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Printers' Marks - A Chapter in the History of Typography


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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Printers' Marks, by William RobertsThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Printers' MarksA Chapter in the History of TypographyAuthor: William RobertsRelease Date: June 1, 2008 [EBook #25663]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK PRINTERS' MARKS ***Produced by Louise Hope, Stephen Hope and the OnlineDistributed Proofreading Team at (Thisfile was produced from images generously made availableby The Internet Archive/American Libraries.)This text uses utf-8 (unicode) file encoding. If the apostrophes and quotation marks in this paragraph appear as garbage, you mayhave an incompatible browser or unavailable fonts. First, make sure that the browser’s “character set” or “file encoding” is set toUnicode (UTF-8). You may also need to change your browser’s default font.Page numbers in italics show the original location of illustrations. Those in bold italics were full-page illustrations. In the body textand the List of Illustrations, links lead to the specific illustration, not to its original location.Inconsistent capitalization of “mark” is as in the original. Other typographical errors are shown with mouse-hover popups.The texts of most pictured Marks will appear in plain type ...



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Produced by Louise Hope, Stephen Hope and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive/American Libraries.)
This text uses utf-8 (unicode) file encoding. If the apostrophes and quotation marks in this paragraph appear as garbage, you may have an incompatible browser or unavailable fonts. First, make sure that the browser’s “character set” or “file encoding” is set to Unicode (UTF-8). You may also need to change your browser’s default font. Page numbers initalicsshow the original location of illustrations. Those inbold italicswere full-page illustrations. In the body text and the List of Illustrations, links lead to the specific illustration, not to its original location. Inconsistent capitalization of “mark” is as in the original. Other typographical errors are shown with mouse-hover popups. The texts of most pictured Marks will appear in plain type if you hover your mouse over the picture. Expanded abbreviations are shown in [brackets]. Words split across line breaks are shown with or without hyphens, as originally printed. Texts that were too long or complicated to display in this way are collectedat the end of the e-text. Technical Note:illustrations were scanned at 400ppi and scaled to 25% by pixel count. In most browsers they will thereforeThe appear a littlelargerthan originally printed.
Cum Priuilegio / Venetiis Impressum Anno M D V / Petrus Liechtensteyn
Printers’ Marks
Title: Printers' Marks A Chapter in the History of Typography Author: William Roberts Release Date: June 1, 2008 [EBook #25663] Language: English
A Chapter in the History of Typography by W. Roberts
Editor of “The Bookworm”
London: George Bell & Sons, York Street, Covent Garden, & New York. Mdcccxciij.
PREFACE. THERE are few phases of typography open to the charge of being neglected. An unquestionable exception occurs, however, in relation to Printers’ Marks. This subject is in many respects one of the most interesting in connection with the early printers, who, using devices at first purely as trade marks for the protection of their books against the pirate, soon began to discern their ornamental value, and, consequently, employed the best available artists to design them. Many of these examples are of the greatest bibliographical and general interest, as well as of considerable value in supplementing an important class of illustrations to the printed books, and showing the origin of several typical classes of Book-plates (Ex-Libris). The present Handbook has been written with a view to supplying a readable but accurate account of this neglected chapter in the history of art and bibliography; and it appeals with equal force to the artist or collector. Only one book on the subject, Berjeau’s “Early Dutch, German, and English Printers’ Marks,” has appeared in this country, and this, besides being out of print and expensive, is destitute of descriptive letterpress. The principle which determined the selection of the illustrations is of a threefold character: first, the importance of the printer; secondly, the artistic value or interest of the Mark itself; and thirdly, the geographical importance of the city or town in which the Mark first appeared. Since the text of this book was printed, however, two additions have been made to the literature of its subject: Dr. Paul Kristeller’s “Die Italienischen Buchdrucker- und Verlegerzeichen, bis 1525,” a very handsome work, worthy to rank with the “Elsässische Büchermarken bis Anfang des 18. Jahrhunderts” of Herr Paul Heitz and Dr. Karl A. Barack (to whom I am indebted for much valuable information as well as for nearly thirty illustrations in the chapter on German Printers’ Marks); and Mr. Alfred Pollard’s “Early Illustrated Books,” an admirable volume which, however, only deals incidentally with the Printer’s Mark as a side issue in the history of the decoration and illustration of books in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Mr. Pollard reproduces seven blocks from Dr. Kristeller’s monograph on the Devices of the Italian Printers. In reference to the statement onp. 116of this volume that the Mark of Bade “is the earliest picture of a printing press,” Mr. Pollard refers to an unique copy of an edition of the “Danse Macabre” printed anonymously at Lyons in February, 1499, eight years earlier, which contains cuts of the shops of a printer and a bookseller. That this volume has considerably exceeded its intended limit must be my excuse for not including, with a very few exceptions, any modern examples from the Continent. Nearly every French printer and publisher of any note indulges in the luxury of a Mark of some sort, and an interesting volume might be written concerning modern continental examples. The practice of using a Printer’s Mark is an extremely commendable one, not merely as a relic of antiquity, but from an æsthetic point of view. Nearly every tradesman of importance in this country has some sort of trade mark; but most printers agree in regarding it as a wholly unnecessary superfluity. As the few exceptions indicated in the last chapter prove that the fashion has an artistic as well as a utilitarian side, I hope that it will again become more general as time goes on. As regards my authorities: I have freely availed myself of nearly all the works named in the “Bibliography” at the end, besides such invaluable works as Brunet’s “Manual,” Mr. Quaritch’s Catalogues, and the monographs on the various printers, Plantin, Elzevir, Aldus, and the rest. From Messrs. Dickson and Edmonds’ “Annals of Scottish Printing” I have obtained not only some useful information regarding the Printer’s Mark in Scotland, but, through the courtesy of Messrs. Macmillan and Bowes of Cambridge, the loan of several blocks from the foregoing work, as well as that of John Siberch, the first Cambridge printer. I have also to thank M. Martinus Nijhoff, of the Hague, Herr Karl W. Hiersemann, of Leipzig, Herr J. H. Ed. Heitz, Strassburg, Mr. Elliot Stock, Mr. Robert Hilton, Editor of the “British Printer,” and the Editor of the “American Bookmaker,” for the loan either of blocks or of original examples of Printers’ Marks; and Mr. C. T. Jacobi for several useful works on typography. Mr. G. P. Johnston, of Edinburgh, kindly lent me the reduced facsimile onp. 252, which arrived too late to be included in its proper place. The publishers whose Marks are included in the chapter on “Modern Examples” are also thanked for the courtesy and readiness with which they placed electros at my disposal. The original idea of this book is due to my friend, Mr. Gleeson White, the general editor of the series in which it appears; but my thanks are especially due to Mr. G. R. Dennis for the great care with which he has gone through the whole work. W. R.
