Library of the World
317 Pages
English

Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern — Volume 6

-

Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer

Description

The Project Gutenberg EBook of Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol 6, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol 6 Author: Various Release Date: October 5, 2004 [EBook #13623] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK WORLD'S BEST LITERATURE *** Produced by Juliet Sutherland, Charlie Kirschner and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team. LIBRARY OF THE WORLD'S BEST LITERATURE ANCIENT AND MODERN CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER EDITOR HAMILTON WRIGHT MABIE LUCIA GILBERT RUNKLE GEORGE HENRY WARNER ASSOCIATE EDITORS Connoisseur Edition VOL. VI. 1896 THE ADVISORY COUNCIL CRAWFORD H. TOY, A.M., LL.D., Professor of Hebrew, HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. THOMAS R. LOUNSBURY, LL.D., L.H.D., Professor of English in the Sheffield Scientific School of YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. WILLIAM M. SLOANE, PH.D., L.H.D., Professor of History and Political Science, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N.J. BRANDER MATTHEWS, A.M., LL.B., Professor of Literature, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York City. JAMES B. ANGELL, LL.D., President of the UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. WILLARD FISKE, A.M., PH.D.

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 08 December 2010
Reads 19
Language English
Document size 1 MB

The Project Gutenberg EBook of Library Of The World's Best Literature,
Ancient And Modern, Vol 6, by Various
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol 6
Author: Various
Release Date: October 5, 2004 [EBook #13623]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK WORLD'S BEST LITERATURE ***
Produced by Juliet Sutherland, Charlie Kirschner and the Online
Distributed Proofreading Team.
LIBRARY OF THEWORLD'S BEST LITERATURE
ANCIENT AND MODERN
CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER
EDITOR
HAMILTON WRIGHT MABIE
LUCIA GILBERT RUNKLE
GEORGE HENRY WARNER
ASSOCIATE EDITORS
Connoisseur Edition
VOL. VI.
1896
THE ADVISORY COUNCIL
CRAWFORD H. TOY, A.M., LL.D.,
Professor of Hebrew,
HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass.
THOMAS R. LOUNSBURY, LL.D., L.H.D.,
Professor of English in the Sheffield Scientific School of
YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn.
WILLIAM M. SLOANE, PH.D., L.H.D.,Professor of History and Political Science,
PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N.J.
BRANDER MATTHEWS, A.M., LL.B.,
Professor of Literature,
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York City.
JAMES B. ANGELL, LL.D.,
President of the
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich.
WILLARD FISKE, A.M., PH.D.,
Late Professor of the Germanic and Scandinavian
Languages and Literatures,
CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N.Y.
EDWARD S. HOLDEN, A.M., LL.D.,
Director of the Lick Observatory, and Astronomer
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Cal.
ALCÉE FORTIER, LIT.D.,
Professor of the Romance Languages,
TULANE UNIVERSITY, New Orleans, La.
WILLIAM P. TRENT, M.A.,
Dean of the Department of Arts and Sciences, and
Professor of English and History,
UNIVERSITY OF THE SOUTH, Sewanee, Tenn.
PAUL SHOREY, PH.D.,
Professor of Greek and Latin Literature,
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill.
WILLIAM T. HARRIS, LL.D.,
United States Commissioner of Education,
BUREAU OF EDUCATION, Washington, D.C.
MAURICE FRANCIS EGAN, A.M., LL.D.,
Professor of Literature in the
CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA, Washington,
D.C.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
VOL. VI
THE ABBÉ DE BRANTÔME (Pierre de Bourdeille) -- 1527-
1614
The Dancing of Royalty ('Lives of Notable Women')The Shadow of a Tomb ('Lives of Courtly Women')
M. le Constable Anne de Montmorency
('Lives of Distinguished Men and Great Captains')
Two Famous Entertainments ('Lives of Courtly Women')
FREDRIKA BREMER -- 1801-1865
A Home-Coming ('The Neighbors')
The Landed Proprietor ('The Home')
A Family Picture (same)
CLEMENS BRENTANO -- 1778-1842
The Nurse's Watch
The Castle in Austria
ELISABETH BRENTANO (Bettina von Arnim) -- 1785-1859
Dedication: To Goethe ('Goethe's Correspondence with
a Child')
Letter to Goethe
Bettina's Last Meeting with Goethe (Letter to Her Niece)
In Goethe's Garden
JOHN BRIGHT -- 1811-1889
From Speech on the Corn Laws (1843)
From Speech on Incendiarism in Ireland (1844)
From Speech on Non-Recognition of the Southern
Confederacy (1861)
From Speech on the State of Ireland (1866)
From Speech on the Irish Established Church (1868)
