Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 - A series of pen and pencil sketches of the lives of more - than 200 of the most prominent personages in History
106 Pages
English

Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 - A series of pen and pencil sketches of the lives of more - than 200 of the most prominent personages in History

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Project Gutenberg's Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 of 8, by VariousThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 of 8A series of pen and pencil sketches of the lives of morethan 200 of the most prominent personages in HistoryAuthor: VariousEditor: Charles F. HorneRelease Date: August 27, 2008 [EBook #26423]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK GREAT MEN, FAMOUS WOMEN, VOL. 3 ***Produced by Sigal Alon, Christine P. Travers and the OnlineDistributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (Thisfile was produced from images generously made availableby The Internet Archive/Canadian Libraries)Transcriber's note: Obvious printer's errors have been corrected, all other inconsistencies are as in the original. Theauthor's spelling has been maintained.JUSTINIAN AND HIS COUNCIL.GREAT MEN AND FAMOUS WOMENA Series of Pen and Pencil Sketches ofTHE LIVES OF MORE THAN 200 OF THE MOST PROMINENT PERSONAGES IN HISTORYVol. III.Frontpage.Copyright, 1894, BY SELMAR HESSEDITED BY CHARLES F. HORNENew-York: Selmar Hess PublisherCopyright, 1894, by Selmar Hess.CONTENTS OF VOLUME III.SUBJECT AUTHOR PAGEALFRED THE GREAT, 101Sir J. Bernard Burke, LL.D.,ST. AMBROSE, Rev. A. Lambing, LL.D., 68ARCHIMEDES, ...

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Published 08 December 2010
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Project Gutenberg's Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 of 8, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 of 8 A series of pen and pencil sketches of the lives of more than 200 of the most prominent personages in History Author: Various Editor: Charles F. Horne Release Date: August 27, 2008 [EBook #26423] Language: English *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK GREAT MEN, FAMOUS WOMEN, VOL. 3 *** Produced by Sigal Alon, Christine P. Travers and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive/Canadian Libraries) Transcriber's note: Obvious printer's errors have been corrected, all other inconsistencies are as in the original. The author's spelling has been maintained. JUSTINIAN AND HIS COUNCIL. GREAT MEN AND FAMOUS WOMEN A Series of Pen and Pencil Sketches of THE LIVES OF MORE THAN 200 OF THE MOST PROMINENT PERSONAGES IN HISTORY Vol. III. Frontpage. Copyright, 1894, BY SELMAR HESS EDITED BY CHARLES F. HORNE New-York: Selmar Hess Publisher Copyright, 1894, by Selmar Hess. CONTENTS OF VOLUME III. SUBJECT AUTHOR PAGE ALFRED THE GREAT, 101Sir J. Bernard Burke, LL.D., ST. AMBROSE, Rev. A. Lambing, LL.D., 68 ARCHIMEDES, 59John Timbs, F.S.A., ARISTOTLE, 54Fénelon, ST. AUGUSTINE OF CANTERBURY, Rt. Rev. Henry Codman Potter, 88 ST. AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO, 