North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826
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North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826, by Various, Edited by Hugh L. Hodge, Franklin Bache, Charles D. Meigs, Benjamin Homer Coates, and René La Roche This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826 Author: Various Editor: Hugh L. Hodge, Franklin Bache, Charles D. Meigs, Benjamin Homer Coates, and René La Roche Release Date: July 4, 2009 [eBook #29307] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 ***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK NORTH AMERICAN MEDICAL AND SURGICAL JOURNAL, VOL. 2, NO. 3, JULY, 1826*** E-text prepared by Juliet Sutherland, Josephine Paolucci, and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team (http://www.pgdp.net) THE NORTH AMERICAN MEDICAL AND SURGICAL JOURNAL. CONDUCTED BY HUGH L. HODGE, M.D. | CHAS. D. MEIGS, M.D. FRANKLIN BACHE, M.D. | B. H. COATES, M.D. AND R. LA ROCHE, M.D. NON DOCTIOR, SED MELIORE IMBUTUS DOCTRINA. VOL. II. PHILADELPHIA: PUBLISHED BY J. DOBSON, AGENT. JESPER HARDING, PRINTER. 1826. Eastern District of Pennsylvania, to wit Be It Remembered, that on the 31st day of March, in the 50th year of the Independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1826, Hugh L.

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The Project Gutenberg eBook,
North American Medical and
Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July,
1826, by Various, Edited by Hugh L.
Hodge, Franklin Bache, Charles D.
Meigs, Benjamin Homer Coates, and
René La Roche
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org
Title: North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826
Author: Various
Editor: Hugh L. Hodge, Franklin Bache, Charles D. Meigs, Benjamin Homer
Coates, and René La Roche
Release Date: July 4, 2009 [eBook #29307]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK NORTH AMERICAN
MEDICAL AND SURGICAL JOURNAL, VOL. 2, NO. 3, JULY, 1826***

E-text prepared by Juliet Sutherland, Josephine Paolucci,
and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading
Team
(http://www.pgdp.net)




THE
NORTH AMERICANMEDICAL AND SURGICAL
JOURNAL.
CONDUCTED BY
HUGH L. HODGE, M.D. | CHAS. D. MEIGS, M.D.
FRANKLIN BACHE, M.D. | B. H. COATES, M.D.
AND
R. LA ROCHE, M.D.
NON DOCTIOR, SED MELIORE IMBUTUS DOCTRINA.
VOL. II.
PHILADELPHIA:
PUBLISHED BY J. DOBSON, AGENT.
JESPER HARDING, PRINTER.
1826.
Eastern District of Pennsylvania, to wit
Be It Remembered, that on the 31st day of March, in the 50th year of the
Independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1826, Hugh L. Hodge,
Franklin Bache, Charles D. Meigs, Benjamin H. Coates, and René La Roche,
of the said District, have deposited in this office the Title of a Book, the right
whereof they claim as Proprietors, in the words following, to wit:
"The North American Medical and Surgical Journal. Conducted by Hugh L.
Hodge, M. D., Franklin Bache, M. D., Chas. D. Meigs, M. D., B. H. Coates, M.
D., and R. La Roche, M. D. Non doctior, sed meliore imbutus doctrina. Vol. II."
In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, intituled, "An act for
the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and
books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein
mentioned;"—and also to the act, entitled, "An act supplementary to an act,
entitled, "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of
maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during
the times therein mentioned," and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of
designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."
D. Caldwell, Clerk of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
[Pg iii]
CONTENTSOF VOL. II.
No. III.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
Art. Page.
I. Description of the Gangrenous Ulcer of the mouths of children. By B. H.
Coates, M. D., one of the Physicians to the Philadelphia Children's Asylum, &c.
1
II. Case of Purpura in an Infant, attended with extraordinary symptoms. By R. M.
Huston, M. D. 24
III. History of the Natural and Modified Small Pox, or of the Variolous and
Varioloid Diseases, as they prevailed in Philadelphia, in the years 1823 and
1824. By John K. Mitchell, M. D., and John Bell, M. D., attending physicians at
the then Small Pox Hospital. With a plate. 27
IV. Remarks on the Pathology and Treatment of Yellow Fever. Arranged from
the notes of Dr. J. A. Monges, of Philadelphia. 53
V. Remarks on the Prophylactic Treatment of Cholera Infantum. By Joseph
Parrish, M. D., one of the Surgeons to the Pennsylvania Hospital. 68
VI. Case of Neuralgia cured by Acupuncturation. Communicated by J. Hunter
Ewing, M. D. 77
ANALYTICAL REVIEWS.
