Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States - From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 1
115 Pages
English

Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States - From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 1

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Published 08 December 2010
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 1 Author: Various Release Date: October 12, 2007 [EBook #22976] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK SLAVE NARRATIVES *** Produced by Marcia Brooks, and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division) SLAVE NARRATIVES A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves TYPEWRITTEN RECORDS PREPARED BY THE FEDERAL WRITERS' PROJECT 1936-1938 ASSEMBLED BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PROJECT WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SPONSORED BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Illustrated with Photographs WASHINGTON 1941 VOLUME XI NORTH CAROLINA NARRATIVES PART I Prepared by the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of North Carolina Transcriber's Note: To reflect the individual character of this document, inconsistencies in formatting have been retained. The interview headers presented here contain all information included in the original, but may have been rearranged for readability. Some interviews were date-stamped; these dates have been added to interview headers. Where part of date could not be determined a — has been substituted. In general, typographical errors have been left in place to match the original images. In the case where later editors have hand-written corrections, and simple typographical errors have been silently corrected. In addition, punctuation and formatting have been made consistent, particularly the use of quotation marks. Some corrections have been noted with a mouse hover. [HW: *] denotes a Handwritten Note. Added two lines to list of illustrations missing from original. INFORMANTS Adams, Louisa Adkins, Ida Allen, Martha Anderson, Joseph Anderson, Mary Andrews, Cornelia Anngady, Mary Arrington, Jane Augustus, Sarah Louis Austin, Charity Baker, Blount Baker, Lizzie Baker, Viney Barbour, Charlie Barbour, Mary Baugh, Alice Beckwith, John Bectom, John C. Bell, Laura Blalock, Emma Blount, David Bobbit, Clay Bobbitt, Henry Bogan, Herndon Boone, Andrew Bost, W. L. Bowe, Mary Wallace Brown, Lucy Burnett, Midge Cannady, Fanny Cofer, Betty Coggin, John Coverson, Mandy Cozart, Willie Crasson, Hannah Crenshaw, Julia Crowder, Zeb Crump, Adeline Crump, Bill Crump, Charlie Curtis, Mattie Dalton, Charles Lee 1 8 13 16 19 27 32 44 50 58 63 66 70 73 78 82 87 91 99 103 110 117 120 125 130 138 147 152 155 159 165 176 179 182 187 194 196 203 207 212 216 223 Daniels, John Daves, Harriet Ann Davis, Jerry Debnam, W. S. Debro, Sarah Dickens, Charles W. Dickens, Margaret E. Dowd, Rev. Squire Dunn, Fannie Dunn, Jennylin Dunn, Lucy Ann Durham, Tempie Herndon Eatman, George Edwards, Doc Evans, John Faucette, Lindsey Flagg, Ora M. Foster, Analiza Foster, Georgianna Freeman, Frank Gill, Addy Glenn, Robert Green, Sarah Anne Griffeth, Dorcas Gudger, Sarah Hall, Thomas Hamilton, Hecter Harris, George W. Harris, Sarah Hart, Cy Haywood, Alonzo Haywood, Barbara Henderson, Isabell Henry, Essex Henry, Milly Hews, Chaney High, Joe High, Susan Hill, Kitty Hinton, Jerry Hinton, Martha Adeline Hinton, Robert Hinton, William George Hodges, Eustace Huggins, Alex Hunter, Charlie H. Hunter, Elbert 229 232 237 241 247 254 259 263 270 275 278 284 291 295 298 302 307 311 314 318 323 328 340 346 350 359 363 370 375 379 382 385 389 393 399 405 409 417 422 427 433 436 441 446 449 453 457 ILLUSTRATIONS Louisa Adams Viney Baker Facing page 1 70 John Beckwith Clay Bobbit Henry Bobbitt Herndon Bogan W. L. Bost John Coggin Hannah Crasson Bill Crump Charlie Crump and Granddaughter Harriet Ann Daves Charles W. Dickens Margaret E. Dickens Rev. Squire Dowd Jennylin Dunn Tempie Herndon Durham George Eatman John Evans Sarah Gudger Sarah Harris Essex Henry Milly Henry Joe High Elbert Hunter 87 117 120 125 138 176 187 207 212 232 254 259 263 275 284 291 298 350 375 393 399 409 457 Top N.C. District: Worker: No. Words: Subject: Person Interviewed: Editor: Date Stamp: No. 2 T. Pat Matthews 1384 Louisa Adams Louisa Adams Daisy Bailey Waitt "JUL 7 1937" [Pg 1] [320152] [To List] LOUISA ADAMS My name is Louisa Adams. I wuz bawned in Rockingham, Richmond County, North Carolina. I wuz eight years [Pg 2] old when the Yankees come through. I belonged to Marster Tom A. Covington, Sir. My mother wuz named Easter, and my father wuz named Jacob. We were all Covingtons. No Sir, I don't know whur my mother and father come from. Soloman wuz brother number one, then Luke, Josh, Stephen, Asbury. My sisters were Jane, Frances, Wincy, and I wuz nex'. I 'members grandmother. She wuz named Lovie Wall. They brought her here from same place. My aunts were named, one wuz named Nicey, and one wuz named Jane. I picked feed for the white folks. They sent many of the chillun to work at the salt mines, where we went to git salt. My brother Soloman wuz sent to the salt mines. Luke looked atter the sheep. He knocked down china berries for 'em. Dad and mammie had their own gardens and hogs. We were compelled to walk about at night to live. We were so hongry we were bound to steal or parish. This trait seems to be handed down from slavery days. Sometimes I thinks dis might be so. Our food wuz bad. Marster worked us hard and gave us nuthin. We had to use what we made in the garden to eat. We also et our hogs. Our clothes were bad, and beds were sorry. [Pg 3] We went barefooted in a way. What I mean by that is, that we had shoes part of the time. We got one pair o' shoes a year. When dey wored out we went barefooted. Sometimes we tied them up with strings, and they were so ragged de tracks looked like bird tracks, where we walked in the road. We lived in log houses daubed with mud. They called 'em the slaves houses. My old daddy partly raised his chilluns on game. He caught rabbits, coons, an' possums. We would work all day and hunt at night. We had no holidays. They did not give us any fun as I know. I could eat anything I could git. I tell you de truth, slave time wuz slave time wid us. My brother wore his shoes out,