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Population genetics of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the Northern Black Forest [Elektronische Ressource] : preconditions for the recolonization of windthrow areas and associated ectomycorrhizal communities / vorgelegt von Eva Cremer

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103 Pages
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Population genetics of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the Northern Black Forest – preconditions for the recolonization of windthrow areas and associated ectomycorrhizal communities Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Naturwissenschaften (Dr. rer. nat.) dem Fachbereich Biologie der Philipps-Universität Marburg vorgelegt von Eva Cremer aus Düsseldorf Marburg/Lahn 2009 Population genetics of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the Northern Black Forest – preconditions for the recolonization of windthrow areas and associated ectomycorrhizal communities Vom Fachbereich Biologie der Philipps-Universität Marburg als Dissertation am 17.02.2009 angenommen. Erstgutachterin: Prof. Dr. Birgit Ziegenhagen Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Gerhard Kost Tag der mündlichen Prüfung am: 03.06.2009 Ein Land ohne Wälder ist kein Heimatland. Atatürk Preface This dissertation was carried out at the Department of Conservation Biology at the Philipps-University of Marburg from January 2005 to February 2009 under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Birgit Ziegenhagen. It was accomplished within the interdisciplinary project ‚Untersuchungen zur Co-Dynamik der genetischen Diversität von Tanne (Abies alba Mill.

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Published 01 January 2009
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Population genetics of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the
Northern Black Forest – preconditions for the
recolonization of windthrow areas and associated
ectomycorrhizal communities



Dissertation
zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades
der Naturwissenschaften
(Dr. rer. nat.)



dem Fachbereich Biologie
der Philipps-Universität Marburg
vorgelegt von


Eva Cremer
aus Düsseldorf



Marburg/Lahn 2009



Population genetics of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the
Northern Black Forest – preconditions for the
recolonization of windthrow areas and associated
ectomycorrhizal communities





























Vom Fachbereich Biologie
der Philipps-Universität Marburg als Dissertation am 17.02.2009 angenommen.
Erstgutachterin: Prof. Dr. Birgit Ziegenhagen
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Gerhard Kost
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung am: 03.06.2009




Ein Land ohne Wälder ist kein Heimatland.
Atatürk
Preface

This dissertation was carried out at the Department of Conservation Biology at the Philipps-
University of Marburg from January 2005 to February 2009 under the supervision of Prof. Dr.
Birgit Ziegenhagen. It was accomplished within the interdisciplinary project ‚Untersuchungen
zur Co-Dynamik der genetischen Diversität von Tanne (Abies alba Mill.) und mit ihr
vergesellschafteter Ektomykorrhiza-Pilze nach Großstörungsereignissen (Süddeutsche
Windwurfflächen)’, funded by the ‚Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft’ (DFG;
project: Zi698 5/1-2).
Within this project, two PhD positions were appointed focusing on the ectomycorrhizal fungi
of silver fir (department ‘Mycology’) and focusing on the population genetics of silver fir
(department ‘Conservation Biology’). Combined manuscripts and publications were
developed according to manifold interferences of the common subject. This challenged us
(my dear colleague Kathrin Donges and me) not to exploit the data received by the other and
to focus largely on the respective single topic within our dissertations (‘population genetics of
silver fir’ and ‘ectomycorrhizal fungi of silver fir’, respectively). I therefore tried to discuss
discretely on silver fir as main focus integrating the ectomycorrhizal aspect only additionally.
An extensive discussion of the ectomycorrhizal fungi is given within the dissertation of
Kathrin Donges.

Marburg, in February 2009
This thesis is based on the following publications and manuscripts. They will be
referred to in the text by the term ‘paper’ and their roman numerals.


I. Identification and characterization of nuclear microsatellite loci in Abies alba
Mill.
E. Cremer, S. Liepelt, F. Sebastiani, A. Buonamici, I.M. Michalczyk, B. Ziegenhagen,
G.G. Vendramin
Molecular Ecology Notes (2006) 6: 374-376


II. Estimating local seed dispersal in silver fir (Abies alba Mill.)
E. Cremer, K. Donges, B. Ziegenhagen, C. Mengel, R. Bialozyt, K. Schulerowitz,
E. Hussendörfer, S. Liepelt
Manuscript


III. Ontogenetic and genotypic effects of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) on associated
ectomycorrhizal communities
E. Cremer, K. Donges (both authors contributed equally), S. Liepelt, K.-H. Rexer,
G.G. Vendramin, I. Leyer, G. Kost, B. Ziegenhagen
Manuscript


Contents

Contents

1Synthesis _____________________________________________

2Abstract ……………………………………………………………………..….
3Zusammenfassung ……………………………………………………….….
1. Introduction …………………………………………..………………...… 5
2. Population genetic analysis ………..…………………..……….…...… 9
2.1 Nuclear microsatellite markers …………………………….…..… 9
2.2 Genetic diversity and differentiation ……………………………... 12
3. Gene flow – dispersal of seeds and pollen ……………..……..….… 19
4. Associated ectomycorrhizal communities ……………..…………… 27
5. Conclusion and perspective …..………………………..……...……… 31
6. References ………………………………………………………………… 33
38Publications and Manuscripts ____________________________

I Identification and characterization of nuclear microsatellite loci in
Abies alba Mill. ………………………………………………………..…... 39

II Estimating local seed dispersal in silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) ….… 43
III Ontogenetic and genotypic effects of silver fir ( Mill.)
on associated ectomycorrhizal communities ……………...........…. 62

88Appendix ………………………………………………………………………..

91Danksagung ……………………………………………………………………

92Erklärung ……………………………………………………………………….

93Lebenslauf ……………………………………………………………………..