VII. Researches into the Nature and Treatment of Dropsy in the Brain, Chest,
Abdomen, Ovarium, and Skin. By Joseph Ayre, M. D., &c. 79
VIII. An Essay on Venereal Diseases, and the Uses and Abuses of Mercury in
their Treatment. By Richard Carmichael, M. R. I. A. With Practical Notes, &c. By
G. Emerson, M. D. 109
IX. Remarks on some Means employed to destroy Tænia, and expel them from
the Human Body. By Louis Frank, M. D. Privy Counsellor of her Majesty, Maria
Louisa, Duchess of Parma. 114
X. Researches, Physiological and Pathological, instituted principally with a
View to the Improvement of Medical and Surgical Practice. By James Blundell,
M. D., Lecturer on Physiology and Midwifery at the United Hospitals of St.
Thomas and Guy. 119
[Pg iv]XI. An Inquiry into the Nature and Treatment of Diabetes, Calculus and other
Affections of the Urinary Organs. By William Prout, M. D., F. R. S. With Notes
and Additions, by S. Colhoun, M. D. 125
MEDICAL LITERATURE.—RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW.
XII. Tractatus de Ventriculo et Intestinis, cui præmittitur alius, de Partibus
continentibus in Genere, et in Specie de iis Abdominis. Authore Francisco
Glissonio. Lond. 1677, 4to. 138
QUARTERLY SUMMARY OF MEDICAL AND SURGICAL INTELLIGENCE.Anatomy, 155
1, Papillæ of the Tongue. 2, Villi of the Stomach and Intestines. 3, Minute
distribution of the Vessels of the Liver. 4, Trachea perforating the Aorta. 5,
Monsters. 6, Malformation of the Heart. 7, Acephalous Mummy. 8, New
Anatomical Plates. 9, A Manual of Osteology. 10, Sœmmering's Work on the
Anatomy of the Ear. 11, Does the conjunctiva run over the Cornea?
Physiology, 158
12, Electro-Galvanic phenomena of Acupuncturation. 13, Variations in Milk. 14,
Hyoscyamus dilates the Pupils of the Eyes. 15, Worms in the Eye. 16,
Digestion.
Pathology, 161
17, Dothinenteria—Pustules of the small Intestines. 18, Dr. Broussais. 19,
Whooping Cough. 20, Antiperistaltic Globus—Globus Hystericus. 21, Non-
contagion of Yellow Fever.
Therapeutics, Materia Medica, and the Practice of Medicine, 166
22, Iodine. 23, Non-mercurial Treatment of Syphilis. 24, Cancer treated by
Antiphlogistics. 25, Essential Oil of Male Fern as a remedy in Cases of Tænia.
26, Tincture of Bastard Saffron for the expulsion of Tænia. 27, Oil of Turpentine
in Tænia. 28, Action of the Oil of the Euphorbia Lathyris. 29, Medicinal
Properties of the Apocynum Cannabinum or Indian Hemp. 30, Remarkable
Effects from the external application of the Acetate of Morphia. 31, Cure of
Urinary Calculi, by means of the internal use of the Bicarbonate of Soda. 32,
Attempt to cure Abdominal Dropsy by exciting Peritoneal Inflammation. 33,
Artificial Respiration. 34, Secale Cornutum. 35, Animal Magnetism. 36, Sketch
of the Medical Literature of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. 37, Erysipelatous
Mumps or Angina Parotidiana. 38, Tænia. 39, Scrophula. 40, Digitalis.
Surgery, 192
41, Dr. Physick's Operation for Artificial Anus denied to have been performed.
42, Gangrenous Sore Mouth of Children. 43, Operation for Phymosis. 44, Lunar
Caustic on Wounds and Ulcers. 45, Hæmorrhage from Lithotomy. 46,
Extirpation of the Parotid Gland. 47, Aneurism from a Wound, cured by
Valsaiva's method. 48, Protrusion and Wound of the Stomach. 49,
Œsophagotomy. 50, Retention of Urine, caused by a Stricture of the Urethra,
relieved by a forcible but gradual Injection. 51, Tracheotomy. 52, Fistula
Lachrymalis. 53, Aneurisma Herniosum. 54, Extirpation of the Two Dental
Arches affected with Osteo-sarcoma. 55, Traumatic Erysipelas. 56, Obliteration
of a portion of the Urethra, remedied by an Operation. 57, Artificial Joint cured
by Caustic. 58, Epilepsy cured by Trephining.
