London and the Kingdom - Volume I
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London and the Kingdom - Volume I

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of London and the Kingdom - Volume I by Reginald R. Sharpe This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at http://www.guten- berg.org/license Title: London and the Kingdom - Volume I Author: Reginald R. Sharpe Release Date: November 13, 2006 [Ebook 19800] Language: English ***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK LONDON AND THE KINGDOM - VOLUME I*** CHARTER OF WILLIAM I TO THE CITIZENS OF LONDON. CHARTER OF WILLIAM I GRANTING LANDS TO DEORMAN. London and the Kingdom A HISTORY—DERIVED MAINLY FROM THE ARCHIVES AT GUILDHALL IN THE CUSTODY OF THE CORPORA- TION OF THE CITY OF LONDON. By REGINALD R. SHARPE, D.C.L., RECORDS CLERK IN THE OFFICE OF THE TOWN CLERK OF THE CITY OF LONDON; EDITOR OF "CALENDAR OF WILLS ENROLLED IN THE COURT OF HUSTING," ETC. IN THREE VOLUMES. VOL. I. PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE CORPORATION UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE LIBRARY COMMITTEE. London LONGMANS, GREEN & Co. AND NEW YORK: 15 EAST 16TH STREET. 1894 LONDON: PRINTED BY BLADES, EAST & BLADES, 23, ABCHURCH LANE, E.C. [iii] PREFACE. Of the numerous works that have been written on London, by which I mean more especially the City of London, few have been devoted to an adequate, if indeed any, consideration of its political importance in the history of the Kingdom.

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of London and the Kingdom -
Volume I by Reginald R. Sharpe
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and
with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give
it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg
License included with this eBook or online at http://www.guten-
berg.org/license
Title: London and the Kingdom - Volume I
Author: Reginald R. Sharpe
Release Date: November 13, 2006 [Ebook 19800]
Language: English
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK
LONDON AND THE KINGDOM - VOLUME I***CHARTER OF WILLIAM I TO THE CITIZENS OF
LONDON.
CHARTER OF WILLIAM I GRANTING LANDS TO
DEORMAN.London and the Kingdom
A HISTORY—DERIVED MAINLY FROM THE ARCHIVES
AT GUILDHALL IN THE CUSTODY OF THE CORPORA-
TION OF THE CITY OF LONDON.
By REGINALD R. SHARPE, D.C.L.,
RECORDS CLERK IN THE OFFICE OF THE TOWN CLERK
OF THE CITY OF LONDON; EDITOR OF "CALENDAR OF
WILLS ENROLLED IN THE COURT OF HUSTING," ETC.
IN THREE VOLUMES.
VOL. I.
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE CORPORATION UNDER THE
DIRECTION OF THE LIBRARY COMMITTEE.
London
LONGMANS, GREEN & Co.
AND NEW YORK: 15 EAST 16TH STREET.
1894LONDON:
PRINTED BY BLADES, EAST & BLADES,
23, ABCHURCH LANE, E.C.[iii]
PREFACE.
Of the numerous works that have been written on London, by
which I mean more especially the City of London, few have
been devoted to an adequate, if indeed any, consideration of its
political importance in the history of the Kingdom. The history
of the City is so many-sided that writers have to be content with
the study of some particular phase or some special epoch. Thus
we have those who have concentrated their efforts to evolving
out of the remote past the municipal organization of the City.
