Overland through Asia; Pictures of Siberian, Chinese, and Tartar - Life
299 Pages
English
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Overland through Asia; Pictures of Siberian, Chinese, and Tartar - Life

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299 Pages
English

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, Overland through Asia; Pictures of Siberian, Chinese, and Tartar Life, by Thomas Wallace Knox
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it , give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online atwww.gutenberg.net
Title: Overland through Asia; Pictures of Siberian, Chinese, and Tartar Life
Author: Thomas Wallace Knox
Release Date: October 20, 2004 [eBook #13806]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK OVERLAND THROUGH ASIA; PICTURES OF SIBERIAN, CHINESE, AND TARTAR LIFE***
E-text prepared by Ronald Holder and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team
Note:
Two spellings, "Tunguse" and "Tunguze," are us ed throughout the book for the same tribe.
The caption of Illustrations #55, 58, 103, 144 differ from the captions given in the table and were not changed.
OVERLAND
THROUGH ASIA.
PICTURES OF
SIBERIAN, CHINESE, AND TARTAR
LIFE.
TRAVELS AND ADVENTURES IN KAMCHATKA, SIBERIA, CHINA, MONGOLIA,
CHINESE TARTARY, AND EUROPEAN RUSSIA, WITH FULL ACCOUNTS
OF THE SIBERIAN EXILES, THEIR TREATMENT,
CONDITION, AND MODE OF LIFE, A DESCRIPTION
OF THE AMOOR RIVER, AND
THE SIBERIAN SHORES OF THE
FROZEN OCEAN.
WITH AN APPROPRIATE MAP,
AND
NEARLY 200 ILLUSTRATIONS.
BY
THOMAS W. KNOX.
AUTHOR OF "CAMP FIRE AND COTTON FIELD."
1871.
PREFACE.
Fourteen years ago Major Perry McD. Collins traversed Northern Asia, and wrote an account, of his journey, entitled "A Voyage Down the Amoor." With the exception of that volume no other work on this little known region has appeared from the pen of an American writer. In view of this fact, the author of "Overland Through Asia" indulges the hope that his book will not be considered a superfluous addition to the literature of his country.
The journey herein recorded was undertaken partly as a pleasure trip, partly as a journalistic enterprise, and partly in the interest of the company that attempted to carry out the plans of Major Collins to make an electric connection between Europe and the United States by way of Asia and Bering's Straits. In the service of the Russo-American Telegraph Company, it may not be improper to state that the author's official duties were so few, and his pleasures so numerous, as to leave the kindest recollections of the many persons connected with the enterprise.
Portions of this book have appeared in Harper's, Putnam's, The Atlantic, The Galaxy,
and the Overland Monthlies, and in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. They have been received with such favor as to encourage their reproduction wherever they could be introduced in the narrative of the journey. The largest part of the book has been written from a carefully recorded journal, and is now in print for the first time. The illustrations have been made from photographs and pencil sketches, and in all cases great care has been exercised to represent correctly the costumes of the country. To Frederick Whymper, Esq., artist of the Telegraph Expedition, and to August Hoffman, (Photographer,) of Irkutsk, Eastern Siberia, the author is specially indebted.
The orthography of geographical names is after the Russian model. The author hopes it will not be difficult to convince his countrymen that the shortest form of spelling is the best, especially when it represents the pronunciation more accurately than does the old method. A frontier justice once remarked, when a lawyer ridiculed his way of writing ordinary words, that a man was not properly educated who could spell a word in only one way. On the same broad principle I will not quarrel with those who insist upon retaining an extra letter in Bering and Ohotsk and two superfluous letters in Kamchatka.
Among those not mentioned in the volume, thanks are due to Frederick Macrellish, Esq., of San Francisco, Hon. F.F. Low of Sacramento, Alfred Whymper, Esq., of London, and the many gentlemen connected with the Telegraph Expedition. There are dozens and hundreds of individuals in Siberia and elsewhere, of all grades and conditions in life, who have placed me under numberless obligations. Wherever I traveled the most uniform courtesy was shown me, and though conscious that few of those dozens and hundreds will ever read these lines, I should consider myself ungrateful did I fail to acknowledge their kindness to a wandering American.
