Henry the Sixth - A Reprint of John Blacman
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Henry the Sixth - A Reprint of John Blacman's Memoir with Translation and Notes

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Henry the Sixth, by John Blacman
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Title: Henry the Sixth  AReprint of John Blacman's Memoir with Translation and Notes
Author: John Blacman
Translator: M.R. James
Release Date: August 19, 2009 [EBook #29689]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK HENRY THE SIXTH ***
Produced by Paul Murray, Stephanie Eason, and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net. (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive/Canadian Libraries.)
HENRY THE SIXTH
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
C..FCLAY,MANAGER
C. LONDON : FETTERLANE, E.4 NEW YORK :G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS BOMBAY MADRAS} CALCUTTAMACMLILANANDCO,.LTD. TORONTO : J. M. DENT AND SONS, LTD. TOKYO :MARUZEN-KABUSHIKI-KAISHA
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Henry the Sixth A REPRINT OF JOHN BLACMAN'S MEMOIR WITH TRANSLATION AND NOTES BY M. R. JAMES, LITT,.FB.A.,.FS.A..D. PROVOST OF ETON FORMERLY PROVOST OF KING'S COLLEGE
CAMBRIDGE AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 1919
CONTENTS PREFACEv ii TEXT1 TRANSLATION23 NOTES45 SPECIAL NOTES .IAPRAYERTOHENRYVIINENGLISHVERSE50 I.IONTHEMANUSCRIPTMIRACLESOFHENRYV.I51 III.ONJOHNBLACMAN'SBOOKS55
PREFACE ThetractonthePersonalityofKingHenryVI(asImayperhapsbeallowedtocallit),whichishere repirnted,hastihhetrobeenalmostinaccessibletoordinarystudents.Itisnotknowntoexistatallin manuscirp.tWedependutlimatelyforourknowledgeofituponaprintededtiionissuedbyRobert CoplandeofLondon,ofwihchthedateissaidtobe1510.Oftihstheremaybetwocopiesin existence.ThistetxwasrepirntedbyThomasHearnein1732,inhisediitonoftheChroinclesof ThomasOtterbourneandJohnWhethamstede,ofwihch150copieswereissued. IhavehererepirntedHearne'stext,andhavecollateditwtihCoplandes'.ThisIwasenabledtodo throughthegreatkindnessoftheauthoiritesofStCuthbetrs'CollegeatUshaw,whomostgenerously lentmeacopyotfhetractpreservedintheirLibrar.yTihscopyIwlliendeavourtodescribe. tIisinamodernbindinglettered:cklaBs.Lisn'maeHfoefIVyrnHylton'sLivesfoBirithsSiatn. The pressmark is XVIII c 4  7 The size is 185 × 130 mm. There are 32 lines to a full page. 6 4 Collation: A B . Signatures: AIAde:)isngtno2(III (4-6 not signed). BI(2 not signed): BIII(4 not signed). AIaehtsahaeltitttop: b CollectairumMansuetudinumetbono-rummorumregisHenirc.iV.Iexco-l lectiōemagisrtiJoaninsblak man bacchalaurei theo logie / et post Car tusie monachi Londi.in Belowthisisawoodcutmeasuring99×76,andrepresentingabeardedkinginhatwtihcrownabout it,cladinermineitppet,anddalmaticoverlongrobe.HeholdsaclosedbookinihsR.hand, a sceptre in hisL:. on theL.utnrdetehdaisowardssirwsit.lesHimaipanR. OnR.a tree, plants across the foreground: a mound onL.owteertwhtiit.verenosse