Midwifery, 205
59, Gastrotomy. 60, Cæsarian Operation, performed with safety to the Mother
and Fœtus. 61, Extirpation of the Uterus. 62, Uterine Hæmorrhage.
Chemistry and Pharmacy, 208
63, State in which Morphia exists in Opium. 64, Peculiar Principles of Narcotic
[Pg v]Plants. 65, Relative quantities of Cinchonia and Quinia with indention in the
most esteemed Varieties of Peruvian Bark. 66, Sulphate of Quinia, extracted
from the Cinchona Bark, exhausted by Decoction. 67, Analysis of Rhubarb. 68,
Alkaline Lozenges of Bicarbonate of Soda. 69, Presence of Mercury in
Samples of Medicinal Prussic Acid. 70, Proposed Method of preparingProtoxide of Mercury by precipitation, for Medical Employment. 71, Goulard's
Extract of Lead.
Quarterly List of American Medical Publications, 214-16
No. IV.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
Art.
I. On the Epidemic of 1825 in Natchez, Miss. By Ayres P. Merrill, M. D. 217
II. History of the Natural and Modified Small Pox, or of the Variolous and
Varioloid Diseases, as they prevailed in Philadelphia, in the years 1823 and
1824. By John K. Mitchell, M. D., and John Bell, M. D., Physicians at the then
Small Pox Hospital. (Concluded from page 53.) 238
III. Cases of Nervous Irritation, exhibiting the Efficacy of Cold as a Remedy. By
S. Jackson, M. D. 250
IV. Remarks on the Pathology of Jaundice. By G. B. Wood, M. D. 260
V. Account of a Case in which a New and Peculiar Operation for Artificial Anus
was performed in 1809. By Philip Syng Physick, M. D., Professor of Surgery in
the University of Pennsylvania, &c. Drawn up for publication by B. H. Coates,
M. D. 269
VI. Observations on Asphyxia from Drowning, to which is added a Case of
Resuscitation. By Edward Jenner Coxe, M. D. 276
ANALYTICAL REVIEWS.
VII. Traité Zoologique et Physiologique, Sur les Vers Intestinaux de l'Homme.
Par M. Bremser, D. M. Traduit de l'Allemande par M. Grundler, D. M. P. Revue
et Augmentée de Notes. Par M. de Blainville, D. M., &c. Avec un Atlas. Paris,
1824.
Anatomie des Vers Intestinaux, Ascaride, Lombricoide, et Echynorhynque
Geant. Memoire Couronné par l'Academie Royale des Sciences, qui en avoit
mit le sujet au Concours, pour l'année 1818. Avec 8 Planches. Par Jules
Cloquet, &c. &c. A Paris, 1824 297
VIII. Precis Theorique et Pratique, sur les Maladies de la Peau. Par M. S. L.
Alibert. 2 Tomes. 8vo. Paris, 1810-1820. 322
IX. Thoughts on Medical Education, and a Plan for its Improvement; addressed
to the Council of the University of London. Dictu Necessaria. Plin. London,
1826.
Projet de Loi, presenté aux Chambres dans la Séance du 14 Fevrier 1825, par
S. E. le Ministre de l'Intérieur, Sur les Ecoles Secondaries de Medécine, les
Chambres de Discipline, et les Eaux Minerales Artificielles. 344
MEDICAL LITERATURE—RETROSPECTIVE REVIEWS.
X. Recherches sur le Tissu Muqueux, ou l'Organe Cellulaire, et Sur Quelques
Maladies de la Poitrine. Par Théophile Bordeu, Docteur en Medécine des
[Pg vi]Facultés de Paris, et de Montpélier. Paris, 1767, 12mo. 376QUARTERLY SUMMARY OF IMPROVEMENTS IN MEDICINE AND
SURGERY
Anatomy, 395
1, Notice of a Double Male Fœtus, by W. E. Horner, M. D., &c. 2, Imperfect
Development of the Cerebral Organs in Monsters. 3, Imperforate Vagina. 4,
Fallopian Tubes. 5, Monsters. 6, Fœtus grafted into the Chest of another. 7,
Fœtus without a Stomach, Head or Anus. 8, Congenital Hydrocephalus, with
Transposition of the Viscera. 9, Unusual Arrangement of the Aortic Branches.
