsMOKOAN >r. MOri.rEU. Missouri H. EEKNAUD \Y. KKAKNEY. NewCLYPE IKU'l.E. California York FUAZIKR. DONALD L. JACKSON. CaliforniaJAMES U. Jr.. Tenuessee \Y1LL1S, Louisiana GORDON U. SCIIERER. OhioEDWIN E. 1?k.vle,Thomas \V. Sr., Chief Clerk n ——— N TEN T SCO March 12, 195G: PageTestimony of Charles Benson Childs. . 3506 MyersJohn V. 3523 Ralph C. Clontz, Jr 3529 John V. Myers (resumed) 3530 Nathaniel Bond __ 3532 William Eyans _ 3533 Afternoon session: Natham'ol liond (resumed) 3538 Charles Benson Childs (resumed) _. 3548 BondNathaniel __ 3549 Ralph Clontz, Jr.C. Bond, (resumed) 3550 Ralph C. Clontz, Jr. (resumed) 3551 Franklin BlakeJosepli 3556 March 1956:13, Testimony of William G. Binkley.. 3565 AlVjcrt Warren Wiiliams.-_ _.. 3566 Viola Jirovvn 3573 William Archibald McGirt, Jr„. 3577 Eugene Feldman 3590 Afternoon session: Eugene (resumed) 3597 William C.

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INVESTIGATION OF COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE
NORTH CAROLINA AREA
HABVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY
DEPOSITED BY THE
.UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
MAY 28 1956
HEARING
BEFORE THE
COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES
HOUSE OE REPRESENTATIVES
EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS
SECOND SESSION
MARCH 12, and 14, 195613,
Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities
INCLUDING INDEX
UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
75146 WASHINGTON : 1956COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES
United Statks House of Repkesentatives
FRANCIS E. WALTER, ronnsylvania. Chairman
nAUOT.D VELDE. IlUnolsMOKOAN >r. MOri.rEU. Missouri H.
EEKNAUD \Y. KKAKNEY. NewCLYPE IKU'l.E. California York
FUAZIKR. DONALD L. JACKSON. CaliforniaJAMES U. Jr.. Tenuessee
\Y1LL1S, Louisiana GORDON U. SCIIERER. OhioEDWIN E.
1?k.vle,Thomas \V. Sr., Chief Clerk
n———
N TEN T SCO
March 12, 195G:
PageTestimony of
Charles Benson Childs. . 3506
MyersJohn V. 3523
Ralph C. Clontz, Jr 3529
John V. Myers (resumed) 3530
Nathaniel Bond __ 3532
William Eyans _ 3533
Afternoon session:
Natham'ol liond (resumed) 3538
Charles Benson Childs (resumed) _. 3548
BondNathaniel __ 3549
Ralph Clontz, Jr.C. Bond, (resumed) 3550
Ralph C. Clontz, Jr. (resumed) 3551
Franklin BlakeJosepli 3556
March 1956:13,
Testimony of
William G. Binkley.. 3565
AlVjcrt Warren Wiiliams.-_ _.. 3566
Viola Jirovvn 3573
William Archibald McGirt, Jr„. 3577
Eugene Feldman 3590
Afternoon session:
Eugene (resumed) 3597
William C. Binkley (resumed) 3603
George Dayid Van Camp 3615
Mary Major Robertson (Mrs. William Fred Robertson) 3627
March 14, 1956:
Testimony of
Odis Reayis. _.. 3635
Index - i:
Public Law 601, 79th Congress
The legislation under which the House Committee on Un-American
Activities operates is Public Law Congress601, 79th chapter(1946),
2d session, which provides753,
Be it enacted iy the Senate and House Representatives the United 8tate$of of
** *America in Congress assembled,of
PART THE OF REPRESENTATIVES2—RULES OF HOUSE
RttleX
standing committeesbeo. 121.*******
17. Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine members.
Rule XI
POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMITTEES*******
(1) Committee on Un-American Activities.(q)
(A) Un-American Activities. on Activities, whole or subcommit-(2) The as a by
is authorized to maije from time time investigations of (i) the extent,tee, to
character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States,
(ii) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propa-
ganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attaclcs
the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and
(iii) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any neces-
sary remedial legislation.
(orThe Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House to the
of if not in session) results of any investi-Clerk the House the House is the such
gation, together with recommendations it deems advisable.such as
For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such
times places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting,and
has recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance
documents, andof such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and
issued underto take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be
committee any subcommittee, or by anythe signature of the chairman of the or
any such chairman, and may be served any personmember designated by by
any such chairman or member.designated by:
RULES ADOPTED BY THE 84TH CONGRESS
House Resolution 5, January 5, 1955
• • • • • • •
Rule X
STANDING COMMITTEES
1. Thefe shall be elected by the House, at the commencement of each Con-
gress, the following standing committees
• *****•
Committee on Un-American Activities, nine(q) to consist of members.
• ••••••
Rule XI
POWERS AND DUTITES OF COMMITTEES
17. Committee on Un-American Activities.
(a) Un-American Activities.