fIeelconfidentthatthewoodcutisnotintendedforaporrtaitofHenryVI,andthattireallyrepresents someOldTestamentpersonage:butIhavenotattemptedtotraceitinotherbooks. It has a border in three pieces. Those onR.andL.are 115 mm. in height and contain small figures of prophetsstandingontallshafts:thatatbottomwasdesignedtobeplacedveritca,yllandcontainsa hafll-engthifgureofaprophetspringingoutoffoliage,andwtihfoilageabove. On AIbsitucdoowehted.rtehbrowithoutrepeated Thenfollowsthetextasgivenbyme.Atferti,onBIVaasme,ce80ginurdnalpoCiveds'e,ibertsRo×95;awreathofrosesandleaves,compirsedwtiihntwoconcentriccricles:witihntithepirnter'smark. Outside in the upperL.heuppered:intraeoscoerrndnavaelpilsdepR.corner, a pomegranate. Below, a scroll inscribed: Robertr(ose) Coplande. On BVIbtiohtubroed.rhtoweucdoofthetinkwg, Below it, in a neat hand: d R. Johnson. prec.I. 1523. Fortheres,tthevolumecontains: Capgraves'NewLegendemigninnltcefrephetinyleabTbegi,DeS.Esterwinoabbate.fo.xxxviii. Thisisprecededbytwoinsertedleavesofpape:rontheifrstarethemissingtiemsoftheTable, suppiledinaroughhandofcen.tXVI. On the second, in a hand of cent.XV II,Iis: PirntedatLondonbyRichardPynson Printer to the Kings Noble Grace the 20th day of February 1516. Vid. Page 133. Newcastle upon Tyne. TihsbookwasfoundintheTownClerk's Officeaboutthelatterend(o)ftheyear1765. (?) A P G. At the end of the Table (before AIsi)irwnettnihaaondcef.ntXVI: Theabbirdgementofhenrythesyxtheslfyeysfastnedtotheendeofthisbooke. AttopofAI.(ntceXVIaCybde.notxi)loCtcelT:s.T. On AVIIIb, BIIais the name (cent.XVI): e AlexanderRidleyofybromihlls. Hehaswirttenagoodmanymarginalnotesinthebook. Co ll a it onbaT:HFGEDBCAff.le2M(Ngis)den(iii-iILKPisngde)(i-iiiasL)O 8 4 8 4 8 4 8 4 8 4 84 84 8 (asL)QR(asL)S(i-iiisigned:i,iiiibothnumberedi)T(+1:4leavesXIC-CXIIsnigriV1000he1ont4 84 8 insetredafterCV I*Iinstead of afterCV II)Innubeumd)reXfiL(foe.SgryB)Yette.U6(balkn 6 86 FollowedbytractofWalterHylton:t'oadeuoutemanintemperallestatehoweheshluderulehym'etc. 8 8 AB(leavesnotnumbered.) OnCXXIbn'soynPise.dta:onivecsed OnCXXXIIIa)ett(ehttad.efeLifoBS.geyrM CCCCCXVI.XX.nOtehvreosPFebaerbhtiniksn'soynwcevide lower border. AttheendofHlyto'nsrtactBVIIIathe dateMCCCCCXVlIast daye of Feb. OntheversoPynsons'devicewithbreakinlowerborde.r Hearnes'prefacetoOtterbourneIonthetract,wihhc,p(vi).lxiasnoctnineomsinstreterettamggniraebI summarize here. Noone,hesays,exceptJohnBlakmanhasyetwirttenaspecialilfeofHenryV,Iand Blakmas'nisnotanopus absolutumtbujomaengsriperislontaxatoneutmudaf"armg alicubfiotrenuncetiamlatentis." VtiahaeccequaliscunqueinlucemproditiLondiinA.D.M.D.XebtrooClpnaido....aRo excusus.Eiusdemexemplariaadeorarasuntutivxrepeirasinbibilotheciseitam instructissimis.PenesseautemhabetamicusexcultissimusJacobusWestus,qiupro necessitudineillaquaeinternosintercedi,tnontantummutuodedti,sedetilcenitam concesstiexscirbendi.Idquodfec.i Westhadacqiuredhiscopybypurchase,amonganumberofpirntedbooksformerylthepropertyof ArchbishopSancrof.t Onp.lxixHearnetellsusthatSancrotfhadwrtitenthefollowingnoteinihscopyofthetrac:t