American Merchant Ships and Sailors

American Merchant Ships and Sailors

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, American Merchant Ships and Sailors, by Willis J. Abbot, Illustrated by Ray Brown
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it , give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online atwww.gutenberg.net
Title: American Merchant Ships and Sailors
Author: Willis J. Abbot
Release Date: April 18, 2005 [eBook #15648]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG MERCHANT SHIPS AND SAILORS***
EBOOK
AMERICAN
E-text prepared by Jason Isbell, Emmy, and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team (www.pgdp.net)
American Merchant
Ships and Sailors
By
WILLISJ. ABBOT
Author ofNaval History of the United States,Bluejackets of 1898, etc.
Illustrated byRAYBROWN
NEWYO RK DO DD, MEAD& CO MPANY THECAXTO NPRESS NEWYO RK.
1902
BOOKS BY WILLIS J. ABBOT
Naval History of the United States
Blue Jackets of 1898
Battlefields of '61
Battlefields and Campfires Battlefields and Victory
NEW ENGLAND EARLY TOOK THE LEAD IN BUILDING SHIPS
Preface
In an earlier series of books the present writer to ld the story of the high achievements of the men of the United States Navy, from the day of Paul Jones to that of Dewey, Schley, and Sampson. It is a reco rd Americans may well regard with pride, for in wars of defense or offense, in wars just or unjust, the American blue jacket has discharged the duty allotted to him cheerfully, gallantly, and efficiently.
But there are triumphs to be won by sea and by land greater than those of war, dangers to be braved, more menacing than the odds of battle. It was a glorious deed to win the battle of Santiago, but Fulton and Ericsson influenced the progress of the world more than all the heroes of history. The daily life of those who go down to the sea in ships is one of constant battle, and the whaler caught in the ice-pack is in more direful case than the blockaded cruiser; while the captain of the ocean liner, guiding through a dense fog his colossal craft freighted with two thousand human lives, has on his mind a weightier load of responsibility than the admiral of the fleet.
In all times and ages, the deeds of the men who sail the deep as its policemen or its soldiery have been sung in praise. It is time for chronicle of the high courage, the reckless daring, and oftentimes the noble self-sacrifice of those
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facing132
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"BO UNDTHEMTOTHECHAINCABLE"
"THEDREADNAUG HT"—NEWYO RKANDLIVERPO O LPACKET
NEWENG LANDEARLYTO O KTHELEADINBUILDINGSHIPS
THEKETCH
ANARMEDCUTTER
A "PINK"
"THEWATERFRO NTO FAGREATSEAPO RTLIKENEWYO RK"
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facing98
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"A FAVO RITETRICKO FTHEFLEEINGSLAVERWASTOTHRO WO VER SLAVES"
THEREAREBUILDINGINAMERICANYARDS
List of Illustrations
Frontispiece
WILLIS JOHN ABBOT.
THEBUG-EYE
"THEBRO ADARRO WWASPUTO NALLWHITEPINES24 INCHESIN DIAMETER"
Ann Arbor, Mich., May 1, 1902.
facing82
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8
2
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THESHALLO P
PAGE
DEALERSWHOCAMEO NBO ARDWERETHEMSELVESKIDNAPPED
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who use the Seven Seas to extend the markets of the world, to bring nations nearer together, to advance science, and to cement the world into one great interdependent whole.
"RO TATMO ULDERINGWHARVES"
"INSTANTLYTHEGUNWASRUNOUTANDDISCHARG ED"
AFTERABRITISHLIEUTENANTHADPICKEDTHEBESTO FHERCREW
THESNO W,ANOBSO LETETYPE
"THERESHEBLO WS!"
EARLYTYPEO FSMACK
"SENDINGBO ATANDMENFLYINGINTOTHEAIR"
"THEFARMER-BUILDERTO O KHISPLACEATTHEHELM"
SCHO O NER-RIG G EDSHARPIE
"THERO PEWASPUTARO UNDHISNECK"
"SUDDENLYTHEMATEGAVEAHO WL—'STARNALL!"
