Nietzsche, Slave and Master Morality - “Slave and Master Morality ...

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Nietzsche, Slave and Master Morality - “Slave and Master Morality ...



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“Slave and Master Morality” by Friedrich Nietzsche
Nietzsche, Thoemmes
About the author. . . .Friedrich Nietzsche’s (18441900) intuitive and vis ceral rejection of the economics, politics, and science of European civi lization in the 19th century led him to predict, “There will be wars such as there have never been on earth before.” His dominant aphoristic style of writing and his insistence of truth as convenient fiction, or irrefutable error, have puzzled philosophers who think in traditional ways. Nietzsche seeks to undermine the traditional quest of philosophy as recounted by Russell and, instead, seeks to reveal the objects of philosophy (truth, reality, and value) to be based on the “Will to Power.” 1 About the work. . . .InBeyond Good and EvilNietzsche detects two types of morality mixed not only in higher civilization but also in the psychology of the individual. Mastermorality values power, nobility, and independence: it stands “beyond good and evil.” Slavemorality values sympathy, kindness, and humility and is regarded by Nietzsche as “herd morality.” The history of society, Nietzsche believes, is the conflict be tween these two outlooks: the herd attempts to impose its values univer sally but the noble master transcends their “mediocrity.”
1. Friedrich Nietzsche.Beyond Good and Evil. Trans. by Helen Zimmern (19091913), 257261.