A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3
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English

A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3

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A POLITICAL HISTORY
OF THE
STATE OF NEW YORK
BY
DEALVA STANWOOD ALEXANDER, A.M., LL.D.
Member of Congress, Formerly United States Attorney for the Northern District of New York
NEW YORK HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY 1906 and 1909
MAIN CONTENTS
INDEX TO VOLUMES I-III
Abolitionists, denounced by press, ii. 9; by meetings, 10;
influence of, 1838, 25; 1844, 82; rapidly increasing strength, 89; unite with Hunkers and Barnburners, 1849, 150; separate nominations, 1850, 156; election of Smith to Congress, 179; nomination of Douglass for sec. of state, 216; favour peaceable secession, 336. Adams, Charles Francis, choice for President of Lib. Rep. leaders, iii. 282; defeated, 285. Adams-Jackson campaign, resembled that of Blaine-Cleveland, i. 367-8. Adams, John, cautioned not to speak of independence, i. 2; on Jay's state constitution, 8; suggests council of appointment, 8; anxiety to have his son President, 240. Adams, John Quincy, unpopularity of, i. 358; an anti-mason, 361; scene when elected President, 343; action of Van Rensselaer, 343. Administration Whigs, followers of Fillmore, ii. 157; unite with Dems. for Seymour's election, 1850, 157. Albany, political centre, i. 375. Albany Argus, on Clinton's loss of canal patronage, i. 261; paper of Edwin Croswell, 294; Seward's "forty million debt," ii. 35; on secession, 346. Albany Evening Journal, established March, 1830, i. 374; Thurlow Weed its first editor, 374; salary of, 374; largest circulation in U.S., 375. Albany Regency, ...

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A POLITICAL HISTORY
OF THE
STATE OF NEW YORK
BY
DEALVA STANWOOD ALEXANDER, A.M., LL.D.
Member of Congress, Formerly United States Attorney for the Northern District of New York
NEW YORK HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY 1906 and 1909
MAIN CONTENTS
INDEX TO VOLUMES I-III
Abolitionists, denounced by press, ii.9; by meetings,10;
influence of, 1838,25; 1844,82; rapidly increasing strength,89; unite with Hunkers and Barnburners, 1849,150; separate nominations, 1850,156; election of Smith to Congress,179; nomination of Douglass for sec. of state,216; favour peaceable secession,336.
Adams, Charles Francis, choice for President of Lib. Rep. leaders, iii. 282; defeated,285.
Adams-Jackson campaign, resembled that of Blaine-Cl eveland, i. 367-8.
Adams, John, cautioned not to speak of independence, i.2; on Jay's state constitution,8; suggests council of appointment,8; anxiety to have his son President,240.
Adams, John Quincy, unpopularity of, i.358; an anti-mason,361; scene when elected President,343; action of Van Rensselaer,343.
Administration Whigs, followers of Fillmore, ii.157; unite with Dems. for Seymour's election, 1850,157.
Albany, political centre, i.375.
AlbanyArgus, on Clinton's loss of canal patronage, i.261; paper of Edwin Croswell,294; Seward's "forty million debt," ii.35; on secession,346.
AlbanyEvening Journal, established March, 1830, i.374; Thurlow Weed its first editor,374; salary of,374; largest circulation in U.S.,375.
Albany Regency, when established, i.293-4; original members of,293-4; other members,294; Thurlow Weed on,294; supports Crawford, 1824,324; removes Clinton from canal com.,328; influence ended, ii.53.
AlbanyRegister, attacks Burr, i.123.
Alberger, Franklin A., candidate for canal com., 1861, iii.23, note; elected,29; renominated, 1864,117, note; elected,125.
Alien and Sedition Acts, overthrow Federal party, i.84; approved by Jay,85; Adams responsible for,88.
Allen, Peter, treatment of Fellows, i.256.
Allen, William F., Richmond's choice for gov., 1864, iii.117; nominated for comp., 1869,226; elected,227.
Alvord, Thomas G., the Onondaga Chief, Speaker of A ssembly, iii. 22; ch'm. People's Union con.,22; elected to Assembly,29; nominated for lt.-gov., 1864,117, note; elected,125.
"Amens," The, cradle of, iii.58.
American Citizen and Watchtower, controlled by Clinton, i.122; edited by Cheetham,122; attack on Burr,122-3.
American Colonization Society, history of, ii.7; forms republic of Liberia,8.
American party, seeNative American party.
Anderson, Robert H., nominated for prison insp., 1876, iii.346; defeated,350.
Andrew, John A., gov. of Massachusetts, i.274; Tompkins compared to,274; opinion of Brown, ii.269.
Andrews, Charles, nominated for chief judge Court of Appeals, 1882, iii.494; defeated,498.
Anti-Federalists, organisation of, i.38; in majority,38; elect gov., 1789,44; also, 1792,56; defeated, 1795,65; 1798,82; become known as Republicans,80.
"Anti-Jackson," "Anti-Mortgage," "Anti-Regency" factions unite as Whigs, i.399.
