A Portraiture of Quakerism, Volume 2
104 Pages
English

A Portraiture of Quakerism, Volume 2

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, A Portraiture of Quakerism, Volume II (of 3), by Thomas Clarkson
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,
give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at
www.gutenberg.net
Title: A Portraiture of Quakerism, Volume II (of 3)
Author: Thomas Clarkson
Release Date: March 4, 2005 [eBook #15261]
Language: English
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A PORTRAITURE OF QUAKERISM, VOLUME II (OF 3)***
E-text prepared by Carlo Traverso, Graeme Mackreth, and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team
from images generously made available by the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF/Gallica) at http://gallica.bnf.fr.
A PORTRAITURE OF QUAKERISM, VOLUME II
Taken from a View of the Education and Discipline, Social Manners, Civil and Political Economy, Religious Principles
and Character, of the Society of Friends
by
THOMAS CLARKSON, M.A.
Author of Several Essays on the Slave Trade
New York: Published by Samuel Stansbury, No 111, Water-Street
1806
CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.
PECULIAR CUSTOMS.
CHAPTER I.
SECT. I.—Marriage—Regulation and example of George Fox, relative to Marriage—Present regulations, and manner of
the celebration of it among the Quakers.
SECT. II.—Those who marry out of the society, are disowned—Various reasons for such a measure—Objection to it—
Reply.
SECT III.—But the disowned may ...