Physiology, 403
10, Influence of the Great Sympathetic Nerve on the Functions of Sense. 11,
Cutaneous Absorption. 12, Abstinence. 13, Hippomane Mancinella. 14,
Cutaneous Absorption. 15, Regeneration of Divided Arteries. 16, Mineral
Poisons.
Pathology, 406
17, Are we followers of Dr. Broussais? 18, Influenza. 19, Diarrhœa Infantum.
20, Tetanus. 21, Small Pox.
Therapeutics, Materia Medica, and the Practice of Medicine. 411
22, Tincture of Iodine in Gonorrhœa, Bubo, Scrofula, &c. 23, Acetate of Lead
and Tincture of Opium in Dysentery. 24, Powers of Digitalis in Palpitatio Cordis.
25, Tartar-Emetic Ointment in Epilepsy. 26, Antiphlogistics in Recent Cases of
Epilepsy. 27, On the Efficacy of Nitrate of Silver in the Treatment of Zona or
Shingles. 28, On the Remedial Effects of Camphor in Acute and Chronic
Rheumatism. 29, Examination of the Question, whether the Medical Use of
Phosphorus internally, is useful, injurious, or equivocal. 30, Nitrous Acid and
Opium in Dysentery, Cholera and Diarrhœa. 31, Tartar Emetic in Pneumonia
Biliosa. 32, Bark of the Ampelopsis in Catarrhal Consumption. 33, Obstinate
Vomiting cured with Extract of Marigold. 34, Vomiting of Fat and Blood. 35,
Rupture of the Spleen. 36, Chilblains cured with Chloride of Lime. 37, Local
Spontaneous Combustion. 38, Dr. Painchaud on Tic Douloureux. 39, Duration
of Life among the Romans. 40, Difference of Mortality from 1775, to 1825. 41,
New Method of Percussion of the Thorax. 42, Acid Nitrate of Mercury. 43,
Effects of Ardent Spirits. 44, Colombo Root. 45, Poison of Mushrooms. 46,
Antisyphilitic Decoction of Zittmann. 47, Acetate of Ammonia, a Remedy for
Drunkenness. 48, Mortality of Leeches. 49, Black Drop. 50, Doses of Calomel
in days of yore. 51, Buying a good Practice. 52, Sore Nipples. 53, Anderson's
Quarterly. 54, Antiquity of Cow Pox and Origin of Small Pox from it.
Surgery, 431
55, Lithotritie, on Breaking the Stone in the Bladder. 56, The High Operation.
57, Sutures in Wounds of the Bladder. 58, Paracentesis Thoracis. 59, Stricture
of the œsophagus. 60, Wound of the Brain. 61, Luxation of the Metatarsus; the
history drawn up by M. Dusol, D. M.
Midwifery, 438
62, Uterine Hæmorrhage. 63, Polypi of the Uterus. 64, Cæsarian Section. 65,
Case of Difficult Parturition. 66, Case of the Pelvis becoming enlarged.
Chemistry and Pharmacy, 440
67, L'Artigue's Process of preparing the Watery Extract of Opium. 68, Berzelius'Method of Detecting Arsenic in the bodies of Persons poisoned by it. 69, Action
of Certain Metallic Substances on the Animal Economy.
Quarterly List of American Medical Publications, 444-48
[Pg vii]CONTENTS
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
Art. I. Description of the Gangrenous Ulcer of the Mouths of Children. By B. H.PAGE
Coates, M. D. one of the Physicians to the Philadelphia Children's Asylum, &c. 1
II. Case of Purpura in an Infant, attended with extraordinary Symptoms. By R.
M. Huston, M. D. 24
III. History of the Natural and Modified Small-pox, or of the Variolous and
Varioloid Diseases, as they prevailed in Philadelphia in the years 1823 and
1824. By John K. Mitchell, M. D., and John Bell, M. D., attending Physicians at
the then Small-pox Hospital.—With a plate. 27
IV. Remarks on the Pathology and Treatment of Yellow Fever. Arranged from
the Notes of Dr. J. A. Monges, of Philadelphia. 53
V. Remarks on the Prophylactic Treatment of Cholera Infantum. By Joseph
Parrish, M. D., one of the Surgeons to the Pennsylvania Hospital. 68
VI. Case of Neuralgia, cured by Acupuncturation. Communicated by J. Hunter
Ewing, M. D. 77
ANALYTICAL REVIEWS.