BRILLAT-SAVARIN -- 1755-1826
From 'Physiology of Taste':
The Privations;
On the Love of Good Living;
On People Fond of Good Living
CHARLOTTE BRONTÉ AND HER SISTERS --1816-1855
Jane Eyre's Wedding-Day ('Jane Eyre')
Madame Beck ('Villette')
A Yorkshire Landscape ('Shirley')
The End of Heathcliff (Emily Bronté's 'Wuthering
Heights')
PHILLIPS BROOKS -- 1835-1893
O Little Town of Bethlehem
Personal Character ('Essays and Addresses')
The Courage of Opinions (same)
Literature and Life (same)
CHARLES BROCKDEN BROWN -- 1771-1810
Wieland's Statement ('Wieland')
JOHN BROWN -- 1810-1882
Marjorie Fleming ('Spare Hours')
Death of Thackeray (same)
CHARLES FARRAR BROWNE (Artemus Ward) -- 1834-1867
By Charles F. JohnsonEdwin Forrest as Othello
High-Handed Outrage at Utica
Affairs Round the Village Green
Mr. Pepper ('Artemus Ward: His Travels')
Horace Greeley's Ride to Placerville (same)
SIR THOMAS BROWNE -- 1605-1682
By Francis Bacon
From the 'Religio Medici'
From 'Christian Morals'
From 'Hydriotaphia, or Urn-Burial'
From 'A Fragment on Mummies'
From 'A Letter to a Friend'
Some Relations Whose Truth We Fear ('Pseudoxia
Epidemica')
WILLIAM BROWNE -- 1591-1643
Circe's Charm ('Inner Temple Masque')
The Hunted Squirrel ('Britannia's Pastorals')
As Careful Merchants Do Expecting Stand (same)
Song of the Sirens ('Inner Temple Masque')
An Epistle on Parting
Sonnets to Cælia
HENRY HOWARD BROWNELL -- 1820-1872
Annus Memorabilis
Words for the 'Hallelujah Chorus'
Coming
Psychaura
Suspiria Noctis
ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING -- 1809-1861
A Musical Instrument
My Heart and I
From 'Catarina to Camoens'
The Sleep
The Cry of the Children
Mother and Poet
A Court Lady
The Prospect
De Profundis
The Cry of the Human
Romance of the Swan's Nest
The Best Thing in the World
Sonnets from the Portuguese
A False Step
A Child's Thought of God
Cheerfulness Taught by Reason
ROBERT BROWNING -- 1812-1889
By E.L. Burlingame
Andrea del Sarto
A Toccata of Galuppi's
Confessions
Love among the Ruins
A Grammarian's Funeral
My Last DuchessUp at a Villa--Down in the City
In Three Days
In a Year
Evelyn Hope
Prospice
The Patriot
One Word More
ORESTES AUGUSTUS BROWNSON -- 1803-1876
Saint-Simonism ('The Convert')
FERDINAND BRUNETIÈRE -- 1849-
By Adolphe Cohn
Taine and Prince Napoleon
The Literatures of France, England, and Germany
GIORDANO BRUNO --1548-1600
A Discourse of Poets ('The Heroic Enthusiasts')
Canticle of the Shining Ones: A Tribute to English
Women ('The Nolan')
Song of the Nine Singers
Of Immensity
Life Well Lost
Parnassus Within
Compensation
Life for Song
WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT --1794-1878
By George Parsons Lathrop
Thanatopsis
The Crowded Street
Death of the Flowers
The Conqueror's Grave
The Battle-Field
To a Water-fowl
Robert of Lincoln
June
To the Fringed Gentian
The Future Life
To the Past
JAMES BRYCE -- 1838-
Position of Women in the United States ('The American
Commonwealth')
Ascent of Ararat ('Trans-Caucasia and Ararat')
The Work of the Roman Empire ('The Holy Roman
Empire')
FRANCIS TREVELYAN BUCKLAND -- 1826-1880
A Hunt in a Horse-Pond ('Curiosities of Natural History')
On Rats (same)
Snakes and their Poison (same)
My Monkey Jacko (same)
HENRY THOMAS BUCKLE -- 1821-1862
Moral versus Intellectual Principles in Human Progress
('History of Civilization in England')Mythical Origin of History (same)
GEORGE LOUIS LE CLERC BUFFON -- 1707-1788
By Spencer Trotter
Nature ('Natural History')
The Humming-Bird (same)
EDWARD BULWER-LYTTON -- 1803-1873
By Julian Hawthorne
The Amphitheatre ('The Last Days of Pompeii')
Kenelm and Lily ('Kenelm Chillingly')
FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS
VOLUME VI
"Les Satyres" (Colored Plate) Frontispiece
Charlotte Bronté (Portrait) 2382
Phillips Brooks (Portrait) 2418
"The Holy Child of Bethlehem" (Photogravure) 2420
"Circe" (Photogravure) 2514
Robert Browning (Portrait) 2558
William Cullen Bryant (Portrait) 2624
Edward Bulwer-Lytton (Portrait) 2698
"In the Arena" (Photogravure) 2718
"Nydia" (Photogravure) 2720
VIGNETTE PORTRAITS
Abbé de Brantôme
Fredrika Bremer
Elisabeth Brentano
John Bright
Brillat-Savarin
Charles Brockden Brown
John Brown
Charles Farrar Browne
Sir Thomas Browne
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Orestes Augustus Brownson
Ferdinand Brunetière
James Bryce
George Louis le Clere BuffonTHE ABBÉ DE BRANTÔME (PIERRE DE
BOURDEILLE)
(1527-1614)
very historian of the Valois period is indebted to Brantôme for preserving the
atmosphere and detail of the brilliant life in which he moved as a dashing
courtier, a military adventurer, and a gallant gentleman of high degree. He was
not a professional scribe, nor a student; but he took notes unconsciously, and in
