Imaging of the crustal, lithospheric and upper mantle structure beneath the westernmost mediterranean region using P- and S-receiver function methods [Elektronische Ressource] / Süleyman Dündar. Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ

Imaging of the crustal, lithospheric and upper mantle structure beneath the westernmost mediterranean region using P- and S-receiver function methods [Elektronische Ressource] / Süleyman Dündar. Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ

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Süleyman DündarImaging of the crustal, lithospheric and upper mantle structure beneath the westernmost mediterranean region using P- and S-receiver function methodsScientific Technical Report STR11/12ISSN 1610-0956 www.gfz-potsdam.deImprintTelegrafenberg D-14473 Potsdame-mail: postmaster@gfz-potsdam.dewww: http://www.gfz-potsdam.dePrinted in Potsdam, GermanyApril 2008ISSN 1610-0956This text is available in electronic form: http://www.gfz-potsdam.de/bib/zbstr.htm STR11/12Süleyman Dündar, Imaging of the crustal, lithospheric and upper mantle structureSüleyman DündarImaging of the crustal, lithospheric and upper mantle structure beneath the westernmost mediterranean region using P- and S-receiver function methodsDissertationzur Erlangung des Doktorgradesam Fachbereich Geowissenschaftender Freien Universität BerlinSeptember 2011ImprintHelmholtz Centre PotsdamGFZ German Research Centrefor GeosciencesTelegrafenberg D-14473 PotsdamPrinted in Potsdam, GermanyNovember 2011 Scientific Technical Report STR11/12ISSN 1610-0956This work is published in the GFZ seriesScientific Technical Report (STR)and electronically available at GFZ websitewww.gfz-potsdam.

