Outlines of English grammar for the use of junior classes

Outlines of English grammar for the use of junior classes

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I OFOUTLINES ENGLISH GRAMMAR Bji.P.C. MASON, to{presented Xibrar? of tbe of TorontoTflntverstt? OUTLINES OF ENGLISH GRAMMAR FOR THE USE OF JUNIOR CLASSES. C^PC MASON, B.A., F.C.P., FELLOW OF UNIVERSITY LONDON.COLLEGE, Sixth Edition. Second Canadian Edition.Enylish - - - 6O cents.PRICE, TORONTO: ADAM MILLEE & 11 WELLINGTON ST. WEST.CO., 1879. inEntered to Act of Tarliament of the Office oftheaccording Canada, MILLER in 1879.Minister of ADAM & theAgriculture, by Co., year EDITION.THE SIXTHTOPREFACE with soreceivedwork have beenof thiseditionsTHE previous introduce intotobeen emboldenedthat I havemuch favour considerablefound somewill bewhat Ithe hopepresent remains unaltered.of the workThe plangeneralimprovements. at thatlearnersbeen to takeat has youngThe aimedobject ideas on thesuchhave elementarywhen acquiredtheystage " First Notionsfromas be myof may gainedgrammarsubject to formthose ideas byand to reduce regularof Grammar," and alwaysof careful definitions rules, expressedmeans plain andwithmanner consistent accuracy,in the briefest rigid for Avariedabundant and practice.illustrated examplesby has beenofand moreclearer intelligible style typography has beenamount of matter in the text slightlyand theadopted, fromattention has beenIn the learner'sincreased. particular It is notolder forms of thetime directed to thetime to language.

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I
OFOUTLINES
ENGLISH GRAMMAR
Bji.P.C. MASON,to{presented
Xibrar?
of tbe
of TorontoTflntverstt?OUTLINES
OF
ENGLISH GRAMMAR
FOR
THE USE OF JUNIOR CLASSES.
C^PC MASON, B.A., F.C.P.,
FELLOW OF UNIVERSITY LONDON.COLLEGE,
Sixth Edition. Second Canadian Edition.Enylish
- - - 6O cents.PRICE,
TORONTO:
ADAM MILLEE & 11 WELLINGTON ST. WEST.CO.,
1879.inEntered to Act of Tarliament of the Office oftheaccording Canada,
MILLER in 1879.Minister of ADAM & theAgriculture, by Co., yearEDITION.THE SIXTHTOPREFACE
with soreceivedwork have beenof thiseditionsTHE previous
introduce intotobeen emboldenedthat I havemuch favour
considerablefound somewill bewhat Ithe hopepresent
remains unaltered.of the workThe plangeneralimprovements.
at thatlearnersbeen to takeat has youngThe aimedobject
ideas on thesuchhave elementarywhen acquiredtheystage
"
First Notionsfromas be myof may gainedgrammarsubject
to formthose ideas byand to reduce regularof Grammar,"
and alwaysof careful definitions rules, expressedmeans plain
andwithmanner consistent accuracy,in the briefest rigid
for Avariedabundant and practice.illustrated examplesby
has beenofand moreclearer intelligible style typography
has beenamount of matter in the text slightlyand theadopted,
fromattention has beenIn the learner'sincreased. particular
It is notolder forms of thetime directed to thetime to language.
learn thesehe at first heart,intended that byshould, starting,
doof the hetime he has mastered the rest mightbut the text,by
to deal withhas been madewith Nothis advantage. attempt
"
under the head of Grammar,"that comes Englisheverything
he wouldto difficulties whichintroduce the learneror to young
discussion of theAofbe mastering. superficialincapable
thanis worseand sentencesintricacies of contracted elliptical
valuelessfrom itto be derivedas the provesuseless, knowledgeYl PREFACE.
at the first strain of actual and results inpractice, disappointment
and It must bedisgust. understood, that thetherefore, present
work will enable the student to dealonly young with sentences
of and construction.perfectly plain the time heordinary By
has he will be ablegone through it, to sentences ofanalyse
moderate but he must notvery be daunted if hedifficulty;
finds that for the he can do no more. Ipresent, think he will
find that what he he knowsknows, well and he will; afterwards
attack the more difficult as are toconstructions, they presented
him in with interest andmy confidence.larger grammars,
The Exercises in this edition have been andgreatly amplified,
inremodelled theentirely upon plan adopted my recently pub-
lished "Shorter Grammar." This is one of the mostEnglish
of the work. learners cannot masterimportant parts Young
discussions to them in a book.wordy presented They require
and accurate definitions and withinclear, short, rules, brought
their the oral and illustrationscomprehension by explanation
of an and followed abundantteacher,intelligent up by practice,
Inembodied in exercises. withcarefully graduated dealing
these also the work of as far as bebeginners should, possible,
-viva voce. I have endeavoured to make thesegone through
asexercises as and learnersvaried, useful, lively possible. Young
hate stilted sentences. enter much better intoTheyprosy,
the of an if the of it isgrammar illustration, subject-matter
andfamiliar to their lives and ansomething daily thoughts;
does a dealoccasional at some towardstopic goodlaugh homely
the listlessness which is to over a class.apt creepdispelling
P.C. MASON.
DUKESELL,
CHRISTCHURCH ROAD, STREATHAM,
January, 1879.CONTENTS.TABLE OF
the text.The numbers to the paragraphs ofrefer
Historical Outline. .... I.... 3DefinitionsPreliminary
. 4 *7The Alphabet
18
.The Orthographical SystemEnglish
ETYMOLOGY.
2021of Words -DefinitionsClassification
Inflexion
. .Nouns Common and 23 31Proper
NounsGender of 33~39
. 1....Number and Plural 4 5Singular
Case Nominative, Possessive, 5261Objective
and in Chaucer ...Declensions in 62, 63Anglo-Saxon
. . .Classification of 6475Adjectives. Adjectives
Inflexion of ?6Adjectives
and in Chaucer .of in 77, 78 Anglo-Saxon
86of 79~AdjectivesComparison
-Articles 87-92
of Pronouns . . .Pronouns. Classification 93~95
Personal Pronouns 96100
IO1Ancient Forms
102 106Pronouns....Demonstrative
Ancient Forms . 104107Vlll TABLE OF CONTENTS.
The Relative Pronoun that 108 no
The and Relative Pronouns .Interrogative . . in 121
Inflexion of Who Ancient Forms 1 1 1
Indefinite Pronouns 122 126
Distributive
127 131
Reflective and Possessive Pronouns . 132 134
Verbs Transitive and Intransitive . .
. . . 135139
Verbs ........Auxiliary 140
Active Voice and Passive Voice
141 143
Moods
144 152
Gerunds and 1Participles 153 57
Tenses .... 158166
Number and Person 168167,
of Verbs and Weak . . .Conjugation Strong 169 176
Verbal Inflexions in and in Chaucer . .Anglo-Saxon 178180
&c. ....Shall, Will, May, Must, Can, 181-192
The Verbs andHave, Be, Do 193198
Ancient Forms......... 195 197
of a Verb at full 200Conjugation length
Adverbs 201 216
Prepositions 217220
221226Conjunctions
Interjections 227
COMPOSITION . 228-266AND DERIVATION OF WORDS
SYNTAX.
Sentence 268 280PredicateSubject
Relations of Words to one another .... 281293
and PredicateSubject 294312
3i3-3i5Object
SentencesComplex 316 347
-of the Rules of . . . .Summary 348 370Syntax
ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES 37i~4i3
\\oof .APPENDIX Constituents English page
120EXERCISES page