the evening of his life turned back the pages of his memory to record the
scenes through which he had passed and the characters which he had known.
He has been termed the "valet de chambre" of history; nevertheless the
anecdotes scattered through his works will ever be treasured by all students
and historians of that age of luxury and magnificence, art and beauty, beneath
which lay the fermentation of great religious and political movements,
culminating in the struggle between the Huguenots and Catholics.
Brantôme was the third son of the Vicomte de Bourdeille, a
Périgord nobleman, whose family had lived long in Guienne, and
whose aristocratic lineage was lost in myth. Upon the estate stood
the Abbey of Brantôme, founded by Charlemagne, and this Henry
II. gave to young Pierre de Bourdeille in recognition of the militaryAbbé De Brantôme
deeds of his brother, Jean de Bourdeille, who lost his life in
service. Thereafter the lad was to sign his name as the Reverend Father in
God, Messire Pierre de Bourdeille, Abbé de Brantôme. Born in the old château
in 1527, he was destined for the church, but abandoned this career for arms. At
an early age he was sent to court as page to Marguerite, sister of Francis I. and
Queen of Navarre; after her death in 1549, he went to Paris to study at the
University. His title of Abbé being merely honorary, he served in the army under
François de Guise, Duke of Lorraine, and became Gentleman of the Chamber
to Charles IX. His career extended through the reigns of Henry II., Francis II.,
Charles IX., Henry III., and Henry IV., to that of Louis XIII. With the exception of
diplomatic missions, service on the battle-field, and voyages for pleasure, he
spent his life at court.
About 1594 he retired to his estate, where until his death on July 15th, 1614, he
passed his days in contentions with the monks of Brantôme, in lawsuits with his
neighbors, and in writing his books: 'Lives of the Illustrious Men and Great
Captains of France'; 'Lives of Illustrious Ladies'; 'Lives of Women of Gallantry';
'Memoirs, containing anecdotes connected with the Court of France'; 'Spanish
Rodomontades'; a 'Life' of his father, François de Bourdeille; a 'Funeral Oration'
on his sister in-law; and a dialogue in verse, entitled 'The Tomb of Madame de
Bourdeille.' These were not published until long after his death, first appearing
in Leyden about 1665, at the Hague in 1740, and in Paris in 1787. The best
editions are by Fourcault (7 vols., Paris, 1822); by Lacour and Mérimée (3 vols.,
1859); and Lalande (10 vols., 1865-'81).
What Brantôme thought of himself may be seen by glancing at that portion of
the "testament mystique" which relates to his writings:--
"I will and expressly charge my heirs that they cause tobe printed the books which I have composed by my
talent and invention. These books will be found
covered with velvet, either black, green or blue, and
one larger volume, which is that of the Rodomontades,
covered with velvet, gilt outside and curiously bound.
All have been carefully corrected. There will be found
in these books excellent things, such as stories,
histories, discourses, and witty sayings, which I flatter
myself the world will not disdain to read when once it
has had a sight of them. I direct that a sum of money be
taken from my estate sufficient to pay for the printing
thereof, which certainly cannot be much; for I have
known many printers who would have given money
rather than charged any for the right of printing them.
They print many things without charge which are not at
all equal to mine. I will also that the said impression
shall be in large type, in order to make the better
appearance, and that they should appear with the
Royal Privilege, which the King will readily grant. Also
care must be taken that the printers do not put on the
title-page any supposititious name instead of mine.
Otherwise, I should be defrauded of the glory which is
my due."
The old man delighted in complimenting himself and talking about his
"grandeur d'âme." This greatness of soul may be measured from the command
he gave his heirs to annoy a man who had refused to swear homage to him, "it
not being reasonable to leave at rest this little wretch, who descends from a low
family, and whose grandfather was nothing but a notary." He also commands
his nieces and nephews to take the same vengeance upon his enemies "as I
should have done in my green and vigorous youth, during which I may boast,
and I thank God for it, that I never received an injury without being revenged on
the author of it."
Brantôme writes like a "gentleman of the sword," with dash and élan, and as
one, to use his own words, who has been "toujours trottant, traversant, et
vagabondant le monde" (always trotting, traversing, and tramping the world).