T.W.K.
ASTOR HOUSE, N.Y., Sept. 15, 1870.
1. FRONTISPIECE, THE AUTHOR IN SIBERIAN COSTUME
2.CHARACTER DEVELOPED
3.ASPINWALL TO PANAMA
4.SLIGHTLY MONOTONOUS
5.MONTGOMERY STREET IN HOLIDAY DRESS
6.SAN FRANCISCO, 1848
7.CHINESE DINNER
8.OVER SIX FEET
9.STEAMSHIP WRIGHT IN A STORM
10.A SEA SICK BOOBY
11.WRECK OF THE SHIP CANTON
12.ALEUTIANS CATCHING WHALES
13.BREACH OF ETIQUETTE
14.UNEXPECTED HONORS
15.RUSSIAN MARRIAGE
16.RUSSIAN POPE AT HOME
17.A SCALY BRIDGE
18.RUSSIAN TEA SERVICE
19.CHANGE FOR A DOLLAR
20.COW AND BEAR
21.A KAMCHATKA TEAM
22.REPULSE OF THE ASSAILANTS
23.VIEW OF SITKA
24.PLENTY OF TIME
25.RUSSIAN OFFICERS AT MESS
26.ASCENDING THE BAY
27.TAKING THE CENSUS
28.LIGHT-HOUSE AT GHIJIGA
29.TOWED BY DOGS
30.KORIAK YOURT
31.DISCHARGING A DECK LOAD
32.REINDEER RIDE
33.TAIL PIECE, REINDEER
34.WAGON RIDE WITH DOGS
35.YEARLY MAIL
36.DOGS FISHING
37.TEACHINGS OF EXPERIENCE
38.BOAT LOAD OF SALMON
39.AN EFFECTIVE PROTEST
40.NOTHING BUT BONES
41.TAIL PIECE—NATIVE WOMAN
42.SEEING OFF
43.LIFE ON THE AMOOR
44.A GILYAK VILLAGE
45.ABOUT FULL
46.TAIL PIECE—A TURN OUT
47.ON THE AMOOR
48.CASH ACCOUNT
49.WOODING UP
50.BEAR IN PROCESSION
51.PRACTICE OF MEDICINE
52.MANJOUR MERCHANT
53.GILYAK MAN
54.GILYAK WOMAN
55.PEASANTS BY MOONLIGHT
56.TAIL PIECE—THE NET
57.TEN MILES AN HOUR
58.GOLDEE HOUSE AT NIGHT
59.THE HYPOCONDRIAC
60."NOT FOR JOE"
61.TAIL PIECE—SCENE ON THE RIVER
62.RECEPTION AT PETROVSKY
63.ARMED AND EQUIPPED
64.GENERAL ACTIVITY
65.TAIL PIECE—FLASK
66.MANJOUR BOAT
67.A PRIVATE TEMPLE
68.FISHING IMPLEMENTS
69.CHINESE FAMILY PICTURE
70.MANJOUR TRAVELING CARRIAGE
71.TAIL PIECE—TOWARDS THE SUN
72.THE AMMUNITION WAGON
73.FINISHING TOUCH
74.EMIGRANTS ON THE AMOOR
75.SA-GA-YAN CLIFF
76.RIFLE SHOOTING
77.TAIL PIECE—GAME
78.PREPARING FOR WINTER
79.TAIL PIECE
80.STRATENSK, EASTERN SIBERIA
81.A SIBERIAN TARANTASS
82.TAIL PIECE
83.FAVORITE BED
84.CONCENTRATED ENERGIES
85.PRISONERS AT CHETAH
86.ON THE HILLS NEAR CHETAH
87.BOURIAT YOURTS
88.A MONGOL BELL
89.A MONGOL BELLE
90.CATCHING SHEEP
91.A COLD BATH
92.TAIL PIECE
93.OUR FERRY BOAT
94.EQUAL RIGHTS
95.AMATEUR CONCERT IN SIBERIA
96.CHINESE MANDARIN
97.INTERIOR OF CHINESE TEMPLE
98.THROUGH ORDINARY EYES
99.THROUGH CHINESE EYES
100.LEGAL TENDER
101.RUSSIAN PETS
102.PONY EXPRESS
103.A DISAGREEABLE APPENDAGE
