Multiplying success in buildings
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Multiplying success in buildings

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21 innovative projects for an energy-intelligent Europe
Energy policy
Social questions - town planning and housing
Target audience: Specialised/Technical

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MULTIPLYING SUCCESS IN BUILDINGS
 
21 innovative projects for an energy-intelligent Europe
Status: December 2006
 
 
Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme
Editorial Information Issued by the European Commission's Intelligent Energy Executive Agency (IEEA), this report presents a series of international projects supported by the European Union's Intelligent Energy  Europe (IEE) programme. The information contained in it may be reproduced. The responsibility for the content of this publication lies with its authors. It does not necessarily represent the opinion of the European Community. The IEEA is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. The information contained is given for information purposes only and it does not bind legally any of the involved parties. This and other project compilations can be downloaded for free from http://ec.europa.eu/energy/intelligent/library/publications_en.htm. Intelligent Energy  Europe (IEE) is the European Unions programme for promoting energy efficiency and renewables. It supports financially international projects, events, and local/regional energy agencies, which promote the smarter use of energy and the growth of renewable energy sources. The Intelligent Energy Executive Agency implements the IEE programme. With more than 40 staff, the IEEA is at the service of all IEE partners by managing the different projects and events funded under the IEE programme, and by disseminating the know-how and best practices which they produce. More details on the IEE programme and on the IEEA can be found on http://ec.europa.eu/energy/intelligent/index_en.html    
  
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme
 Table of contents
 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................. 5 Field benchmarking and Market development for Audit methods in Air Conditioning (AuditAC)................ 8 Best Practice for Double Skin Facades (BESTFACADE)......................................................................... 10 Pilot actions to develop a functioning market for energy performance certificates (BUDI)....................... 12 Collecting Data from energy certification to Monitor performance indicators for New and Existing buildings (DATAMINE) ............................................................................................................................. 13 Dissemination of Energy Efficiency Measures in the Public Buildings Sector (DEEP)............................. 15 Electronic Energy Building Directive (EEBD) ........................................................................................... 17 Energy Efficiency Communities  establishing pilot communities for the building sector (EffCoBuild) ... 19 Applying the EPBD to improve the ENergy Performance Requirements to EXISTing buildings (ENPER-EXIST) ...................................................................................................................................................... 20 Energy Performance Assessment for Existing Non Residential Buildings (EPA-NR) .............................. 22 A programme to deliver energy certificates based on measured energy consumption for display in Public buildings across Europe within a harmonising framework (EPLabel)....................................................... 24 Energy-toolset for improving the energy performance of existing buildings (E-TOOL) ............................ 26 European high quality Low Energy Buildings (EULEB) ............................................................................ 27 GreenBuilding ........................................................................................................................................... 28 IMproving energy Performance Assessment and Certification schemes by Tests (IMPACT).................. 30 Energy Savings from Intelligent Metering and Behavioural Change (INTELLIGENT METERING) .......... 32 Service Buildings Keep Cool: Promotion of sustainable cooling in the service building sector (KEEPCOOL)...........................................................................................................................................33 Marketable Passive Homes for Winter and Summer Comfort (PASSIVE-ON)......................................... 35 Promotion of European Passive Houses (PEP) ....................................................................................... 37 Securing the Take-off of Building Energy Certification: Improving Market Attractiveness through Building Owner Involvement (STABLE) ................................................................................................................. 39 Municipal Buildings as Shining Examples ................................................................................................ 40 Development of Distance Learning Training Material for the Promotion of Best Practice Ventilation Energy Performance in Buildings (VENT DIS.COURSE) ......................................................................... 42 New Projects (start 2007) ......................................................................................................................... 44 Integrated Energy Design in Public Buildings (INTEND) .......................................................................... 45 Energy Efficient Cooling in Regions of North and Central Europe (COOLREGION)................................ 45 Tools and Methods for Linking EPDB and Continuous Commissioning (EPBD-cx) ................................. 46 
  
