A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3
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A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3


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Member of Congress, Formerly United States Attorney for the Northern District of New York
Abolitionists, denounced by press, ii. 9; by meetings, 10;
influence of, 1838, 25; 1844, 82; rapidly increasing strength, 89; unite with Hunkers and Barnburners, 1849, 150; separate nominations, 1850, 156; election of Smith to Congress, 179; nomination of Douglass for sec. of state, 216; favour peaceable secession, 336. Adams, Charles Francis, choice for President of Lib. Rep. leaders, iii. 282; defeated, 285. Adams-Jackson campaign, resembled that of Blaine-Cleveland, i. 367-8. Adams, John, cautioned not to speak of independence, i. 2; on Jay's state constitution, 8; suggests council of appointment, 8; anxiety to have his son President, 240. Adams, John Quincy, unpopularity of, i. 358; an anti-mason, 361; scene when elected President, 343; action of Van Rensselaer, 343. Administration Whigs, followers of Fillmore, ii. 157; unite with Dems. for Seymour's election, 1850, 157. Albany, political centre, i. 375. Albany Argus, on Clinton's loss of canal patronage, i. 261; paper of Edwin Croswell, 294; Seward's "forty million debt," ii. 35; on secession, 346. Albany Evening Journal, established March, 1830, i. 374; Thurlow Weed its first editor, 374; salary of, 374; largest circulation in U.S., 375. Albany Regency, ...



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Member of Congress, Formerly United States Attorney for the Northern District of New York
Abolitionists, denounced by press, ii.9; by meetings,10;
influence of, 1838,25; 1844,82; rapidly increasing strength,89; unite with Hunkers and Barnburners, 1849,150; separate nominations, 1850,156; election of Smith to Congress,179; nomination of Douglass for sec. of state,216; favour peaceable secession,336.
Adams, Charles Francis, choice for President of Lib. Rep. leaders, iii. 282; defeated,285.
Adams-Jackson campaign, resembled that of Blaine-Cl eveland, i. 367-8.
Adams, John, cautioned not to speak of independence, i.2; on Jay's state constitution,8; suggests council of appointment,8; anxiety to have his son President,240.
Adams, John Quincy, unpopularity of, i.358; an anti-mason,361; scene when elected President,343; action of Van Rensselaer,343.
Administration Whigs, followers of Fillmore, ii.157; unite with Dems. for Seymour's election, 1850,157.
Albany, political centre, i.375.
AlbanyArgus, on Clinton's loss of canal patronage, i.261; paper of Edwin Croswell,294; Seward's "forty million debt," ii.35; on secession,346.
AlbanyEvening Journal, established March, 1830, i.374; Thurlow Weed its first editor,374; salary of,374; largest circulation in U.S.,375.
Albany Regency, when established, i.293-4; original members of,293-4; other members,294; Thurlow Weed on,294; supports Crawford, 1824,324; removes Clinton from canal com.,328; influence ended, ii.53.
AlbanyRegister, attacks Burr, i.123.
Alberger, Franklin A., candidate for canal com., 1861, iii.23, note; elected,29; renominated, 1864,117, note; elected,125.
Alien and Sedition Acts, overthrow Federal party, i.84; approved by Jay,85; Adams responsible for,88.
Allen, Peter, treatment of Fellows, i.256.
Allen, William F., Richmond's choice for gov., 1864, iii.117; nominated for comp., 1869,226; elected,227.
Alvord, Thomas G., the Onondaga Chief, Speaker of A ssembly, iii. 22; ch'm. People's Union con.,22; elected to Assembly,29; nominated for lt.-gov., 1864,117, note; elected,125.
"Amens," The, cradle of, iii.58.
American Citizen and Watchtower, controlled by Clinton, i.122; edited by Cheetham,122; attack on Burr,122-3.
American Colonization Society, history of, ii.7; forms republic of Liberia,8.
American party, seeNative American party.
Anderson, Robert H., nominated for prison insp., 1876, iii.346; defeated,350.
Andrew, John A., gov. of Massachusetts, i.274; Tompkins compared to,274; opinion of Brown, ii.269.
Andrews, Charles, nominated for chief judge Court of Appeals, 1882, iii.494; defeated,498.
Anti-Federalists, organisation of, i.38; in majority,38; elect gov., 1789,44; also, 1792,56; defeated, 1795,65; 1798,82; become known as Republicans,80.
"Anti-Jackson," "Anti-Mortgage," "Anti-Regency" factions unite as Whigs, i.399.
Anti-Masons, bolted Thompson in 1828, i.363; nominated Granger,363; substituted Southwick,364; ticket defeated,368; issues of, broadened,376; nominated Granger, 1830,376; defeat of,377; nominated Wirt for President, 1832,392; in accord with National Republicans,392; nominated Granger, 1832,393; electoral ticket of,393; reason for defeat,396; party dissolved,398; become Whigs,399.