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Süleyman Dündar
Imaging of the crustal,
lithospheric and upper mantle
structure beneath the
westernmost mediterranean
region using P- and S-receiver
function methods
Scientific Technical Report STR11/12
ISSN 1610-0956 www.gfz-potsdam.de
Imprint
Telegrafenberg
D-14473 Potsdam
e-mail: postmaster@gfz-potsdam.de
www: http://www.gfz-potsdam.de
Printed in Potsdam, Germany
April 2008
ISSN 1610-0956
This text is available in electronic form:
http://www.gfz-potsdam.de/bib/zbstr.htm
STR11/12
Süleyman Dündar, Imaging of the crustal, lithospheric and upper mantle structureSüleyman Dündar
Imaging of the crustal,
lithospheric and upper mantle
structure beneath the
westernmost mediterranean
region using P- and S-receiver
function methods
Dissertation
zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades
am Fachbereich Geowissenschaften
der Freien Universität Berlin
September 2011
Imprint
Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre
for Geosciences
Telegrafenberg
D-14473 Potsdam
Printed in Potsdam, Germany
November 2011 Scientific Technical Report STR11/12
ISSN 1610-0956
This work is published in the GFZ series
Scientific Technical Report (STR)
and electronically available at GFZ website
www.gfz-potsdam.de > News > GFZ Publications Süleyman Dündar
Imaging of the crustal,
lithospheric and upper mantle
structure beneath the
westernmost mediterranean
region using P- and S-receiver
function methods
Dissertation
zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades
am Fachbereich Geowissenschaften
der Freien Universität Berlin
September 2011
Imprint
Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre
for Geosciences
Telegrafenberg
D-14473 Potsdam
Printed in Potsdam, Germany
November 2011 Scientific Technical Report STR11/12
ISSN 1610-0956
This work is published in the GFZ series
Scientific Technical Report (STR)
and electronically available at GFZ website
www.gfz-potsdam.de > News > GFZ Publications Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZScientific Techncial Report STR 11/12
DOI: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-11121Imaging of the crustal, lithospheric and upper
mantle structure beneath the westernmost
mediterranean region using P- and S-receiver
function methods
Dissertation
zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades am
Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der
Freien Universität Berlin
vorgelegt von
Süleyman Dündar
September 2011
Erstgutachter: Prof. Dr. Rainer Kind
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Marco Bohnhoff
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZScientific Techncial Report STR 11/12
DOI: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-11121To my dear adviser and my dear parents
Rainer, Nazik, and Cevat
for their unconditional and un.ending support
2
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZScientific Techncial Report STR 11/12
DOI: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-11121Table of contents
Eidesstattliche Erklärung (Statement of authorship) 8················································
Acknowledgments 9································································································
Abstract 11··············································································································
Zusammenfassung 14 ······························································································
Chapter 1 – Introduction 18······················································································
1.1General introduction 18·························································································
1.2Historical seismology 19·······················································································
1.3The discovery of the internal structure of the Earth 21················································
1.4Purpose of this study 25························································································
Chapter 2 –G eology of the area of study 26······························································
2.1G eneral overview of the whole mediterranean region 26 ············································
2. G2 eneral overview of the target area 27 ····································································
2.3G eological setting 28····························································································
2.4Re gional seismicity 32··························································································
2.5Pr evious studies of the crust, mantle and lithosphere 34············································
3
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZScientific Techncial Report STR 11/12
DOI: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-111212.6G eodynamic models 38·························································································
Chapter 3– Methodology 44·····················································································
3.1G eneral introduction 44·························································································
3. 2The P receiver function method (PRF) 46·································································
3.3Th eoretical background of PRFs analysis 47···························································
3.4Th e S receiver function method (SRF) 49································································
3.5Th eoretical background of SRFs analysis 50·····························································
523.6E valuation and comparision of the methods used ··················································
3.7Ty pical receiver functions analysis 54······································································
3.7. D1ata organization 56 ················································································
3.7. D2ata selection 56·····················································································
3.7.Ro3 tation 56·····························································································
3.7.D4e convolution 58·····················································································
3.7. M5oveout-correction 59··············································································
3.7. S6tacking 60·····························································································
3.7. D7ata analysis and interpretation 61·····························································
3.7. Re8al data examples and main processing steps 61········································
4
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZScientific Techncial Report STR 11/12
DOI: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-11121Chapter 4 – Crustal thickness variations estimated from PRFs analysis 63··················
4. G1 eneral information 63··························································································
4. P2RFs Data 63 ······································································································
4.3D ata examples 68································································································
4. S4 ummation traces of PRFs from all stations 71··························································
4. E5 stimation of the crustal thickness from PRFs 74·····················································
4. D6 iscussion 76······································································································
Chapter 5– Lithospheric thickness variations obtained from SRFs analys is 77············
5. 1The base of the lithosphere 77···············································································
5. S2 RFs data 78·····································································································
5. D3 ata examples 82·································································································
5.4S ummation traces of SRFs from all stations 83··························································
5. C5 ommon conversion point summation 84································································
5. 6The thickness of the lithosphere inferred from SRFs analysis 88··································
5. D7 iscussion 90······································································································
5. 8Taking three profiles in the target area based on SRFs data 90····································
5.8. N1W-SE profile running perpendicular to the strike of Betics 91·························
5
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZScientific Techncial Report STR 11/12
DOI: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-111215.8. E2-W profile through the Alboran Sea 92·······················································
5.8. S3W-NE profile running along the strike of the Betics 93··································
Chapter 6– Imaging the upper mantle discontinuities using the PRFsa nalysis 95········
6. 1Introduction 95····································································································
6. S2 ynthetics generated for upper mantle discontinuities 97··········································
6. 3Data 98··············································································································
6. 4Data examples 100·······························································································
6. 5Subdividing the area under investigation in different sub-regions1 01····························
Chapter 7– Results and conclusions 106··································································
7.1I ntroduction 106···································································································
7.2Re sults derived from PRFs 106··············································································
7.3Re sults derived from SRFs 107··············································································
7.4D iscussion 109····································································································
7.5C onclusions 110··································································································
Literature 113·········································································································
6
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZScientific Techncial Report STR 11/12
DOI: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-11121