73James, Cardinal Gibbons, FRANCIS BACON, Hon. Ignatius Donnelly, 154 WILLIAM BRADFORD, 172Elbridge S. Brooks, AUGUSTUS CÆSAR, 66 JOHN CALVIN, 140 CHARLES I. OF ENGLAND, 177F. Hindes Groome, Letter written on the eve of his execution by Charles I. to his son, 180 CHARLES V. OF GERMANY, 133 MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO, 63Rev. W. J. Brodribb, NICHOLAS COPERNICUS, John Stoughton, D.D., 122 OLIVER CROMWELL, 181Lord Macaulay, DAVID, KING OF ISRAEL, 10Margaret E. Sangster, DEMOSTHENES, E. Benjamin Andrews, 47 DIOGENES, 54Fénelon, ELIZABETH, QUEEN OF ENGLAND, 149Samuel L. Knapp, FREDERICK, THE GREAT ELECTOR, 189 GALILEO GALILEI, 161 JOHN HUSS, Rev. Dr. Tweedy, 106 ISABELLA OF CASTILE, 114Sarah H. Killikelly, JUSTINIAN THE GREAT, 85 JOHN KNOX, P. Hume Brown, 144 LOUIS XI. OF FRANCE, 111E. Spencer Biesly, M.A., LOUIS XIV., Oliver Optic, 192 MARTIN LUTHER, 127 132Letter of affection from Luther to his little son Hans, LYCURGUS, 22Rev. Joseph T. Duryea, MAHOMET, 95 MOSES, 1Henry George, ST. PATRICK, Rev. G. F. Maclear, B.D., 80 WILLIAM PENN, 200 PERICLES, 34 CARDINAL RICHELIEU, 166 SOCRATES, 38Fénelon, SOLOMON, Rev. Charles F. Deems, 16 THEMISTOCLES, 29 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS VOLUME III. PHOTOGRAVURES To face ILLUSTRATION ARTIST ILLUSTRATION ARTIST page JUSTINIAN AND HIS COUNCIL, Benjamin ConstantFrontispiece MOSES IN THE BULRUSHES, Paul Delaroche 2 THE VICTORS OF SALAMIS, 32Fernand Cormon DEMOSTHENES PRACTISING ORATORY, 48Jules Jean Lecomte-du-Nouy AUGUSTUS CÆSAR AND CLEOPATRA, 66August von Heckel LOUIS XI. AND OLIVIER LE DAIN, Hermann Kaulbach 112 MARTIN LUTHER BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF WORMS, E. Delperte 130 CHARLES V. ON HIS WAY TO THE CONVENT, 138Hermann Schneider MOLIERE AT BREAKFAST WITH LOUIS XIV., 198Jean Lêon Gérôme WOOD-ENGRAVINGS AND TYPOGRAVURES DAVID CALMING THE WRATH OF SAUL, J. J. Lefebvre 12 JUDGMENT OF SOLOMON, Jos. Führich 18 DEATH OF SOCRATES, 42Louis David DIOGENES IN HIS TUB, 44Jean Lêon Gérôme DEATH OF ARCHIMEDES, 60Gustave Courtois AMBROSE REBUKES THEODOSIUS, Peter Paul Rubens 72 ST. AUGUSTINE AND HIS MOTHER, ST. MONICA, Ary Scheffer 74 ST. PATRICK JOURNEYING TO TARA, 82 CONVERSION OF ETHELBERT BY AUGUSTINE, H. Tresham 92 THE MUEZZIN, Jean Lêon Gérôme 100 KING ALFRED VISITING A MONASTERY SCHOOL, 104Benziger EXECUTION OF HUSS, 110C. G. Hellquist FERDINAND AND ISABELLA—THE SURRENDER OF F. de Pradilla 120 GRANADA, COPERNICUS, 124O. Brausewetter LUTHER INTRODUCED TO THE HOME OF FRAU COTTA, G. Spangenberg 128 ELIZABETH AND MARY STUART, Hermann Kaulbach 152 GALILEO BEFORE THE INQUISITION, 164 A CONCERT AT RICHELIEU'S PALACE, J. Leisten 172 A PURITAN CHRISTMAS, Hyde 174 PRINCESS ELIZABETH IN PRISON, 180J. Everett Millais CROMWELL'S DAUGHTER ENTREATS HIM TO REFUSE THE 186 CROWN THE GREAT ELECTOR WITHDRAWS FROM THE ASSOCIATION F. Neuhaus 190 OF THE DUTCH NOBILITY, STATESMEN AND SAGES Lives of great men all remind us, We can make our lives sublime, And departing, leave behind us Footprints on the sands of time. —LONGFELLOW MOSES[1] By Henry George (1571-1451 B.C.) THREE GREAT RELIGIONS PLACE THE LEADER OF