Birds, Illustrated by Color Photography, Vol. 1, No. 4 - April, 1897
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Birds, Illustrated by Color Photography, Vol. 1, No. 4 - April, 1897


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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Birds Illustrated by Color Photograph
[April, 1897], by Various
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at
Title: Birds Illustrated by Color Photograph [April, 1897]
A Monthly Serial designed to Promote Knowledge of Bird-Life
Author: Various
Release Date: June 22, 2008 [EBook #25874]
Language: English
Produced by Chris Curnow, Joseph Cooper, Anne Storer and
the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at
memo introduction
W. E. Watt, President &c.,
Fisher Building,
277 Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill.
My dear Sir:
Please accept my thanks for a copy of the first publication of “Birds.” Please enter my
name as a regular subscriber. It is one of the most beautiful and interesting
publications yet attempted in this direction. It has other attractions in addition to its
beauty, and it must win its way to popular favor.
Wishing the handsome little magazine abundant prosperity, I remain
Yours very respectfully,
T H E o fS T O t R hadYverteisem ent
B I R D S .
Edited by Dr. W. T. Harris, U. S. Com’r of Education.
table of contents.
I. — A Bird’s Forefathers.
II. — How did the Birds First ...



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Published 08 December 2010
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Birds Illustrated byColor Photograph[April, 1897], by VariousThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at nocost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project GutenbergLicense includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.orgTitle: Birds Illustrated by Color Photograph [April,]7981A Monthly Serial designed to Promote Knowledge ofBird-LifeAuthor: VariousRelease Date: June 22, 2008 [EBook #25874]Language: English*B*I*R SDTSA IRLTL UOSFT TRHAITSE PD RBOYJ ECCOTL OGRU *T*E*NBERG EBOOKProduced by Chris Curnow, Joseph Cooper, Anne
Produced by Chris Curnow, Joseph Cooper, AnneStorer andthe Online Distributed Proofreading Team athttp://www.pgdp.netrevoCmemo introductionW. E. Watt, President &c.,Fisher Building,277 Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill.My dear Sir:Please accept my thanks for a copy of the firstpublication of “Birds.” Please enter my name as aregular subscriber. It is one of the most beautiful andinteresting publications yet attempted in this direction.It has other attractions in addition to its beauty, and itmust win its way to popular favor.Wishing the handsome little magazine abundantprosperity, I remainYours very respectfully,advertisement
advertisementadvertisementNOW READY.TByH EJ ASMTEOSR YN EofW tThOe NB IBRADSSK.ETT.Edited by Dr. W. T. Harris, U. S. Com’r of Education.table of contents.tpahcreI.—A Bird’s Forefathers.II.—How did the Birds First Fly, Perhaps?III.—A Bird’s Fore Leg.IV.—Why did the Birds put on Soft Raiment?V.—The Cut of a Bird’s Frock.VI.—About a Bird’s Underwear.VII.—A Bird’s Outer Wrap.VIII.—A Bird’s New Suit.IX.—“Putting on Paint and Frills” among the Birds.X.—Color Calls among the Birds.XI.—War and Weapons among the Birds.XII.—Antics and Odor among the Birds.XIII.—The Meaning of Music among Birds.XIV.Freaks of Bachelors and Benedicts in Feather.sXV.—Step-Parents among Birds.XVI.—Why did Birds begin to Incubate?XVII.—Why do the Birds Build So.XVIII.—Fastidious Nesting Habits of a few Birds.
