Ion acceleration in the laser transparency regime [Elektronische Ressource] / vorgelegt von Sven Steinke
111 Pages
English
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Ion acceleration in the laser transparency regime [Elektronische Ressource] / vorgelegt von Sven Steinke

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111 Pages
English

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nat.IonhaftlicAter:ccelerationGradesinorsitzende:theProf.Laser83ThaftenransparencyPromotionsausscRegimeB.vSandnerorgelegtTv06.12.2010oniscDipl.-Phderys.Dr.Svgenehmigteenuss:SteinkDreBericVDr.onhderO.FderakAusspracu2010ltm?hentDoktorINaturwissenscI--rer.Mathematik-undDissertationNaturwissenschhaftenV-Prof.der.TKanngie?erechhniscProf.henW.UnivBericerter:siDr.tWilli?tagBerlinwissensczurhenErlangunghe:desBerlinakDadeKassian.For460 655:31320 7110forceedandapproac2nmheslaserfordeplothethisaccelerationeciencyoffromionswbnoypulsesshort,energyinmilartenseumlaserthepulseeecareofinrstvenergyestigated(DLC)andwcthicharacoptimtofeyrized.tTheTheappliedoflaserbpulsesthewithandrelativisticthicinximtensitiesyandfronultra-highallotempnm-thinoraltheconobtained.trastknessesenabledasthelinearapplicationandofaccelerationfoildemonstrated.targetscwithbthic(knessescarbbAbstractelobwthethealuescollisionlesssucskinadeptheofelectrostatictheremaininglaseri(electronsnm)inuenceandnhencee.thetherstyexpel,eriwithoutmenoftsvinInthethelaseredtransparencytregime.oils.Inroughputconoftrastwtoe-Carbopaque,withthicwnkerefoilsgets.theseilluminatedtargetsolarizedallonormalwoptimtheforparticipationorkofwalltelectronsthinthetheasfoacalwvMeolumecaseinionsthefactoraccelerationwithandparameters,aagrouptvvelotocitabvyomatcanhingattributedofunlaserpeld,ofelectronstheandraiseitheons.rest.

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Published 01 January 2010
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nat.IonhaftlicAter:ccelerationGradesinorsitzende:theProf.Laser83ThaftenransparencyPromotionsausscRegimeB.vSandnerorgelegtTv06.12.2010oniscDipl.-Phderys.Dr.Svgenehmigteenuss:SteinkDreBericVDr.onhderO.FderakAusspracu2010ltm?hentDoktorINaturwissenscI--rer.Mathematik-undDissertationNaturwissenschhaftenV-Prof.der.TKanngie?erechhniscProf.henW.UnivBericerter:siDr.tWilli?tagBerlinwissensczurhenErlangunghe:desBerlinakDadeKassian.For4
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forceedandapproac2nmheslaserfordeplothethisaccelerationeciencyoffromionswbnoypulsesshort,energyinmilartenseumlaserthepulseeecareofinrstvenergyestigated(DLC)andwcthicharacoptimtofeyrized.tTheTheappliedoflaserbpulsesthewithandrelativisticthicinximtensitiesyandfronultra-highallotempnm-thinoraltheconobtained.trastknessesenabledasthelinearapplicationandofaccelerationfoildemonstrated.targetscwithbthic(knessescarbbAbstractelobwthethealuescollisionlesssucskinadeptheofelectrostatictheremaininglaseri(electronsnm)inuenceandnhencee.thetherstyexpel,eriwithoutmenoftsvinInthethelaseredtransparencytregime.oils.Inroughputconoftrastwtoe-Carbopaque,withthicwnkerefoilsgets.theseilluminatedtargetsolarizedallonormalwoptimtheforparticipationorkofwalltelectronsthinthetheasfoacalwvMeolumecaseinionsthefactoraccelerationwithandparameters,aagrouptvvelotocitabvyomatcanhingattributedofunlaserpeld,ofelectronstheandraiseitheons.rest.Theonderomopresenetedforce,resultsexpexpandspherethetheknothewnispicitucasereerofonderomotivTbargetapproNormalatelySheathordersAmagnitude,ccelerationan(TNSA)distortionwhtheeareethet.energytheofplace,tDPMhewlaserthepulseymenisoftransferredftoAnkineticthenergyofofsystemplasmavelectrons%atasfronDiamond-liktonsidefoilsofthicandoopaque,tosolidwtarget.usedThesetar-"hotTheyelectrons"ereexpandwiththroughoutpthelasertargetatandincidenceinduceanaumquasi-staticknesselectricioneldofatwthenmrearassideAthatthisinumturniaccelerateskness,theprotonions.wTheenhancedconyvfactorersionteciencyoofInthisV)proincessofisonapprobMeacomparedofexp(tvV)erytoloerimenwsduesitolasertheaccompaniedhighyreectivitsignicanyenhancemenofoftheconlaserersionandupthevlateralofspreadingoutof%.theexistenceelectronsf-htoptimypicallyis1%.toApressuredditionallybalance,thetheonderomotivspforceectraltheshapanderestoringofforcethedacceleratedyionsionsexhibitsatanIfexpponetnvtialexceedsslopelectrostatice.theWitharetheelledhelptheofofaofDouble-Plasma-Mirrorions(DPM)hencetheiotempaccelerationorallessconttrastvofIntheoflaserkpulsetargets,couldpbeeenhancedvB
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spienttetoyexertytheectrummaxithmedumypumolarizationdistinctburthermore,etinsighwtheeenharmonicselectronsleadsandtions.pressureHorstwenergyeveethercesuctheofspmeasuredectraltheshapalloeinstanofsptheouldionsplasmawaasThisstillelerationelaserxperimenonenfortialTheaserinacceimprincouldtandofeaktheonexpasonenteredtialV.distributionharmonicofethewhotaelectrons.inConsequendynamicstlyacceleration.,einoftheplasmafolloywingcut-ocircularhpeolarizationonewtrinsicallyastousedmono-energetictoectrum.suppressdominan(accnotbistheivradiationcouldeb)exp-tallheatingdemonstratedasthethetime.dominanntblaserandabsorptionofproleratedcess.lectronsAbccordingreducedtoathat,ptheinplasmacarbelectronssparewcompressedobtainedandncanaroundbMeeFregardedtheasradiationathmirrorincidenthatlasergainsasmoregivingenergydetailedintfatovplasmaorduringofelessThismomenwtumdifdeterminationaccelerated.theThentaneousthedensitionbaccelerationtheoectralccurstheinwhicacco-mobvingascribelectricaltoelddimensionalandexpansion.in






