Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2

Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2, by Work Projects Administration This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2 Author: Work Projects Administration Release Date: February 8, 2010 [EBook #31219] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK SLAVE NARRATIVES: N. CAROLINA, PT 2 *** Produced by Diane Monico and The Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division) SLAVE NARRATIVES A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves TYPEWRITTEN RECORDS PREPARED BY THE FEDERAL WRITERS' PROJECT 1936-1938 ASSEMBLED BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PROJECT WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SPONSORED BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Illustrated with Photographs WASHINGTON 1941 VOLUME XI NORTH CAROLINA NARRATIVES PART 2 Prepared by the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of North Carolina [HW:] = Handwritten notes by original editor. [TR:] = Inline transcriber notes. See end of document for additional notes. INFORMANTS Jackson, John H. Johnson, Ben Johnson, Isaac 1 8 14 Johnson, Tina Jones, Bob Jones, Clara Jordon, Abner Lassiter, Jane Lawson, Dave Lee, Jane Littlejohn, Chana McAllister, Charity McCoy, Clara Cotton McCullers, Henrietta McCullough, Willie McLean, James Turner Magwood, Frank Manson, Jacob Manson, Roberta Markham, Millie Mials, Maggie Mitchel, Anna Mitchner, Patsy Moore, Emeline Moore, Fannie Moring, Richard C. Nelson, Julius Nichols, Lila Organ, Martha Parker, Ann Penny, Amy Perry, Lily Perry, Valley Pitts, Tempe Plummer, Hannah Pool, Parker Raines, Rena Ransome, Anthony Richardson, Caroline Riddick, Charity Riddick, Simuel Rienshaw, Adora Robinson, Celia Rogers, George Rogers, Hattie Rountree, Henry Scales, Anderson Scales, Catherine Scales, Porter Scott, William Shaw, Tiney Smith, John Smith, John Smith, Josephine Smith, Nellie Smith, Sarah Ann Smith, William 20 23 27, 30 34 37 43 51 54 60 64 72 76 82 90 95 100 105 109 113 116 124 127 138 143 147 151 155 158 162 167 173 177 183 192 196 198 203 207 212 216 220 226 232 236 244 252 259 265 269 276 281 285 289 292 Sorrell, Laura Sorrell, Ria Spell, Chaney Spikes, Tanner Stephenson, Annie Stewart, Sam T. Stone, Emma Sykes, William Taylor, Annie Taylor, R.S. Thomas, Elias Thomas, Jacob Thornton, Margaret Tillie Trell, Ellen Trentham, Henry James Upperman, Jane Anne Privette Whitley, Ophelia Wilcox, Tom Williams, Catharine Williams, Rev. Handy Williams, John Thomas Williams, Lizzie Williams, Penny Williams, Plaz Williamson, Melissa Woods, Alex Wright, Anna Yellady, Dilly Yellerday, Hilliard 295 299 306 309 312 316 324 327 332 335 342 348 352 355 359 363 367 371 376 380 385 390 394 401 406 410 414 420 425 431 ILLUSTRATIONS Tina Johnson Fannie Moore Julius Nelson Lila Nichols Tempe Pitts Adora Rienshaw William Scott Tiney Shaw John Smith Josephine Smith Sam T. Stewart William Sykes 20 127 143 147 173 212 259 265 269 281 316 327 N.C. District: No. 2 Worker: No. Words: Subject: Mrs. W.N. Harriss 1363 Memories of Uncle Jackson [Pg 1] Interviewed: John H. Jackson 309 S. Sixth St. Wilmington, N.C. [TR: Date stamp: JUN 26 1937] MEMORIES OF UNCLE JACKSON "I was born in 1851, in the yard where my owner lived next door to the City Hall. I remember when they was finishin' up the City Hall. I also remember the foreman, Mr. James Walker, he was general manager. The overseen (overseer) was Mr. Keen. I remember all the bricklayers; they all was colored. The man that plastered the City Hall was named George Price, he plastered it inside. The men that plastered the City Hall outside and put those colum's up in the front, their names was Robert Finey and William Finey, they both was colored. Jim Artis now was a contractor an' builder. He done a lot of work 'round Wilmin'ton. "Yes'm, they was slaves, mos' all the fine work 'round Wilmin'ton was done by slaves. They called 'em artisans. None of 'em could read, but give 'em any plan an' they could foller it to the las' line." Interviewer: "Did the owner collect the pay for the labor, Uncle Jackson?" "No, ma'm. That they did'n. We had a lot of them artisans 'mongst our folks. They all lived on our place with they fam'lies. They hired theyselves where they pleased. They colle'ted they pay, an' the onliest thing the owner took was enough to support they fam'lies. They all lived in our yard, it was a great big place, an' they wimmen cooked for 'em and raised the chilluns. "You know, they lays a heap o' stress on edication these days. But edication is one thing an' fireside trainin' is another. We had fireside trainin'. "We went to church regular. All our people marched behind our owners, an' sat up in the galle'y of the white folks church. Now, them that went to St. James Church behind their white folks didn' dare look at nobody else. 'Twant allowed. They were taught they were better than anybody else. That was called the 'silk stockin' church. Nobody else was fitten to look at. "My mother was the laund'ess for the white folks. In those days ladies wore clo'es, an' plenty of 'em. My daddy was one of the part Indian folks. My mammy was brought here from Washin'ton City, an' when her owner went back home he sold her to my folks. You know, round Washin'ton an' up that way they was Ginny (Guinea) niggers, an' that's what my mammy was. We had a lot of these malatto negroes round here, they was called 'Shuffer Tonies', they was free issues and part Indian. The leader of 'em was James Sampson. We child'en was told to play in our own yard and not have nothin' to do with free issue chil'en or the common chil'en 'cross the street, white or colored, because they was'nt fitten to 'sociate with us. You see our owners was rich folks. Our big house is the one where the ladies of Sokosis (Sorosis) has their Club House, an' our yard spread all round there, an' our house servants, an' some of the bes' artisans in Wilmin'ton lived in our yard. "You know, I'm not tellin' you things what have been told me, but I'm tellin' you things I knows. "I