Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 15: March/April 1661-62
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Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 15: March/April 1661-62


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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Diary of Samuel Pepys, March/April 1661/62 by Samuel PepysThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online atwww.gutenberg.netTitle: Diary of Samuel Pepys, March/April 1661/62Author: Samuel PepysRelease Date: November 30, 2004 [EBook #4133]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, ***Produced by David WidgerTHE DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS M.A. F.R.S.CLERK OF THE ACTS AND SECRETARY TO THE ADMIRALTYTRANSCRIBED FROM THE SHORTHAND MANUSCRIPT IN THE PEPYSIAN LIBRARY MAGDALENE COLLEGE CAMBRIDGE BY THE REV. MYNORS BRIGHTM.A. LATE FELLOW AND PRESIDENT OF THE COLLEGE(Unabridged)WITH LORD BRAYBROOKE'S NOTESEDITED WITH ADDITIONS BYHENRY B. WHEATLEY F.S.A.DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.MARCH & APRIL1661-1662March 1st. This morning I paid Sir W. Batten L40, which I have owed him this half year, having borrowed it of him. Then tothe office all the morning, so dined at home, and after dinner comes my uncle Thomas, with whom I had some high wordsof difference, but ended quietly, though I fear I shall do no good by fair means upon him. Thence my wife and I by coach,first to see my little picture that is a drawing, and thence to the Opera, and there saw "Romeo and Juliet," the first time itwas ever acted; but it is a play of itself ...



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Published 08 December 2010
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PTheep yPsr, ojMeacrt cGh/uAteprnilb 1er6g6 1E/B62o obky  oSf aDmiaureyl  oPf eSpaysmuelThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere atno cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under theterms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Diary of Samuel Pepys, March/April 1661/62Author: Samuel PepysRelease Date: November 30, 2004 [EBook #4133]Language: English*E**B OSTOAK RDTI AORFY  TOHIFS  SPARMOUJEELC PT EGPUYTS,E *N*B*ERGProduced by David Widger
March 1st. This morning I paid Sir W. Batten L40,which I have owed him this half year, havingborrowed it of him. Then to the office all themorning, so dined at home, and after dinner comesmy uncle Thomas, with whom I had some highwords of difference, but ended quietly, though Ifear I shall do no good by fair means upon him.Thence my wife and I by coach, first to see mylittle picture that is a drawing, and thence to theOpera, and there saw "Romeo and Juliet," the firsttime it was ever acted; but it is a play of itself theworst that ever I heard in my life, and the worstacted that ever I saw these people do, and I amresolved to go no more to see the first time ofacting, for they were all of them out more or less.Thence home, and after supper and wrote by thepost, I settled to what I had long intended, to castup my accounts with myself, and after much painsto do it and great fear, I do find that I am 1500 inmoney beforehand in the world, which I was afraidI was not, but I find that I had spent above L250this last half year, which troubles me much, but byGod's blessing I am resolved to take up, havingfurnished myself with all things for a great while,and to-morrow to think upon some rules andobligations upon myself to walk by. So with mymind eased of a great deal of trouble, though withno great content to find myself above L100 worsenow than I was half a year ago, I went to bed.2nd (Lord's day). With my mind much easedltifaelk finorg  tlhoen gti imn eb teod  cwoitmh e,m pyr owipfoe sianbgo tuot  ohuerr  fwruhgata lIlcould and would do if I were worth L2,000, that is,
be a knight, and keep my coach, which pleased,reh[Lord Braybrooke wrote, "This reminds me ofa story of my father's, when he was ofMerton College, and heard Bowen the porterwish that he had L100 a-year, to enable himto keep a couple of hunters and a pack offoxhounds."]and so I do hope we shall hereafter live to savesomething, for I am resolved to keep myself byrules from expenses. To church in the morning:none in the pew but myself. So home to dinner,and after dinner came Sir William and talked withme till church time, and then to church, where atour going out I was at a loss by Sir W. Pen'sputting me upon it whether to take my wife or Mrs.Martha (who alone was there), and I began to takemy wife, but he jogged me, and so I took Martha,and led her down before him and my wife. So sether at home, and Sir William and my wife and I towalk in the garden, and anon hearing that Sir G.Carteret had sent to see whether we were at homeor no, Sir William and I went to his house, wherewe waited a good while, they being at prayers, andby and by we went up to him; there the businesswas about hastening the East India ships, aboutwhich we are to meet to-morrow in the afternoon.So home to my house, and Sir William supped withme, and so to bed.3mryd . bArlol tthheer  Tmoormn,i nagn da tt hheonm we itahb oMurt.  bMuosionree,s sa nwdith