"THELO UDLAUG HO FTENRO SEATMYEXPENSE"
A VANISHINGTYPEO NTHELAKES
IFTHEYRETREATEDFARTHERHEWO ULDBLO WUPTHESHIP
THEWO O DENBATEAUXO FTHEFURTRADERS
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facing266
facing334
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TRAWLINGFRO MADO RY
REVENUECUTTER
WHISTLINGBUO Y
facing204
"TWOBO AT-LO ADSO FREDCO ATSBO ARDEDUSANDTO O KUSPRISO NERS"
"THEYFELLDO WNANDDIEDASTHEYWALKED"
MINO T'SLEDG ELIG HT
FEEDINGTHEFURNACE
THEPRISO NSHIP"JERSEY"
ONTHEBANKS
"STRIVINGTOREACHHERDECKSATEVERYPO INT"
STRIKESASCHO O NERANDSHEARSTHRO UG HHERLIKEAKNIFE
ONEO FTHEFIRSTLAKESAILO RS
"THETREACHERO USKAYAK"
ADRIFTO NANICEFLO E
ANARCTICHO USE
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LAUNCHINGALIFEBO ATTHRO UG HTHESURF
"THEBO YSMARKEDTHEIRFISHBYCUTTINGO FFTHEIRTAILS"
"THEEVENINGWO ULDPASSINRUDEANDHARMLESSJO LLITY"
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facing176
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facing236
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THEEXCITINGMO MENTINTHEPILO T'STRADE
NEARLYEVERYMANO NTHEQUARTERDECKO FTHE"ARG O"WASKILLEDO R WO UNDED
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THEMISSISSIPPIPILO T
"THEWHALEBACK"
FISHINGFRO MTHERAIL
A DECKLO ADO FCO TTO N
THESHIPWASCAUG HTINTHEICEPACK
facing366
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ANESQ UIMAU
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DELO NG'SMENDRAG G INGTHEIRBO ATSO VERTHEICE
"THERED-MENSETUPO NTHEMANDSLEWTHEMALL"
"TAKINGITINHISJAWS"
"I THINKSHEISAHEAVYSHIP"
FLATBO ATSMANNEDWITHRIFLEMEN
Contents
CHAPTER I.
THE AMERICAN SHIPANDTHE AMERICAN SAILO R—NEW ENG LAND'S LEADO NTHE OCEAN —THE EARLIEST AMERICAN SHIP-BUILDING—HO WTHE SHIPYARDS MULTIPLIED—LAWLESS TIMESO NTHE HIG H SEAS—SHIP-BUILDINGINTHE FO RESTSANDO NTHE FARM—SO ME EARLYTYPES—THECO URSEO FMARITIMETRADE—THEFIRSTSCHO O NERANDTHEFIRST FULL-RIG G EDHSIP—JEALO USYANDNATAG O NISMO FNEG LAND—THEEPSTO F PRIVATEERING—ENCO URAG EMENTFRO M CO NG RESS—THEOGLDENADYSO FUOR MERCHANT MARINE—FIG HTING CAPTAINSAND TRADING CAPTAINS—GRO UND BETWEEN FRANCEAND ENG LAND—CHECKEDBYTHE WARS—SEALINGAND WHALING—INTOTHE PACIFIC—HO W YANKEE BO YS MO UNTEDTHE QUARTER-DECK—SO ME STO RIESO F EARLY SEAMEN—THEPACKETSANDTHEIREXPLO ITS
CHAPTER II.