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme
Building Advanced Ventilation Technological Examples to Demonstrate Materialised Energy Savings for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality and Thermal Comfort in Different European Climatic Regions (Building AdVent).....................................................................................................................................................46 IMPLEMENT - The EPBD in Action (IMPLEMENT) ................................................................................. 47 Check and Improve the Energy Performance of Schools and Disseminate Best Practices (CHECK IT OU !) .. T ...................................................................................................................................................... 47 Sustainable Energy Systems in New Buildings- Market Introduction of Feasibility Studies under the Directive on Energy Performance in Buildings (SENTRO) ....................................................................... 48 Magnify success: Extension of the European Energy Trophy competition to 18 countries (Energy Trophy+) ................................................................................................................................................... 48  
 
  
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme
Introduction  With buildings accounting for approximately 40% of energy use in the European Union, the ongoing IEE actions in this field aim to make an impact on the rational use of energy in buildings through actions relating to: x implementation of legislation Assisting x Supporting outcomes of research x Markets: Market adoption and penetration of innovative building technologies and approaches to Transforming construction x based society Knowledge x education Higher x Training people through CPD x awareness in professionals Raising x Action: Supporting the adoption of change through actions at a local level Local x Municipalities leading by example x Sustainable Energy Communities x mechanisms Voluntary  As of January 2007, Multiplying success in buildings includes a total of 26 projects focussing on the above areas, 7 of which will present their final results in the spring of 2007. The IEE actions are complemented by the Concerted Action  Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and The EPBD Buildings Platform, activities also funded under the IEE Programme and with which a clear link is made with the policy support projects in particular. Enabling policy: Actions supporting implementation of the EPBD in the Member States The development of a suite of CEN standards has offered the availability of a harmonised approach across Europe for the certification of buildings. However, the mandate to CEN for preparation of these standards focussed primarily on new buildings. Within the IEE Programme, a number of policy implementation projects have focussed on providing readily available tools for existing buildings since these form the most significant part of the buildings stock. As such, these projects have been implemented since the beginning of 2005 with the aim of meeting the requirements of many Member States, providing feedback on the proposed EPBD standards, collecting data and information concerning the actual status of construction and consumption in existing buildings, identifying new directions and communicating this information to the appropriate target groups. The projects have been implemented under a very dynamic legislative framework in the individual MS, but nevertheless have contributed to stimulation and development of a harmonised approach, providing feedback of a European dimension. Some examples of the types of activities which have been carried out in order to support implementation of the EPBD are: analysis of practical application of CEN standards to existing buildings and the preparation of recommendations to CEN concerning necessary improvements; a road map clarifying the non technical issues to be addressed for implementation of the certification process at a national level; development of performance assessment tools and extraction of policy recommendations based on early experience, including creation of open software based on an asset rating approach and the CEN standards; development of operational rating tools for harmonised approaches to certification of public buildings. The projects have clearly demonstrated that certification of existing buildin gs still presents significant challenges and that there is a basic lack of reliable data on construction and consumption. Furthermore, it has been shown that certification could be a great tool to improve this knowledge provided data from certificates are properly collected. Finally, it has been demonstrated that both asset rating and operational rating are appropriate under certain conditions for certification of buildings. Operational rating can be effectively used for short term reduction of energy consumption and can have significant impact by rapidly reducing the CO2 emissions arising from the EUs existing building stock, whereas asset rating can provide effective long term savings. In the future a link between asset and operational rating could therefore be foreseen. Finally, many common cost effective measures are identified across all MS indicating ways of supplying advice on the certificates whilst reducing the cost of the certification scheme.
  
