Atlanta - A Twentieth-Century City

Atlanta - A Twentieth-Century City


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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Atlanta, by Atlanta Chamber of CommerceThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: AtlantaA Twentieth-Century CityAuthor: Atlanta Chamber of CommerceRelease Date: March 29, 2010 [EBook #31822]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK ATLANTA ***Produced by Meredith Bach and the Online DistributedProofreading Team at (This file wasproduced from images generously made available by TheInternet Archive/American Libraries.) ATLANTAA TWENTIETH-CENTURY CITY The Illuminated Cover ofthis Pamphlet is a reproductionof the Famous Picture“ATLANTA BY NIGHT”published by Harper’s Weeklyin the issue of October 10th,1903, and here presented bycourtesy of Harper & Bros. ISSUED BY THEAtlanta Chamber of Commerce1904THE BYRD PRINTING CO., ATLANTA UNION PASSENGER STATION. How Atlanta Grew.HE Atlanta of to-day is a growth of thirty-eight years. Twice has the upbuilding of a city on this site demonstrated itsT natural advantages. Within a few years before the war Atlanta had become a bustling town of 11,000 inhabitants,and during the three years which intervened before its destruction the place was the seat of varied and importantindustries, whose principal object was to ...



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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Atlanta, by AtlantaChamber of CommerceThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at nocost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project GutenbergLicense includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: AtlantaA Twentieth-Century CityAuthor: Atlanta Chamber of CommerceRelease Date: March 29, 2010 [EBook #31822]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOKATLANTA ***PPrrooodfurceeadd ibnyg  TMeearemd itath  hBttapc:h// awnwdw t.hpeg dOp.nlninete.  (DTishtirsi bfiulteedsawproduced from images generously made available by
produced from images generously made available byehTInternet Archive/American Libraries.)  ATLANTAA TWENTIETH-CENTURY CITY  The Illuminated Cover oftohf its hPe aFmapmholeuts i sP iac truerperoduction“ATLANTA BY NIGHT”ipnu tbhlies hisesdu eb yo fH aOrcpteorbse r W1e0tehk,ly1co9u0r3t,e asyn do fh eHraer pperre s&e nBtreods .by  
ISSUED BY THEAtlanta Chamber of Commerce4091THE BYRD PRINTING CO., ATLANTA  UNION PASSENGER STATION.  How Atlanta Grew.The Atlanta of to-day is a growth of thirty-eight years.Twice has the upbuilding of a city on this sitedemonstrated its natural advantages. Within a fewyears before the war Atlanta had become a bustlingtown of 11,000 inhabitants, and during the three yearswhich intervened before its destruction the place wasthe seat of varied and important industries, whoseprincipal object was to sustain the military operationsof the Confederacy. It was also a depot for thedistribution of supplies to the surrounding country anda forwarding station for the commissary department ofthe army.
After its baptism of fire in November, 1861, when theinhabitants had been dispersed by the exigencies ofwar, and of more than 2,000 houses only 300remained, the city took a new start, and its greatgrowth dates from that time. It is therefore, a city ofthe new regime, erected on the ruins of the old.The coat of arms of Atlanta fittingly typifies thisremarkable history. No city on the continent hassurvived such destruction. No city has twice attainedprominence with such rapidity. Atlanta’s foundationreaches back to the forties, and far-seeing menrecognized it then as the place of promise, destined tobe an important railroad-center and a seat ofcommerce. This conception of the new city had beenaccepted as a true one when it was destroyed by fire,and since its new birth in reconstruction days the oldspirit arose and lighted the new path of Atlanta to agreater destiny.The capital of the state was brought here fromMilledgeville when the new city was hardly out of theashes of war, and this gave a great impetus to itsgrowth, which was further insured in 1877, when thepeople of Georgia voted to make Atlanta their capital.Its rapidly developing business and manufactureswere brought to the attention of the whole country bythe Cotton Exposition of 1881 which was a point ofdeparture for the tremendous development of theSoutheastern States during the decade between 1880and 1890. This development found a splendidillustration in the great Cotton States and InternationalExposition of 1895.
The rapidity of the growth of Atlanta is illustrated bythe fact that, since it was blotted from the map, thecity has spread over twelve square miles of ground.Starting with no business in 1865, it received in 1903four-tenths of the freight delivered in Georgia, and itspost office receipts were four-tenths of those of theState. Thirty-nine years ago there was hardly a dollarto turn a trade; within the year just closed the bankclearings aggregated $115,000,000. At the beginningof this period there were only a few stragglersremaining in the wake of fire and sword. To-day thereis a great city of over 105,000 people, the businessheadquarters of 125,000, with a floating population ofmany thousands more. From bare ground coveredwith ashes and ruins in 1865, the city has been builtup to a value of $59,595,332, consisting largely ofsolid masses of brick and mortar, stone and steel,which go to make up a magnificent array of handsomebusiness edifices. The number of houses hasincreased from 300 to 22,600.  STATE CAPITOL.  The question, wherefore Atlanta? naturally arises, forcommunities are not effects without causes. Atlanta isthe result of a combination of advantages, on acommanding geographical location, turned to the best