THE TRANSITIO NFRO M SAILSTO STEAM—THE CHANG EIN MARINE ARCHITECTURETHE DEPO PULATIO NO FTHE OCEAN—CHANG ESINTHE SAILO R'S LO T—FRO M WO O DTO STEEL —THEINVENTIO NO FTHESTEAMBO AT—THEFATEO FFITCH—FULTO N'SLO NGSTRUG G LES —OPPO SITIO NO FTHE SCIENTISTS—THE "CLERMO NT"—THE STEAMBO AT ONTHE OCEAN —ON WESTERN RIVERS—THE TRANSATLANTIC PASSAG E—THE "SAVANNAH" MAKESTHE FIRSTCRO SSING—ESTABLISHMENTO FBRITISHLINES—EFFO RTSO FUNITEDSTATESSHIP-OWNERSTOCO MPETE—THEFAMO USCO LLINSLINE—THEDECADENCEO FOURMERCHANT MARINE—SIG NSO F ITS REVIVAL—OUR GREAT DO MESTIC SHIPPING INTEREST—AMERICA'S FUTUREO NTHESEA
CHAPTER III.
ANUG LYFEATUREO FEARLYSEAFARING—THESLAVETRADEANDITSPRO MO TERS—PART PLAYEDBY EMINENT NEW ENG LANDERS—HO WTHE TRADE GREW UP—THE PIO US AUSPICES WHICH SURRO UNDEDTHE TRAFFIC—SLAVE-STEALINGAND SABBATH-BREAKING —CO NDITIO NSO FTHETRADE—SIZEO FTHEVESSELS—HO WTHECAPTIVESWERETREATED —MUTINIES, MAN-STEALING,ANDMURDER—THEREVELATIO NSO FTHEABO LITIO NSO CIETY —EFFO RTSTO BREAK UPTHE TRADE—AN AWFUL RETRIBUTIO N—ENG LAND LEADSTHE WAY—DIFFICULTYO F ENFO RCINGTHE LAW—AMERICA'S SHAME—THE ENDO FTHE EVIL —THELASTSLAVER
CHAPTER IV.
THE WHALING INDUSTRY—ITS EARLY DEVELO PMENTIN NEW ENG LAND—KNO WNTOTHE ANCIENTS—SHO RE WHALING BEG INNING SO FTHE DEEP-SEA FISHERIES—THE PRIZESO F WHALING—PIETYO FITSEARLYPRO MO TERS—THERIG HTWHALEANDTHECACHALO T—A FLURRY—SO MEFIG HTINGWHALES—THE"ESSEX"ANDTHE"ANNALEXANDER"—TYPESO F WHALERS—DECADENCEO FTHENIDUSTRY—EFFECTO F OUR NATIO NAL WARS—THE EMBARG O—SO MESTO RIESO FWHALINGLIFE
CHAPTER V.
THEPRIVATEERS—PARTTAKENBYMERCHANTSAILO RSINBUILDINGUPTHEPRIVATEERING SYSTEM—LAWLESS STATEO FTHE HIG H SEAS—METHO DO F DISTRIBUTING PRIVATEERING PRO FITS—PICTURESQ UEFEATURESO FTHECALLING—THEGENTLEMENSAILO RS—EFFECTS
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O NTHEREVO LUTIO NARYARMY—PERILSO FPRIVATEERING—THEOLDJERSEYPRISO NSHIP —EXTENTO F PRIVATEERINGEFFECT ON AMERICAN MARINE ARCHITECTURESO ME FAMO US PRIVATEERS—THE "CHASSEUR,"THE "PRINCEDE NEUFCHÁTEL,"THE "MAMMO TH" —THESYSTEMO FCO NVO YSANDTHE"RUNNINGSHIPS"—A TYPICALPRIVATEERS' BATTLE —THE"GENERALARMSTRO NG"ATFAYAL—SUMMARYO FTHEWO RKO FTHEPRIVATEERS
CHAPTER VI.
THEARCTICTRAG EDY—AMERICANSAILO RSINTHEFRO ZENDEEP—THESEARCHFO RSIR JO HN FRANKLIN—REASO NSFO R SEEKINGTHE NO RTH PO LE—TESTIMO NYO F SCIENTISTS AND EXPLO RERS—PERTINACITYO F PO LAR VO YAG ERS—DR. KANEAND DR. HAYES —CHARLESH F. ALL, JO URNALISTAND EXPLO RER—MIRACULO US ESCAPEO F HIS PARTY —THEILL-FATED"JEANNETTE" EXPEDITIO N—SUFFERINGANDDEATHO FDELO NGANDHIS CO MPANIO NS—A PITIFUL DIARY—THE GREELY EXPEDITIO N—ITS CAREFUL PLANAND CO MPLETE DISASTER—RESCUEO FTHE GREELY SURVIVO RS—PEARY, WELLMAN,AND BALDWIN
CHAPTER VII.
