Key-Notes of American Liberty - Comprising the most important speeches, proclamations, and - acts of Congress, from the foundation of the government - to the present time
118 Pages
English
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Key-Notes of American Liberty - Comprising the most important speeches, proclamations, and - acts of Congress, from the foundation of the government - to the present time

-

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Learn all about the services we offer
118 Pages
English

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Key-Notes of American Liberty, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: Key-Notes of American Liberty Comprising the most important speeches, proclamations, and acts of Congress, from the foundation of the government to the presen Author: Various Editor: E. B. Treat Release Date: May 15, 2009 [EBook #28831] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK KEY-NOTES OF AMERICAN LIBERTY *** Produced by Curtis Weyant, Greg Bergquist and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from scans of public domain works at the University of Michigan's Making of America collection.) Transcriber’s Note The punctuation and spelling from the original text have been faithfully preserved. Only obvious typographical errors have been corrected. d.Eng by H.B. Hall, from the original Painting by Stuart. KEY-NOTES OF AMERICAN LIBERTY; COMPRISING THE MOST IMPORTANT SPEECHES, PROCLAMATIONS, AND ACTS OF CONGRESS, FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE GOVERNMENT TO THE PRESENT TIME. WITH A HISTORY OF THE FLAG, BY A DISTINGUISHED HISTORIAN. Illustrated. NEW YORK: E.B. TREAT & CO. 654 BROADWAY. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS: R.C. TREAT and C.W.

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Key-Notes of American Liberty, by Various
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: Key-Notes of American Liberty
Comprising the most important speeches, proclamations, and
acts of Congress, from the foundation of the government
to the presen
Author: Various
Editor: E. B. Treat
Release Date: May 15, 2009 [EBook #28831]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK KEY-NOTES OF AMERICAN LIBERTY ***
Produced by Curtis Weyant, Greg Bergquist and the Online
Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This
file was produced from scans of public domain works at the
University of Michigan's Making of America collection.)
Transcriber’s Note
The punctuation and spelling from the original text have been faithfully
preserved. Only obvious typographical errors have been corrected.d.Eng by H.B. Hall, from the original Painting by Stuart.
KEY-NOTES
OF
AMERICAN LIBERTY;
COMPRISING
THE MOST IMPORTANT SPEECHES, PROCLAMATIONS, AND
ACTS OF CONGRESS, FROM THE FOUNDATION
OF THE GOVERNMENT TO THE
PRESENT TIME.
WITH A
HISTORY OF THE FLAG,
BY A DISTINGUISHED HISTORIAN.Illustrated.
NEW YORK:
E.B. TREAT & CO.
654 BROADWAY.
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS: R.C. TREAT and C.W. LILLEY.
B.C. BAKER, DETROIT, MICH. L.C. BRAINARD, ST. LOUIS, MO.
A.O. BRIGGS, CLEVELAND, O. M. PITMAN & CO., BOSTON, MASS.
A.L. TALCOTT, PITTSBURG, PA.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866, by
E.B. TREAT.
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern
District of New York.
MACDONALD & STONE, PRINTERS AND STEREOTYPERS, 43 CENTRE STREET, N.Y.
P R E F A C E .
This book appeals to the patriotic sentiments of all classes of readers. In its
pages will be found those words of burning eloquence which lighted the fires of
the American Revolution, stirring the hearts of our fathers to do battle for our
independence; the words of wisdom which brought our ship of state safely
through the storms of strife into the calms of peace, and all of the most important
speeches and proclamations of our statesmen which guided our country during
critical periods of our political life. It is a book of our country as a whole; all must
read it with emotions of gratitude and pride at the grandeur and stability of our
institutions as exemplified by the eloquent words of the statesmen and leadingspirits of the great Republic.