HuncilbellumconscirbendumcuravitHenricusVII,cumJuilopapaIIagensde us HenircoVIinSanctorumnumerumreferendo.DequoivdeJac.WaraeiannalesH.7. A° 1504. Ware(andHearne)pirnttheBullofJulius,directinganinqiuryintoHenrys'sancttiyandmriacles.Imay addthatsomepartoftherestlusoftihsnegotiationmaybeseeninthemanuscirptcollecitonofHenry VtIh'smiraclespreservedintheRoyalMS.13..C VIIIand in the MS. Harley 423 (a partial copy of the othe,)rbothintheBritishMuseum[.]1 FutrhermoreHearnereprintswhatisproperlycalledaMemoria of King Henry VI such as is to be foundinafailylrargenumberofBooksofHoursorPrimersbothmanuscriptandprinted.Hearnes'tetx is taken fromHoraec.f,01iledynnk15erdWoirtnpyyWdeballof.swosniad,saA prayer to holy kynge Henry. RexHenricussisamicusnobisinangusita Ciuusprecenosanecesaluemurperpetua Lampas morum spes egrorum ferens medicamina Sistuorumfamulorumductoradcelesita. Paixnterranonstiguerraorbisperconifina Vrituscrescatetferuescatcharitasperomina Nonsudoreueldoloremoriamursubtio Sedviuamusetplaudamusceilssinetermino. Ver.Ora pro nobis deuote rex Henrice. Resp..atisintinimicicnucetrepusiterpUtOremus.Presta,quesumus,omnipotensetmiseircorsdeus,utqui deuoitssimiregisHenircimertiamriacluisfulgenitapiemenitsaffectu recolimusinteirrs,eiusetominumsanctorumtuorumintercessioinbus abomnipertefebre,morbo,acimprouisamotreceteirsqueeruamur malis,etgaudiasemptiernaadipiscimereamur.PerChirstum dominum nostrum. Amen. Hereisanotherform,whichoccursintheFtizwilliamMS.55(aNofroklbookofabout1480): AntiphondarosnexRenrHe.ep(rmu)?cisupuaesiedefeteccl miseircordiamsemperpronusincartiateferiuduspietatideditusclerum decorauti,quemdeussicbeatiifcatiu. Vers.ci.eeHrnOparobisronotedeu Resp.tU.Crhsiitsimorprsubinoiseniigdmuiaicff Oremus.Deussubcuiusineffabilimaiestatevinuersiregesregnant etimperant,quideuoitssimumHenircumAnglorumregemcartiate feriudum,miseirsetafflictissempercompassum,omnibonitate clemenciaqueconspicuum,utpio(pie)credtiurinterangelos connumeraredignatuses:concedepropiciusuteocumominbus sancitsinteruenientibushostiumnosrtorumsuperbiaconteratur,morbus etquodmalumestproclupellatur,palmadoneturetgraitasancti spiritusnobismiseircordiamtuamposcenitbusubiqueadesse dignetur. Qui uiuis, etc. Yetanothefrormisseeninamanuscirpt(VI.IIenct.amrhof,ayruDtLs'arbiopCosininBish.)7XVlate: tiiswritten,wtihagoodmanyothermiscellaneousverses,attheendofthebook. OrexHenircevincasvritutepudice Anglorum vere cum recto nomine sexte [Es] wynsorie natus et ibi de fonte leuatus Atque coronatus in Westm(ynster) veneratus Etpostfrfancorumrexesdeiurecreatus Postmortemcarnismiracluapluirmapandis Confirmantedeoqutiepreelegtiabeuo Eittbiconcesstipluressanareperillum Cecosetclaudoscumdebliitateretentos Atqueparatilicosegrotosspasmaitcosque nIneriuspluresconrtacittemediante In te sperantes sanantur et auxiliantur Eltaudesdominopertesempertirbuantu.r OrapronobisdeielecterexAngileHenricesetxe. Utdign,ietc. Oremus.Ominpotenseternedeusqiuelecitstiusmultamirabiila