account by a spirit of transcendent energy, whichsurmounts all obstacles and builds even on disasterthe fabric of success. The growth of thisunconquerable spirit has been promoted by a unity ofpurpose which has prevented the domination offactions. Whatever local interests may clash, the goodof Atlanta is always a rallying cry. The Atlanta spirit,which has accomplished so much in the upbuilding ofthe city itself, is happily contagious, and has much todo with making Georgia the Empire State of theSouth. The spirit of new life has spread from this toother Southern States which are the most active in thedevelopment of their resources, and the spirit of theSoutheast is the spirit of Atlanta.For this moral and material eminence Atlanta isfortunately situated on a ridge which divides thewatershed of the Atlantic from that of the Gulf, and ata point where the natural barrier of the Appalachianchain is broken by great gaps in the mountains. This isthe natural point of intersection for railway lines fromthe West with lines from the East.This geographical vantage ground is accompanied bya topographical eminence, from which the greatclimatic advantages of Atlanta are derived. More than1,000 feet above sea-level at its lowest point, andfrom eleven to twelve hundred at other places, Atlantaenjoys a cool, bracing atmosphere, with breezes thatblow over the foot-hills of the Blue Ridge. Theexhilarating air is a kind of natural tonic, so differentfrom that of the coast and Gulf regions that aninhabitant of the low countries, coming to Atlantaduring the heated term, feels a stimulus as if he had
been drinking great draughts of aerial champagne.The rolling surface of the country, which slopes inalmost every direction from the city affords easydrainage and keeps the surrounding region free frommalaria.Atlanta’s public buildings typify the solid character ofher institutions. Most conspicuous among them is theState capitol, which was erected at a cost of$1,000,000. This stately structure, the hotels, officebuildings, theaters, churches, the custom-house, thecounty court-house, and other public edifices, makeup an aggregate of ten millions invested in publicbuildings.Outside of public buildings, the architecture of Atlantais of a pleasing character and has steadily improvedduring the past thirty years. Few cities in any part ofthe United States can show more attractive residencestreets or architectural designs indicating more cultureand good taste. Peachtree Street, the principal one forresidences, has a number of elegant homes whichwould be ornaments to any city.Atlanta is a city of homes, and this is apparent notonly in the appearance of the houses, but in thestatistics of the United States census, by which Atlantais credited with a larger percentage of home-ownersthan any city of its size in the Southern States.The water-supply for domestic and manufacturingpurposes and for sanitary use is hardly equaled in anycity of Atlanta’s size, and the rates per thousandgallons for families or for manufacturing purposes are
merely nominal, and probably lower than any onrecord.  KIMBALL HOUSE.  Conditions in Atlanta are highly favorable tomanufacturing industries, and this is attested by thegreat variety of articles made here. There were in1900 395 establishments, employing over 9,000operatives at good wages, and pouring into thechannels of trade an annual pay-roll of $3,100,000.The value of the raw material consumed was morethan $8,000,000 and the product between sixteen andseventeen millions. Since then the product hasincreased to $27,000,000 and the number of wageearners to 14,000.The manufacturers of Atlanta in their variety have aguaranty of stability not to be found in those of anycity where industry is confined to one family, as of ironor cotton, however important that may be, and theextent of this variety is to some degree indicated in thechapter on this subject. Among the articles made aremany specialties, for which there is a demand inalmost every State in the Union, and concerns makingthem have enjoyed prosperity through a long series ofyears.
The trade of Atlanta covers more or less all of theStates between the Ohio and Potomac rivers, theGulf, the Atlantic ocean and the Mississippi River, andin some lines extends to the far Southwestern Statesand into Mexico, while in a few it covers the entirecountry. The tendency of the jobbing trade of theSoutheast is to concentrate in Atlanta, and little bylittle the business of other centers gravitates to this.yticAtlanta’s commanding geographical and topographicalsituation was, at the outset, one of the causes whichled to the development of a great railroad center, atwhich powerful systems from the East, the West andthe Southeast regularly compete. As a distributingpoint Atlanta enjoys facilities hardly equaled elsewherein the Southeastern States, and as an accessibleplace of rendezvous for all kinds of organizations andinterests, it is a favorite, and has come to be known asthe Convention City.Atlanta’s financial institutions are of the most solidcharacter.Atlanta is the third city in the United States in theamount of insurance written and reported to agencies.It is the Southern headquarters for a number of fireand life insurance companies, and agencies of old-lineand every other type of insurance are numerous.  
ARAGON HOTEL. PIEDMONT HOTEL.  The educational facilities of Atlanta are fully treated ina separate chapter, in which it appears that this city isabreast of the times in this as in other respects.Atlanta early established a system of public schools,and before almost any city in the South, turned itsattention to technical education. The TechnologicalSchool was established by the State of Georgia uponinducements offered by the city of Atlanta, which borehalf of the cost of the original plant, and contributesregularly to the support of the institution. There isample opportunity here for technical instruction ofother kinds, and Atlanta has three medical colleges,whose attendance averages 600, to say nothing of thestudents of the dental colleges. Technical instruction inbusiness methods is not neglected, and several largeand flourishing business colleges have maintainedthemselves here for many years.The religious and social atmosphere of Atlanta iswholesome and invigorating. It is a city of churchesand the home of church-going people, and thecommunity is honey-combed with fraternalorganizations.The social intercourse of the people, as well as the