THEGREATLAKES—THEIRSHAREINTHEMARITIMETRAFFICO FTHEUNITEDSTATES—THE EARLIEST RECO RDED VO YAG ERS—INDIANSAND FUR TRADERS—THE PIG MY CANALATTHE SAULT STE. MARIE—BEG INNINGO F NAVIG ATIO NBY SAILS—DE LA SALLEAND THE "GRIFFIN"—RECO LLECTIO NSO F EARLY LAKE SEAMEN—THE LAKESASA HIG HWAYFO R WESTWARD EMIG RATIO N—THE FIRST STEAMBO AT—EFFECTO F MINERAL DISCO VERIESO N LAKE SUPERIO R—THE ORE-CARRYING FLEET—THE WHALEBACKS—THE SEAMENO FTHE LAKES—THE GREAT CANALATTHE "SO O"—THE CHANNELTO BUFFALO—BARRED OUT FRO MTHEOCEAN
CHAPTER VIII.
THE MISSISSIPPIAND TRIBUTARY RIVERS—THE CHANG ING PHASESO F THEIR SHIPPING —RIVER NAVIG ATIO NASA NATIO N-BUILDING FO RCE—THE VALUEO F SMALL STREAMS —WO RKO FTHE OHIO CO MPANY—AN EARLY PRO PELLER—THE FRENCH FIRSTO NTHE MISSISSIPPI—THE SPANIARDSAT NEW ORLEANS—EARLY METHO DSO F NAVIG ATIO N—THE FLATBO AT,THE BRO ADHO RN,ANDTHE KEELBO AT—LIFEO FTHE RIVERMEN—PIRATESAND BUCCANEERS—LAFITTEANDTHE BARATARIANS—THE GENESISO FTHE STEAMBO ATS —CAPRICIO US RIVER—FLUSHITMESIN NEW ORLEANS—RAPID MULTIPLICATIO NO F STEAMBO ATS—RECENT FIG URESO N RIVER SHIPPING—CO MMO DO RE WHIPPLE'S EXPLO IT —THEMENWHOSTEEREDTHESTEAMBO ATS—THEIRTECHNICALEDUCATIO N—THESHIPS THEYSTEERED—FIRESANDEXPLO SIO NS—HERO ISMO FTHEPILO TS—THERACES
CHAPTER IX.
THE NEW ENG LAND FISHERIES—THEIR PARTIN EFFECTINGTHE SETTLEMENTO F AMERICA —THEIR RAPID DEVELO PMENT—WIDE EXTENTO FTHE TRADE—EFFO RTO F LO RD NO RTH TO DESTRO Y IT—THE FISHERMENINTHE REVO LUTIO N—EFFO RTSTO ENCO URAG ETHE INDUSTRY—ITSPARTINPO LITICSANDDIPLO MACY—THEFISHINGBANKS—TYPESO FBO ATS —GRO WTHO FTHE FISHING CO MMUNITIES—FARMERSAND SAILO RSBY TURNS—THE EDUCATIO NO FTHE FISHERMEN—METHO DSO F TAKING MACKEREL—THE SEINEANDTHE TRAWL—SCANT PRO FITSO FTHE INDUSTRY—PERILSO FTHE BANKS—SO ME PERSO NAL EXPERIENCES—THEFO GANDTHEFASTLINERS—THETRIBUTEO FHUMANLIFE
CHAPTER X.
THESAILO R'SSAFEG UARDS—IMPRO VEMENTSINMARINEARCHITECTURE—THEMAPPINGO F
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