A Bundle of Ballads
119 Pages
English
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A Bundle of Ballads

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119 Pages
English

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Published 08 December 2010
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of A Bundle of Ballads, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: A Bundle of Ballads Author: Various Editor: Henry Morley Release Date: December 8, 2008 [EBook #2831] Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A BUNDLE OF BALLADS *** Produced by Les Bowler, and David Widger A BUNDLE OF BALLADS EDITED BY HENRY MORLEY. by Various Contents INTRODUCTION BY THE EDITOR. CHEVY CHASE CHEVY CHASE (the later version.) THE NUT-BROWN MAID ADAM BELL, CLYM OF THE CLOUGH, AND WILLIAM OF CLOUDESLIE. THE SECOND FYTTE. THE THIRD FYTTE. BINNORIE. KING COPHETUA AND THE BEGGAR-MAID. TAKE THY OLD CLOAK ABOUT THEE. WILLOW, WILLOW, WILLOW. PART THE SECOND. THE LITTLE WEE MAN. THE SPANISH LADY'S LOVE. AFTER THE TAKING OF CADIZ. EDWARD, EDWARD. ROBIN HOOD. THE SECONDE FYTTE. THE THYRDE FYTTE. THE FOURTH FYTTE. THE FIFTH FYTTE. THE SIXTH FYTTE. THE SEVENTH FYTTE. THE EIGHTH FYTTE. KING EDWARD IV. AND THE TANNER OF TAMWORTH. SIR PATRICK SPENS. EDOM O' GORDON. THE CHILDREN IN THE WOOD. THE BEGGAR'S DAUGHTER OF BETHNAL GREEN. THE SECOND FYTTE. THE BAILIFF'S DAUGHTER OF ISLINGTON. BARBARA ALLEN'S CRUELTY. SWEET WILLIAM'S GHOST. THE BRAES O' YARROW. KEMP OWYNE. O'ER THE WATER TO CHARLIE. ADMIRAL HOSIER'S GHOST. JEMMY DAWSON. WILLIAM AND MARGARET. ELFINLAND WOOD. CASABIANCA. AULD ROBIN GRAY. SECOND PART. GLOSSARY. INTRODUCTION BY THE EDITOR. Recitation with dramatic energy by men whose business it was to travel from one great house to another and delight the people by the way, was usual among us from the first. The scop invented and the glee-man recited heroic legends and other tales to our Anglo-Saxon forefathers. These were followed by the minstrels and other tellers of tales written for the people. They frequented fairs and merrymakings, spreading the knowledge not only of tales in prose or ballad form, but of appeals also to public sympathy from social reformers. As late as the year 1822, Allan Cunningham, in publishing a collection of "Traditional Tales of the English and Scottish Peasantry," spoke from his own recollection of itinerant story-tellers who were welcomed in the houses of the peasantry and earned a living by their craft. The earliest story-telling was in recitative. When the old alliteration passed on into rhyme, and the crowd or rustic fiddle took the place of the old "gleebeam" for accentuation of the measure and the meaning of the song, we come to the ballad-singer as Philip Sidney knew him. Sidney said, in his "Defence of Poesy," that he never heard the old song of Percy and Douglas, that he found not his heart moved more than with a trumpet; and yet, he said, "it is sung but by some blind crowder, with no rougher voice than rude style; which being so evil apparelled in the dust and cobweb of that uncivil age, what would it work trimmed in the gorgeous eloquence of Pindar?" Many an old ballad, instinct with natural feeling, has been more or less corrupted, by bad ear or memory, among the people upon whose lips it has lived. It is to be considered, however, that the old broader pronunciation of some letters developed some syllables and the swiftness of speech slurred over others, which will account for many an apparent halt in the music of what was actually, on the lips of the ballad-singer, a good metrical line. "Chevy Chase" is, most likely, a corruption of the French word chevauchee, which meant a dash over the border for destruction and plunder within the English pale. Chevauchee was the French equivalent to the Scottish border raid. Close relations between France and Scotland arose out of their common interest in checking movements towards their conquest by the kings of England, and many French words were used with a homely turn in Scottish common speech. Even that national source of joy, "great chieftain of the pudding-race," the haggis, has its name from the French hachis. At the end of the old ballad of "Chevy Chase," which reads the corrupted word into a new sense, as the Hunting on the Cheviot Hills, there is an identifying of the Hunting of the Cheviot with the Battle of Otterburn:— "Old men that knowen the ground well enough call it the Battle of Otterburn. At Otterburn began this spurn upon a Monenday; There was the doughty Douglas slain, the Percy never went away." The Battle of Otterburn was fought on the 19th of August 1388. The Scots were to muster at Jedburgh for a raid into England. The Earl of Northumberland and his sons, learning the strength of the Scottish gathering, resolved not to oppose it, but to make a counter raid into Scotland. The Scots heard of this and divided their force. The main body, under Archibald Douglas and others, rode for Carlisle. A detachment of three or four hundred men-at-arms and two thousand combatants, partly archers, rode for Newcastle and Durham, with James Earl of Douglas for one of their leaders. These were already pillaging and burning in Durham when the Earl of Northumberland first heard of them, and sent against them his sons Henry and Ralph Percy. In a hand-to-hand fight between Douglas and Henry Percy, Douglas took Percy's pennon. At Otterburn the Scots overcame the English but Douglas fell, struck by three spears at once, and Henry was captured in fight by Lord Montgomery. There was a Scots ballad on the Battle of Otterburn quoted in 1549 in a book—"The Complaynt of Scotland"—that also referred to the Hunttis of Chevet. The older version of "Chevy Chase" is in an Ashmole MS. in the Bodleian, from which it was first printed in 1719 by Thomas Hearne in his edition of William of Newbury's History. Its author turns the tables on the Scots with the suggestion of the comparative wealth of England and Scotland in men of the stamp of Douglas and Percy. The later version, which was once known more widely, is probably not older than the time of James I., and is the version praised by Addison in Nos. 70 and 74 of "The Spectator." "The Nut-Brown Maid," in which we can hardly doubt that a woman pleads for women, was first printed in 1502 in Richard Arnold's Chronicle. Nut-brown was the old word for brunette. There was an old saying that "a nut-brown girl is neat and blithe by nature." "Adam Bell, Clym of the Clough, and William of Cloudeslie" was