Ontologies and Language  --- comment on Mark Musen

Ontologies and Language --- comment on Mark Musen's `Differing views of biomedical ontology'

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OntologiesLanguage and the worldOntologies and Language— comment on Mark Musen’s‘Differing views of biomedical ontology’Pierre ZweigenbaumSTIM : Mission de recherche en sciences et technologiesde l’information médicale,DSI, Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris ;CRIM, INaLCO ;U729, INSERMpz@biomath.jussieu.frhttp://www.biomath.jussieu.fr/~pz/Ontology and Biomedical Informatics, May 2, 20051/38OntologiesLanguage and the world1 OntologiesDifferent senses of the word “ontology”Different purposesDifferent levels of formalityDifferent stages2 Language and the worldShared meaningsLanguage builds conceptualizations buildsNatural vs formal languageLanguage (texts) as an entry point to world knowledge2/38computation = formal vs language = informal⇒ no instance in the world?OntologiesLanguage and the worldBackground[Maths, Physics]Computational linguistA word on unicorns3/38vs language = informal⇒ no instance in the world?OntologiesLanguage and the worldBackground[Maths, Physics]Computational linguistcomputation = formalA word on unicorns4/38vs⇒ no instance in the world?OntologiesLanguage and the worldBackground[Maths, Physics]Computational linguistcomputation = formal language = informalA word on unicorns5/38OntologiesLanguage and the worldBackground[Maths, Physics]Computational linguistcomputation = formal vs language = informal⇒ no instance in the world?A word on unicorns6/38OntologiesLanguage and the worldMy ...

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Ontologies Language and the world
Pierre Zweigenbaum
Ontologies and Language — comment on Mark Musen’s ‘Differing views of biomedical ontology’
pz@biomath.jussieu.fr http://www.biomath.jussieu.fr/~pz/
STIMMission de recherche en sciences et technologies: de l’information médicale, DSI, Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris ; CRIM, INaLCO ; U729, INSERM
1
2
Ontologies Language and the world
Ontologies Different senses of the word “ontology” Different purposes Different levels of formality Different stages
Language and the world Shared meanings Language builds conceptualizations Language builds conceptualizations Naturalvsformal language Language (texts) as an entry point to world knowledge
2/38
atitnof=roamvllscompu
[Maths, Physics]
Computational linguist
A word on unicorns
8
Background
Ontologies Language and the world
3/3?dowlrhenteinctansoinlamrofni=egaugna
Background
Ontologies Language and the world
[Maths, Physics]
Computationallinguist computation = formal
A word on unicorns
/438nonivstsaalnncgeiunatghee=winorflodrm?al
Background
Ontologies Language and the world
[Maths, Physics]
Computationallinguist computation = formal
A word on unicorns
language = informal
5/38noinvstsancenihteowrdl?
Background
Ontologies Language and the world
[Maths, Physics]
Computational linguist computation = formalvslanguage = informal no instance in the world?
A word on unicorns
6/38
My
neighbor
Language
the
Ontologies
and the world
unicor
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(Cluny
Museum)
7/38
1
2
Different senses of the word “ontology” OntologiesDifferent purposes Language and the worldDifferent levels of formality Different stages
Ontologies Different senses of the word “ontology” Different purposes Different levels of formality Different stages
Language and the world Shared meanings Language builds conceptualizations Language builds conceptualizations Naturalvsformal language Language (texts) as an entry point to world knowledge
8/38
Different senses of the word “ontology” OntologiesDifferent purposes Language and the worldDifferent levels of formality Different stages
Different senses of the word “ontology”
I say ‘ontology’, you say ‘ontology’, but do we mean the same thing?
Alexa: state your bias Robert: better dene ‘ontology’, ‘terminology’
Language
9/38
isenctansoiNdiewmmleor-wAndtesuOehmithuoyeeme1$eacrsal?GivyuainevotnlogosdonogieistotexauegaLgn8
Ontologies Language and the world
Different senses of the word “ontology” Different purposes Different levels of formality Different stages
013/be:onatnueievlisnrocinlotnoRO
A serious issue
(nearly) Nobody agrees to have ever seen any proper ontology’ except self-referencing, which is to be discarded
Langist11/3uagegoeitnlotoxedsno
(nearly) Nobody agrees to have ever seen any ‘proper ontology’ except self-referencing, which is to be discarded No instanceis ‘ontology’ a universal?
A serious issue
Ontologies Language and the world
Different senses of the word “ontology” Different purposes Different levels of formality Different stages
8heO-wordAnewdie$cathmiyeuosutenueiconisrnoORmmelnotaeb:veil1emeviG