VUE GÉNÉRALE SUR LES INSTRUMENTS ET LES ACTIVITÉS DE COOPÉRATION S T  EN COURS AVEC LA RUSSIE
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VUE GÉNÉRALE SUR LES INSTRUMENTS ET LES ACTIVITÉS DE COOPÉRATION S T EN COURS AVEC LA RUSSIE

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International ScientificCooperation PoliciesThe International Science and Technology Center (ISTC)and the Russian FederationThe end of the cold war has shaped a new environment in the countries of the former SovietUnion, forcing the military complex to consider re-directing part of their resources to civilianactivities. To limit brain and hence proliferation, the European Union, the Governments of theUSA, Japan and the Russian Federation have signed an intergovernmental agreementestablishing the International Science and Technology Center, with its Secretariat based inMoscow.The ISTC Agreement, signed on 27 October 1993, offers a flexible directed towards fundingprojects that “give weapon scientists and engineers opportunities to redirect their talent topeaceful activities”. To that end, the ISTC agreement establishes: a legal entity with the Center an ISTC Secretariat based in Moscow in charge of selecting proposals andmonitoring projects, procuring some equipment and paying salaries the exemption of tax and custom duties for equipment enumerated in ISTC projectagreements the direct payment of salaries to scientists and engineers named in projectagreements the possibility to audit and monitor projects on siteThe spectrum of ISTC fields is diverse: fundamental science; energy; safety and environment;medicine and pharmacy; space and aviation transport; electronics, computer andcommunication; material science; detection and measurement; lasers; ...

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International Scientific Cooperation Policies
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) and the Russian Federation
The end of the cold war has shaped a new environment in the countries of the former Soviet Union, forcing the military complex to consider redirecting part of their resources to civilian activities. To limit brain and hence proliferation, the European Union, the Governments of the USA, Japan and the Russian Federation have signed an intergovernmental agreement establishing the International Science and Technology Center, with its Secretariat based in Moscow.
The ISTC Agreement, signed on 27 October 1993, offers a flexible directed towards funding projects that “give weapon scientists and engineers opportunities to redirect their talent to peaceful activities”.To that end, the ISTC agreement establishes:
Llegal entity with the Center a LMoscow in charge of selecting proposals and an ISTC Secretariat based in monitoring projects, procuring some equipment and paying salaries Lexemption of tax and custom duties for equipment enumerated in ISTC project the agreements Ldirect payment of salaries to scientists and engineers named in project the agreements L thepossibility to audit and monitor projects on site
The spectrum of ISTC fields is diverse: fundamental science; energy; safety and environment; medicine and pharmacy; space and aviation transport; electronics, computer and communication; material science; detection and measurement; lasers; and other applied research fields.
The ISTC intellectual property right defines the legal framework in which the project agreement is being developed. In the particular case of the ISTC“all rights world wide to intellectual property arising from the project are held by the recipient entity” while“the recipient entity shall grant the financing party an exclusive, irrevocable, royalty free license for commercial purposes in that Party’s territory”.
Given the absence of a financial support scheme for the EU collaborators, collaboration has been very successful: a sample of collaborating organizations includes: large institutes, Los Alamos, Sandia, LBL, Caltech, CEA, MPI, INFN, CERN, CCRJRC, JAERI, Pasteur Inst., ESA, Max Planck Gesellschaft; and industries, Airbus, Daimler, General Atomic, Framatome, BNFL, SEP, GSI, Siemens, Snecma, Thomson…The list of European partners is attached.
ISTC is currently jointly financed by the EU Tacis programme, the US, Japan and, by Norway and the Republic of Korea. Since its inception in March 1994, the ISTC Governing Board approved for funding over 1208 projects for a total of nearly 346 M$, the EU providing about 108 M€, the US 128 M$, Japan 40 M$ and Norway and Republic of Korea 3,0 M$, Finland and Sweden (before accession to the EU) 5 M$, and the Western collaborating partners 54 M$. The EC has directly participated in the funding of 498 projects since 1994.
To administer the ISTC from the EU side, the Commission has established two points of contact, in DG Relex, for the contractual relation to the TACIS Committee, and in RTD DGfor all relations concerning ISTC.
The ISTC projects support the redirection of more than 30.000 scientists and engineers, over 50% of which are former Soviet weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or delivery system specialists from over 350 institutes in Russia and other CIS Parties, including Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Georgia. In addition, over 300 nonCIS research and
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development institutes, private industry, universities, and international organizations are involved in projects at their own expense.
An essential characteristic of the ISTC Center is its focus on providing opportunities and incentives for the participating scientists and engineers to develop longterm civilian career opportunities.
Over the past years, the Center has made significant progress in meeting its broader non proliferation objectives. These include solution of national and international technical problems, supporting transition to market economies, support of basic and applied science, and further integration of Russian and CIS scientists into the international scientific community.
Continued engagement of Russian and CIS scientists through ISTC programs remains urgent and valid. The Center continues to receive new project proposals at a steady rate of about 300 per year. Due to the experience acquired during the first four years by the Secretariat as well as the proposing research institutions, the quality and interest of project proposals is increasing. In addition, with the introduction of private partners in project financing, and also in order to attract other partners, the requirements on proposals have increased, especially in terms of potential use of results.
In the beginning of 2001, the ISTC’s is achieving its objectives. It will enter its seventh year as a diverse, multinational program, committed to the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) expertise and technologies. Its future lies in developing further its Industrial Partnering programme to enhance its core governmental project funding activity and hence establish an environment favorable to commercial exploitation of project results.
FURTHER INFORMATION:
Didier.Gambier@cec.eu.int
ISTC general email in the EC:tacisistc@cec.eu.int
http://www.istc.ru
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