XIX.What Mean the Markings and Shapes of Birds Eggs?XXXXI..HWohwy  STowmo eK iBnadbs yo fB irNdess talirneg sF?ed.XXXXIIIII..THooowl s Saonmd eT aGsrkosw na-mUopn Bg irtdhse  gBeirt das .Living.XXIV.—How a Bird Goes to Bed.XXXXVVI..TA hLei ttlWe aTy aolkf  ao nB iBridr dins  thTeo eAsi.r.XXXXVVIIIII.HWohwa t aan dB irWd hkyn doow sB iardbso uTtr aGveeol?graphy and Arit.hmetic.XXXXIXX..PAr oBfiirtd asn dM oLdoesrsn i nK itnhsef oBlikr.ds.XXXXXXIII..AAcn qIuntarinotdauncctieo nw ittoh  tthhee  BBiirrdd..1 vol. 12mo. Cloth, 65 cents, postpaid.D. APPLETON & CO., New York, Boston, Chicago.Chicago Office, 243 Wabash Ave.advertisementadvertisementimage rose-breasted grosbeak.916 Life-size. THE ROSE-BREASTED
GROSBEAK.THIS is an American bird, and has been describedunder various names by various authors. It is found inthe lower parts of Pennsylvania, in the state of NewYork, and in New England, particularly in autumn,when the berries of the sour gum are ripe, on thekernels of which it eagerly feeds. As a singer it hasfew superiors. It frequently sings at night, and even allnight, the notes being extremely clear and mellow. Itdoes not acquire its full colors until at least the secondspring or summer. It is found as far east as NovaScotia, as far west as Nebraska, and winters in greatnumbers in Guatemala. This Grosbeak is common insouthern Indiana, northern Illinois, and western Iowa.It is usually seen in open woods, on the borders ofstreams, but frequently sings in the deep recesses offorests. In Mr. Nuttall’s opinion this species has nosuperior in song, except the Mocking Bird.The Rose-Breasted Grosbeaks arrive in May and nestearly in June. They build in low trees on the edges ofwoods, frequently in small groves on the banks ofstreams. The nest is coarsely built of waste stubble,fragments of leaves, and stems of plants, intermingledwith and strengthened by twigs and coarser stems. Itis eight inches wide, and three and a half high, with acavity three inches in diameter and one in depth, beingquite shallow for so large a nest.wDirt.h iHn osyi,x  omf ilReasc ionf et, hsatta tcietsy ,t hhaet  foonu nthd es e1v5tehn  onf eJstusn, e,all
within a space of not over five acres, and he wasassured that each year they resort to the same localityand nest in this social manner. Six of these nests werein thorn-trees, all were within six to ten feet of theground, near the center of the top. Three of the fourparent birds sitting on the nests were males. When anest was disturbed, all the neighboring Grosbeaksgathered and appeared equally interested.It is frequently observed early in the month of March,making its way eastward. At this period it passes at aconsiderable height in the air. On the banks of theSchuylkill, early in May, it has been seen feeding onthe tender buds of trees. It eats various kinds of food,such as hemp-seed, insects, grasshoppers, andcrickets with peculiar relish. It eats flies and wasps,and great numbers of these pests are destroyed by itsstrong bill. During bright moonshiny nights theGrosbeak sings sweetly, but not loudly. In thedaytime, when singing, it has the habit of vibrating itswings, in the manner of the Mocking-bird.The male takes turns with his mate in sitting on theeggs. He is so happy when on the nest that he singsloud and long. His music is sometimes the cause ofgreat mourning in the lovely family because it tells theegg hunter where to find the precious nest.THE CANADA JAY.I don’t believe I shall let this bird talk to you, boys andgirls, for I’m afraid he will not tell you what a funnyfellow he is. Isn’t he a queer looking bird? See how
ruffled up his feathers are. He looks as though heforgot to fix up, just as some little boys forget to combtheir hair before going to school.Well, to tell the truth, he is a very careless bird anddoes very funny things sometimes. He can’t betrusted.Just listen to some of the names that people give him—“Meat Bird,” “Camp Robber.” I think you can guesswhy he is called those names.Hunters say that he is the boldest of birds, and I thinkthey are right, for what bird would dare to go right intoa tent and carry off things to eat.A hunter thought he would play a joke on one of thesebirds. He had a small paper sack of crackers in thebottom of his boat. The Jay flew down, helped himselfto a cracker and flew away with it to his nest. While hewas gone the hunter tied up the mouth of the bag.In a few moments the Jay was back for more. Whenhe saw he could not get into the bag, he just picked itup and carried it off. The joke was on the hunter afterall. Look at him. Doesn’t he look bold enough to dosuch a trick?iLf ohoek i sb aacnky tahti nygo ulirk eF tehber uBalruye  nJuamy.ber of Birds and seeHmea ties  hnaotv ea fbrauiildt  tohf etihr en essnto, wa nadn dt hoef teegn gtis maerse  lhaei d awndh ilheistohthereer  ibsi rsdtsil l wshnoo wb uoilnd  tthhee irg rnoeusntds.  sDo oe yaorluy ?know of any