104.SUSPENDED FREEDOM
105.PUNISHMENT FOR BURGLARY
106.CHOPSTICK, FORK, AND SAUCER
107.CHINESE THEATRE
108.CHINESE TIGER
109.CHINESE PUNISHMENT
110.PROVISION DEALER
111.CHINESE MENDICANTS
112.THE FAVORITE
113.FEMALE FEET AND SHOE
114.A LOTTERY PRIZE
115.A PEKIN CAB
116.A CHINESE PALANQUIN
117.PRIEST IN TEMPLE OF CONFUCIUS
118.COMFORTS AND CONVENIENCES
119.FILIAL ATTENTION
120.TAIL PIECE—OPIUM PIPE
121.A MUSICAL STOP
122.NANKOW PASS
123.RACING AT THE KALGAN FAIR
124.STREET IN KALGAN
125.IN GOOD CONDITION
126.LOST IN THE DESERT OF GOBI
127.MONGOL DINNER TABLE
128.CROSSING THE TOLLA
129.THE SCHOOLMASTER
130.TAIL PIECE
131.WILD BOAR HUNT
132.A WIFE AT IRKUTSK
133.NO WIFE AT IRKUTSK
134.A SOUDNA
135.AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE
136.LAKE BAIKAL IN WINTER
137.A SPECIMEN
138.TAIL PIECE—THE WORLD
139.GOV. GENERAL KORSACKOFF
140.VIEW—IRKUTSK
141.A COLD ATTACHMENT
142.QUEEN OF GREECE
143.EMPEROR OF RUSSIA
144.TAIL PIECE—TWIN BOTTLES
145.HOME OF TWO EXILES—REAL, IMAGINARY
146.TAIL PIECE—QUARTERS
147.TARTAR CAVALRY
148.SIBERIAN EXILES
149.TAIL PIECE
150.A VASHOK
151.A KIBITKA
152.FAREWELL TO IRKUTSK
153.OUR CONDUCTOR
154.JUMPING CRADLE HOLES
155.VALLEY OF THE YENESEI
156.WOLF HUNT
157.HYDRAULIC MINING
158.TAIL PIECE
159.DOWN HILL
160.DOGS AMONG ICE
161.JUMPING THE FISSURES
162.THE TEAM
163.TAIL PIECE
164.IN THE MINE
165.STRANGE COINCIDENCE
166.TAIL PIECE
167.THE ELOPEMENT
168.THE FIGHT
169.THE CATASTROPHE
170.TAIL PIECE
171.THE POLKEDOVATE
172.MAKING EXPLANATION
173.AFTER THE BATH
174.TAIL PIECE
175.THE DRIVER'S TOILET
176.WOMEN SPINNING
177.FLOGGING WITH STICKS
178.TAIL PIECE
179.LOST IN A SNOW STORM
180.FATAL RESULT
181.TAIL PIECE
182.EXCUSE MY FAMILIARITY
183.FROSTED HORSES
184.VIEW OF EKATERINEBURG
185.EUROPE AND ASIA
186.A RUSSIAN BEGGAR
187.BEGGARS IN KAZAN
188.THE IMMERSION
189.RUSSIAN PRIEST
199.TAIL PIECE
191.GREAT BELL OF MOSCOW
192.VIEW OF THE NEVSKI PROSPECT, ST. PETERSBURG
193.TAIL PIECE—MEETING AN OLD FRIEND
194.MAP TO ACCOMPANY THOS. W. KNOX'S "OVERLAND THROUGH ASIA"
CHAPTER I.
Off from New York—Around the world by steam—Value of a letter of credit—A cure for sea sickness—Doing the Isthmus—An exciting porpoise race—Glimpse of San Francisco—Trip to the Yo Semite Valley—From the Golden Gate into the Pacific
CHAPTER II.
