Acoustic Sensing Techniques for the Shallow Water Environment

Acoustic Sensing Techniques for the Shallow Water Environment

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English

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About this book

Acoustic remote sensing of the ocean environment has seen a remarkable progress in the last ten?fifteen year as a result of an increasing understanding of the experimental techniques and procedures and of the subtleties of the interaction of sound with complex physical and biological processes. This is particularly true in the shallow water environment, where acoustic methods have the potential to allow for a fast and accurate characterization and assessment of the environment. To review the state of the art and the research progress in the field, a workshop was held in the island of Ischia, Italy, in June 2004. Special emphasis has been placed on the experimental applications, to realistically assess their potential and capabilities of the methods proposed. This volume, based on the workshop presentations, include a range of diverse and innovative applications, as well as comparisons in the field among competing approaches and review papers.

The invited contributions range from ocean acoustic tomography to estimation of the seabed and subbottom properties, to marine biology., ambient noise in the ocean is increasingly being investigated as a replacement for traditional acoustic source, to make acoustic inversion even less invasive and more environmentally friendly as a methodology to probe the ocean.

Audience: This book is primarily intended for physicists and engineers working in underwater acoustics and oceanic engineering. It will also be of interest to marine biologists, geophysicists and oceanographers as potential users of the methodologies and techniques described in the book contributions.

Written for:
Physicists, engineers working in underwater acoustics and oceanic engineering, marine biologists, geophysicists, oceanographers
Keywords:
Experimental methods
Inverse problems
Marine environment
Shallow water
Underwater acoustics

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Published 21 September 2006
Reads 11
EAN13 9781402043864
License: All rights reserved
Language English
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On the assessment of geoacoustic parameters in shallow water environments / Jean-Claude Le Gac, Yann Stéphan, Thierry Garlan, N. Weber.- Bayesian inversion of seabed reflection data / Stan E. Dosso, Charles W. Holland- Backpropagation techniques in ocean acoustic inversion: time reversal, retrogation and adjoint modelling - a review / Matthias Meyer, Jean-Pierre Hermand.- Acoustic inversion at low kHz frequencies using an active, vertical line array / Paul C. Hines, Matt Coffin.- Dispersion of broadband acoustic normal modes in the context of long range sediment tomography / Gopu Potty, James Miller- Characterization of local seabed properties using synthetized horizontal array data / Peter L. Nielsen, Mark Fallat, Christopher Harrison.- Characterization of a range-dependent environment from towed array data / Mark Fallat, Peter Nielsen, Stan E. Dosso, Martin Siderius.- Accounting for bias in horizontal wavenumber estimates due to source motion / Kyle M. Becker.- Acoustic clutter from buried submarine mud volcanoes / Charles W. Holland, Anthony L. Gerig, Piero Boni.- Nonlinear acoustical methods in the detection of gassy sediments / Jaroslaw Tegowski, Zygmunt Klusek, Jaromir Jakacki.- Acoustic scattering from submerged and buried objects / Ilkka Karasalo, Patrik Skogqvist.- High-frequency bistatic scattering experiments using proud and buried targets / Philippe Blondel, Peter F. Dobbins, Nic Jayasundere, Mario Cosci.- A sediment probe for the rapid assessment of seabed characteristics / John Osler, Arnold Furlong, Harold Christian.- Continuous acoustic monitoring of physiological and environmental processes in seagrass prairies with focus on photosynthesis / Jean-Pierre Hermand.- Shallow water tomography in a highly variable scenario / Cristiano Soares, Sergio M. Jesus, Emanuel Coelho.- Inversions of reflection loss measumements of a smooth water/sand interface / Marcia J. Isakson, Tracianne Neilsen, AndrewWorley.-Estimation of transmission loss and its uncertainty / Peter Gerstoft, Chen-Fen Huang, William Hodgkiss.- A forward model for geoacoustic inversion based on ray tracing and plane-wave refection coefficients / Jens M. Hovem, Hefeng Dong, Xiukun Li.- Inversion of the propeller harmonics from a light aircraft for the geoacoustic properties of marine sediments / Michael J. Buckingham, Eric M. Giddens, Fernardo Simonet.- Inversion of shallow water ambient noise data by means of differential evolution as a global search method / Dick G. Simons, Camiel van Moll, Chris H. Harrison.- Reflection Loss and Sub-bottom Profiling with Ambient Noise / Chris Harrison.- Inversion of geoacoustic model parameters using ship radiated noise / Ross N. Chapman, Reza M. Dizaji, R. Lyn Kirlin.- Matched-field processing of humpback whale song off eastern Australia / Aaron Thode, Peter Gerstoft, Melanie Guerra, M. Dale Stokes, Michael Noad, Douglas Cato.- Inversions of horizontal and vertical line array data for the estimation of geoacoustic model parameters / Dag Tollefsen, Michael J. Wilmut, Ross N. Chapman.- Issues of enrironment variability in inverse problems in ocean acoustics / David P. Knobles, M. Gray, Robert A. Koch, Adam Cook