The enterprise and the environment

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General consideration and case-study in Greece
Working conditions
Environment policy and protection of the environment

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EAN13 928267911
Language English
Document size 2 MB
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Eiitemrëe
and Case-Study *** rA** European Foundation
* Up] * for the Improvement of
ree ce **** Living and Working Conditions
. iÜ&auaaifeiïitócVi · \¿¿ THE ENTERPRISE AND
THE ENVIRONMENT
GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
AND
CASE-STUDY IN GREECE
EF/94/10/EN THE ENTERPRISE AND
THE ENVIRONMENT
The Greek report
has been prepared
by
Efi Valiantza-Aftia
Environmental Engineering Consultant Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1994
ISBN 92-826-7911-X
© European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 1994
For rights of translation or reproduction, applications should be made to the Director,
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Loughlinstown
House, Shankill, Co. Dublin, Ireland.
Printed in Ireland PREFACE
The Foundation initiated in 1991 a research project on the Enterprise and the
Environment. The aims of the project are:
— to point to new regional/local cooperation initiatives and their potential in
improving corporate environmental performance, environmental quality,
techical innovation, technology transfer and the economic development,
notably in the southern Member States, and to identify the obstacles to such
initiatives and the measures required to overcome them;
— to define the role of the various parties, including that of the social partners,
in this process;
— to contribute to a better implementation of environmental legislation,
particularly Community directives and regulations, within the framework of
development efforts, and to increased environmental awareness at the
regional/local level;
— to contribute to the implementation of Community policies and actions aimed
at sustainable development.
The research was developed in most Member States of the EU and included the
examination of cooperation initiatives, at the local level, among firms, regulatory
agencies, technical experts and the social partners. It focused on initiatives making
a valuable contribution to the improvement of corporate environmental
performance. Many of these initiatives were presented and discussed in a Round
Table organised in Rome, in late 1992, on 'Industry, Social Dialogue and
Sustainability'. A report on this Round Table was published in early 1993.
The reason for now publishing the report which details three exemplary cooperation
initiatives from Greece is because this project is very much about transferability
and replicability of cooperation schemes. Many countries, among them Greece,
were long classified as countries to where innovation should be transferred, as
countries not particularly strong as breeding grounds from which to transfer
innovation. The report outlines the Greek projects besides the ones identified at
the European horizon and highlights their strengths and weaknesses.
Clive Purkiss Eric Verborgh
Director Deputy Director TABLE OF CONTENTS
A. THE ENTERPRISE AND ITS LOCAL ENVIRONMENT/
THE PROJECT AND ITS ACHIEVEMENTS BY
VOVLA MEGA, RESEARCH MANAGER 1
B. CASE STUDY IN GREECE BY E. VALIANTZA-AFTIA 15
1. THE GREEK NATIONAL CONTEXT 17
2. INVENTORY METHOD 1
3.Y RESULTS8
4. SELECTION OF EXEMPLARY INITIATIVES 1
5. DESCRD7TION OF SELECTEDS9
5.1 ALUMINIUM CAN RECYCLING 1
5.1.1 The environmental and economic context9
5.1.2e objectives 20
5.1.3 Why and how the initiative started 2
5.1.4 The actors involved1
5.1.5 Procedures and mechanisms adopted
5.1.6 Resources available3
5.1.7 Issues covered
5.1.8 Size and category of firms involved
5.1.9 Achievements so far4
5.1.10 Problems to be resolved
5.2 REINKTNG OF PRINTING TAPES 25
5.2.1 The environmental and economic context
5.2.2e objectives 2
5.2.3 Why and how the initiative started6
5.2.4 The actors involved
5.2.5 Procedures and mechanisms adopted
5.2.6 Resources available7
5.2.7 Issues covered
5.2.8 Size and category of firms involved 2
5.2.9 Achievements so far
5.2.10 Problems to be resolved
vii 5.3 RECYCLING OF 'BUTTON' AND RECHARGEABLE
BATTERDZS 28
5.3.1 The environmental and economic context 2
5.3.2e objectives9
5.3.3 Why and how the initiative started
5.3.4 The actors involved 30
5.3.5 Procedures and mechanisms adopted 3
5.3.6 Resources available
5.3.7 Issues covered1
5.3.8 Size and category of firms involved
5.3.9 Achievements so far
5.3.10 Problems to be resolved 3
6 REPRODUCIBILITY OF THE INITIATIVES 3
7 CONCLUSIONS2
BD3LIOGRAPHY5
ANNEX I 37
• The Greek National Environmental Context 39
• Table 1 : Summary of Greek initiatives 43
• Description of nine Greeks4
• Figure 1 : Present and projected amount of aluminium cans
recycled at N. Phsychiko municipality, Athens 5
• Leaflets 5
ANNEX Π9
Greek Study. Executive Summary 61
Illustrations 1 to 7
1. Special collection boxes for aluminium can 65
2, 3. Children's environmental park of N. Phsychiko municipality,
Athens. Entrance fee: five used aluminium cans6
4. The ecology train for children in the N. Phsychiko
municipality special park7
5. Centre for storage of used aluminium cans in N. Phsychiko
municipality, Athens (the basement of a church) 68
6. Plastic bags and stand for used aluminium can recycling in
high schools 69
7. Storage, pressing, melting and recasting of aluminium cans 70
viii