Proceedings of workshop on diagnostics for fusion reactor conditions, Varenna, 6-17 September 1982
428 Pages
English
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Proceedings of workshop on diagnostics for fusion reactor conditions, Varenna, 6-17 September 1982

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428 Pages
English

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INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS
VILLA MONASTERO, VARENNA, ITALY
Course on
DIAGNOSTICS FOR FUSION
REACTOR CONDITIONS
Volume I
Published for the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
by
PERGAMON PRESS DIAGNOSTICS FOR FUSION REACTOR CONDITIONS DIRECTOR OF THE SCHOOL P. CALDIROLA
UNIVERSITÀ DI MILANO and
ASSOCIAZIONE EURATOM-CNR, ITALY
SCIENTIFIC SECRETARY OF THE SCHOOL E. SINDONI
UNIVERSITÀ DI MILANO, ITALY
DIRECTORS OF THE COURSE D.K. AKULINA
ACADEMY OF SCIENCES,
MOSCOW, USSR
P.E. STÖTT
JET, ABINGDON, UK
C. WHARTON
CORNELL UNIVERSITY, ITHACA, USA
DIRECTOR OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD G.G. LEOTTA
CEC DG XII - FUSION PROGRAMME,
BRUSSELS, BELGIUM
ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT D. ZANGELMI
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA
PHYSICS, VARENNA, ITALY
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
The organizations mentioned below have contributed financially to the Course. Their sponsor­
ship is gratefully acknowledged.
Commission of the European Communities (CEC)
Directorate-General XII - Fusion Programme, Brussels, Belgium.
Consiglio Nazionale Ricerche (CNR), Italy.
Comitatoe per la Ricerca e lo Sviluppo dell'Energia Nucleare e delle Energie Alternati­
ve (ENEA), Italy.
Regione Lombardia, Italy
Camera di Commercio di Como, Italy.
Guardoni S.p.A., Mandello del Lario (Como), Italy
Comunità Montana Valsassina, Italy and in particular G. Fazzini and G. Grosso
We wish to acknowledge the US Department of Energy's support of the US lecturers attending the
Varenna Course and Workshop.
We express our deep gratitude to S. Bernabei of Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory for his valua­
ble advice. INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSJCS, VARENNA, ITALY
DIAGNOSTICS FOR FUSION
REACTOR CONDITIONS
PROCEEDINGS OF THE COURSE HELD IN VARENNA (COMO), ITALY
6-17 September 1982
(In two volumes)
Volume I
Edited by
P.E. STOTT
JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, UK
D.K. AKULINA
P.N. Lebedev Institute of Physics
Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, USSR
G.G. LEOTTA
Commission of the European Communities
DG XII - Fusion Programme - Brussels, Belgium
E. SINDONI
Istituto di Fisica dell'Università
Milano, Italy
C. WHARTON
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
Published for the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
by
PERGAMON PRESS
OXFORD · NEW YORK · TORONTO · SYDNEY · PARIS · FRANKFURT U.K. Pergamon Press Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford 0X3 OBW, England
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OF GERMANY Hammerweg 6, Federal Republic of Germany
Published for the Commission of the European Communities; Directorate-General
Information Market and Innovation
Copyright © 1982, ECSC, EEC, EAEC (Euratom), Brussels and Luxembourg
All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in
any form or by any means : electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise, without permission in writing from the copyright holders.
First edition 1983
EUR 8351-1 EN
Euro Abstracts Cataloguing
Course on DIAGNOSTICS FOR FUSION REACTOR CONDITIONS — Vol. I
1. International School to update the progress made in Plasma Diagnostic Methods throughout the world till
September 1982. 2. Diagnostics for Fusion Plasmas. 3. Plasmas (Fully Ionized Gases). 4 STOTT,P.E.
et al., Proceedings of the Course of the INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS. Varenna (Como),
Italy, 6-17 September 1982. 5. Commission of the European Communities (CEC) Directorate-General XII —
Fusion Programme, 1049 Brussels, Belgium.
Neither the Commission of the European Communities (CEC) nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission
is responsible for any use which might be made of the following information.
Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data
Main entry under title:
Course on Diagnostics for Fusion Reactor Conditions
International School of Plasma Physics, September 1982, Varenna (Como). Italy.
Proceedings of the Course on Diagnostics for Fusion Reactor Conditions — Vol. I
I. Plasma diagnostics — Congresses. 2.n reactors — Congresses. I Stott, P.E. (Peter E.)
II. Commission of the European Communities. III. International School of Plasma Physics
QC718.5.D5C67 1982 621.484 84-2790
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
Course on Diagnostics for Fusion Reactor Conditions — Vol. I. Varenna, 1982.