First in its pages, appropriately, will be found the "Declaration of
Independence," the great corner stone of American liberty; and as a fitting
close, one of our most distinguished historians has furnished a "History of the
Flag,"—the Flag of the Union, the sacred emblem around which are clustered
the memories of the thousands of heroes who have struggled to sustain it
untarnished against both foreign and domestic foes. To the Declaration of
Independence, Constitution of the United States, and Washington's Farewell
Address—truly "Key Notes to American Liberty"—have been added many
important proclamations and congressional acts of a later day, namely:
President Jackson's famous Nullification Proclamation to South Carolina, The
Monroe Doctrine, Dred Scott Decision, Neutrality laws, with numerous
documents, state papers and statistical matter growing out of the late Rebellion;
all of which will be read with new and ever increasing interest. And as long as
our Republic endures, these pages will be cherished as the representative of
all that is great and good in our country; and will prove incentives to our
children to follow in the footsteps of the patriots by whose genius and valor our
institutions have been cherished and preserved, and liberty, like water made to
run throughout the land free to all.
C O N T E N T S .
PAGE.
Declaration of Independence, 9
Constitution of the United States, 18
Amendments to the Constitution, 39
Constitutional Amendment Abolishing Slavery, 44
Proposed Amendments of the XXXIXth Congress, 48
The Ordinance of 1787, 51
The Fugitive Slave Bill of 1793, 52
The Fugitive Slave Bill of 1850, 55
The Missouri Compromise, 67
The States of the Union, with the Date of their Admission, 69
Inaugural Address of George Washington, 70
Washington's Farewell Address, 77
President Jackson's Proclamation to South Carolina, 105
Monroe Doctrine, 144
Dred Scott Decision, 146
Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the United States, with the Popular
154
Vote for Each,
Popular Names of States, 166
Battles of the Revolution, 167Neutrality Law of the United States, 168
Population of the United States, 176
Slave Population in the U.S. in 1860, 177
Statistics of Slavery Before the Revolution, 178
Speech of Hon. Stephen A. Douglas,—His Last Words for the Union, 179
President Lincoln's First Call For Troops, 186
Total Number of Troops called into Service during the Rebellion, 188
Resolutions of the N.Y. Chamber of Commerce, 189
Blockade Proclamation, by President Lincoln, 194
Emancipation Proclamation, 197
Confiscation Act, 201
First Inaugural Address of President Lincoln, 204
Balance Sheet of the Government, before and since the War, 1859 and
221
1865,
President Lincoln's Second and Last Inaugural Address, 222
President Lincoln's Proclamation of Amnesty, 226
President Johnson's Amnesty Proclamation, 232
President Johnson's Peace Proclamation, 237
The Civil Rights Bill, 239
Freedmen's Bureau Bill, 248
Provost Marshal-General's Report, of the killed and wounded during the 261
Rebellion,
The United States Army, showing the number of men furnished from each
265
State during the Rebellion,
History of the Flag, 266
[Pg 9]Key-Notes of American Liberty.
D E C L A R A T I O N O F I N D E P E N D E N C E .
In Congress, July 4, 1776.
By the Representatives of the United States, in Congress assembled.
A DECLARATION.
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people
to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to
assume among the powers of the earth the separate and equal station to whichthe laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect for the
opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel
them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident:—that all men are created equal; that [Pg 10]
they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among
these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights,
governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the
consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes
destructive of these ends it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and
to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and
organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect
their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments
long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and
accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to
suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the
forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and
usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce
them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such
government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been
the patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which
constrains them to alter their former system of government. The history of the [Pg 11]
present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations,
all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these
States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for
the public good.
He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing
importance, unless suspended in their operation till his assent should be
obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of
people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the
legislature—a right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable,
and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of
fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing, with
manly firmness, his invasions on the right of the people.
He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be
elected; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have [Pg 12]
returned to the people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in the
mean time, exposed to all the danger of invasion from without and convulsions
within.
He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that
purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization of foreigners, refusing to pass
others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new
appropriations of lands.He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to
laws for establishing judiciary powers.