There is one thing about this bird which we all admire—he is always busy, never idle; so we will forgive himfor his funny tricks.image canada jay.From col. Chi. Acad. Sciences. THE CANADA JAY.MANY will recognize the Canada Jay by his local names,of which he has a large assortment. He is called bythe guides and lumbermen of the Adirondackwilderness, “Whisky Jack” or “Whisky John,” acorruption of the Indian name, “Wis-ka-tjon,” “MooseBird,” “Camp Robber,” “Hudson Bay Bird,” “CaribouBird,” “Meat Bird,” “Grease Bird,” and “VenisonHeron.” To each of these names his characteristicshave well entitled him.The Canada Jay is found only in the more northernparts of the United States, where it is a resident andbreeds. In northern Maine and northern Minnesota it ismost common; and it ranges northward through theDominion of Canada to the western shores of HudsonBay, and to the limit of timber within the Arctic Circleeast of the Rocky Mountains.Mr. Manly Hardy, in a special bulletin of the
Smithsonian Institution, says, “They are the boldest ofour birds, except the Chickadee, and in coolimpudence far surpass all others. They will enter thetents, and often alight on the bow of a canoe, wherethe paddle at every stroke comes within eighteeninches of them. I know nothing which can be eatenthat they will not take, and I had one steal all mycandles, pulling them out endwise, one by one, from apiece of birch bark in which they were rolled, andanother pecked a large hole in a keg of castile soap. Aduck which I had picked and laid down for a fewminutes had the entire breast eaten out by one ormore of these birds. I have seen one alight in themiddle of my canoe and peck away at the carcass of abeaver I had skinned. They often spoil deer saddles bypecking into them near the kidneys. They do greatdamage to the trappers by stealing the bait from trapsset for martens and minks, and by eating trappedgame. They will sit quietly and see you build a log trapand bait it, and then, almost before your back isturned, you hear their hateful “Ca-ca-ca,” as they glidedown and peer into it. They will work steadily, carryingoff meat and hiding it. I have thrown out pieces, andwatched one to see how much he would carry off. Heflew across a wide stream and in a short time lookedas bloody as a butcher from carrying large pieces; buthis patience held out longer than mine. I think onewould work as long as Mark Twain’s California Jay didtrying to fill a miner’s cabin with acorns through a knothole in the roof. They are fond of the berries of themountain ash, and, in fact, few things come amiss; Ibelieve they do not possess a single good qualityexcept industry.”
Its flight is slow and laborious, while it moves on theground and in trees with a quickness and freedomequal to that of our better known Bluejay.The nesting season begins early, before the snow hasdisappeared, and therefore comparatively little isknown about its breeding habits. It is then silent andretiring and is seldom seen or heard. The nest is quitelarge, made of twigs, fibres, willow bark, and the downof the cottonwood tree, and lined with finer material.The eggs, so far as is known, number three or four.They are of a pale gray color, flecked and spottedover the surface with brown, slate gray, and lavender.THE PURPLE GALLINULE.PURPLE Gallinules are found in the South Atlantic andGulf States, and casually northward as far as Maine,New York, Wisconsin, and south throughout the WestIndies, Mexico, Central America, and northern SouthAmerica to Brazil. The bird pictured was caught in thestreets of Galveston, Texas, and presented to Mr. F.M. Woodruff, of the Chicago Academy of Sciences.Gallinules live in marshy districts, and some of themmight even be called water-fowls. They usually prefersedgy lakes, large swampy morasses and brooks, orponds and rivers well stocked with vegetation. Theyare not social in disposition, but show attachment toany locality of which they have taken possession,driving away other birds much larger and strongerthan themselves. They are tenderly attached to their