Anti-Masons, bolted Thompson in 1828, i.363; nominated Granger,363; substituted Southwick,364; ticket defeated,368; issues of, broadened,376; nominated Granger, 1830,376; defeat of,377; nominated Wirt for President, 1832,392; in accord with National Republicans,392; nominated Granger, 1832,393; electoral ticket of,393; reason for defeat,396; party dissolved,398; become Whigs,399.
Anti-Masonry, becomes political, i.360; excitement,360; confined to western half of state,360; Van Buren on,365; semi-religious,370; sudden reaction,398; popularity of Free-Masonry,398.
Anti-Nebraska convention, ii.194; prominent men present,194; reassembles,201; forerunner of Republican party,194.
Anti-Rent party, organisation of, ii.82-3; contest over constitutional convention,97; support Young for gov.,118-9; influence of, 1848,139.
Anti-Tammany organisations, 1871, iii.268; names and strength,268, note; unwilling to accept Kelly,299.
Apollo Hall, organisation of, iii.308; combination with, rejected by Tam.,308; accepted by Reps.,308.
Arbitrary arrests, opposition to, iii.19,20,47,58.
"Aristides,"nom de plumeof William P. Van Ness, i.123-6.
Armstrong, Cornelius W., nominated for canal com., 1865, iii.129; defeated,135.
Armstrong, John, author of Newburgh Letters, i.89; opposes Alien-Sedition laws,89; brother-in-law of Chancellor Livingston,116; elected to U.S. Senate,116; resigned,118; minister to France,150; opposes Clinton,204; changed views,204; Tompkins jealous of,216; character and career of,216; sec. of war,216,222; Spencer, a friend of,216; plan of Canada campaign,222; failure of,223; puts Wilkinson in command,223; plans again fail,224-5; promotes Brown and Scott,225; resigns in disgrace,227; Madison's dislike of,238.
Arthur, Chester A., early career and character, iii.399-402; becomes collector of port, 1871,399; his successor appointed, 1877,399; reasons for,399,402; successor defeated,404-5; President suspends him, 1878,406; reason for,406,408; his defence,408; successor confirmed,409; name suggested for Vice-President, 1880,444; will not listen to Conkling's objection,444; Conkling refuses to present name to Nat. con.,444; Woodford presents it,444; nominated on first ballot,445; people's reception of nomination,445; Sherman indignant,445, note; Mrs. Blaine's opinion of,446; career a study of evolution of character,446; supports Crowley for U.S. Senate, 1881,465; tries to compromise Robertson's appointment, 1881,472; becomes President, 1881,485; confidence expressed in,485; appointments favourably received,486; defeats Cornell's renomination, 1882,493; disastrous result,498.
Assembly, Provincial, refuses to approve proceedings of Congress, i. 4.
Assembly, State, original membership of, i.9;
election of,9; how apportioned,9; powers of,9; elected by,9.
Astor, John Jacob, approves books of Tammany's city comptroller, 1870, iii.245.
Astor, William B., contribution to fusion ticket, ii.332.
Auburn, gloom over Seward's defeat, ii.290-1, note.
Babcock, George R., declines nomination for state comp., 1875, iii. 325.
Bacon, Ezekiel, in constitutional convention, 1846, ii.103.
Bacon, Theodore, joins Lib. Rep. movement, iii.284; attends its Nat. con.,284; denounces Fenton's scheme,284.
Bacon, William J., congressman from Oneida district, iii.385; supports President Hayes,385; speech for,385.
Bailey, B. Prentiss, UticaObserver, a leading Dem. editor, iii.420.
Bailey, Theodorus, urged for appointment, i.121; Clinton's agent,152; elected to U.S. Senate,156.
Balcom, Ransom, reputation as a judge, iii.166; aspires to U.S. Senate, 1865,166.
Ballard, Horatio, nominated for sec. of state, 1861, iii.23, note; elected,29.
Baltimore convention, 1860, ii.294-303; Seymour strengthened,294; New York in control,294, note; seceding delegations wish to return,295; bitter debate,296-7; New York admits contestants,300; states secede,300; Soule's speech,300-1; Douglas nominated,302; Fitzpatrick nominated for Vice-President,302; Johnson substituted,302.
Baltimore Union Convention, 1864, iii.93-5;
its platform and nominees,94.
Banks, Republicans opposed to, i.186; Hamilton secures charters,186; clever trick of Burr,187; State Bank of Albany,187; Merchants' Bank of New York,189; Bank of America,191; charter granted,197.
Bank of Albany, incorporation of, i.186.
Bank of America of New York, incorporation of, i.191; inducements for,191.
Bank of Columbia at Hudson, incorporation of, i.186.
Bank of New York, incorporation of, i.186.
Barker, George P., at.-gen., ii.52.
Barkley, Alexander, nominated for canal com., 1868, iii.196; defeated,215; renominated, 1870,238; defeated,244; renominated, 1871,264; elected,275.
Barlow, Francis C., record as a soldier, iii.129; nominated for sec. of state, 1865,130; elected,135; not renominated, 1867,174; nominated for atty.-gen., 1871,264; elected,275; fine record of,307; dropped as atty.-gen., 1873,307.
