Radiation protection in the European Community
290 Pages
English

Radiation protection in the European Community

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Evaluation and suggestions by a committee of high-level independent scientists
Nuclear energy and safety

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Language English
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Commission of the European Communities
radiation protection
Radiation protection in the European Community
Evaluation and suggestions
by a
Committee of high-level independent scientists Commission of the European Communities
radiation protection
Radiation protection in the European Community
Evaluation and suggestions
by a
Committee of high-level independent scientists
convoked by the Commission of the European Communities
after the nuclear reactor accident at Chernobyl :
G. Bengtsson, W. Jacobi, H. Jammet, E. Pochin, G. Silini, A. Wambersie
The translations of the 'Summary conclusions and recommendations'
(Chapter 6) into the other official languages of the European Communities
are included as appendices to this report
IPARL. HW?. BibÜoth.
Directorate-General Science, Research and Developmen l Employment, Social Affairs and Educa dti. C/ L
2
1988 CL EUR 11449 fd Published by the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Directorate-General
Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation
Bâtiment Jean Monnet
LUXEMBOURG
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting on
behalf of then is responsible for the use which might be made of the
following information
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1988
ISBN 92-825-8158-6 Catalogue number: CD-NA-11449-EN-C
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels • Luxembourg, 1988
Printed in Luxembourg Acknowledgements
The Commission would like to express its gratitude to the members of the
Committee:
Director-General of the Swedish Institute Dr. G. BENGTSSON
of Radiation Protection, Stockholm,
Sweden.
Prof. Dr. W. JACOBI Director of the Institute for Radiation
Protection of the Gesellschaft für
Strahlen- und Umweltforschung, Neuherberg,
Federal Republic of Germany.
Director of the International Centre of Dr. H. JAMMET
Radiopathology, Paris, France.
Emeritus; c/o National Radiological Sir Edward POCHIN
Protection Board, Chilton, United Kingdom.
Scientific Secretary of United Nations Prof. G. SILINI c Committee on the Effects of
Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), Wien, Austria.
Director of the Department for Prof. A. WAMBERSIE
Radiotherapy and Neutron Therapy,
Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve
Belgium.
Their inspiration and expertise provided the substance of this document.
They have conscientiously devoted much of their time and efforts to
procure its rapid completion.
P. FASELLA
Director-General
for Science, Research and Development,
Commission of the European Communities
-III-TABLE OF CONTENTS
Pages
CHAPTER 1 1
1. Introduction 3
CHAPTER 2 5
2. Obligations and competence of the Commission in radiation
protection 7
CHAPTER 3 11
3» Standards of protection5
3^1 • Scientific background6
3«2. Principles of radiological protection 20
3«3«s for application of countermeasures in
accident situations 24
3-4« Implementation of safety standards9
CHAPTER 4 3
4» Specific problems arising from recent incidents and
accidents
4-1. Evaluation of health effects and of contamination
levels
4-2. Management of major reactor accidents 47
4»3« Initiatives envisaged by the Commission of the
European Communities 53
CHAPTER 5 61
5» Emergency reference levels and derived quantities for
foodstuffs5
5-1• General concepts
5-2. Models for the evaluation of derived emergency
reference levels8
5«3« Final remarks 70
CHAPTER 6
6. Summary conclua Ions and recommendations 77
6.1. Emergency Reference Levels
6.2. Information on early effects of high doses9
6.3»n on lates of low doses
6.4. Recommendations 8Annex Quantities and units 89 I x II Terminology 9
Annex IIIIII Planned studies in the Radiation Protection Programme
with respect to the Chernobyl accident 107
Annex IV Comparison of decisions ranges for reference levels 111
Annex V Derived emergency reference levels in widely 113
distributed foodstuffs; A report to the group of
experts set up under Article 31 of Euratom Treaty
Annex VI A radioecological model for the assessment of
derived emergency reference levels; Contribution by
W. Jacobi, GSP Neuherberg 137
Annex VII List of reference documents 153
Appendices: Translations of Chapter 6 "Summary conclusions and
recommendations"9
Appendix 1. DA: Danish 161
2. DE: German 175
3. EL: Greek 18
4. ES: Spanish 203
5. FR: French 22
6. IT: Italian 237
7. HL: Dutch 25
8. PO: Portuguese 26
-VI-CHAPTER 1
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