VII. Researches into the Nature and Treatment of Dropsy in the Brain, Chest,
Abdomen, Ovarium, and Skin. By Joseph Ayre, M. D., &c. 79
VIII. An Essay on Venereal Diseases, and the Uses and Abuses of Mercury in
[Pg viii]their Treatment. By Richard Carmichael, M. R. I. A., with Practical Notes, &c. by
G. Emerson, M. D. 109
IX. Remarks on some means employed to destroy Tænia, and expel them from
the Human Body. By Louis Frank, M. D., Privy Counsellor of her Majesty, Maria
Louisa, Duchess of Parma. 114
X. Researches Physiological and Pathological, instituted principally with a
View to the Improvement of Medical and Surgical Practice. By James Blundell,
M. D., Lecturer on Physiology and Midwifery, at the United Hospitals of St.
Thomas and Guy. 119
XI. An Inquiry into the Nature and Treatment of Diabetes, Calculus, and other
Affections of the Urinary Organs. By William Prout, M.D. F.R.S. With Notes and
Additions, by S. Colhoun, M. D. 125
MEDICAL LITERATURE.
XII. Retrospective Review.—Tractatus de Ventriculo et Intestinis, cui præmittitur
alius, de Partibus continentibus in Genere, et in Specie de iis Abdominis.Authore Francisco Glissonio. Lond. 1677, 4to. 138
QUARTERLY SUMMARY OF MEDICAL AND SURGICAL INTELLIGENCE.
I. Anatomy. 155
II. Physiology. 158
III. Pathology. 161
IV. Therapeutics, Materia Medica, and the Practice of Medicine. 166
V. Surgery. 192
VI. Midwifery. 205
VII. Chemistry and Pharmacy. 208
Quarterly List of American Medical Publications. 214
[Pg 1]THE
NORTH AMERICAN
Medical and Surgical Journal.
JULY, 1826.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
Article I.—Description of the Gangrenous Ulcer
of the Mouths of Children. By B. H. Coates, M. D.
one of the Physicians to the Philadelphia
Children's Asylum, &c.
Having had opportunities of witnessing the ravages and unmanageable
character of this destructive disease, I have long and deeply felt the want of
some written account, both of the malady, and of a proper mode of treatment.
Some research and observation, made in consequence of this feeling, have
terminated in the acquisition of more fixed ideas, and of a practice hitherto
successful. This convinced me, that it became my duty to lay the result of these
inquiries before the public, for the benefit of others. There is, perhaps, no
stronger and more peculiar reason for wishing American physicians to write,
than the opportunities they possess, of describing and recording many
important varieties of morbid affection, which were either unknown to our
predecessors, or the descriptions of which, uncombined and uncompared, areonly to be found by searching among the more neglected tomes of a public
library. Of this, the present case will afford a fair example; as well as an
instance of an American physician, who had described the disease from nature,
having, from want of encouragement, false modesty, or some other cause, kept
it back from publication.
[Pg 2]Ever since the establishment of the Children's Asylum, under the care of a
committee of the guardians of the poor, of the city and liberties of Philadelphia,
in the spring of 1819, this useful institution has been annually visited by the
new and distressing scourge of which we are treating. It has here prevailed in a
considerable number of cases, forming the principal source of anxiety and
trouble during the winter season, and annually sweeping off its little victims, in
a manner rendered peculiarly awful by its insidious approach, its loathsome
effects, and its apparently uncontrollable progress. Various scattered cases of a
similar affection have come within my knowledge, during the last few years;
occurring in the practice of several physicians, as well as in my own. In no
place, however, near Philadelphia, other than the above, has there existed, so
far as I know, a sufficient number of cases at the same time, to enable a
physician to examine it in much detail, or to make comparative trials of different
modes of treatment, so as clearly to determine the most successful.
References to Authors.—The notices of this complaint given by authors, to
which I have been enabled to refer, are few, and generally too scanty to supply
much means of forming a satisfactory judgment, or a practice in which
confidence can be reposed. They consist, principally, of the mere mention of an
affection resembling that of which we treat; and, in some instances, it is even
doubtful whether they are describing the same disease. No notice is taken of
this affection in any of our common books; with the exception of the last edition
[1]o f Cooper's Surgical Dictionary, and of Underwood's work on diseases of
children. It is there described under the erroneous title of cancrum oris. A
reference is given to Pearson's Surgery; and the article in the Dictionary is
taken exclusively from that work. As this is the only authority with which I am
acquainted, that gives a tolerably full account of a disease somewhat similar to
that of which we are treating, I have concluded to extract the whole passage, in
the words of the author.
