Towards an economic evaluation of urban innovative projects

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Micro projects for mega change
Environment policy and protection of the environment

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TOWARDS AN ECONOMIC
EVALUATION OF URBAN
NNOVATIVE PROJECTS
Micro Projects for Mega Change
■IP".
**•
EUROPEAN FOUNDATION
<8> *^*^* for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Towards an Economic
Evaluation of Urban
Innovative Projects
Micro Projects for
Mega Change
Dublin 21-22 November 1996 Towards an Economic
Evaluation of Urban
Innovative Projects
Micro Projects for
Mega Change
Dublin 21-22 November 1996
• *•
EUROPEAN FOUNDATION
for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions φ • ^*w •
*•* Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Co. Dublin, Ireland
Tel.: (+353) 1 204 3100 Fax: (+353) 1 282 6456 Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1997
ISBN 92-828-1104-2
© European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 1997
For rights of translation or reproduction, applications should be made to the Director,
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions,
Wyaltville Road, Loughlinstown, Co. Dublin, Ireland.
Printed in Ireland FOREWORD
In 1993, the Foundation initiated a research project on Innovations for the
improvement of the urban environment. The first phase of the project included an
overview of innovative urban projects in the then 12 Member States of the EU,
conducive to the sustainable city, with its environmental, social and economic
dimensions. This overview, conducted by a group of young planners, was made in
1996 in the Member States which most recently joined the EU and provided a total
of 110 projects. It covers a large range of initiatives and actions, from the
improvement of the urban "metabolism" to the upgrading of housing and the
enhancement of sohdarity and citizens participation.
Previous reports, 'Terceivmg-Conceiving-Achieving the Sustainable City",
analysed cases marking progress in the field of urban eco-auditing, the creation and
the integration of SMEs, developments towards the car-free city and improvements
in aesthetics, functionality and desirability of the sustainable city.
Towards the conclusion of the project, the Foundation invited the group of young
planners to evaluate the innovative projects studied and especially to highlight
those projects, which with a minimum initial cost achieved a maximum of positive
change. For this exercise, Barry Pearce provided a background paper, which was
finalised after the input of the young planners, who met in Dublin on 21-22
November 1996. Voula Mega, research manager of the project and editor of this
publication, draws the main conclusions from the exercise and its contribution to
the work of the Foundation.
C. Purkiss E. Verborgh
Director Deputy Director vu
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD ν
1. MICRO-INNOVATIONS FOR THE VIGOROUS CITY.
YOUNG PLANNERS JUDGE URBAN INNOVATIONS
(DUBLIN 21.11.1996)
by Dr Voula Mega, Research Manager 1
1A. Towards innovative exercises? 3
IB. European cities: What innovations for the future? 4
1C. An objective framework for the economic evaluation of urban
innovations? 7
ID. Micro-projects for mega-change? 9
IE. Is a permanent innovative milieu the only yeasty ground for urban
change? 15
2. TOWARDS AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF URBAN
INNOVATIVE PROJECTS
by Dr Barry Pearce, University of Cambridge 3
2A. Basic methodological issues 37
2B. Detailed evaluation of projects 4
2C. Highhghts of the main points 53
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A: The urban sustainability checklist: evaluation criteria 67 X B: The evaluation matrix. Indicative detailed matrix for
the UK projects 71
APPENDIX C: Programme and hst of participants for the meeting
"Young planners judge urban innovations"
Dublin, 21-22 November 19969