Anti-Masonry, becomes political, i.360; excitement,360; confined to western half of state,360; Van Buren on,365; semi-religious,370; sudden reaction,398; popularity of Free-Masonry,398.
Anti-Nebraska convention, ii.194; prominent men present,194; reassembles,201; forerunner of Republican party,194.
Anti-Rent party, organisation of, ii.82-3; contest over constitutional convention,97; support Young for gov.,118-9; influence of, 1848,139.
Anti-Tammany organisations, 1871, iii.268; names and strength,268, note; unwilling to accept Kelly,299.
Apollo Hall, organisation of, iii.308; combination with, rejected by Tam.,308; accepted by Reps.,308.
Arbitrary arrests, opposition to, iii.19,20,47,58.
"Aristides,"nom de plumeof William P. Van Ness, i.123-6.
Armstrong, Cornelius W., nominated for canal com., 1865, iii.129; defeated,135.
Armstrong, John, author of Newburgh Letters, i.89; opposes Alien-Sedition laws,89; brother-in-law of Chancellor Livingston,116; elected to U.S. Senate,116; resigned,118; minister to France,150; opposes Clinton,204; changed views,204; Tompkins jealous of,216; character and career of,216; sec. of war,216,222; Spencer, a friend of,216; plan of Canada campaign,222; failure of,223; puts Wilkinson in command,223; plans again fail,224-5; promotes Brown and Scott,225; resigns in disgrace,227; Madison's dislike of,238.
Arthur, Chester A., early career and character, iii.399-402; becomes collector of port, 1871,399; his successor appointed, 1877,399; reasons for,399,402; successor defeated,404-5; President suspends him, 1878,406; reason for,406,408; his defence,408; successor confirmed,409; name suggested for Vice-President, 1880,444; will not listen to Conkling's objection,444; Conkling refuses to present name to Nat. con.,444; Woodford presents it,444; nominated on first ballot,445; people's reception of nomination,445; Sherman indignant,445, note; Mrs. Blaine's opinion of,446; career a study of evolution of character,446; supports Crowley for U.S. Senate, 1881,465; tries to compromise Robertson's appointment, 1881,472; becomes President, 1881,485; confidence expressed in,485; appointments favourably received,486; defeats Cornell's renomination, 1882,493; disastrous result,498.
Assembly, Provincial, refuses to approve proceedings of Congress, i. 4.
Assembly, State, original membership of, i.9;
election of,9; how apportioned,9; powers of,9; elected by,9.
Astor, John Jacob, approves books of Tammany's city comptroller, 1870, iii.245.
Astor, William B., contribution to fusion ticket, ii.332.
Auburn, gloom over Seward's defeat, ii.290-1, note.
Babcock, George R., declines nomination for state comp., 1875, iii. 325.
Bacon, Ezekiel, in constitutional convention, 1846, ii.103.
Bacon, Theodore, joins Lib. Rep. movement, iii.284; attends its Nat. con.,284; denounces Fenton's scheme,284.
Bacon, William J., congressman from Oneida district, iii.385; supports President Hayes,385; speech for,385.
Bailey, B. Prentiss, UticaObserver, a leading Dem. editor, iii.420.
Bailey, Theodorus, urged for appointment, i.121; Clinton's agent,152; elected to U.S. Senate,156.
Balcom, Ransom, reputation as a judge, iii.166; aspires to U.S. Senate, 1865,166.
Ballard, Horatio, nominated for sec. of state, 1861, iii.23, note; elected,29.
Baltimore convention, 1860, ii.294-303; Seymour strengthened,294; New York in control,294, note; seceding delegations wish to return,295; bitter debate,296-7; New York admits contestants,300; states secede,300; Soule's speech,300-1; Douglas nominated,302; Fitzpatrick nominated for Vice-President,302; Johnson substituted,302.
Baltimore Union Convention, 1864, iii.93-5;
its platform and nominees,94.
Banks, Republicans opposed to, i.186; Hamilton secures charters,186; clever trick of Burr,187; State Bank of Albany,187; Merchants' Bank of New York,189; Bank of America,191; charter granted,197.
Bank of Albany, incorporation of, i.186.
Bank of America of New York, incorporation of, i.191; inducements for,191.
Bank of Columbia at Hudson, incorporation of, i.186.
Bank of New York, incorporation of, i.186.
Barker, George P., at.-gen., ii.52.
Barkley, Alexander, nominated for canal com., 1868, iii.196; defeated,215; renominated, 1870,238; defeated,244; renominated, 1871,264; elected,275.
Barlow, Francis C., record as a soldier, iii.129; nominated for sec. of state, 1865,130; elected,135; not renominated, 1867,174; nominated for atty.-gen., 1871,264; elected,275; fine record of,307; dropped as atty.-gen., 1873,307.
Barnard, David, popular anti-masonic preacher, i.370.
