Outlines of general or developmental philology : inflection

Outlines of general or developmental philology : inflection

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^ i GENERAL PHILOLOGYOUTLINES OF : PRINTED BYLONDON iPOTTISWOODE JlSD CO., NEW-STREBT SQUABE STKBBTAKD PAELIAMEST OUTLINES OF GENERAL OR DEVELOPMENTAL PHILOLOGY INFLECTION BT R. G. M.D.LATHAM, M.A., LATE FELLOW OP KING'S CAiTBRIDGE AND LATECOLLEaE, ; PROFESSOR OF UNIVERSITY LONDONEKGLKH, COLLEGE, LONDON GEE AND CO.LONGMANS, EN, 1878 All reservedrights east PEEFACE. ' ' the fullThe work is the Outline rather than present which it treats. And itof the subject uponexposition is an outline of the Method of ratherinvestigation results. itthan a collection of Moreover,any specific rather thanis a work on orGeneral, Developmental, In the latter branch ofupon Comparative, Philology. and a fairthere is no want of valuable works,study andamount of well authenticated generally recognised to the anddetails. In development,respect growth, of Lan-the and charactera origin generalfortiori, fewerthere are fewer facts,works, recognisedguage, not un-offewer criticism, and,principlestrustworthy much morenaturally, speculation. theThe two in treatise,which, presentprinciples —writer farthest are That ofhave carried the (1.) andwith the of the time,languages presentbeginning from the morefrom them backwards, i.e.,arguiug v^more certain to thefamiliar to the from theunfamiliar, uncertain.

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^
iGENERAL PHILOLOGYOUTLINES OF: PRINTED BYLONDON
iPOTTISWOODE JlSD CO., NEW-STREBT SQUABE
STKBBTAKD PAELIAMESTOUTLINES
OF
GENERAL OR DEVELOPMENTAL
PHILOLOGY
INFLECTION
BT
R. G. M.D.LATHAM, M.A.,
LATE FELLOW OP KING'S CAiTBRIDGE AND LATECOLLEaE, ; PROFESSOR OF
UNIVERSITY LONDONEKGLKH, COLLEGE,
LONDON
GEE AND CO.LONGMANS, EN,
1878
All reservedrightseast
PEEFACE.
'
' the fullThe work is the Outline rather than
present
which it treats. And itof the subject uponexposition
is an outline of the Method of ratherinvestigation
results. itthan a collection of Moreover,any specific
rather thanis a work on orGeneral, Developmental,
In the latter branch ofupon Comparative, Philology.
and a fairthere is no want of valuable works,study
andamount of well authenticated generally recognised
to the anddetails. In development,respect growth,
of Lan-the and charactera origin generalfortiori,
fewerthere are fewer facts,works, recognisedguage,
not un-offewer criticism, and,principlestrustworthy
much morenaturally, speculation.
theThe two in treatise,which, presentprinciples
—writer farthest are That ofhave carried the (1.)
andwith the of the time,languages presentbeginning
from the morefrom them backwards, i.e.,arguiug
v^more certain to thefamiliar to the from theunfamiliar,
uncertain. the bestless then,Theoretically, languages
in the most advanced stateto with are thosebesfin
inasmuch as have theof they longestdevelopment;
amount of materialas a therule,and, greatesthistory,
532vi PEEFACE.
for its The whichhowever,investigation. language,
best understands is his whatever iteveryone own, may
and this is the inbe : really starting-point every
either actual orphilological possible.investigation,
theTo an difference is unim-Englishman, fortunately
because his is both the one which he
portant, language
knows and the one that to the most ad-best, belongs
vanced of It it beis,stage development. always, may
said safer to in this from the known toargue way, i.e.,
the thanunknown rather vice versa : and there is no
doubt but that such is the case. There are
degrees,
in the or of thehowever, danger difficulty reversing
: and ifthere is one ofhumanprocess subject knowledge
which is more and difficult todangerous investigate
a than that is the andanother,priori subject growth
oforigin language.
The thesecond is of more(2.) point necessity looking
to the idea than to the of it. The
closely expression
isformer the the latter the soundsthought itself, by
which it is communicated to the to.
person spoken
The is the sime all andthought throughout languages
in of each. The in whichmanner, however,every stage
it clothes itself in words or differs with thesyllables
''
conditions of time and In a word like
place. jsypacjja
'and a combination like / have thewritten,'' expres-
is different in the form ofsion both and the principle
its formation. But the idea is the that ofsame, viz.,
a certain action done in time but continued in itspast,
actual or to the time ofpossible upoperation speaking,
or time In like manner the differences be-present.