Outline grammar of the Kachári (Bårå) language as spoken in District Darrang, Assam : with illustrative sentences, notes, reading lessons, and a short vocabulary

Outline grammar of the Kachári (Bårå) language as spoken in District Darrang, Assam : with illustrative sentences, notes, reading lessons, and a short vocabulary

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/^^'^447:53 SjL£r. OUTLINE GEA.MMAE ^B 735 327 KAOHAHI UiAi a LXi \\ 4 i.G G B I 'Ss-.lla' li\ • lU'i'itr:; aiul I W'Xis ai.'j, I ^sc;: c*. > itrOOLLRaB, iailXTKP M TAi \I ^SECRETARIAT VVC^^ OFGIFT GE/VMMAEOUTLINE o o LANGUAGElACHAEI (BARA) AS yPOKKN IN DISTRICT DAEIUNG, ASSAM; 'aolith and a^ontcnros, ^"fssoiis,llliistrntii'i' $oUp, |li':uling shod Docabulai'!). By S.Rev. ENDLE, 8. P. 0. ASSAM CllUUCH 1-ATK ST,WlSSiON, 8'^'UDK^T, AUGUbTlNK'S CAKTEUBURY.COLLliSE, SHILLONG: rillNTEU AT THE ASSAM SECllETARIAT PRESS. 1884. CARPENTIER B3 PREFACE. ,, ; ; .\?s'] asThe brief sketch of the Kachari languagefollowing beenin this district hasspoken put together(Darrang) under as the writer hasdifficulties and disadvantages,many been able to to its little more than meregive compilation and of his time. Much of the Accidence,scraps fragments in was drawn in MS, some two since,particular, up j^ears theand should have been re-written before hadpublication, of other duties for sopressure doing;given opportunity for it was at vaHous times and in differentput together and the whole suffers from a w^ant of re-arrange-places, thement and This is the case withexpansion. especially hisection which treats of and theYerbs, peculiar way which ofare with other i.e.,parts speech;they compounded with roots. There areand other verbalnouns, adjectives, of in the the exactmany points interest, too, language, e.g.

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/^^'^447:53
SjL£r.
OUTLINE GEA.MMAE
^B 735 327
KAOHAHI UiAi a LXi \\ 4 i.G G
B I
'Ss-.lla' li\