then I set to make some strict rules for my futurepractice in my expenses, which I did bind myself inthe presence of God by oath to observe uponpenalty therein set down, and I do not doubt buthereafter to give a good account of my time and togrow rich, for I do find a great deal more of contentin these few days, that I do spend well about mybusiness, than in all the pleasure of a whole week,besides the trouble which I remember I alwayshave after that for the expense of my money.Dined at home, and then up to my chamber againabout business, and so to the office aboutdespatching of the East India ships, where we staidtill 8 at night, and then after I had been at Sir W.Pen's awhile discoursing with him and Mr. Kenardthe joiner about the new building in his house, Iwent home, where I found a vessel of oysters sentme from Chatham, so I fell to eat some and thento supper, and so after the barber had done tobed. I am told that this day the Parliament hathvoted 2s. per annum for every chimney in England,as a constant revenue for ever to the Crown.[Although fumage or smoke money was asold as the Conquest, the first parliamentarylevy of hearth or chimney money was bystatute 13 and 14 Car. II., c. 10, which gavethe king an hereditary revenue of twoshillings annually upon every hearth in allhouses paying church or poor rate. This actwas repealed by statute I William and Mary,c. 10, it being declared in the preamble as"not only a great oppression to the poorersort, but a badge of slavery upon the whole
people, exposing every man's house to beentered into and searched at pleasure bypersons unknown to him."]4th. At the office all the morning, dined at home atnoon, and then to the office again in the afternoonto put things in order there, my mind being verybusy in settling the office to ourselves, I havingnow got distinct offices for the other two. By and bySir W. Pen and I and my wife in his coach toMoore Fields, where we walked a great while,though it was no fair weather and cold; and afterour walk we went to the Pope's Head, and eatcakes and other fine things, and so home, and I upto my chamber to read and write, and so to bed.5th. In the morning to the Painter's about my littlepicture. Thence to Tom's about business, and so tothe pewterer's, to buy a poore's-box to put myforfeits in, upon breach of my late vows. So to theWardrobe and dined, and thence home and to myoffice, and there sat looking over my papers of myvoyage, when we fetched over the King, and toreso many of these that were worth nothing, as filledmy closet as high as my knees. I staid doing this till10 at night, and so home and to bed.6th. Up early, my mind full of business, then to theoffice, where the two Sir Williams and I spent themorning passing the victualler's accounts, the first Ihave had to do withal. Then home, where myUncle Thomas (by promise and his son Tom) werecome to give me his answer whether he wouldhave me go to law or arbitracon with him, but he is
unprovided to answer me, and desires two daysmore. I left them to dine with my wife, and myselfto Mr. Gauden and the two knights at dinner at theDolphin, and thence after dinner to the office backagain till night, we having been these four or fivedays very full of business, and I thank God I amwell pleased with it, and hope I shall continue ofthat temper, which God grant. So after a little beingat Sir W. Batten's with Sir G. Carteret talking, Iwent home, and so to my chamber, and then tobed, my mind somewhat troubled about Bramptonaffairs. This night my new camelott riding coat tomy coloured cloth suit came home. More news to-day of our losses at Brampton by the late storm.7th. Early to White Hall to the chappell, where byMr. Blagrave's means I got into his pew, and heardDr. Creeton, the great Scotchman, preach beforethe King, and Duke and Duchess, upon the wordsof Micah:—"Roule yourselves in dust." He made amost learned sermon upon the words; but, in hisapplication, the most comical man that ever I heardin my life. Just such a man as Hugh Peters; sayingthat it had been better for the poor Cavalier neverto have come with the King into England again; forhe that hath the impudence to deny obedience tothe lawful magistrate, and to swear to the oath ofallegiance, &c., was better treated now-a-days inNewgate, than a poor Royalist, that hath sufferedall his life for the King, is at White Hall among hisfriends. He discoursed much against a man's lyingwith his wife in Lent, saying that he might be asincontinent during that time with his own wife as atanother time in another man's bed. Thence with
