International social power realignments [Elektronische Ressource] : East Asia, Europe and North America  / vorgelegt von Hsu, Hsiao-Ting

International social power realignments [Elektronische Ressource] : East Asia, Europe and North America / vorgelegt von Hsu, Hsiao-Ting

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International Social Power Realignments: East Asia, Europe and North America Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades (Dr. rer. soc.) des Fachbereichs Gesellschaftswissenschaften der Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen Vorgelegt von Hsu, Hsiao-Ting aus Taiwan 2008 Acknowledgements This is hard, uphill academic way, I thank all the people who helped me and beside me. By devotion for politics, I came to a foreign country. I would like to very much thank Prof. Eissel and Prof. Chu who gave me this opportunity. This paper accomplished my aspiration to study international affairs that let me explore another political field. I am grateful to Prof. Eissel advise many comments assist me to my successful activities within the project. Yet my greatest thanks must go to my family, without whose fundamental support and love it would have been impossible to cope with this serious task. It is an end, but a beginning. Seeking knowledge is endless; I will contribute to deeper academic research. IIpageTables and figures no.

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International Social Power Realignments:
East Asia, Europe and North America





Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades (Dr. rer. soc.)
des Fachbereichs Gesellschaftswissenschaften
der Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen




Vorgelegt von
Hsu, Hsiao-Ting
aus Taiwan
2008



Acknowledgements
This is hard, uphill academic way, I thank all the people who helped me and beside
me. By devotion for politics, I came to a foreign country. I would like to very much
thank Prof. Eissel and Prof. Chu who gave me this opportunity. This paper
accomplished my aspiration to study international affairs that let me explore another
political field. I am grateful to Prof. Eissel advise many comments assist me to my
successful activities within the project. Yet my greatest thanks must go to my family,
without whose fundamental support and love it would have been impossible to cope
with this serious task. It is an end, but a beginning. Seeking knowledge is endless; I
will contribute to deeper academic research.
















IIpageTables and figures
no.
Figure 1: Dissertation Framework 6
Figure 2 :Actors’ StrategicChoices 61
Figure 3: The Pattern of East Asian Integration 83
Figure 4: Coopetition in East Asia 95
Appendix 1: Pacific Asia 96
Appendix 2: The Asia-PacificRegion 97
Figure 5: Comparison between APEC and ASEM 106
Table 1: Attempts of Interactions among East Asia, EU 109
and North American
Table 2: Power Structure of Co-governance 119
Figure 6: Possible Paths of Supra-Regionalism 138
Figure 7: Environment-Input-Output-Feedback-Modell 145












IIIAcronyms

APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASEAN Plus One (ASEAN plus individual Dialogue ASEAN+1 (10+1)
Partners)
ASEAN+3 ASEAN Plus Three
ARF ASEAN Regional Forum
CAEC Council for Asia-Europe Cooperation
Australian-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade CER
Agreement
DPRK Democratic People's Republic of Korea
EAEC East Asia Economic Caucus
EAEG East Asian Economic Grouping
ASEM The Asia-Europe Meeting
EAS East Asia Summit
EASG East Asia Study Group
EAVG East Asia Vision Group
ECEuropeanCommunity
ECSC European Coal and Steel Community
EEC European Economic Community
ENP European Neighbourhood Policy
EU European Union
EURATOM European Atomic Energy Community
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FTA Free TradeAreas
FTAA Free Trade Area of the Americas
IVGATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GDP Gross Domestic Product
IAI Initiative for ASEAN Integration
IGO Intergovernmental Organization
LCD Least Developed Countries
UCFTA United State Canada Trade Agreement
NAFTA North American Free Trade Area
NATA National Association of Testing Authorities
NICs Newly Industrialized Countries
NGO Non-governmental Organization
SOM Asian Senior Officials Meetings
UN United Nations
U.S. United States
WTO World Trade Organization







VAbstract
This thesis determines the viability of “the power realignment” model in explaining
the increasing tensions among emerging East Asia, Europe and North America.
Directing at study of power redistribution, this paper proposed a mixed power
analysis model, “power realignment”, based on emerging power, from a operated
emerging collective unit, through “co-governance ” and lastly into “possible
pathways”- a study of dynamic balance. The study involves regional and
supra-regional government, civil society and multilateral cooperation as subsidiary.
The integration of East Asia is likely to persist as a result of structural realities in the
international system. Only if the capability of East Asia begins to converge with its
international role will the regulative order in this tri-lateral relationship likely cease.









VIPageContents (main chapters):
no.
IIAcknowledgements
Tables and figures III
Acronyms IV
VIAbstract

Chapter 1: Introduction
1
1. Waves of Change in Contemporary Power System
3
2. Objective and Structure
32.1 Chapter Outline
72.2 Methodology
8
2.3 Limiting Scope of Topic
9
3. Theories of Change System
9
3.1 Feature of World System
93.1.1 Dynamics Space- Regions and new geopolitical relation
113.1.1.1 New geopolitical Relation within Globalization
133.1.1.2 Actors’ Opportunity
3.1.2 Power beyond State -New Geopolitical Relations and 16
Global Governance
163.1.2.1 Multiple Identities
17 Wa r
18 Risk
19 Syncretic Dilemmas-
213.2 Divergent Approaches to Power System Analysis
233.2.1 Problems-
VII243.3. Identify-The feature of New Governance
243.3.1 Multi-Polarity
253.3.2 Multilateralism, Multi-level
27
3.3. 3 Civil Society
29
4. Regions and Supra-Regions
29
4.1 Regions:
294.1.1 ASEAN, ASEAN+3, East Asia Summit
294.1.1.1 ASEAN
29Historical Overview and ASEAN Foreign Relations
304.1.1.2 ASEAN+3 Summit and East Asia Summit
30Historical overview
334.1.2 EU
334.1.2.1 Historical Review
354.1.2.2 Members-The Growing Family
364.1.2.3 Forging relations with East Asia
374.1.3 North America- NAFTA
374.1.3.1 Historical Review
384.1.3.2 Forging relations with East Asia
394.2 Supra-Regions:
394.2.1 EU -East Asia :ASEM
414.2.2 North American - East Asia :APEC



VIIIChapter 2 the utility of power realignment
45
1. Introduction
46
2. The Concept of “Realignment”
48
2.1 Communicative Structure
49
2.2 Alienability
51
3. Pressure for Change
52
3.1 Interior Cognition
53
3.2 Exterior Challenge
55
4. Actors’ Interaction and Adjustment
55
4.1 Gap- Changing Perception
574.2 Critical Point
584.3 Attempts
595. Counterbalance
595.1 Process of Balance
625.2 Co-Governance
645.3 Counter-Line
656. Conclusions




IXChapter 3: East Asia’s Historical Sphere of Influence
67
1. Introduction
2. The development of East Asia and Political Economic 68
Regimes
68
2.1 The development of East Asia -The historical review
722.2 Features of development
2.3 Sinking or Rising 75
3. Integration of East Asia and the New Order 78
79
3.1 Regionalization or ‘Asian-ization’?
3.2 Asian-izing integration 83
3.3 Towards to a community 86
4. East Asia’s Perception 88
88
4.1 Who is the leader in East Asia?
4.2 East Asian Attempts in the Geopolitical system and the 90
International Order
925. Conclusions

Chapter 4: East Asian Strategy of North American and
Europe
98
1. Introduction
2. North American and Europe Incursion into East Asia 99
Development
992.1 Conception of East Asia’s role in geopolitical system
1012.2 Strengthening the East Asia
1012.2.1 North American
1022.2.2 Europe
X