lU'i'itr:; aiul
I W'Xis ai.'j, I
^sc;:
c*. > itrOOLLRaB,
iailXTKP M TAi \I ^SECRETARIAT VVC^^OFGIFTGE/VMMAEOUTLINE
o o
LANGUAGElACHAEI (BARA)
AS yPOKKN IN
DISTRICT DAEIUNG, ASSAM;
'aolith and a^ontcnros, ^"fssoiis,llliistrntii'i' $oUp, |li':uling
shod Docabulai'!).
By S.Rev. ENDLE,
8. P. 0. ASSAM CllUUCH 1-ATK ST,WlSSiON, 8'^'UDK^T, AUGUbTlNK'S CAKTEUBURY.COLLliSE,
SHILLONG:
rillNTEU AT THE ASSAM SECllETARIAT PRESS.
1884.CARPENTIERB3
PREFACE. ,,
;
; .\?s']
asThe brief sketch of the Kachari languagefollowing
beenin this district hasspoken put together(Darrang)
under as the writer hasdifficulties and disadvantages,many
been able to to its little more than meregive compilation
and of his time. Much of the Accidence,scraps fragments
in was drawn in MS, some two since,particular, up j^ears
theand should have been re-written before hadpublication,
of other duties for sopressure doing;given opportunity
for it was at vaHous times and in differentput together
and the whole suffers from a w^ant of re-arrange-places,
thement and This is the case withexpansion. especially
hisection which treats of and theYerbs, peculiar way
which ofare with other i.e.,parts speech;they compounded
with roots. There areand other verbalnouns, adjectives,
of in the the exactmany points interest, too, language, e.g.,
beuse and force of the which must still regardedtenses,
as we shall notand with to whichopen questions, regard
be in a like author-to withperhaps position anythingspeak
until we know of the of theGrammarity something many
littleBut as there seems pros-closely cognate languages.
of ourmade toadditionspect any great knowledgebeing
in this direction for to it seems best onsome time come,
the whole to allow the to atfollowing pamphlet appear
with all Asits obvious and manifoldonce, imperfections.
it stands it of the Kacharithefairly represents speech
of this as from the of tlit3population lipsdistrict, gathered
themselves the last fifteen orpeople twenty years ;during
757704OITTLI^E KACHARI GRAMMAR.li
the laboursaiiJ'it at least serve to assist and lightenmay
— fieldsame field of research a>oT''6tter'''\VOrkors in the
be said to be or inwhich cannot exhausted, anycertainly
asreal sense to liave been at all cultivated yet.adequately
theA further reason for at once publishing following
its isOutline in of sup-Grammar, spite many shortcomings,
to have a Manual of this kind for thethe desire])lied by
use of of &c. The Kacharis aremanagers tea-factories,
— "hewers ofthe navvies of -a nation ofAssam,essentially
"
the hardAYOod and drawers of and much ofwater, physi-
on tea-factories iscal work jungle-clearing, &c.)(hoeing,
onstill carried on them. The ofby manager any factory
in willwhich Kachari labourers are numbers,employed large
find learn of theirit to his interest to somethingcertainly
for are an dannisli and arelanguage; they intensely people,
not a little their show some
gratified by seeing employer
interest in manner of life.their andcustoms, language,
The writer well remembers a little "scene" in a infactory
this district where a number of Kachari labour-(Darrang),
who had taken at some real or fancieders, griev-umbrage
came to the threwance, suddenly up manager's bungalow,
down their before him in ahoes, &c., highly theatrical,
demonstrative and with the of
fashion, great plainness speech
Kachdris are to use at such announced thatapt times, they
were off to their own homes forthwith. Adistantgoing
few humourous Words addressed to insimple, them, partly
their own soon made of thethem see thetongue, absurdity
were and after a shortposition they ;assuming colloquy
took their hoes and inwent back to their linesthey upIllPREFACE.
humour. of Kachdrigreat good Many managers complain
—labourers as difficult to on with andbeing get certainly they
have no small share of and when once theirdoggedness;
have with or without it isbeensuspicions aroused, reason,
not at all to them to a state of mind.easy bring happier
But if are not to be can bethey easily driven^ they very
led and one of the most in-;easily undoubtedly powerful
fluences which their can to bearemployer bring upon
is to be found in a command of their national formthem,
of to which to all else tliat is national orspeech, (as
are attached. Few areclannish) they very strongly things
to see the flush of real andmore than pleasurepleasing
over thewhich passes dull, heavy, expressionless-intelligence
inof Kachari's countenance on addressedfeatures the being
the formshis own mother And if one of highesttongue.
of human consists in innocent tapleasurepleasure giving
has to be done inwhose life's work
others^ any European,
trouble to someand who will take theAssam, acquire
of this form of non will beknowledge -Aryan speech, rarely
loss to make this his own.at a pleasure
The limited extent to which this and itslanguage
cooinate tono'ues have been hitherto studied^o cd tWide of Kacliarirange
offamily languages. to bc as there is'^ ^^iQ morc rcgrcttcd,
reason to believe that it was at one time widelygreat
over a of the as-Brahmaputraspoken great portion Yalley,
of north-eastas in the districtswell Bengal.adjoining
the hiformationMuch is thrown on this subject by givenlight
Census of Assam forin the on the 1881," i)ages-"Report
— the67 it stated that race knoAvn ta82. We find thereKACHARI GRAMMAR,iv OUTLINE
atconstitutesUS under various names Garo, &c.)(Bodo,
andof the Assamof theleast one-third Valley;population
Deorimark. Thewithin thethis statement is wellprobably
said toas arefound so far eastwho are Sadiya,Chutias,
no Out-akin toa Kachari, thoughspeak closelylanguage
beenhas hithertoline Grammar of their published.speech
reasonMr. "Census 78—81) givesReport," pagesLyall {see
branchMikirs be anfor that the outlyingmaysuspecting
re-must be stillof the Bodo this perhapsgreat family, though
is reason to thinkas an iVnd theregarded open question.
or atone time the dominantthat the Kacharis were at race,
least one of the dominant in the Brahmaputra Valley;races,
traces of their inand as such seem to have left languagethey
the features ofnames of some of the most prominent physical
the Thus the names of of the riversmany principalcountry.
"
of Assam with the which is theDi,"begin syllable, perhaps
"
Kachdri word di for Di-"water,"("dm," ") e.g., Di-hong,
Di-bong, Di-bru, Di-hing, Di-sang, Di-khu, Di-soi, Di-ju,
Di-mdmu, Di^mangal, Di-krang, Di-kurai, Di-put4, gasum
&c.,("black water"), Di-ang, ((/. Dimdpur— Duimapiir, i.e,y
the old Kachari on the DhansiriRiver-town, capital River).
this the evidence ofBut however be,may language points
to the conclusion that the known to us asclearly peoples
Kacharis (Boro, Bodo, Bfxra), Mcch, Hojai, Hojang, Garos,
are one and the same and stillDhimdls, &c., race, speak
what is the same form of Toessentially non-Aryan speech.
these must be added tlie Koch, Rajbansis, Mahalia, Phulgo-
and most of whom have lost the userias, Rubhds, others,
of their old mother and have to a or lesstongue, greater