Not in the habit of a vagabond, however, for the balls, banquets, tournaments,
masques, ballets, and wedding-feasts which he describes so vividly were
occasions for the display of sumptuous costumes; and Messire Pierre de
Bourdeille doubtless appeared as elegant as any other gallant in silken hose,
jeweled doublet, flowing cape, and long rapier. What we value most are his
paintings of these festive scenes, and the vivid portraits which he has left of the
Valois women, who were largely responsible for the luxuries and the crimes of
the period: women who could step without a tremor from a court-masque to a
massacre; who could toy with a gallant's ribbons and direct the blow of an
assassin; and who could poison a rival with a delicately perfumed gift. Such a
court Brantôme calls the "true paradise of the world, school of all honesty and
virtue, ornament of France." We like to hear about Catherine de' Medici riding
with her famous "squadron of Venus": "You should have seen forty or fifty
dames and demoiselles following her, mounted on beautifully accoutred
hackneys, their hats adorned with feathers which increased their charm, so well
did the flying plumes represent the demand for love or war. Virgil, who
undertook to describe the fine apparel of Queen Dido when she went out
hunting, has by no means equaled that of our Queen and her ladies."
Charming, too, are such descriptions as "the most beautiful ballet that ever was,composed of sixteen of the fairest and best-trained dames and demoiselles,
who appeared in a silvered rock where they were seated in niches, shut in on
every side. The sixteen ladies represented the sixteen provinces of France.
After having made the round of the hall for parade as in a camp, they all
descended, and ranging themselves in the form of a little oddly contrived
battalion, some thirty violins began a very pleasant warlike air, to which they
danced their ballet." After an hour the ladies presented the King, the Queen-
Mother, and others with golden plaques, on which were engraved "the fruits
and singularities of each province," the wheat of Champagne, the vines of
Burgundy, the lemons and oranges of Provence, etc. He shows us Catherine
de' Medici, the elegant, cunning Florentine; her beautiful daughters, Elizabeth
of Spain and Marguerite de Valois; Diana of Poitiers, the woman of eternal
youth and beauty; Jeanne d'Albret, the mother of Henry IV.; Louise de
Vaudemont; the Duchesse d'Étampes; Marie Touchet; and all their satellites,--
as they enjoyed their lives.
Very valuable are the data regarding Mary Stuart's departure from France in
1561. Brantôme was one of her suite, and describes her grief when the shores
of France faded away, and her arrival in Scotland, where on the first night she
was serenaded by Psalm-tunes with a most villainous accompaniment of
Scotch music. "Hé! quelle musique!" he exclaims, "et quel repos pour la nuit!"
But of all the gay ladies Brantôme loves to dwell upon, his favorites are the two
Marguerites: Marguerite of Angoulême, Queen of Navarre, the sister of Francis
I., and Marguerite, daughter of Catherine de' Medici and wife of Henry IV. Of the
latter, called familiarly "La Reine Margot," he is always writing. "To speak of the
beauty of this rare princess," he says, "I think that all that are, or will be, or have
ever been near her are ugly."
Brantôme has been a puzzle to many critics, who cannot explain his
"contradictions." He had none. He extolled wicked and immoral characters
because he recognized only two merits,--aristocratic birth and hatred of the
Huguenots. He is well described by M. de Barante, who says:--"Brantôme
expresses the entire character of his country and of his profession. Careless of
the difference between good and evil; a courtier who has no idea that anything
can be blameworthy in the great, but who sees and narrates their vices and
their crimes all the more frankly in that he is not very sure whether what he tells
be good or bad; as indifferent to the honor of women as he is to the morality of
men; relating scandalous things with no consciousness that they are such, and
almost leading his reader into accepting them as the simplest things in the
world, so little importance does he attach to them; terming Louis XI., who
poisoned his brother, the good King Louis, calling women whose adventures
could hardly have been written by any pen save his own, honnêtes dames."
Brantôme must therefore not be regarded as a chronicler who revels in
scandals, although his pages reek with them; but as the true mirror of the Valois
court and the Valois period.
THE DANCING OF ROYALTY
From 'Lives of Notable Women'
Ah! how the times have changed since I saw them together in the ball-room,
expressing the very spirit of the dance! The King always opened the grand ball