Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique & Modern - A Handbook for Ready Reference

Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique & Modern - A Handbook for Ready Reference

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique &
Modern, by Rosa Belle Holt
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique & Modern
A Handbook for Ready Reference
Author: Rosa Belle Holt
Release Date: September 19, 2009 [EBook #30025]
Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK RUGS: ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL ***
Produced by Juliet Sutherland and the Online Distributed
Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net RUGS
ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL ANTIQUE & MODERN
A Handbook for Ready Reference
BY ROSA BELLE HOLT
New and Enlarged Edition, Entirely Reset
With 33 full-page Illustrations, 12 in full color, and other drawings in the text, and a Map of the Orient
CHICAGO A. C. McCLURG & CO. 1908
Copyright
A. C. McClurg & Co.
1901-1908
This Enlarged Edition published October 10, 1908
The University Press, Cambridge, U.S.A.
View larger image
ANTIQUE TABRIZ SILK RUG
Size 8 × 6.3
This interesting and valuable rug is of antique Tabriz weave,
of finely blended colors, and rare design. It represents the
individual squares on the floor of a mosque, each one of
which may be occupied by a worshipper kneeling in prayer.
Rugs with a single design of this kind are usual, but a
grouping of many such spaces in one rug is ...

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Rugs: Oriental and
Occidental, Antique &
Modern, by Rosa Belle Holt
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no
cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,
give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg
License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique &
Modern
A Handbook for Ready Reference
Author: Rosa Belle Holt
Release Date: September 19, 2009 [EBook #30025]
Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK
RUGS: ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL ***
Produced by Juliet Sutherland and the Online
DistributedDistributed
Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net
RUGS
ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL
ANTIQUE & MODERN
A Handbook for Ready Reference
BY
ROSA BELLE HOLT
New and Enlarged Edition, Entirely Reset
With 33 full-page Illustrations, 12 in full color, and
other drawings in the text, and a Map of the Orient
CHICAGO A. C. McCLURG & CO. 1908
Copyright
A. C. McClurg & Co.
1901-1908
This Enlarged Edition published October 10, 1908
The University Press, Cambridge, U.S.A.View larger image
ANTIQUE TABRIZ SILK RUG
Size 8 × 6.3
This interesting and valuable rug is of antique Tabriz
weave, of finely blended colors, and rare design. It
represents the individual squares on the floor of a
mosque, each one of which may be occupied by a
worshipper kneeling in prayer. Rugs with a single
design of this kind are usual, but a grouping of many
such spaces in one rug is rare. Forms of the Tree of
Life are represented in different panels, and the
border is very rich and handsome. The fabric is fine,
the texture soft and firm. The rich and splendid hues
of the various panels are so soft in tone that, while
there are several different colors in juxtaposition,
these have been arranged so deftly and artistically
that the effect is perfectly harmonious. It is impossible
to describe in words the mellow richness and rare art
displayed in this unique product of the loom.
Owned by Mrs. L. G. Burnham, Boston.
PREFACE
TO NEW ENLARGED EDITION
When the first edition of this book was published in
1901, it stood almost alone as a reference work on
Oriental Rugs. In the six years which have since
elapsed, several volumes dealing with the subjecthave been published.
The extended knowledge of the public concerning the
subject has materially altered the conditions of buying
and selling. It has also served to increase curiosity and
enthusiasm regarding these products of Oriental
workmanship. I have been gratified to observe that a
desire for additional information is sought. My mail has
contained an increasing number of requests for an
enlarged edition of my book, and my own enthusiasm
for the subject makes me believe in the interest of my
readers. I take pleasure in sharing with them the
results of recent investigations made in the United
States, in the art centres of Europe, and in the Orient.
Rosa Belle Holt.
New York City,
February 1, 1908.
PREFACE
While there is a singular lack of books in the English
language treating directly of Rugs,—a theme which is
so intensely interesting to buyers,—it is noteworthy
that under the category of Oriental Carpets are to be
found a few volumes of interest. These, however, are
too rare and expensive for the general reader. For this
reason I have undertaken to present in a concise form
certain facts that may enable a novice to appreciate
the beauty and interest attaching to rugs, and assist a
prospective purchaser in judging of the merits of any
particular rug he may desire to possess.For much valuable information on the subject I am
indebted to publications which are referred to in my
Bibliography, to correspondence with Ministers to
Oriental countries and Consuls residing therein, to
interviews with rug-dealers in various cities, and to
certain learned Americans, Armenians, Greeks,
Syrians and Turks. It has also been my good fortune
to be intrusted, for purposes of description and
reproduction, with many beautiful and rare rugs, from
owners who cherish them as treasures. These true
rug-lovers have generously contributed to whatever
there may be of interest in this book.
R. B. H.
New York City,
August 1, 1901.
CONTENTS
P
ag
e
I. History and Details of Rug-
weaving
The History 15
The Loom and Its Work 22
The Weavers 26
The Materials 30
The Quality 32
The Knotting 34
Designs 37The Dyes 44
Oriental Colors 47
II. Rug-Weaving in Egypt,
Persia, and Turkey
Rug-Weaving in Egypt 51
Persian Rugs 53
Characteristics of Certain Persi
58
an Rugs
Turkish Rugs 71
Characteristics of Certain Turki
74
sh Rugs
III. Rug-Weaving in India,
Afghanistan, Beluchistan,
Central Asia, and the Caucasus
Region
Indian Rugs 87
Characteristics of Certain India
90
n Rugs
Afghanistan Rugs 95
Beluchistan Rugs 97
Turkoman Rugs 98
Characteristics of Certain Turko 10
man Rugs 0
10
Caucasian Rugs
5
IV. Miscellaneous Oriental
Rugs
11
Rugs of the Holy Land
1
11
Chinese Rugs
311
Japanese Rugs
6
11
Khilim Rugs
7
11
Polish Rugs
9
12
Prayer Rugs
0
12
Silk Rugs
3
12
Felt Rugs
6
12
Hunting Rugs
8
V. Rug-Weaving in Europe
and the United States
Rug-Weaving in Europe and the 13
United States 1
13
Greek Rugs
2
13
Moorish and Spanish Rugs
4
Bosnian, Servian, Roumanian,
and Bulgarian
13
Rugs
6
13
English Rugs
8
14
French Rugs
1
14
Rugs of the United StatesRugs of the United States
3
VI. Miscellaneous
Information
15
Inscriptions on Rugs
3
15
Concerning Oriental Symbols
6
15
Chinese Symbols
7
15
Egyptian Symbols
8
15
Indian Symbols
9
16
Japanese Symbols
0
16
Persian Symbols
0
16
Turkish Symbols
0
16
Miscellaneous Symbols
1
Meanings of Some of the Place 16
-Names Associated with Rugs 2
16
Geographical Data
4
Localities Arranged Geographic 16
ally 5
Localities Arranged Alphabetical 17
ly 0
17
List of Authorities
5
1717
Index
9
LIST OF PLATES
Page
Frontis
Antique Tabriz Silk Rug
piece
Oriental Rugs Decorating a
20
Balcony
Turkish Loom and Weaver
24
s
Vats for Washing and Dyei
28
ng Wool—Turkey
Soumak Rug 30
Indian Rug Designers 32
Sinna Rug 34
Rugs being Transported 38
Wool Drying after Dyeing 44
Antique Persian Rug 54
Khorassan Rug 56
Bijar (Sarakhs) Rug 58
Camel's Hair Rug from Ha
60
madan
Feraghan Rug 62
Shiraz Rug 68
Arabian Rug 70
Old Ghiordes Prayer Rug 74