Their task has been to unfold the origin and institution of the
Mayoralty and Shrievalty of London, the division of the City
into wards with Aldermen at their head, the development of the
various trade and craft guilds, and the respective powers and
duties of the Courts of Aldermen and Common Council, and of
the Livery of London assembled in their Hall. Others
have devoted themselves to the study of the ecclesiastical and
monastic side of the City's history—its Cathedral, its religious
houses, and hundred and more parish churches, which occupied [iv]
so large an extent of the City's area. The ecclesiastical importance
of the City, however, is too often ignored. "We are prone," writes
Bishop Stubbs, "in examining into the municipal and mercantile
history of London, to forget that it was a very great ecclesiastical
centre." Others, again, have confined themselves to depicting
the every-day life of the City burgess, his social condition, his
commercial pursuits, his amusements; whilst others have been
content to perpetuate the memory of streets and houses long since
lost to the eye, and thus to keep alive an interest in scenes and
places which otherwise would be forgotten.viii London and the Kingdom - Volume I
The political aspect of the City's history has rarely been
touched by writers, and yet its geographical position combined
with the innate courage and enterprise of its citizens served to
give it no small political power and no insignificant place in the
history of the Kingdom. This being the case, the Corporation
resolved to fill the void, and in view of the year 1889 being the
700th Anniversary of the Mayoralty of London—according to
popular tradition—instructed the Library Committee to prepare
a work showing "the pre-eminent position occupied by the City
of London and the important function it exercised in the shaping
[v] and making of England."
It is in accordance with these instructions that this and suc-
ceeding volumes have been compiled. As the title of the work has
been taken from a chapter in Mr. Loftie's book on London ("His-
toric Towns" series, chap. ix), so its main features are delineated
in that chapter. "It would be interesting"—writes Mr. Loftie—"to
go over all the recorded instances in which the City of London
interfered directly in the affairs of the Kingdom. Such a survey
would be the history of England as seen from the windows of the
Guildhall." No words could better describe the character of the
work now submitted to the public. It has been compiled mainly
from the City's own archives. The City has been allowed to tell
its own story. If, therefore, its pages should appear to be too
much taken up with accounts of loans advanced by the City to
impecunious monarchs or with wearisome repetition of calls for
troops to be raised in the City for foreign service, it is because
the City's records of the day are chiefly if not wholly concerned
with these matters. If, on the other hand, an event which may
be rightly deemed of national importance be here omitted, it is
because the citizens were little affected thereby, and the City's
[vi] records are almost, if not altogether, silent on the subject.
The work does not affect to be a critical history so much
as a chronique pour servir, to which the historical student may
have recourse in order to learn what was the attitude taken upPREFACE. ix
by the citizens of London at important crises in the nation's
history. He will there see how, in the contest between Stephen
and the Empress Matilda, the City of London held as it were the
balance; how it helped to overthrow the tyranny of Longchamp,
and to wrest from the reluctant John the Great Charter of our
liberties; how it was with men and money supplied by the City
that Edward III and Henry V were enabled to conquer France,
and how in after years the London trained bands raised the siege
of Gloucester and turned the tide of the Civil War in favour of
Parliament. He will not fail to note the significant fact that before
Monk put into execution his plan for restoring Charles II to the
Crown, the taciturn general—little given to opening his mind to
anyone—deemed it advisable to take up his abode in the City
in order to first test the feelings of the inhabitants as to whether
the Restoration would be acceptable to them or not. He will see
that the citizens of London have at times been bold of speech
even in the presence of their sovereign when the cause of justice
and the liberty of the subject were at stake, and that they did not
hesitate to suffer for their opinions; that, "at many of the most [vii]
critical periods of our history, the influence of London and its
Lord Mayors has turned the scale in favour of those liberties of
which we are so justly proud"; and that had the entreaties of the
City been listened to by the King and his ministers, the American
Colonies would never have been lost to England.
There are two Appendices to the work; one comprising copies
from the City's Records of letters, early proclamations and doc-
uments of special interest to which reference is made in the
text; the other consisting of a more complete list of the City's
representatives in Parliament from the earliest times than has yet
been printed, supplemented as it has been by returns to writs
recorded in the City's archives and (apparently) no where else.
The returns for the City in the Blue Books published in 1878 and
1879 are very imperfect.
R. R. S.x London and the Kingdom - Volume I
THE GUILDHALL, LONDON,
April, 1894.