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Published 08 December 2010
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The Project Gutenberg eBook, A Portraiture of Quakerism, Volume II (of 3), by Thomas Clarkson This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: A Portraiture of Quakerism, Volume II (of 3) Author: Thomas Clarkson Release Date: March 4, 2005 [eBook #15261] Language: English ***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A PORTRAITURE OF QUAKERISM, VOLUME II (OF 3)*** E-text prepared by Carlo Traverso, Graeme Mackreth, and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team from images generously made available by the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF/Gallica) at http://gallica.bnf.fr. A PORTRAITURE OF QUAKERISM, VOLUME II Taken from a View of the Education and Discipline, Social Manners, Civil and Political Economy, Religious Principles and Character, of the Society of Friends by THOMAS CLARKSON, M.A. Author of Several Essays on the Slave Trade New York: Published by Samuel Stansbury, No 111, Water-Street 1806 CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME. PECULIAR CUSTOMS. CHAPTER I. SECT. I.—Marriage—Regulation and example of George Fox, relative to Marriage—Present regulations, and manner of the celebration of it among the Quakers. SECT. II.—Those who marry out of the society, are disowned—Various reasons for such a measure—Objection to it— Reply. SECT III.—But the disowned may be restored to membership—Terms of their restoration—these terms censured— Reply. SECT IV.—More women disowned on this account than men—Probable causes of this difference of number. CHAPTER II. SECT I.—Funerals—Extravagance and pageantry of ancient and modern funerals—These discarded by the Quakers— Plain manner in which they inter their dead. SECT II.—Quakers use no tomb-stones, nor monumental inscriptions —Various reasons of their disuse of these. SECT. III.—Neither do they use mourning garments—Reasons why they thus differ from the world—These reasons farther elucidated by considerations on Court-mourning. CHAPTER III. Occupations—Agriculture declining among the Quakers—Causes and disadvantages of this decline. CHAPTER IV. SECT. I.—Trade—Quakers view trade as a moral question—Prohibit a variety of trades and dealings on this account —various other wholesome regulations concerning it. SECT. II.—But though the Quakers thus prohibit many trades, they are found in some which are considered objectionable by the world—These specified and examined. CHAPTER V. Settlement of differences—Abstain from duels-and also from law—Have recourse to arbitration—Their rules concerning arbitration—An account of an Arbitration Society at Newcastle upon Tyne, on Quaker-principles. CHAPTER VI. SECT. I.—Poor—No beggars among the Quakers—Manner of relieving and providing for the poor. SECT. II.—Education of the children of the poor provided for—Observations on the number of the Quaker-poor—and on their character. RELIGION. INTRODUCTION. Invitation to a perusal of this part of the work—The necessity of humility and charity in religion on account of the limited powers of the human understanding—Object of this invitation. CHAPTER I. God has given to all, besides an intellectual, a spiritual understanding—Some have had a greater portion of this spirit than others, such as Abraham, and Moses, and the prophets, and Apostles—Jesus Christ had it without limit or measure. CHAPTER II. Except a man has a portion of the same spirit, which Jesus, and the Prophets, and the Apostles had, he cannot know spiritual things—This doctrine confirmed by St. Paul—And elucidated by a comparison between the faculties of men and of brutes. CHAPTER III. Neither except he has a portion of the same spirit, can he know the scriptures to be of divine origin, nor can he spiritually understand them—Objection to this doctrine-Reply. CHAPTER IV. This spirit, which has been thus given to men in different degrees, has been given them as a teacher or guide in their spiritual concerns—Way in which it teaches. CHAPTER V. This spirit may be considered as the primary and infallible guide—and the scriptures but a secondary means of instruction—but the Quakers do not undervalue the latter on this account—Their opinion concerning them. CHAPTER VI. This spirit, as a primary and infallible guide, has been given to men universally—From the creation to Moses—From Moses to Christ—From Christ to the present day. CHAPTER VII. Sect. I.—And as it has been universally to men, so it has been given them sufficiently—Those who resist it, quench it —Those who attend to it, are in the way of redemption. Sect. II.—This spirit then besides its office of a spiritual guide, performs that of a Redeemer to men—Redemption outward and inward—Inward effected by this spirit. Sect. III.—Inward redemption produces a new birth—and leads to perfection—This inward redemption possible to all. Sect. IV—New birth and perfection more particularly explained-New birth as real from "the spiritual seed of the kingdom" as that of plants and vegetables from their seeds in the natural world—and goes on in the same manner progressively to maturity. CHAPTER VIII. SECT. I.—Possibility of redemption to all denied by the favours of "Election and Reprobation"—Quaker-refutation of the later doctrine. SECT. II.—Quaker refutation continued. CHAPTER IX. Recapitulation of all the doctrines advanced—Objection that the Quakers make every thing of the Spirit and but little of Jesus Christ—Attempt to show that Christians often differ without a just cause—Or that there is no material difference between the creeds of the Quakers and that of the objectors on this subject. CHAPTER X. SECT. I.—Ministers of the Gospel—Quakers conceive that the spirit of God alone can qualify for the ministry—Women equally qualified with men—Way in which ministers are called and acknowledged among the Quakers. SECT. II.—Quaker-ministers, when acknowledged, engage in family visits—Nature of these—and sometimes in missions through England—and sometimes in foreign parts. CHAPTER XI. Elders—Their origin and their office—These are not to meddle with the discipline of the church. CHAPTER XII. SECT I.—Worship—is usually made to consist of prayer and preaching—But neither of these are considered by the Quakers to be effectual without the aid of the spirit—Hence no liturgy or studied form of words among the Quakers— Reputed manner and character of Quaker-preaching—Observations upon these. SECT. II—Silent worship—Manner of it—Worship not necessarily connected with words—Advantages of this mode of worship. SECT. III.—Quakers discard every thing formal and superstitious from their worship—No consecrated ground—No priest's garments—No psalmody—No one day esteemed by them holier than another—Reasons for these singularities. CHAPTER XIII. Miscellaneous particularities—Quakers seldom use the words "original sin," or "Trinity," and never "the word of God" for the Scriptures—Believe in the manhood and divinity of Christ—In the resurrection—Their ideas on sanctification and justification. CHAPTER XIV. Quakers reject baptism and the Lord's supper—Indulgence solicited for them on account of the difficulties connected with these subjects—These difficulties explained. CHAPTER XV. SECT. I.—Two baptisms, that of John and of Christ—That of John was by water—and a Jewish ordinance—John the prophet left under the law. SECT. II.—Baptism of Christ was by the Spirit—This the baptism of the Gospel—Authorities on which this distinction between the two is founded. SECT. III.—Quakers conceive it was not the baptism of John which Jesus included in the Great Commission, when he ordered his disciples to go into all nations, and to teach them, baptizing in the name of the father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost—This shown from expressions taken from St. Peter and St. Paul—and from the object and nature of this baptism. SECT. IV.—But that it was the baptism of Christ—This shown from a critical examination of the words in the commission itself—And from the commission, as explained by St. Mark, St. Luke, and St. Paul. SECT.