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme
Enabling policy: Actions supporting creation of functional EPBD certification markets Prior to the adoption of the EPBD in 2002 few MS had experience in wide-scale or pilot labelling schemes, namely Denmark and Germany, together with the EPA procedure of The Netherlands. Since the start of the first projects in 2005, the IEE Policy Implementation projects supporting creation of functional EPBD markets have focussed on: testing the functionality of available tools developed directly by the Member States or through projects; providing feedback and insight on relevance of their use; investigating the requirements and response of the market to the new certification procedures which are being implemented; identifying solutions to overcome barriers and new directions and communicating this information to target groups. As for the projects directly supporting implementation (i.e. tools and methodologies), these projects have been implemented under a very dynamic legislative framework in the individual MS, but have still managed to contribute to a harmonised approach through actions such as, the improvement of energy performance assessment and certification schemes by tests, supporting regional information and competence centres which provide information, tools and advice incorporating training, guidelines and QA procedures and the evaluation of customer quality requirements. Furthermore, in the area of equipment, activities have been carried out investigating field benchmarking and market development for audit methods of air conditioning in close relation to the requirements of Article 9 of the EPBD. A typical example of tools developed from this type of action are the EU guidelines on best practice for EPBD implementation which have resulted from cross country comparison of the field trials in the Member States, directed at the national implementing bodies and their advisors in the Member States. Transforming markets: Actions supporting market penetration of innovative building technologies and approaches to construction The EPBD does not negate the need for the appropriate design and operation of buildings, but rather stipulates the regulative framework for energy performance, wherein the overall benchmark of the energy performance of the building sector can be improved. A number of actions within IEE support the market penetration of technologies and concepts which take the energy performance of buildings beyond the legislative requirements. Currently, there are a number of on-going projects supporting the outcomes of RTD, highly efficient buildings or building components, as well as intelligent metering. Typically, these actions may include inventories of market introduction barriers to the technological concept; documentation about specific practical solutions for this technology in different regions and climates; methods and approaches for improving market penetration (conferences, awareness raising, guidelines, etc) with provision of practical information to building professionals. This may involve, for example, presentation of the state-of-the-art and lessons learned in existing buildings; creation of best practice guidelines to ensure the appropriate design and operation of buildings with advanced components or systems (PassivHaus buildings, double skinned facades, building integrated renewables, etc.) or the development of an assessment methods and benchmarking figures for comparison of building performance. Given that policy, technology and markets are all developing in parallel, there is a need for flexibility, collaboration and networking. The individual approach (project based) can produce detailed technology profiles, but the more direct use of outcomes of other projects and collaboration with ongoing projects can facilitate the improved impact of these actions, as can the involvement of market actors, which is considered essential. Training people: Actions strengthening knowledge awareness amongst building professionals A number of IEE actions in the building sector support training activities in order to strengthen the European lead in integration of architectural design and technology and facilitate the transfer of knowledge for new designs into building refurbishment. This involves targeted education and training to support; restructuring of the curriculum content and approach in Higher Education; training of professionals and auditors to meet the requirements of the Energy Performance Certification market; as well as the continuous professional development of architects, engineers and other buildings professionals to attain standards beyond EPBD requirements. Specific ongoing activities include dedicated education and training projects to develop educational material and courses, electronic tools and dissemination material, whilst training activities also form individual components of many other IEE buildings actions. Specific areas of interest are the use of distance learning training material on sustainable building ventilation, available in three formats: textbook with self learning sections including exercises and model assignments trainee assessment; web based version; and concise material in short self training modules published in the REHVA journal for dissemination to practicing engineers. Other examples include the dissemination of detailed information on twenty five high energy performance buildings, demonstrating public buildings as shining examples, with the identification of relevant target groups and distribution of 200,000 CD-ROMs in technical magazines. The CD-ROM includes high quality material, concise & informative, videos, information on occupant response and energy and comfort benchmarking of the buildings.   
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme  
The ongoing and recently concluded training projects have already demonstrated that timing of availability of materials is important, as are the academic year and higher education restructuring, status of legislative framework and the market requirements. Furthermore, developed tools, information and training packages need to be supported under a sustainable framework in order to maintain the relevance of the products, either through consortium agreements and commercial interest or institutional support at national and/or European level, or sustainable information platforms. It has also been seen that use of commercial software environments can create barriers and either html or open source software environments may under certain circumstances be more appropriate. Local Action: IEE buildings actions supporting change at a local level Municipalities play a vital role in communicating information to their constituents and the local administration should lead by example. In parallel, voluntary programmes either by municipalities, organisations and even the public are based on shared goals between the public administration and organisations and are known to work, with benefits for the participants (access to information, and technical support for energy efficiency actions, dissemination of their achievements, awards) as well as for the public administration (achievement of energy saving by deploying market forces and information, without strong intervention as in the case of regulation, shared goals with private sector, reduced monitoring requirements). However, voluntary mechanisms do not necessarily function adequately in all circumstances, but links to national programmes can help, the status of the market and legislation can have an impact and timing is crucial. The number of participants in a voluntary scheme directly affects visibility and acceptance and for each scheme there are a critical number of participants. It has also been seen that awards can dramatically increase the visibility of a scheme, as can the use of recognised logos, whilst EU support is highly beneficial. Participation of organisations and municipalities in ongoing IEE actions show that numerous communities and organisations appear to be willing to set measures for sustainable development in their sphere of influence, but energy issues are not their core business. There is a need for independent players (agencie s, consultants ...) who give support. It can be seen that through these actions municipalities become competitive and interest grows in political spheres. Local level IEE actions in the buildings sector include voluntary rating of buildings in preparation for the fully implemented EPBD; voluntary adoption of energy auditing practices in commercial and municipal buildings; adoption of energy plans for building stock at a community level. Conclusions The IEE actions in the buildings sector are playing a role in increasing awareness in energy conservation and the use of renewable energies in the built environment. The impact can be seen in the adoption of methodologies and recommendations discussed at the level of policy implementation regarding the EPBD, in the number of municipalities and companies involved in voluntary labelling and auditing schemes, in the number of universities and training organisations involved in educational activities and in the number of associations and market actors involved in the market transformation projects for increased penetration of new technologies I the buildings sector. The hardest task for any IEE project is however to create a sustainable legacy allowing for the maintenance and development of the outcomes of the project, but platforms can act as a springboard for furtherance of all activities and if account can be taken of the appropriate target audiences and market realities, they can be use das strong drivers of the project deliverables.
  