hnwer-AorkRhaandvaeA.bkles,eenLpublishedr,inoftheScfollopulses.wingSteinkreferences:M.Paccel-PA..D.V.an,Nices,kles,circularlM.(2009).ScSokhnofuerer,eS.G.SteinkM.ekle,oncian,T.DirectionalSokPhysicollik,,S.eTollik,er-AJ.vh,etisyVan,.W.D.Sandner,drivT.laserNak,amV.ura,SteinkM.er-AMima,Sandner.andbA.eAndreev.1153ProspB.ecM.tsPrforPul-V.trafastW.laT.sersWillinA.ion-radiographenyfrom.RAIP,Confer(2009).encS.eM.PrT.oHocD.ehreibeM.dingsQ.,Mey1024T.,ma,183Nic(2008).Sandner,PublicationsRadiation-pressureA.bA.bAndreev,pS.PhysicSteinkLe,,PT.kles,Sokuerer,ollik,,M.S.Scetisyhnanduerer,andS.bTultra-shorterConferAovdingsetsiy140an,etisyK.D.Y.M.PlatonoStiel,v,,andebPhn.V.V..NicNickles.s,OptimalSandner,ionAmin,accelerationTfromO.ultrathini,foilsA.irradiatedAndreev.blaser-drivyionaerationproledmicrospheres.laseralpulseeviewofettersrelativistic103in135003tensitofyHenig,.SteinkPhysics,ofScPlasmasuerer,,Sok16R.,erlein,013103Kiefer,(2009).Jung,ofScT.eSokB.ollik,HegelicM.X.ScYhnJ.uerer,er-terS.ehn,TTer-AjivPetisyV.an,klS.W.SteinkandeHabs.,accelerationPion.eamsV.enNicykles,yW.olarizedSandnpulses.ealr,eviewM.ettersAmin,103T.245003Tartsoncian,.O.NicWillM.i,hnandS.A.eA.T.Andreev.ollik,ProtonTimagingvofan,laserAndreev,irradiatedW.foilsGenerationandmanipulationmass-limitedprotontargets.eamsAIPyConferlaserencAIPeencPrProccee,e,this(2009).S.dingsT,v1153an,,Ramakrishna,364Doria,(2009).Sarri,ListZepf,L.Borghesi,traut,EhrenT.H.SokS.ollik,eM.G.Scihne,uerer,ScS.uerer,Steink.eNic,P







al,extremeNicultra-violeturer,spultra-thinectrometerPlasmasforelaser-plasmaediagnosis.anoRquasimonoeviewDoria,ofmono-energeticScienticK.Instrumentsspheres.,at80t.,a103302er-A(2009).yandRamakrishna,S.V.Steinker-AeAIP,T.A.uerer,Henig,Sandner.M.113013,ScPhnanduerer,highT.(2010).Sokollik,ollik,M.Puk,.yV.fromNicgekles,083113D.ev,Jung,EhrenD.Sandner,Kiefer,,R.ObservHospraerlein,PrJ.,ScPhreibhmann,er,,T.AndreeTaccelerationaPhysicsjima,A.X.hnQ.klYv,an,ionM.sHecircularly-pgelic,hS.,hnJ.JMeyScer-ter.VTikhoncehn,S.W.etiSandner,Laser-drivandprotonD.aterHabs.aEcienPhysicst17ionW.accelerationAndbBorghesi,ySarri,collectivPekles,laser-drivScenSteinkelectronS.dynamicsetisywithofultra-thininfoinilenctargets.cL,aser(2010).andollik,Particleh-ColbBeU.amsSc,Steink28.,A.215and(2010).enionisolatedS.JournalPfotenhauer,12O.viJaecS.kM.el,A.J.V.PK.olz,nS.SokSteinkSandner.eeration,ositeH.bPtensit.laserScofhlen,vA.oigt,oJ.M.HT.ey-Kiefer,mann,T.A.ma,Per,.h,L.NicRobinson,V.andhM.andKaluza.TAvcascadedslaseran.acceleenrationenergeticscbursthemewforsprathetgenerationroft.spofectrally,con,trolled(2010).protonB.bA.eams.reNewM.JoD.ur-G.nalL.oftraut,Physics.,Nic12(10):103009,W.2010.M.taryhnM.S.Scehnanduerer,TTv.an.Sokationollik,quasiS.protonsSteinklaserey-target,teraction.PConfer.eV.oNicekles,dingsW.1209Sandner,99T.andTSokon-T.cian,aascM.erg,AmGorling,in,EicO.M.Willi,hnandS.A.eA.PAndreev.V.Inuenckles,eA.ofv,amW.bienLaser-drivtionplasmasusingtomass-limitedtheNeweldofdynamics,of,laser(2010).drivA.enAndreev,mass-limitedSteinktargets.,AIPScCuerer,onHenig,f.erNicences,ePlProoocT.eollik,eW.dingsHybrid,accel1209with,comp111foil(2010).irradiatedComplemenyB.inRamakrishna,yM.olarizedMuraklighami,PhysicsSandner.PlasmasR.17e123111S.eM.HoBorghesi,rlein,L.SteinkEhren,tHenig,raut,RykPv.v,V.ScNicuerer,kles,SokM.D.ScD.hnung,uTrejirJ.,hreibS.B.SteinkHegeliceP,V.J.kles,Psik


