9 Pages
English

Patient preferences for emergency department-initiated tobacco interventions: a multicenter cross-sectional study of current smokers

-

Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more

Description

The emergency department (ED) visit provides a great opportunity to initiate interventions for smoking cessation. However, little is known about ED patient preferences for receiving smoking cessation interventions or correlates of interest in tobacco counseling. Methods ED patients at 10 US medical centers were surveyed about preferences for hypothetical smoking cessation interventions and specific counseling styles. Multivariable linear regression determined correlates of receptivity to bedside counseling. Results Three hundred seventy-five patients were enrolled; 46% smoked at least one pack of cigarettes per day, and 11% had a smoking-related diagnosis. Most participants (75%) reported interest in at least one intervention. Medications were the most popular (e.g., nicotine replacement therapy, 54%), followed by linkages to hotlines or other outpatient counseling (33-42%), then counseling during the ED visit (33%). Counseling styles rated most favorably involved individualized feedback (54%), avoidance skill-building (53%), and emphasis on autonomy (53%). In univariable analysis, age (r = 0.09), gender (average Likert score = 2.75 for men, 2.42 for women), education (average Likert score = 2.92 for non-high school graduates, 2.44 for high school graduates), and presence of smoking-related symptoms (r = 0.10) were significant at the p < 0.10 level and thus were retained for the final model. In multivariable linear regression, male gender, lower education, and smoking-related symptoms were independent correlates of increased receptivity to ED-based smoking counseling. Conclusions In this multicenter study, smokers reported receptivity to ED-initiated interventions. However, there was variability in individual preferences for intervention type and counseling styles. To be effective in reducing smoking among its patients, the ED should offer a range of tobacco intervention options.

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 01 January 2012
Reads 14
Language English
Chooet al.Addiction Science & Clinical Practice2012,7:4 http://www.ascpjournal.org/content/7/1/4
R E S E A R C HOpen Access Patient preferences for emergency department initiated tobacco interventions: a multicenter crosssectional study of current smokers 1* 23 42 Esther K Choo, Ashley F Sullivan , Frank LoVecchio , John N Perret , Carlos A CamargoJr and 5 Edwin D Boudreaux
Abstract Background:The emergency department (ED) visit provides a great opportunity to initiate interventions for smoking cessation. However, little is known about ED patient preferences for receiving smoking cessation interventions or correlates of interest in tobacco counseling. Methods:ED patients at 10 US medical centers were surveyed about preferences for hypothetical smoking cessation interventions and specific counseling styles. Multivariable linear regression determined correlates of receptivity to bedside counseling. Results:Three hundred seventyfive patients were enrolled; 46% smoked at least one pack of cigarettes per day, and 11% had a smokingrelated diagnosis. Most participants (75%) reported interest in at least one intervention. Medications were the most popular (e.g., nicotine replacement therapy, 54%), followed by linkages to hotlines or other outpatient counseling (3342%), then counseling during the ED visit (33%). Counseling styles rated most favorably involved individualized feedback (54%), avoidance skillbuilding (53%), and emphasis on autonomy (53%). In univariable analysis, age (r = 0.09), gender (average Likert score = 2.75 for men, 2.42 for women), education (average Likert score = 2.92 for nonhigh school graduates, 2.44 for high school graduates), and presence of smokingrelated symptoms (r = 0.10) were significant at thep< 0.10 level and thus were retained for the final model. In multivariable linear regression, male gender, lower education, and smokingrelated symptoms were independent correlates of increased receptivity to EDbased smoking counseling. Conclusions:In this multicenter study, smokers reported receptivity to EDinitiated interventions. However, there was variability in individual preferences for intervention type and counseling styles. To be effective in reducing smoking among its patients, the ED should offer a range of tobacco intervention options. Keywords:Smoking, Tobacco, Cigarettes, Emergency medicine, Counseling, Patient preference
Background Tobacco remains the leading preventable cause of mor bidity and mortality in the United States (US), increas ing the risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and accounting for 443,000 deaths (nearly 1 in 5) each year [1]. Tobacco use and tobaccorelated illnesses are
* Correspondence: esther_choo@brown.edu 1 Injury Prevention Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 55 Claverick Street, 2nd Floor, Providence, RI 02903, USA Full list of author information is available at the end of the article
common among emergency department (ED) patients. Studies performed in multiple ED settings have found that 3040% of ED patients smokeprevalence rates that are well above that of the general population [2,3]. Although providing smoking counseling has not tradi tionally been a function of emergencycare services, the field is increasingly recognizing the necessity and practi cality of assuming such functions. As the number of pri mary care physicians declines [4], ED volume is steadily increasing, and healthcare reform is not projected to significantly reduce this high utilization over the next decade. In 2006, there were 40.5 ED visits per 100
© 2012 Choo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.