tMo rt. hMe oWoraer dtroo bWeh titoe hdianlln aern,d  awnadl kseo d hao lmittel et,o  atnhde sooffice about business till late at night by myself,and so home and to bed.8th. By coach with both Sir Williams toWestminster; this being a great day there in theHouse to pass the business for chimney-money,which was done. In the Hall I met with SerjeantPierce; and he and I to drink a cup of ale at theSwan, and there he told me how my Lady Monkhath disposed of all the places which Mr. Edwd.Montagu hoped to have had, as he was Master ofthe Horse to the Queen; which I am afraid will undohim, because he depended much upon the profit ofwhat he should make by these places. He told me,also, many more scurvy stories of him and hisbrother Ralph, which troubles me to hear ofpersons of honour as they are. About one o'clockwith both Sir Williams and another, one Sir Rich.Branes, to the Trinity House, but came after theyhad dined, so we had something got ready for us.Here Sir W. Batten was taken with a fit of coughingthat lasted a great while and made him very ill, andso he went home sick upon it. Sir W. Pen. and I tothe office, whither afterward came Sir G. Carteret;and we sent for Sir Thos. Allen, one of theAldermen of the City, about the business of oneColonel Appesley, whom we had takencounterfeiting of bills with all our hands and theofficers of the yards, so well counterfeited that Ishould never have mistrusted them. We staidabout this business at the office till ten at night,and at last did send him with a constable to the
Counter; and did give warrants for the seizing of acomplice of his, one Blinkinsopp. So home andwrote to my father, and so to bed.9th (Lord's day). Church in the morning: dined athome, then to Church again and heard Mr. Naylor,whom I knew formerly of Keye's College, make amost eloquent sermon. Thence to Sir W. Batten'sto see how he did, then to walk an hour with Sir W.Pen in the garden: then he in to supper with me atmy house, and so to prayers and to bed.10th. At the office doing business all the morning,and my wife being gone to buy some things in thecity I dined with Sir W. Batten, and in the afternoonmet Sir W. Pen at the Treasury Office, and therepaid off the Guift, where late at night, and so calledin and eat a bit at Sir W. Batten's again, and sohome and to bed, to-morrow being washing day.11th. At the office all the morning, and all theafternoon rummaging of papers in my chamber,and tearing some and sorting others till late atnight, and so to bed, my wife being not well all thisday. This afternoon Mrs. Turner and The. came tosee me, her mother not having been abroad manya day before, but now is pretty well again and hasmade me one of the first visits.12th. At the office from morning till night putting ofpapers in order, that so I may have my office in anorderly condition. I took much pains in sorting andfolding of papers. Dined at home, and there cameMrs. Goldsborough about her old business, but I
dmido rgniivneg  hweer  ah asdh onret wasn fsrwoemr  aMnr.d  Cseonvte natwrya,y t. hTath isSiraGc.t iDono wisn ignogo (dli kaen da  opfe rsfeidrivoicues  troo gthuee , Ktihnogu,gh thet[r("aiAtnord. "h) aiOl tn hteh ter e2a1ssto nC thhaorluegsh r ewteu rhnaetde  thihsefaosrsmisatla tnhcaen ikns t thoe  thmea tSttear.tes Bf.o]r theiryet he cannot with any good conscience do it) hathtaken Okey, Corbet, and Barkestead at Delfe, inHolland, and sent them home in the Blackmore. SirW. Pen, talking to me this afternoon of what astrange thing it is for Downing to do this, he toldme of a speech he made to the Lords States ofHolland, telling them to their faces that heobserved that he was not received with the respectand observance now, that he was when he camefrom the traitor and rebell Cromwell: by whom, Iam sure, he hath got all he hath in the world,—andthey know it too.[Charles, when residing at Brussels, went tothe Hague at night to pay a secret visit to hissister, the Princess of Orange. After hisarrival, "an old reverend-like man, with a longgrey beard and ordinary grey clothes,"entered the inn and begged for a privateinterview. He then fell on his knees, andpulling off his disguise, discovered himself tobe Mr. Downing, then ambassador fromCromwell to the States-General. He informedCharles that the Dutch had guaranteed to