Barnard, George G., Tweed's trusted judge, iii.177; foppish dress,177; appearance of,177; begins 1857 as recorder,177; advanced to Sup. Court, 1860,177; part in election frauds, 1868,216; fraudulent naturalisations,216-8; exposure,246; impeached,248; death,248.
Barnburners, Dem. faction, ii.126;
why so called,126; leaders of,126-7; hostility to Hunkers,127; secede from Dem. con., 1847,127; withdraw from Baltimore con.,130; hold Utica con.,131; nominate Van Buren for President,131; two factions of,131; leading members,131; Buffalo con., 1848,132; indorsed Van Buren for President,133; Webster's pun,133; nominated Dix for gov.,133; Seymour unites them with Hunkers,149; nominated Seymour for gov., 1850,156; defeated,158; support Marcy for President, 1852,169-72; support Pierce and Seymour, 1852,169-78; succeed,178; Hunkers secede, 1853,180-5; nominate separate ticket,184; approved canal amendment,184; called Softshells or Softs,185; seeSofts.
Barney, Hiram C., appointed collector of port of New York, ii.390; choice of Lincoln,390-6; mysterious influence in favour of,393; career of,395; crippled Weed machine,395-6; Lincoln plans to transfer him, iii.85; sustained by Chase,85; unsatisfactory collector,85; Lincoln promises Weed to remove him,87; Draper appointed in his place,97.
Barnum, Henry W., record as a soldier, iii.129; nominated for prison insp., 1865,130; elected,135; renominated, 1867,196; defeated,215.
Barstow, Gamaliel H., cand. for lt.-gov., 1836, ii.12; career of,13; defeated,14; state treas.,18; withdraws from politics,38.
Bascom, Oliver, nominated for canal com., 1868, iii.207; elected,215.
Bates, James K., nominated for prison insp., 1863, iii.76; elected,83.
Bayard, James A., cand. in opposition to Greeley, 1872, iii.289, note; attitude toward Tilden,354.
Beach, Allen C., nominated for lt.-gov., 1868, iii.207; elected,215; renominated,231; elected,244; aspires to be gov., 1872,297; nominated for sec. of state, 1877,384; vigorously opposed in campaign,387; elected,387; renominated, 1879,424; defeated,427.
Beach, John H., Seward's reliance upon, ii.34.
Beale, Charles L., in Congress, ii.339, note; disapproved Weed's compromise,339, note.
Beardsley, Samuel, leads Dem. forces in Congress, ii.1; heads mob against anti-slavery meeting,6; character of,53.
Beauregard, Pierre T., at Charleston, S.C., iii.2; reduces Fort Sumter,3; at Bull Run,11.
Beebe, George M., strong supporter of Tammany, iii.383.
Beecher's Bibles, Sharpe's rifles, ii.224.
Beecher, Henry Ward, active against repeal of Missouri compromise, ii.193; in campaign, 1860,240; political sermons of,329; indifference to secession,334; peaceable secession,336.
Resents Lincoln's relations with Conservatives, iii.90; forsakes Johnson,163; denounces his vicious course,163; supports Rep. ticket,163; on Cornell's defeat, 1882,495.
Beekman, John P., ambitious to be gov., ii.172-3.
Belmont, August, at Charleston convention, ii.272; approves Weed's compromise,338,341;
del. to Dem. nat. con., 1864, iii.101; 1872,287; Ch'm. of nat. ex. com.,287.
Belmont, Perry, presented for gov., 1882, iii.488.
Bemis, Horace, threatens to bolt leg. caucus, iii.53, note.
Bennett, James Gordon, editor of N.Y.Herald, iii.36; contest with Greeley,36; favours Dix for gov.,42.
Benson, Egbert, atty.-gen., i.16; at Hartford con.,28; at Annapolis,29; in Legislature,33; action on Federal Constitution,33; elected to Congress,44; appointed to Supreme Court,61.
Benton, Thomas H., on Van Buren's conscription law, i.232; on Van Buren's rejection as minister,389.
Betts, Samuel R., appointed to Supreme Court, i.322.
Bigelow, John, ch'm. of Tilden's canal com., 1875, iii.323; declines Rep. nomination for state comp., 1874,325; accepts Dem. nomination for sec. of state, 1874,326; elected,331; Tilden's spokesman at Nat. con., 1876,342; bitterly opposed for renomination as sec. of state,380; defeated,384.
Birdsall, John, on Supreme Court, i.348; induced to leave Anti-Masons,397.
Birdsall, John, State senator, iii.437; declares he will vote for Blaine, 1880,437.
Black, Jeremiah S., cand. in opposition to Greeley, 1872, iii.289, note.
Blaine, James G., oratorical castigation of Conkling, iii.168; supported by Robertson, 1876,335; thought Dems. lacked firmness, 1877,355; why Dems. favoured Electoral Com.,355; supports Conkling in contest to remove Arthur and Cornell,405; a striking tableau,405-6; again supports Conkling,410; name loudly applauded in state con., 1880,433; resented by Conkling,433;