THE EXODUS UPON THE HIGHEST PLANE THEY ALLOT TO MAN. TOMoses. CHRISTENDOM AND TO ISLAM, AS WELL AS TO JUDAISM, MOSES IS THE MOUTHPIECE OF THE MOST HIGH; THE MEDIUM, CLOTHED WITH SUPERNATURAL POWERS, THROUGH WHICH THE DIVINE WILL HAS SPOKEN. YET THIS VERY EXALTATION, BY RAISING HIM ABOVE COMPARISON, MAY PREVENT THE REAL GRANDEUR OF THE MAN FROM BEING SEEN. IT IS AMID HIS BRETHREN THAT SAUL STANDS TALLER AND fairer. ON THE OTHER HAND, THE LATEST SCHOOL OF BIBLICAL CRITICISM ASSERTS THAT THE BOOKS AND LEGISLATION ATTRIBUTED TO MOSES ARE REALLY THE PRODUCT OF AN AGE SUBSEQUENT TO THAT OF THE PROPHETS. YET TO THIS MOSES, LOOMING VAGUE AND DIM, OF WHOM THEY CAN TELL US ALMOST NOTHING, THEY, TOO, ATTRIBUTE THE BEGINNING OF THAT GROWTH WHICH FLOWERED CENTURIES AFTER IN THE HUMANITIES OF JEWISH LAW, AND AGAIN, HIGHER STILL AND FAIRER, GLEAMED FORTH IN THAT STAR OF SPIRITUAL LIGHT WHICH RESTED OVER THE STABLE OF Bethlehem, in Judea. BUT WHETHER WONT TO LOOK ON MOSES IN THIS WAY OR IN THAT, IT MAY BE SOMETIMES WORTH OUR WHILE TO TAKE THE POINT OF VIEW IN WHICH ALL SHADES OF BELIEF MAY FIND COMMON GROUND, AND ACCEPTING THE MAIN FEATURES OF HEBREW RECORD, [2] CONSIDER THEM IN THE LIGHT OF HISTORY, AND OF HUMAN NATURE AS IT SHOWS ITSELF TO-DAY. HERE IS A CASE IN WHICH SACRED HISTORY MAY BE TREATED AS WE WOULD TREAT PROFANE HISTORY WITHOUT ANY SHOCK TO RELIGIOUS FEELING. THE KEENEST CRITICISM CANNOT RESOLVE Moses into a myth. The fact of the Exodus presupposes such a leader. TO LEAD INTO FREEDOM A PEOPLE LONG CRUSHED BY TYRANNY; TO DISCIPLINE AND ORDER SUCH A MIGHTY HOST; TO HARDEN THEM INTO FIGHTING MEN, BEFORE WHOM WARLIKE TRIBES QUAILED AND WALLED CITIES WENT DOWN; TO REPRESS DISCONTENT AND JEALOUSY AND MUTINY; TO COMBAT REACTIONS AND REVERSIONS; TO TURN THE QUICK, FIERCE FLAME OF ENTHUSIASM TO THE SERVICE OF A STEADY PURPOSE, REQUIRE SOME TOWERING CHARACTER—A CHARACTER BLENDING IN HIGHEST EXPRESSION THE QUALITIES OF POLITICIAN, PATRIOT, philosopher, and statesman. SUCH A CHARACTER IN ROUGH BUT STRONG OUTLINE THE TRADITION SHOWS US—THE UNION OF THE WISDOM OF THE EGYPTIANS WITH THE UNSELFISH DEVOTION OF THE MEEKEST OF MEN. FROM FIRST TO LAST, IN EVERY GLIMPSE WE GET, THIS CHARACTER IS CONSISTENT WITH ITSELF, AND WITH THE MIGHTY WORK WHICH IS ITS MONUMENT. IT IS THE CHARACTER OF A GREAT MIND, HEMMED IN BY CONDITIONS AND LIMITATIONS, AND WORKING WITH SUCH FORCES AND MATERIALS AS WERE AT HAND—ACCOMPLISHING, YET FAILING. BEHIND GRAND DEED, a grander thought. Behind high performance, the still nobler ideal. EGYPT WAS THE MOULD OF THE HEBREW NATION—THE MATRIX IN WHICH A SINGLE FAMILY, OR, AT MOST, A SMALL TRIBE, GREW TO A PEOPLE AS NUMEROUS AS THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AT THE TIME OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. FOR FOUR CENTURIES, ACCORDING TO THE HEBREW TRADITION—A PERIOD AS LONG AS AMERICA HAS BEEN KNOWN TO EUROPE—THIS GROWING PEOPLE, COMING A PATRIARCHAL FAMILY FROM A ROVING, PASTORAL LIFE, HAD BEEN PLACED UNDER THE DOMINANCE OF A HIGHLY DEVELOPED AND ANCIENT CIVILIZATION—A CIVILIZATION SYMBOLIZED BY MONUMENTS THAT RIVAL IN ENDURANCE THE EVERLASTING HILLS;