86, Grosvenor Road, S.W., October, 1893.
Preface List of Illustrations Introduction Some General Aspects of the Printer’s Mark The Printer’s Mark in England Some French Printers’ Marks Printers’ Marks of Germany and Switzerland Some Dutch and Flemish Printers’ Marks Printers’ Marks in Italy and Spain Some Modern Examples Bibliography Index
page vii xiii 1 40 52 100 139 178 209 233 253 255
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Wight, John84 Hall, Rowland85 Bynneman, Henry86 Woodcock, Thomas87 Jaggard, William88 Kingston, Felix89 Creede, Thomas90 Walthoe, John91 Ware, R.92 Scolar, John93 Siberch, John95 Myllar, Andro96 Chepman, Walter97 Davidson, Thomas98 Charteris, H.99 Estienne, F.100 Rembolt, B.102 Vostre, Simon103 Regnault, François104 Regnault, Pierre105 Marchant, Guy106 De Marnef107 Du Pré, J.108 Le Rouge, Pierre109 Le Noir, Philippe110 Kerver, Thielman111 Pigouchet, Philippe113 Petit, Jehan114 Bade, J.115 Hardouyn, Gillet116 Tory, Geoffrey117 De Colines, Simon119 Estienne, Robert120,121 Vidoue, P.124 Cyaneus, Louis125 Wéchel, André126 Wéchel, Chrestien127 Nivelle, Sébastien128 Merlin, Desboys and Nivelle130 Topie, M.131 Treschel, J.132 Dolet, E.133 Hughes de la Porte and A. Vincent134 Gryphe, Sébastien135 Colomies, Jacques136 Morin, M.137 Le Chandelier, Pierre138 Thanner, Jacobi139 Grüninger, Johann140 Schott, Martin141 Knoblouch, Johann142 Köpfel, Wolfgang145,146 Müller, Craft (Crato Mylius)147,149 Biener, Matthias (Apiarius)148 Rihel, Theodosius; Rihel, Josias (und Deren Erben)150 Zetzner, Lazarus151 Berger, Thiebold151
Scher, Conrad152 Hauth, David152 Anshelm, Thomas155 Kobian, Valentin156 Hoernen, A. Ther157 Bumgart, Herman158 Koelhoff, Johann160 Cæsar, Nicholas161 Soter, J.162 Birckmann, Arnold163 Oglin, Erhard164 Pfortzheim, Jacobus de165 Henricpetri166 Endter’s, Wilhelm Moritz, Daughter167 Weissenburger, J.168 Lotter, Melchior169 Schumann, V.170 Baumgarten, Conrad171 Feyrabend, J.172 Guerbin, L.172 Stadelberger, Jacob173 Girard, Jehan174 Rivery, J.174 Froschover, C.175 Brylinger, N.176 Le Preux, F.177 Veldener, J.178 Johann of Westphalia179 Martens, Theodoric180 Mansion, Colard181 The Brothers of Common Life182 Paffraej, Albertus183 Van der Meer, Jacob Jacobzoon186 Van der Goes, Mathias187 Van den Dorp, R.188 Back, Godefroy188,190 Cæsaris, A.191 Hillenius, Michael192 Bellaert, J.193 Henrici, H.194 Destresius, Jodocus195 Van der Noot, Thomas196 Grapheus, J.197 Van den Keere, Henri198 Waesberghe, J.199 Hamont, Michel de200 Velpius, Rutger201 Hovii, J. M.202 Plantin, C.203,204 Elzevir Sage, The206 Elzevir Sphere, The207 Janssens, Guislain208 Fritag, A.209 Riessinger, Sixtus210 Besicken, J.211 Martens, Thierry211 Ratdolt, Erhardus212
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