(b) The Committee on Activities, wholeas a or by subcommittee,
is authorized to make from time to time, investigations of the extent, char-(1)
acter, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States,
the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American prop-(2)
aganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and
attacks the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitu-
tion, and all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress(3)
in any necessary remedial legislation.
The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the
inClerk of the House if the House is not session) the results of any such investi-
with itgation, together such recommendations as deems advisable.
For the purpose of any such investigation, Committee on Un-Americanthe
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act suchat times
places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting,and has
or has adjourned, hold such hearings, to require the attendancerecessed, to
such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, andof
to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any
member designated by any such chairman, andmay be served by any person desig-
nated any such chairman or member.by
VIINVESTIGATION OF COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE
NORTH CAROLINA AREA
MONDAY, MARCH 195612,
United Siates House of Representatives,
Subcommittee of the
Committee on Un-American Activities,
Charlotte^ N. G.
PUBLIC HEABINa
A subcommittee of the Committee on Un-American Activities met
10 a. m., pursuant to notice, in the Federal Courtat House, Charlotte,
Hon. Francis E. Walter (chairman), presiding.N. C,
presentCommittee members : Representatives Francis E. Walter, of
Pennsylvania, Edwin E. Willis, of Louisiana, and Bernard Kear-W.
ney, of New York.
members present:Staff Richard Arens, acting counsel, and W.
Jackson Jones, investigator.
Chairman.The The committee will come to order.
For many years iioav, the Committee on Un-American Activities
has been investigating the activities of the Communist Party through-
out the United States. During this period, we have held hearings
in Chicago, 111.; Detroit, Mich.; New York City, Pittsburgh and
Philadelphia, Pa. ; Seattle, Wash. ; San Francisco and Los Angeles,
Calif., and Washington, D. At these hearingsC. evidence was ob-
tained which shows beyond ashadow of a doubt that this international
Communist conspiracy is attempting to enslave all the free peoples
of the world. Even though the vast majority of our citizens are
vehemently anti-Communist in their every thought and action, this
does not deter the Communist Party from continually attempting to
infiltrate and dominate organizations and groups in every section of
our coimtry.
During these hearings, the committee will take testimony relating to
the activities of the Communist Party in this area. It is not our desire
to embarrass or subject anyone unnecessaryto criticism. However,
as a committee of Congress authorized to investigate the dissemina-
tion of un-American propaganda in the United States, we are re-
toquired interrogate all persons believed by the committee to possess
information of value on this subject.
seek andWe must obtain the full cooperation of all if this threat
to our lives and property is to be effectively eliminated.
I want to take this opportunity to express my thanks, as well as
those of the committee, to Judge Wilson Warlick for allowing us the
use of his courtroom for these hearings. Our thanks go also to the
law-enforcement agencies and private individuals who have so will-
3505INVESTIGATION OF COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES3506
preliminaryingly cooperated with the staff of the committee in its
investigation.
I should like to also state that smoking during the hearing is not
allowed.
Will you call your first witness, Mr. Arens.
Arens. Mr. Chairman, the first witness will beMr. If you please,
Charles Benson Childs. Will you please come forward. Remain
right sworn.standing, ifyou will, and raise your hand to be
giveThe Chairman. Do you swear the testimony you are about to
will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help
you God ?
Mr. Childs. I do.
TESTIMONY OP CHARLES BENSON CHUDS
Mr. Arens. Kindly identify yourself, by name, residence, and
occupation.
Childs.Mr. My name is Charles Benson Childs. I live at 108
Joiner, in Chapel Hill. I student and lab instructor at theam a
University of North Carolina.
been memberMr. Arens. Mr. Childs, have you ever a of the
Communist Party ?
Mr. Childs. Yes, sir.
Mr. circumstancesArens. Kindly tell the committee the which
precipitated your membership in Communist Party ?the
Mr. Childs. My association with the Party began ap-
proximately before member and gradually led into mem-I became a
bership in the latter part of 1948. While I was in high school, a
senior, I had an English instructor who had had some experience in
the Gastonia strike in 1929. She often told us about the Communist
Party and the way it operated in Gastonia during that strike.
I became interested in it, and later I met Mike Ross, who was a
union organizer in High Point at that time, and in discussions with
Ross, he seemed to follow certain things, and also through him I met
many other people graduallyand I was led into the Communist Party.
Mr. Arens. During the course of your career in the Communist
Party, did you consistently report information to the Federal Bureau
of Investigation ?
Mr. Childs. Yes, sir.
Mr, Arens. your membership in theWas Communist Party, con-
cerning which we shall have considerable questions today, with the
knowledge and consent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation?
Mr. Childs. Yes, sir.
Mr. Arens. In other words, were you during the career which you
pursued in the Communist Party, an undercover agent or informer
for the Federal Bureau of Investigation ?
Mr. Childs. Yes, sir.
Mr. Arens. If you will, please, Mr. Childs, pick us up there when
you began your activities in the Progressive Party in 1948.
Childs.Mr. After I began associating with the Progressive Party
through Mike Ross, I became acquainted with Bill Robertson, who at
that time was living in Chapel Hill.
Mr. Arens. Could you give us a further identification of Bill Rob-
ertson ?