hnpf,laser-generatedG.Andreev,D.A.Tlerator.sakiris,ScWBorghesi,.PriebSandner,handScD.RHabs.M.Dynamicsan,ofEhrennanometer-V.scaleefoilner,targetseirradiatedSteinkwithSokrelativisticallyNicinKiefer,tenseTlaserHabs,pulses.sub-submit-Ramakrishna,teDoria,draut,.PM.kles,M.S.ScM.hnW.uerer,V.A.NegatiA.laserAndreev,dZeS.,Steinkuerer,eA.,.T.A.Sokerlein,ollik,T.Jung,Per,aascjima,h-Colbh,erg,W.Pb.dV.B.NicM.kles,D.A.L.Henig,tD.A.Kiefer,Andreev,D..Jung,NicRG..e,HoSteinkerlein,,J.ScScuerer,hreibSand-er,andT.TikhoncTuk.avjiionma,acceD.submitteHabs.anS.deW.M.Sandner.hnOT.ptimiollik,zationA.ofPelectronV.densitkles,yHenig,distributionHoforD.laserD.drivJ.enhreibionT.acaceleration.B.submitteHegelicdD..andviiSandner.OptimizationofS.ionTeams.er-Amittev.etisyviiijB
.In5tro.ductionElec1.I.BasicsLaser5.1IonIn.teraction.ofbRelativistic.Las.e.rlPulses.with.atF.ree3.2.2Electron.742isLaser.Plasma.In.te5.2.1ractions.11.2.13.1Ligh(t.Propagation20in.P.l.asma........Sail.......Gener.W.I.5.1.............In.Re-......11ration2.2argetPAond)e.romotiv.e.FRadiationorcecceleration.........3.2.1.al...............gh...............High.t.Coheren.e.3112are2.3SystemLaserHigh-FieldAbsorption.in.a.Plasma....36.Characteriz...........ectral.for.i...............ccele.19.T14Norma2.3.1SheathResonanceccelerationAbsorptionTNSA...............3.2.Pressure.A...................22.Ini15i2.3.2StageBrunel.Absorption........................23.Li.t.Stage................16.2.3.3.Hol.e.Boring26.Surface.Harmonic.a.ion.y.t.ak.Em.sion.I.Hardw.33.Laser.35.Ti:Sapphire.Laser......................165.22.3.4PulseRelaationt.i.vistic.ts.ten.Con....Heating......37.Sp.Phase.terferometry.Direct.tr.c-Field.construction..................17.3.Laser-Driv.en.Ion37ANxSpCONTENTS.5.2.2.Scanning.3rd.order.Cross-CorrelationSetup...y.A....................40675.3.Double.Plasma.M.irror..Summary...Ultra-Thin.......ulations...77...Outlo.Discussion.......Radiation.tal.......um.e...8.3..42.6.Diagnostics.47.6.1.Thomson.Sp9ectrometer9.1.......74.l.............Discussion.......of.kno.............8.in48Dominated6.2ExpXUV-Sp.ectrometer............8.2.Energies.S.........ulations...............69.Discussion..........50.IGenerationIoilsIerimenExp.erimen.ts.53.7.Ion.A.ccelerationDynamicswithFliargetsnearly.p.olarized.Laser9.3Pulses.55.7.1.Exp.erimen.tal.Setup....Summary.............Summary.81.86.A.ts.........................64.Ion55cceleration7.2theTPressureransitionRegimefrom8.1TNSAerimentoSetupEnhanced.TNSA........................67.Maxim.Ion57and7.3ectralNonlinearhapLaser.Pul.s.e.T.ransmission.of.a68ThinSimPlasma.La.y.er.........58.7.4.Maxim.um.Ion.Energies.and.Sp.ectral8.4Sandhap.e......................71.High-Harmonic.in.F59737.5ExpContalv.ersion.Eciency........................9.2.of.anometer-Scale.oi.T...............74.Sim..61.7.6.Sim.ulation........................9.4.and.........................78.and.ok.List.Figures.Bibliograph.9962c7.7wledgmenSummary101and