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme  
 
Field benchmarkin and Market develo ment for Audit methods in Air Conditioning (AuditAC)  Programme area:SAVE, Multiplying success in buildings Status:Ongoing  Coordinator:Jérôme Adnot Armines France E-mail:jerome.adnot@ensmp.fr  Tel : +33 1 40 51 91 74 Partners:taci noiCeT/ifrtUREENOV Université de Liège, Belgium INEGI University of Porto, Portugal Austrian Energy Agency, Austria Welsh School of Architecture, UK Politecnico di Torino, Italy University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Slovenia ABE Association of Building Engineers, UK Building Research Establishment, UK Website:www.eva.ac.at/projekte/auditac.htm   Objective: in s stem of the air-conditioninTo increase the ener efficienc Europe promoting audit and inspection of the plants Benefits:Energy and CO2 savings increase awareness of the importance of air conditioning, tools for auditing  Keywords:Energy audit, air-conditioning, energy efficiency  Duration:01/2005 12/2006 Budget: 838,141 (EU contribution: 47%) Contract number:632 7.384/S04/100/EIE Short description The aim of the project is to demonstrate how advantage can be taken from the implementation of the inspection of air-conditioning systems. More than the inspection itself, the project promotes audit procedures as the real and effective method to reach such savings. The inspection characteristics are analysed and an effort is made, in collaboration with the European standardisation body CEN, to modify and adapt the standard inspection to for detecting actual systems problems. A number of tools are developed to help auditors, inspectors and energy managers identify the most important energy conservation opportunities in existing AC systems and to avoid the most common errors that lead to a waste of energy. Moreover, AuditAC attempts to reach all actors of the air-conditioning market (manufacturers, installers, maintenance staff, etc.), in order to involve them in the procedure of equipment auditing, make the audit procedure easier and, furthermore, improve the acceptance of the audit itself. Expected and/or achieved results x exhaustive list of Energy Conservation Opportunities for air-conditioning building, in order to help auditors An and inspectors. x A database of successful case studies of air-conditioning audit with a simple interface: users can find a variety of cases of air-conditioning facilities improvements allowing them to determine the best opportunities and practices for better energy efficiency x A basic training basic package about audit and inspection of air-conditioning facilities, for initiation to audit and to disseminate the subsequent benefits.
  
