Summa Theologica, Part III (Tertia Pars) - From the Complete American Edition
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Summa Theologica, Part III (Tertia Pars) - From the Complete American Edition

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Summa Theologica, Part III (Tertia Pars), by Thomas Aquinas
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,
give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at
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Title: Summa Theologica, Part III (Tertia Pars) From the Complete American Edition
Author: Thomas Aquinas
Translator: Fathers of the English Dominican Province
Release Date: November 28, 2006 [EBook #19950]
Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK SUMMA THEOLOGICA, PART III ***
Produced by Sandra K. Perry, with corrections and supplementation by David McClamrock
SUMMA THEOLOGICA
THIRD PART
["III," "Tertia Pars"]
Translated by
Fathers of the English Dominican Province
BENZIGER BROTHERS NEW YORK ________________________
DEDICATION
To the Blessed Virgin
Mary Immaculate
Seat of Wisdom
________________________
NOTE TO THIS ELECTRONIC EDITION
The text of this electronic edition was originally produced by Sandra K. Perry, Perrysburg, Ohio, and made available
through the Christian Classics Ethereal Library . I have eliminated unnecessary formatting in the
text, corrected some errors in transcription, and added the dedication, tables of contents, Prologue, and the numbers of
the questions and articles, as they appeared in the printed translation published by Benziger Brothers. Each article is
now designated ...

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Summa
Theologica, Part III (Tertia Pars), by Thomas
Aquinas
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at
no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the
terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org
Title: Summa Theologica, Part III (Tertia Pars)
From the Complete American Edition
Author: Thomas Aquinas
Translator: Fathers of the English Dominican
Province
Release Date: November 28, 2006 [EBook #19950]
Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG
EBOOK SUMMA THEOLOGICA, PART III ***
Produced by Sandra K. Perry, with corrections and
supplementation by David McClamrockSUMMA THEOLOGICA
THIRD PART
["III," "Tertia Pars"]
Translated by
Fathers of the English Dominican Province
BENZIGER BROTHERS NEW YORK
________________________
DEDICATION
To the Blessed Virgin
Mary Immaculate
Seat of Wisdom
________________________
NOTE TO THIS ELECTRONIC EDITION
The text of this electronic edition was originally
produced by Sandra K. Perry, Perrysburg, Ohio,
and made available through the Christian Classics
Ethereal Library <http://www.ccel.org>. I haveeliminated unnecessary formatting in the text,
corrected some errors in transcription, and added
the dedication, tables of contents, Prologue, and
the numbers of the questions and articles, as they
appeared in the printed translation published by
Benziger Brothers. Each article is now designated
by part, question number, and article number in
brackets, like this:
> SECOND ARTICLE [I, Q. 49, Art. 2]
> Whether the Supreme Good, God, Is the Cause
of Evil?
In a few places, where obvious errors appeared in
the Benziger Brothers edition, I have corrected
them by reference to a Latin text of the Summa.
These corrections are indicated by English text in
brackets. For example, in Part I, Question 45,
Article 2, the first sentence in the Benziger
Brothers edition begins: "Not only is it impossible
that anything should be created by God…." By
reference to the Latin, "non solum non est
impossibile a Deo aliquid creari" (emphasis added),
this has been corrected to "Not only is it [not]
impossible that anything should be created by
God…."
This electronic edition also differs from the
Benziger Brothers edition in the following details
(as well as the obvious lack of the original page
numbers and headers):
* The repetitive expression "We proceed thus to
the [next] Article" does not appear directly belowthe [next] Article" does not appear directly below
the title of each article.
* Italics are represented by underscores at the
beginning and end, like this. Quotations and other
"quotable" matter, however, are ordinarily set off
by quotation marks with no underscores in this
edition, in accordance with common English usage,
even where they were set in italics with no
quotation marks in the Benziger Brothers edition.
Titles of books are set off by underscores when
they appear in the text with no parentheses, but
not when the books are cited in parentheses.
* Bible chapters and verses are cited with arabic
numerals separated by colons, like this: "Dan.
7:10"—not like this: "Dan. vii. 10." Small roman
numerals have been retained where they appear in
citations to books other than the Bible.
* Any matter that appeared in a footnote in the
Benziger Brothers edition is presented in brackets
at the point in the text where the footnote mark
appeared.
* Greek words are presented in Roman
transliteration.
* Paragraphs are not indented and are separated
by blank lines.
* Numbered topics, set forth at the beginning of
each question and at certain other places, are
ordinarily presented on a separate line for each
topic.* Titles of questions are in all caps.
Anything else in this electronic edition that does not
correspond to the content of the Benziger Brothers
edition may be regarded as a defect in this edition
and attributed to me (David McClamrock).
_______________________
CONTENTS
THIRD PART (QQ. 1-90)
Question
1. Of the Fitness of the Incarnation 2. Of the Mode
of Union of the Word Incarnate 3. Of the Mode of
Union on the Part of the Person Assuming 4. Of
the Mode of Union on the Part of the Human
Nature 5. Of the Parts of Human Nature Which
Were Assumed 6. Of the Order of Assumption 7.
Of the Grace of Christ as an Individual Man 8. Of
the Grace of Christ as He Is the Head of the
Church 9. Of Christ's Knowledge in General 10. Of
the Beatific Knowledge of Christ's Soul 11. Of the
Knowledge Imprinted or Infused on the Soul of
Christ 12. Of the Acquired or Empiric Knowledge of
Christ's Soul 13. Of the Power of Christ's Soul 14.