operaris:concedequaesumusutelecittiuAnglorumregisHenircisetxi mertiisetprecibusmediantibusetintercedentibusmereamurab omnibusangusiitsainmeetdoloirbusmembrorumilberemu(r-ar.)iEt cumilloinvtiaperpetuagloriair.Pe,retc. These three forms ofemeMairobar;ttprteuaybeohbllnilwyaottllthaisexseneatitevsufficeasrepr specimens of the popular devotions used in honour of our Founder. Besides theMemoriaialicntdeilygeraldna,flesmihnsveotwrneagieHheKingtedtotattirubrpyare,s languagewtihthatwhichisprefixedtoBlakmans'tract.HetakesthemfromthesameprintedHoraeof 1510 whence theeMaomirheTs.meonearyvl.pocaand run thus: TwolytellprayerswhicheKingHenrythesyxtemade. DomineIhesuChriste,quimecreasti,redemist,ietpreordinastiadhocquodsum:tu scisqiuddemefacerevis:facdemesecundumvoluntatemtuamcummiseircordia. DomineIhesuChriste,quisolusessapienita:tuscisquemicihpeccatoriexpediunt: prout tibi placere[]2itafiar,demesivedutiaseatittismueniulocstetucimtcu misericordiatua.Amen.Paternoster.AueMaira. Of John Blacman or Blakman, the author of our tract, not a great deal is known. He was admitted FellowofMetronCollege,Oxford,in1436,andofEtonin1447:hewasCantorofEtonCollege,and, aswereadinthetitleofhisbook,abachelorofDivinti,yandlateraCatrhusianmonk.Butbeforehe 'enteredreligion'heheldanimpotrantpostinUniversitycircles,for,in1452,onthedeathofNicholas Close, he was appointed by the Provosts of Eton and King's (who at that time owned this piece of patronage)WardenofKing'sHallatCambridge,thartoyalfoundaitonwhichwaseventualylabsorbed intoTrinityCollege.AsWarden(IquotefromMrW.W.RouseBalls'privatelyprintedaccountofKing's Hal)lheinrtoducedintotheCollege"someschemeofreorganization,wihchinvovledadivisionofthe Societyintofourclasses,fellows,scholars,commoners,andservi-commoners....Thescheme, whateveritwas,wasabandonedonBlacman'sresignaiton"whichtookeffecton11July1457. BlacmanthenenteredtheCatrhusianhouseofWtihaminSomerset,andsubsequenltythatofLondon, whereheprobabyldied.When,andforhowlong,heheldthepostofspriitualdirectororconfessorto HenryVI,Ihavenoeivdencetoshow. Ofonetihngaboutihm,namely,hisltierarypossessions,weknowmore.TheBodleianmanuscirpt Laud.Misc.154containstwolists,oneshor,tandonelongandelaborate,ofbooksgivenbyihmtothe WtihamCharterhouse.SeveralotfheseeixstintheBodleianandotherilbraries,andone,anotable copyotfhePoylchronicon,wihchcontainstheealriestknownpictureofWindsorCastle(andofEton), veryprobablydrawnbyBlacmanihmsel,fhasinrecentyearsbeenacquiredbythelibraryofEton College.TheflluilstofBlacmans'booksisgiveninaseparatenote. nIreprintingHearnes'textIhaveretainedhisspelilng,whichdoesnotcorrespondcompletelywiththat of Coplande's print. Hearne givesæ fore,utdanrothhougtnoctcarapxesdnhoutnotionswitIci.eHda hadaccesstotheoriginaltractbeforeHearnes'tetxwasputintotype,Isholudhaveretainedthe medievalspelilng;butIdidnotthinkitworthwhlietomakethechangeaprès coup. The actual words of thetextrepresentBlacmanasfatihflulyaspossible;andthatisthecihefmatter. Ineednot,Itihnk,saymuchbywayofcommendingtihsltiltememoiralofourFoundertothepietasof