A strange company—Difficulties of sea life—A tall man and a short room—How the dog went to sleep—A soapy cabin—Catching a booby—Two Sundays together—A long lost wreck—Incidents at sea—Manner of catching whales in Alaska—A four footed pilot—Dog stories—How to take an observation—Coast of Asia—Entering Avatcha bay—An economical light keeper
CHAPTER III.
In a Russian port—Hail Columbia—Petropavlovsk—Volcanoes and earth-quakes —Directions for making a Russian town—A Kamchadale wedding—Standing up with the bride—A hot ceremony—A much married pope—Russian religious practices —Drinking with the priest and what came of it
CHAPTER IV.
Vegetation in Kamchatka—Catching salmon—A scaly bridge—An evening on shore —Samovars and tea drinking—The fur trade—Bear hunting—What a cow brought home one day—Siberian dogs—A musical town—The adventures of Norcum —Training a team—Sledges and how to manage them—A voyage under the Polish flag—Monument to Captain Clerke—The allied attack—The battle of Petropavlovsk
CHAPTER V.
Bering's voyages—Discovery of Alaska—Shipwreck and death of Bering—The Russian-American Company—The first governor of Alaska—Promushleniks —Russian settlement in California—Account of Russian explorations—Character of the country—Its extent and resources—Advantages and disadvantages of the Alaska purchase
CHAPTER VI.
Leaving Kamchatka—Farewell to the ladies—A new kind of telegraph—Entering the Ohotsk sea—From Steam to sail—Sleeping among chronometers—Talking by-signs —A burial at sea—A Russian funeral—Land in sight—Ghijiga bay
CHAPTER VII.
Baggage for shore travel—Much wine and little bread—A perplexing dilemma—How to take the census—Siberian beds—Towed by dogs—Encounter with a beast —Coaxing a team with clubs—The Koriaks—Their manners and customs—Comical cap for a native—A four footed currency—Yourts and Balagans—Curious marriage ceremony—Lightening a boat in a storm—Very strong whisky—Riding on a reindeer —An intoxicating mushroom—An electric devil—a Siberian snow storm—How a party was lost
CHAPTER VIII.
How a pointer became a bull dog—Coral in high latitudes—Sending Champagne to Neptune—Arrival at Ohotsk—Three kinds of natives—A lunch with the ladies—A native entertainment—A mail once a year—A lover's misfortune—An astonished American—Hunting a bear and being hunted—An unfortunate ride
CHAPTER IX.
At sea again—Beauties of a Northern sky—Warlike news and preparing for war —The coast of Japan—An exciting moment—A fog bell of sea lions—Ready for fight —De Castries' bay—A bewildered fleet—Goodbye to the Variag—In the straits of Tartary—A difficult sleeping place—A Siberian mirage—Entering the Amoor river
CHAPTER X.
On shore at Nicolayevsk—An American Consul—Visiting the Governor—Machine shops on the Amoor with American managers—The servant girl question—A Gilyak boat full of salmon—An unfortunate water carrier—The Amoor Company—Foreign and native merchants—Raising sheep among tigers—Rats eating window glass —Riding in a cart
CHAPTER XI.
Up the Amoor—Seeing off a friend—A Siberian steamboat—How the steamboats are managed—Packages by post—Curiosities of the Russian mail service—An unhappy bride—Hay barges—Gilyak villages—Visiting a village—Bad for the nose—Native dogs—Interviewing a Gilyak lady—A rapid descent
CHAPTER XII.
The monastery of Eternal Repose—Curious religious customs—Features of the scenery—Passengers on our boat—An adventurous merchant—Captured by the Chinese—A pretty girl and her fellow passenger—Wooding up—An Amoor town —The telegraph—How it is built and operated—A native school—Fighting the tiger —Religious practices of the Gilyaks—Mistaken kindness
CHAPTER XIII.
Stepanoff and his career—A Manjour boat—Catching salmon—A sturgeon pen—The islands of the Amoor—A night scene at a woodingstation—A natural cathedral—The