Of the Defects of Body Assumed by the Son of
God 15. Of the Defects of Soul Assumed by Christ
16. Of Those Things Which Are Applicable to
Christ in His Being and Becoming 17. Of Christ's
Unity of Being 18. Of Christ's Unity of Will 19. Of
the Unity of Christ's Operation 20. Of Christ'sSubjection to the Father 21. Of Christ's Prayer 22.
Of the Priesthood of Christ 23. Of Adoption as
Befitting to Christ 24. Of the Predestination of
Christ 25. Of the Adoration of Christ 26. Of Christ
as Called the Mediator of God and Man — Editorial
Note: St. Thomas and the Immaculate Conception
27. Of the Sanctification of the Blessed Virgin 28.
Of the Virginity of the Mother of God 29. Of the
Espousals of the Mother of God 30. Of the
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin 31. Of the
Matter From Which the Saviour's Body Was
Conceived 32. Of the Active Principle in Christ's
Conception 33. Of the Mode and Order of Christ's
Conception 34. Of the Perfection of the Child
Conceived 35. Of Christ's Nativity 36. Of the
Manifestation of the Newly Born Christ 37. Of
Christ's Circumcision, and of the Other Legal
Observances Accomplished in Regard to the Child
Christ 38. Of the Baptism of John 39. Of the
Baptizing of Christ 40. Of Christ's Manner of Life
41. Of Christ's Temptation 42. Of Christ's Doctrine
43. Of the Miracles Worked by Christ, in General
44. Of Christ's Miracles Considered Specifically 45.
Of Christ's Transfiguration 46. The Passion of
Christ 47. Of the Efficient Cause of Christ's
Passion 48. Of the Efficiency of Christ's Passion
49. Of the Effects of Christ's Passion 50. Of the
Death of Christ 51. Of Christ's Burial 52. Of
Christ's Descent into Hell 53. Of Christ's
Resurrection 54. Of the Quality of Christ Rising
Again 55. Of the Manifestation of the Resurrection
56. Of the Causality of Christ's Resurrection 57. Of
the Ascension of Christ 58. Of Christ's Sitting at
the Right Hand of the Father 59. Of Christ'sJudiciary Power 60. What Is a Sacrament? 61. Of
the Necessity of the Sacraments 62. Of the
Sacraments' Principal Effect, Which Is Grace 63.
Of the Other Effect of the Sacraments, Which Is a
Character 64. Of the Causes of the Sacraments
65. Of the Number of the Sacraments 66. Of the
Sacrament of Baptism 67. Of the Ministers by
Whom the Sacrament of Baptism Is Conferred 68.
Of Those Who Receive Baptism 69. Of the Effects
of Baptism 70. Of Circumcision 71. Of the
Preparations That Accompany Baptism 72. Of the
Sacrament of Confirmation 73. Of the Sacrament
of the Eucharist 74. Of the Matter of This
Sacrament 75. Of the Change of Bread and Wine
into the Body and Blood of Christ 76. Of the Way in
Which Christ Is in This Sacrament 77. Of the
Accidents Which Remain in This Sacrament 78. Of
the Form of This Sacrament 79. Of the Effects of
This Sacrament 80. Of the Use or Receiving of
This Sacrament in General 81. Of the Use Which
Christ Made of This Sacrament at Its Institution 82.
Of the Minister of This Sacrament 83. Of the Rite
of This Sacrament 84. Of the Sacrament of
Penance 85. Of Penance as a Virtue 86. Of the
Effect of Penance, As Regards the Pardon of
Mortal Sin 87. Of the Remission of Venial Sin 88.
Of the Return of Sins Which Have Been Taken
Away by Penance 89. Of the Recovery of Virtue by
Means of Penance 90. Of the Parts of Penance, in
General ________________________
SUMMA THEOLOGICATHIRD PART ["III," "Tertia Pars"]
_______________________
PROLOGUE
Forasmuch as our Saviour the Lord Jesus Christ,
in order to "save His people from their sins" (Matt.
1:21), as the angel announced, showed unto us in
His own Person the way of truth, whereby we may
attain to the bliss of eternal life by rising again, it is
necessary, in order to complete the work of
theology, that after considering the last end of
human life, and the virtues and vices, there should
follow the consideration of the Saviour of all, and of
the benefits bestowed by Him on the human race.
Concerning this we must consider (1) the Saviour
Himself; (2) the sacraments by which we attain to
our salvation; (3) the end of immortal life to which
we attain by the resurrection.
Concerning the first, a double consideration
occurs: the first, about the mystery of the
Incarnation itself, whereby God was made man for
our salvation; the second, about such things as
were done and suffered by our Saviour—i.e. God
incarnate. _______________________
TREATISE ON THE INCARNATION (QQ. 1-59)
_______________________
QUESTION 1OF THE FITNESS OF THE INCARNATION
(In Six Articles)
Concerning the first, three things occur to be
considered: first, the fitness of the Incarnation;
secondly, the mode of union of the Word
Incarnate; thirdly, what follows this union.
Under the first head there are six points of inquiry:
(1) Whether it was fitting for God to become
incarnate?
(2) Whether it was necessary for the restoration of
the human race?
(3) Whether if there had been no sin God would
have become incarnate?
(4) Whether He became incarnate to take away
original sin rather than actual?
(5) Whether it was fitting for God to become
incarnate from the beginning of the world?
(6) Whether His Incarnation ought to have been
deferred to the end of the world?
_______________________
FIRST ARTICLE [III, Q. 1, Art. 1]
Whether It Was Fitting That God Should Become
Incarnate?
Objection 1: It would seem that it was not fitting for