themanywhohaveowedandstillowetohisbountysuchpleasantandpeacefulyears,andsuch opportuintiesforthegainingofknowledgeandtheformingoffriendsihps,asheihmselfneverenjoyed. TheeivslwihchihsweakrulebroughtuponEnglandhavefadedoutofbeing:thegoodwhichinihs boyhoodhedeivsedforcominggenerationslivesafterihm.Pro eo quod laborauit anima eius, uidebtietsaturabitu.r M. R. J. Footnotes: [1]See a special Note on these. [2]Readplace,tmup-irtnnaevlliasedParisHorae(7215fpore,?)otdetrbenraeHfrieyand.o Mr.CosmoGordonofKing'sCollegetesllmethattheseprayersalsooccurinW.deWordes'Pirmer of 1494 (sig. F 8b)adresrdwoethnoitidesihtnI.butacoceret,"itibpal"rpuothiwchtebmnihaypaLt thepagehasbeenreset,has"proutitbiplacet".TheprayersaslooccurinsomeSarumHoraepirtnde inFrance,e.g.JeanJehanno'tsof1498,ofwhichthereisacopyintheSandarscollectioninthe UniverstiyLibrar.y
COLLECTARIUM MANSUETUDINUM ET BONORUM MORUM REGIS HENRICI VI. EX COLLECTIONE MagistirJOANNISBLAKMANbacchalaurei theologiæ,etpostCatrusiæmonachiLondin.i
[AIIa]eudjovsaotie.rOta
DomineJesuChriste,quimecreas,itredemisti,etadidquodsumprædestinasti,tuscis,qiuddeme facturus sis, fac de me secundum tuam misericordissimam voluntatem. Nam scio et veraciter conifteor,quodintuamanucunctasuntposita,etnonestqiupossititbiresistere:qiuaDominus universorumtues.ErgoDeusominpotens,misericors&clemens,inpotestatecujussuntregnaomina atquedominaitones,etcuiomnescogitaitones,verbaetoperanosrtapræteirta,præsenitaetfutura continuesuntcogintaetaperta,quisolushabesscienitam&sapienitamincomprehensibilem.Tuscis, Domine,quæmichimiseropeccatoriexpediunt:proutitbiplacet,etinocluistuædiivnæmajestatis ivdeturdemefieri,tiademefia.tSuscipe,paterclemensetmiseircorsDeusomnipotens,precesmei indignissimiservitu:ietperveinantadauresmiseircordiætuæorationes,quasofferocoramteet ominbussancitstuis.Amen.
PROHEMIUM. criptumest,quodneminemlaudabimusantemotremsuam,sedinifneeirtdenudatio
[Pgiv]i
[Pgiv]ii
[Pgi]x
[Pg]x
[Pg xi]
[Pg xii]
[Pgiix]i
[Pgix]v
[Pg xv]
[Pg xvi]
[Pg 1]
[Pg]2
[Pg 3]
operumejus,unde,cessantejamomniimpedimentoverælaudis,Qiuacœligloriam Deiomnipotenitsenarrant,&omniaquæfecitDominusipsuminfacturasualaudan,t idcircoinlaudemDei&sereinssimiprincipisregisHenrici.VI.corporejamdefuncti, quemlicetmiinmepertiuslaudareanticipaiv,ailquartactarenecessariumdux.iMaxime qiuasanctosDeilaudare,quorumincathologoistumputoregemeximium,obsanctasuameirta quoadivixtpereumexerctiata,meirtocomputair,omnipotenitsDeilausest&gloria,excjuuscœlesit donoest,utsanctisin.tDeprænobliiejusprosapia,quomodosciilcetexnobliissimosanguine&[AII b]progenituserat,esucdnmucraenmabdurusioegbunitelauqretinis,uaiqntaælingAritsaigerep Angilæs.&Franciæ,utverusutriusqueregniherescoronatusfuera,ttacerecuravi,quasimanifestum &notum.Maixmeproptercasumejusinfaustissimum,qiueideminopinateposteaevenit.
Virtutum ejus commendatio.
erumutdevrituitbusnonpaucisistiusregis,quibusDeusomnipotensanimamejus insignivi,tailqiudedicam,&[3]utalerxe&,mrivenotouprocioripoepoeDolmmoduproifdedignorum,quondameiassisten