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Immunohistochemical diagnosis of abdominal and lymph node tuberculosis by detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosiscomplex specific antigen MPT64

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic potential of immunohistochemistry using an antibody to the secreted mycobacterial antigen MPT64, in abdominal and lymph node tuberculosis. Methods We used formalin-fixed histologically diagnosed abdominal tuberculosis (n = 33) and cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis (n = 120) biopsies. These were investigated using a combination of Ziehl-Neelsen method, culture, immunohistochemistry with an antibody to MPT64, a specific antigen for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex organisms. Abdominal and cervical lymph node biopsies from non-mycobacterial diseases (n = 50) were similarly tested as negative controls. Immunohistochemistry with commercially available anti-BCG and nested PCR for IS6110 were done for comparison. Nested PCR was positive in 86.3% cases and the results of all the tests were compared using nested PCR as the gold standard. Results In lymph node biopsies, immunohistochemistry with anti-MPT64 was positive in 96 (80%) cases and 4 (12.5%) controls and with anti-BCG 92 (76.6%), and 9 (28%) respectively. The results for cases and controls in abdominal biopsies were 25 (75.7%) and 2 (11.1%) for anti-MPT64 and 25 (75.7%) and 4 (22%) for anti-BCG. The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of immunohistochemistry with anti-MPT64 was 92%, 97%, 98%, and 85%, respectively while the corresponding values for anti-BCG were 88%, 85%, 92%, and 78%. Conclusion Immunohistochemistry using anti-MPT64 is a simple and sensitive technique for establishing an early and specific diagnosis of M. tuberculosis infection and one that can easily be incorporated into routine histopathology laboratories.

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Published 01 January 2007
Reads 181
Language English
Diagnostic Pathology
BioMedCentral
Open Access Research Immunohistochemical diagnosis of abdominal and lymph node tuberculosis by detectingMycobacterium tuberculosiscomplex specific antigen MPT64 1,2,3 1,4 4,5 Manju R Purohit , Tehmina Mustafa* , Harald G Wiker , 1,6 1,2 Odd Mørkve and Lisbet Sviland
1 2 Address: Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway, Department of Pathology, Haukeland University Hospital, 3 4 Bergen, Norway, Department of Pathology, R.D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, India, Section for Microbiology and Immunology, The Gade 5 Institute, University of Bergen, Norway, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway and 6 Department of Thoracic Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway Email: Manju R Purohit  manjuraj_purohit@rediffmail.com; Tehmina Mustafa*  Tehmina.Mustafa@cih.uib.no; Harald G Wiker  Harald.Wiker@gades.uib.no; Odd Mørkve  Odd.Morkve@cih.uib.no; Lisbet Sviland  lisbeth.sviland@helsebergen.no * Corresponding author
Published: 25 September 2007 Received: 7 June 2007 Accepted: 25 September 2007 Diagnostic Pathology2007,2:36 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-2-36 This article is available from: http://www.diagnosticpathology.org/content/2/1/36 © 2007 Purohit et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract Background:The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic potential of immunohistochemistry using an antibody to the secreted mycobacterial antigen MPT64, in abdominal and lymph node tuberculosis. Methods:We used formalin-fixed histologically diagnosed abdominal tuberculosis (n = 33) and cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis (n = 120) biopsies. These were investigated using a combination of Ziehl-Neelsen method, culture, immunohistochemistry with an antibody to MPT64, a specific antigen forMycobacterium tuberculosisorganisms. Abdominal and cervical lymph node complex biopsies from non-mycobacterial diseases (n = 50) were similarly tested as negative controls. Immunohistochemistry with commercially available anti-BCG and nested PCR for IS6110 were done for comparison. Nested PCR was positive in 86.3% cases and the results of all the tests were compared using nested PCR as the gold standard. Results:In lymph node biopsies, immunohistochemistry with anti-MPT64 was positive in 96 (80%) cases and 4 (12.5%) controls and with anti-BCG 92 (76.6%), and 9 (28%) respectively. The results for cases and controls in abdominal biopsies were 25 (75.7%) and 2 (11.1%) for anti-MPT64 and 25 (75.7%) and 4 (22%) for anti-BCG. The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of immunohistochemistry with anti-MPT64 was 92%, 97%, 98%, and 85%, respectively while the corresponding values for anti-BCG were 88%, 85%, 92%, and 78%. Conclusion:Immunohistochemistry using anti-MPT64 is a simple and sensitive technique for establishing an early and specific diagnosis ofM. tuberculosisinfection and one that can easily be incorporated into routine histopathology laboratories.
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