1. Fusion reactors 2. Plasma diagnostics I. Stott, P.E. II. Commission of the European Communities
III. International School ofa Physics.
621.48'4 TK9204
ISBN 0-08-031161-X
Acknowledgements
The Editorial Board of these Proceedings wishes to thank MONOTYPIA FRANCHI CARLO of Santa Lucia di Città
di Castello (Perugia), Italy, for their excellent work in preparing the manuscripts for publication and in composing
the mathematical parts of certain texts.
Linguistic and Editing Consultant: J.P. CARNIHAN, Rue des Chevaliers, 4 - 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Printed in Italy INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS
COURSE ON DIAGNOSTICS FOR FUSION
REACTOR CONDITIONS
VARENNA (COMO) - VILLA MONASTERO, 6-17 SEPTEMBER 1982
Moulin. Carretta. Sülzmann. Holzhauer. Gehre. Preister. Lontano. Notermans. Leppelmeier. Lorenzen. Drobnis. Swinhoe. Barbián. Orlinskij. Skoryupin,
Zhang Ze Xiang. Venkataramani. Οι Liang GUD, Zaki. Bracco. Pedretti. Cost ley. Hammerling. Prentice. Van Houtte. Cox. Roslyakov. Sadler. Osher. Mrs
Coleman, Mendel. Coleman, Mrs. Lisitano. Paiss. Erti, Mc Cracken. Grolli. Strachan, Zhen Min Wang. Nielse. Iguchi, Takasugi. Akulina. Hoenen. Jarvis,
Tonetti. Bartlett. Simone!. Jahoda. Tuccillo. Krigionc. B rusat i, Deangelis, Mao Lian Hu. Schuller. Von Goder. Rahaba. Kislyakov. Giudicoth. Berzosko.
Glowienka. Pericoli. Mellera. Cima. G aspa ri no, Bilal. Letayf, Brotherton-Rattcliffe. Engelhardt. Scuriti, Veron. Stott Jr.. Stott. Johnson. Bleach, Leotta,
Valisa. CONTENTS OF VOLUME I
Page
List of Partecipants XI
Opening speech
P. Caldirola XIX
I. DIAGNOSTIC METHODS FOR MAGNETIC
CONFINEMENT EXPERIMENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
P.E. Stott Overall view of Main Plasma
Parameters and Diagnostics
2. RADIATION EMISSION
W. Engelhardt Spectroscopy in Fusion Plasmas 11
S. von Goeler, K.W. Hill, M. Bitter, X-Ray Diagnostics for TFTR 69
C. Clifford, E. Fredd, M. Goldman,
L.C. Johnson, L.P. Ku, E. Moshey,
G. Renda, N. Sauthoff, S. Sesnic,
F. Tenney and K.M.Young.
Presented by S. von Goeler
S. von Goeler, J. Stevens, W. Stodiek, X-Ray Analysis of Nonmaxwellian
87 S. Bernabei, M. Bitter, T.K. Chu, K.W. Hil Distributions (Current Drive)
D. Hillis, W. Hooke, F. Jobes, G. Lenner,
E. Meservey, R. Motley, Ν. Sauthoff,
S. Sesnic and F. Tenney.
Presented by S. von Goeler
VII S. von Goeler, M. Bitter, S. Cohen, X-Ray Spectroscopy on Tokamaks 109
D. Eames, K. Hill, D. Hillis, R. Hülse,
G. Lenner, D. Manos, Ph. Roney,
W. Roney, N. Sauthoff, S. Sesnic,
W. Stodiek, F.Tenneyand J.Timberlake.
Presented by S. von Goeler
A.E. Costley Electron Cyclotron Emission from
Magnetically Confined Plasmas.
I-Diagnostic Potential 129
A.E. Costleyn Cyclotron Emission from
Magnetically Confined Plasmas.
II-Instrumentation and Measurements 14
D.K. Akulina Electron Cyclotron Radiation and Propaga­
tion of EM Waves in a Stellarator 167
P.E.Stott Bolometry 18
3. RADIATION EMISSION AND SCATTERING
D. Véron Interferometry in Large Plasma Machines 199
P. Nielsen Thomson scattering in High Temperature
Devices 225
4. NEUTRAL PARTICLES
R.J. Goldston Diagnostics for Hot Plasmas Using
Hydrogen Neutral Beams 263
V.V Afrosimovand A.I. Kislyakov. Neutral Particle Diagnostics of Plasmas 289
Presented by A.I. Kislyakov
G.V. Roslyakov Neutral Beam Injectors for Plasma Diagnostics 311
5. NEUTRONS
H.W. Hendel Neutron Yields and Energy Spectrafrom
Fusion Plasmas 327
O.N. Jarvisn Detection Techniques for
Plasma Diagnostics 353
J.D. Strachan The Application of Fusion Reaction Product
Diagnostics in Toroidal Devices 38
VIII