"The canker of the mouth is a deep, foul, irregular, fœtid ulcer, with jagged
edges, which appears upon the inside of the lips and cheeks; and is attended
[Pg 3]with a copious flow of diseased saliva.
"This disease is seldom seen in adults; but it most commonly attacks children,
from the age of 18 months, to that of 6 or 7 years. When the ulceration begins at
the inner part of the lip, it exhibits a deep, narrow, sulcated appearance, and
quickly spreads along the inside of the cheek; which becomes hard, and
tumefied externally. The gums are very frequently interested in this complaint,
and, in such cases, the teeth are generally found in a loose and diseased state;
matter is often found in their sockets, and abscesses sometimes burst
externally through the cheek, the lip, or a little below the maxilla inferior: and it
is not uncommon to see an exfoliation of the alveolar processes, or even of the
greater part of the lower jaw. Among the children of poor people, where this
disease is neglected or mismanaged at the beginning, a dreadful gangrene will
sometimes supervene.
"The remote causes that give origin to this disease are not very obvious. I think
it occurs most frequently among children that live in a marshy situation; that are
sustained by unwholesome food; and where a due attention to cleanliness has
been wanting. The cancrum oris has been described by some writers, as a
complaint very common in England and Ireland, where it is sometimesepidemical among infants. It, however, is commonly seen in other kingdoms,
and prevails more especially in those houses where a great number of children
are crowded together. I am not able to determine whether it is or is not
contagious.
"But adults are not wholly exempted from this morbid affection, and it is not
easy in all cases, to distinguish the cancrum oris from a cancerous or venereal
ulcer in the mouth; since the uvula, tonsils or fauces may be the seat of each
disease. I have seen ulcerations on the uvula and tonsils, with all the marks of
a venereal sore, in patients where the presence of such a virus could not be
suspected; and by treating them as canker of the mouth, they have been
speedily cured.
"The canker of the mouth ought to be distinguished from aphthæ, the epulis and
parulis, scurvy, cancerous ulcers, venereal ulcers and exulceration from the
use of mercury.
"The mode of treatment.—It will be proper,
"1. To remove the diseased teeth, bone, &c. if possible.
"2. To prescribe a milk and vegetable diet, and to allow a prudent use of
[Pg 4]fermented liquors.
"3. It will be adviseable to exhibit such remedies as, Peruvian bark;
sarsaparilla; elm bark; mineral acids.
"The external applications that I have generally found successful have
consisted of such as the following:
"Preparations of copper; a diluted mineral acid; burnt alum; decoction of bark
[2]with white vitriol; tincture of myrrh, &c."
Of the above articles, those which we have indicated by italics are omitted in
the last edition of Cooper's Dictionary; and, in a former one, they are directly
prohibited with strong reprobation. Nevertheless, it is among these that we
have found, beyond comparison, the most successful one.
M r. Pearson prefixes to the preceding article a list of synonymes, with
references to authors, in the manner of writers on natural history. They are as
follow: Aphthæ Serpentes.—Sennertus; Medicinâ Practicâ. Labrosulcium, seu
Cheilocace.—Arnoldus Bootius. Oris Cancrum.—Muys. Stalpaart Vander Wiel.
Gangræna Oris.—Van Sweiten. Gangrene scorbutique des Gencives.—
Auctores Gallici.
[3]Of these, Sennertus merely mentions, under the article aphthæ, that the latter
sometimes spread around the frænum and tongue, occasionally corroding the
subjacent parts. He is so far from giving a clear description, under the head of
Aphthæ Serpentes, of any affection analogous to that we are about to record,
that he quotes Galen as remarking, very properly, that these are not aphthæ at
all, but putrid ulcers.
Arnold Bootius, in his little treatise "de morbis omissis," of diseases omitted in
[4]the books, published in London, in 1649, gives, from his own observation, an
account of a disease, to which he applies the names above attributed to him. It
differs from the cases which have attracted our attention, chiefly in its situation.
He describes it as an ulcer, soon becoming black and fœtid, corroding the
inside of both lips, separating them widely from the gums and allowing them to
fall outwards upon the face; thus producing a horrible deformity. Besides this,
the author states, that a deep fissure usually extended down each half of the