Barnard, David, popular anti-masonic preacher, i.370.
Barnard, George G., Tweed's trusted judge, iii.177; foppish dress,177; appearance of,177; begins 1857 as recorder,177; advanced to Sup. Court, 1860,177; part in election frauds, 1868,216; fraudulent naturalisations,216-8; exposure,246; impeached,248; death,248.
Barnburners, Dem. faction, ii.126;
why so called,126; leaders of,126-7; hostility to Hunkers,127; secede from Dem. con., 1847,127; withdraw from Baltimore con.,130; hold Utica con.,131; nominate Van Buren for President,131; two factions of,131; leading members,131; Buffalo con., 1848,132; indorsed Van Buren for President,133; Webster's pun,133; nominated Dix for gov.,133; Seymour unites them with Hunkers,149; nominated Seymour for gov., 1850,156; defeated,158; support Marcy for President, 1852,169-72; support Pierce and Seymour, 1852,169-78; succeed,178; Hunkers secede, 1853,180-5; nominate separate ticket,184; approved canal amendment,184; called Softshells or Softs,185; seeSofts.
Barney, Hiram C., appointed collector of port of New York, ii.390; choice of Lincoln,390-6; mysterious influence in favour of,393; career of,395; crippled Weed machine,395-6; Lincoln plans to transfer him, iii.85; sustained by Chase,85; unsatisfactory collector,85; Lincoln promises Weed to remove him,87; Draper appointed in his place,97.
Barnum, Henry W., record as a soldier, iii.129; nominated for prison insp., 1865,130; elected,135; renominated, 1867,196; defeated,215.
Barstow, Gamaliel H., cand. for lt.-gov., 1836, ii.12; career of,13; defeated,14; state treas.,18; withdraws from politics,38.
Bascom, Oliver, nominated for canal com., 1868, iii.207; elected,215.
Bates, James K., nominated for prison insp., 1863, iii.76; elected,83.
Bayard, James A., cand. in opposition to Greeley, 1872, iii.289, note; attitude toward Tilden,354.
Beach, Allen C., nominated for lt.-gov., 1868, iii.207; elected,215; renominated,231; elected,244; aspires to be gov., 1872,297; nominated for sec. of state, 1877,384; vigorously opposed in campaign,387; elected,387; renominated, 1879,424; defeated,427.
Beach, John H., Seward's reliance upon, ii.34.
Beale, Charles L., in Congress, ii.339, note; disapproved Weed's compromise,339, note.
Beardsley, Samuel, leads Dem. forces in Congress, ii.1; heads mob against anti-slavery meeting,6; character of,53.
Beauregard, Pierre T., at Charleston, S.C., iii.2; reduces Fort Sumter,3; at Bull Run,11.
Beebe, George M., strong supporter of Tammany, iii.383.
Beecher's Bibles, Sharpe's rifles, ii.224.
Beecher, Henry Ward, active against repeal of Missouri compromise, ii.193; in campaign, 1860,240; political sermons of,329; indifference to secession,334; peaceable secession,336.
Resents Lincoln's relations with Conservatives, iii.90; forsakes Johnson,163; denounces his vicious course,163; supports Rep. ticket,163; on Cornell's defeat, 1882,495.
Beekman, John P., ambitious to be gov., ii.172-3.
Belmont, August, at Charleston convention, ii.272; approves Weed's compromise,338,341;
del. to Dem. nat. con., 1864, iii.101; 1872,287; Ch'm. of nat. ex. com.,287.
Belmont, Perry, presented for gov., 1882, iii.488.
Bemis, Horace, threatens to bolt leg. caucus, iii.53, note.
Bennett, James Gordon, editor of N.Y.Herald, iii.36; contest with Greeley,36; favours Dix for gov.,42.
Benson, Egbert, atty.-gen., i.16; at Hartford con.,28; at Annapolis,29; in Legislature,33; action on Federal Constitution,33; elected to Congress,44; appointed to Supreme Court,61.
Benton, Thomas H., on Van Buren's conscription law, i.232; on Van Buren's rejection as minister,389.
Betts, Samuel R., appointed to Supreme Court, i.322.
Bigelow, John, ch'm. of Tilden's canal com., 1875, iii.323; declines Rep. nomination for state comp., 1874,325; accepts Dem. nomination for sec. of state, 1874,326; elected,331; Tilden's spokesman at Nat. con., 1876,342; bitterly opposed for renomination as sec. of state,380; defeated,384.
Birdsall, John, on Supreme Court, i.348; induced to leave Anti-Masons,397.
Birdsall, John, State senator, iii.437; declares he will vote for Blaine, 1880,437.
Black, Jeremiah S., cand. in opposition to Greeley, 1872, iii.289, note.
Blaine, James G., oratorical castigation of Conkling, iii.168; supported by Robertson, 1876,335; thought Dems. lacked firmness, 1877,355; why Dems. favoured Electoral Com.,355; supports Conkling in contest to remove Arthur and Cornell,405; a striking tableau,405-6; again supports Conkling,410; name loudly applauded in state con., 1880,433; resented by Conkling,433;