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme
Lessons learnt Although the project has not been completed it is possible to draw the following preliminary conclusions: xair-conditioning market is still increasing and its energy importance nowadays is widely European  The recognised. Efforts are being made to reduce its contribution to consumption by improving energy efficiency. x Inspection of air-conditioning, although already implemented in some European countries, needs support in definition and implementation in order to target the better opportunities where savings are more important. x There is a lack of knowledge about audit procedures for air-conditioning plants, and air-conditioning owners must be motivated via appropriate means to move toward better efficiency. In this respect, dissemination of the benefits of air-conditioning audit is of significant importance.
  
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Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme  
 
 
 
Best Practice for Double Skin Facades (BESTFACADE)  Programme area:SAVE, Multiplying success in buildings Status:Ongoing  Coordinator:Reinhard Waldner MCE Anla enbau Austria GmbH & Co E-mail: t.atreinhard.waldner mce-  Tel: 0043 1 610 36 - 366 Partners:Graz University of Technology, Institute of Thermal Engineering, Austria Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderun der an ewandten Forschun e.V., Institute for Building Physics, Germany National and Ka odistrian Universit of Athens, Grou of buildin environmental studies, Greece C. Kiossefidis S.A., Greece ISQ-Instituto de Soldadura e Qualidade, Portugal Ecole Nationale des TPE-Laboratoire Sciences de lHabitat-CNRS-DGCB, France Lund University, Sweden Centre Scientifique et Technique de la Construction (BBRI), Belgium Reynaers Aluminium N.V, Belgium WSP Sverige AB, Sweden Skanska Teknik AB, Sweden Website:wwwes.bactf.edamoc   Objective:Promote the concept of well-designed double skin facades nefits: and solutions, ies technolo adeMarket penetration of double skin fa Be appropriately designed for energy efficient operation of the building  Keywords:Double skin facade, energy efficiency, design guide  Duration:01/01/2005  31/12/2007 Budget: 1,450,318 (EU contribution: 50%) Contract number:/04/EIES07.135/5683 2 Short description Double skin facades have become a major architectural element in office buildings over the last 15 years. The double skin facade can provide a thermal buffer zone, solar preheating of ventilation air, energy savings, sound protection, wind protection and pollutant protection with open windows and nocturnal cooling. Commercial buildings with integrated double skin facade can be very energy efficient buildings with all the good qualities listed above. However not all double skin facades built of the last years perform well. The BESTFACADE project actively promotes the concept of double skin facades. Different media are adopted to supply the target group (architects, designers, consultants, facade industry, HVAC industry, building industry, investors, building owners and operators) with a common basic scientific, technical and economic knowledge on double skin facades. This will allow the target group to design, choose, manage, use and maintain double skin facades Expected and/or achieved results x best practice guideline of double skin facades will be created. Using this guideline, designers and investors A can avoid application of non relevant concepts of double skin facades performing worse than traditional facades. x centralised information system database containing data collected from a survey of double skin facades built A in the European Union has been established. The state of the art of double skin facades in different countries and climatic regions is documented. x Andeveloped, which on the one hand can be integrated in the assessment assessment method will be methods of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. With this method, the thermal and visual behaviour and the energy performance of the facade can be calculated with adequate accuracy for assessment of the energy saving potential from the façade technology. x are under development to allow users and operators to compare their energy consumption levels Benchmarks with others in the same group, set future targets and identify measures to reduce energy consumption.  10  
 
Multiplying success in buildings: 21 Innovative Projects supported by the IEE Programme
Lessons learnt This project is now in the second year of its three year duration, but it remains too early to draw lessons from the work carried out to date, although it appears evident that the energy performance of buildings with double skin facades can vary significantly depending on the design. This is the major challenge for the project to overcome through dissemination of good practice design for double skin facades.
  
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