He has made judges dependent on his will alone for the tenure of their
offices and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers,
to harass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies, without the
consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the military independent of and superior to the civil
power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our
constitution and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their acts of
pretended legislation,—
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: [Pg 13]
For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment for any murders which
they should commit on the inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing taxes on us without our consent:
For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of trial by jury:
For transporting us beyond seas, to be tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free system of English law in a neighboring province,
establishing therein an arbitrary government, and enlarging its boundaries so
as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same
absolute rule into these colonies:
For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and
altering fundamentally the forms of our government:
For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested
with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated government here by declaring us out of his protection, and
waging war against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, and [Pg 14]
destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries, to
complete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun, with
circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous
ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on the high seas, to
bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and
brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to
bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the merciless Indian savages, whose
known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and
conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress in the
most humble terms; our petitions have been answered only by repeated injury.
A prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a
tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have
warned them, from time to time, of attempts made by their legislature to extend
an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the [Pg 15]
circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to
their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them, by the ties of
our common kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably
interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to the
voice of justice and consanguinity. We must therefore acquiesce in the
necessity which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest
of mankind, enemies in war—in peace, friends.
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in
General Congress assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for
the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name and by the authority of the good
people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare that these United
Colonies are, and of good right ought to be, free and independent States; that
they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political
connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be,
totally dissolved; and that, as free and independent States, they have full power
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do
all other acts and things which independent States may of right do. And for the
support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine [Pg 16]
Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our
sacred honor.
Signed by order and in behalf of the Congress.
JOHN HANCOCK, President.
Attested, Charles Thompson, Secretary.
NEW HAMPSHIRE. PENNSYLVANIA.
Josiah Bartlett, Robert Morris,
William Whipple, Benjamin Rush,
Matthew Thornton. Benjamin Franklin,
George Clymer,
MASSACHUSETTS
John Morton,
BAY.
Samuel Adams, James Smith,
John Adams, George Taylor,
Robert Treat Paine, James Wilson,Eldridge Gerry. George Ross.
RHODE ISLAND, ETC. DELAWARE.
Stephen Hopkins, Cæsar Rodney,
William Ellery. George Read,
Thomas M'Kean.
CONNECTICUT. MARYLAND.
Roger Sherman, Samuel Chase,
Samuel Huntington, William Paca,
William Williams, Thomas Stone,
Charles Carroll, of
Oliver Wolcott.
Carrollton.
NEW YORK. VIRGINIA.
William Floyd, George Wythe,
Philip Livingston, Richard Henry Lee,
Francis Lewis, Thomas Jefferson,
Lewis Morris. Benjamin Harrison,
Thomas Nelson, jr.,
NEW JERSEY. Francis Lightfoot Lee,
Richard Stockton, Carter Braxton.
John Witherspoon, Thomas Heyward, jr.,
Francis Hopkinson, Thomas Lynch, jr.,
John Hart, Arthur Middleton.
Abraham Clark. GEORGIA.
NORTH CAROLINA. Button Gwinnett, [Pg 17]
William Hooper, Lyman Hall,
Joseph Hewes, George Walton.
John Penn.
SOUTH CAROLINA.
Edward Rutledge,
[Pg 18]C O N S T I T U T I O N O F T H E U N I T E D
S T A T E S .
We, the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect
union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the
common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the
blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and
establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
ARTICLE I.§ I.—All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of
the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of
Representatives.
§ II.—1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members
chosen every second year by the people of the several States; and the electors
in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most
numerous branch of the State legislature.
2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained the age [Pg 19]
of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and
who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of the State in which he shall be
chosen.
3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several
States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective
numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free
persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding
Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall
be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United
States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they
shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least one representative; and
until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be
entitled to choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and Providence
Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, six; New Jersey, four;
Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North
Carolina, five; South Carolina, five; Georgia, three.
4. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State, the executive [Pg 20]
authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
5. The House of Representatives shall choose their speaker and other
officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment.
§ III.—1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators
from each State, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each
senator shall have one vote.
2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first
election, they shall be divided, as equally as may be, into three classes. The
seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the
second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and the
third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one third may be chosen
every second year; and if vacancies happen, by resignation or otherwise,
during the recess of the legislature of any State, the executive thereof may
make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which
shall then fill such vacancies.
3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained the age of thirty
years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not,
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.
4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, [Pg 21]