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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Moral, by Ludwig ThomaCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check the copyright laws for your country beforedownloading or redistributing this or any other Project Gutenberg eBook.This header should be the first thing seen when viewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do not remove it. Do notchange or edit the header without written permission.Please read the "legal small print," and other information about the eBook and Project Gutenberg at the bottom ofthis file. Included is important information about your specific rights and restrictions in how the file may be used. Youcan also find out about how to make a donation to Project Gutenberg, and how to get involved.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971*******These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****Title: MoralAuthor: Ludwig ThomaRelease Date: January, 2004 [EBook #4963] [Yes, we are more than one year ahead of schedule] [This file was firstposted on April 5, 2002]Edition: 10Language: English*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK MORAL ***Produced by Charles Franks, Nicole Apostola and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team.MoralLudwig ThomaINTRODUCTIONDr. Ludwig Thoma, perhaps better known to his Bavarian countrymen as Peter Schlemiehl, was born inOberammergau on January 21, 1867. After graduating from a gymnasium in Munich, he studied ...



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Produced by Charles Franks, Nicole Apostola and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team.
Title: Moral Author: Ludwig Thoma Release Date: January, 2004 [EBook #4963] [Yes, we are more than one year ahead of schedule] [This file was first posted on April 5, 2002] Edition: 10 Language: English
Ludwig Thoma
**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts** **eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971** *****These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****
as ergabeton ak ton eecit fo siht "Bavarian Aristpoahen"sa dnt  oe armpco Htom hi dnaeniesalc eht.Whesicsral n MooLttna ds'B hcne
The translation follows the text implicitly. Four different versions were made all varying in a degree from the original, and although Dr. Thoma wrote to the writer "bin auch damit einverstanden dass Sie in der Ubersetzung meines Schauspieles 'Moral' etwaige Aenderungen oder Adaptiereungen, die durch die englisch-amerikanischen Verhaltnisse und den Geschmack des amerikanischen Theatrepublikums geboten erscheinen, in entsprechender Weise vornehmen …" it was deemed best for purposes of publication to try to preserve the original atmosphere without an attempt to even transpose such phrases as Gnadige Frau, or Herr Kommerzienrat.
H. L. Mencken and George Jean Nathan for many years have sung praises of the Moral in the Smart Set. But its production on the English speaking stage still remains an event eagerly to be awaited. Briefly, the play is a polemic against the "men higher up," churchmen, reformers, and social hypocrites.
New York, October, 1916.
The late Percival Pollard was the first American critic to emphasize the importance of Dr. Thoma's work in his excellent resume of contemporary German literature: Masks and Minstrels of Modern Germany. He pointed out "that no country where hypocrisy or puritanism prevail as factors in the social and municipal conduct should be spared the corrective acid of this play."
First produced in 1908 the play soon became a part and parcel of the repertoire of the leading theatres in Germany. It was put on for the first time in New York, in German, at the Irving Place Theatre in the spring of 1914, through the efforts of the late Heinrich Matthias and the writer. Mr. Matthias then played the part of Beermann. Mr. Christians, the director, repeated the performance a number of times that season, each performance meeting with a warm response.
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FRITZ BEERMANN, a wealthy landowner and banker. LENA BEERMANN, his wife. EFFIE BEERMANN, their daughter.
KOMMERZIENRAT ADOLPH BOLLAND, capitalist and manufacturer CLARA BOLLAND, his wife. DR. HAUSER, an ex-judge. FRAU LUND, an old lady. HANS JACOB DOBLER, a poet.
FRAULEIN KOCH-PINNEBERG, an artiste. PRIVATDOZENT DR. WASNER, a gymnasium professor. FREIHERR VON SIMBACH, the Police Commissioner of the Duchy. ASSESSOR OSCAR STROEBEL, a police official. MADAME NINON DE HAUTEVILLE, a lady of leisure.  FREIHERR GENERAL BOTHO VON SCHMETTAU, also known as Zurnberg,  A Gentleman-in-waiting and Adjutant to His Highness, the  Duke. JOSEPH REISACHER, a clerk of the Police Department. BETTY, a maid at Beersmann's. Two man-servants and a policeman.
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The esteemed, sensitive public will assume that the action takes place in Emilsburg, the capital of the Duchy of Gerlestein. The first and third acts occur in the house of Herr Fritz Beermann; the second act, in the Police Headquarters. It all happens between Sunday afternoon and Monday evening. To be free from blame, the producers will please note that: BEERMANN is in the fifties; jovial; lively; with gray side- whiskers and chin carefully shaved. FRAU BEERMANN is in the late forties, though youthful looking for her age. FRAU LUND. sixty-eight; a woman of impressive appearance; her manner is energetic; her mass of white hair is carefully coiffured. FRAU BOLLAND. about forty-five; stout; talkative. DR. WASNER. a tall German professor with full blond beard; deep voiced; wears pince-nez with black tortoise shell rim and broad black cord. HANS JACOB DOBLER. is a poet; he is dressed in a poor fitting cut- away coat; unkempt mustache and Van Dyke beard. FRAULEIN PINNEBERG, a feminist, wears a loose fitting gown. DR. HAUSER. fifty; smooth shaven; wears gold rimmed spectacles, VON SCHMETTAU, sixty; remains stately looking with effort; military bearing. MADAME DE HAUTEVILLE—indefinitely twenty; her ultra-fashionable Parisian gowns invite the cloak and suit patrons.
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