The 1998 CIA World Factbook
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The 1998 CIA World Factbook

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The 1998 CIA World Factbook, by United States. Central Intelligence Agency.This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online atwww.gutenberg.netTitle: The 1998 CIA World FactbookAuthor: United States. Central Intelligence Agency.Release Date: February 21, 2010 [EBook #2016]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE 1998 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK ***Produced by Dr. Gregory B. NewbyThis etext was prepared by Dr. Gregory B. Newby, as taken from the CIA's online version of the book published at theaddress: http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/guide.html Note the original book includes maps and othergraphics. These are not included in the Project Gutenberg edition. The tables may not correctly align due to limitations ofHTML conversion, but are otherwise intact. It is past experience that the CIA does not maintain past versions of TheFactbook online. Hopefully, the Project Gutenberg edition will be useful to you for a long time in the future.The CIA World Factbook 1998TABLE OF CONTENTSCountries are listed in alphabetical order. Notes and appendixes follow the country listings. Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Arctic Ocean Argentina Armenia Aruba Ashmore ...

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Published 08 December 2010
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The 1998 CIA
World Factbook, by United States. Central
Intelligence Agency.
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at
no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the
terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: The 1998 CIA World Factbook
Author: United States. Central Intelligence Agency.
Release Date: February 21, 2010 [EBook #2016]
Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG
EBOOK THE 1998 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK ***
Produced by Dr. Gregory B. Newby
This etext was prepared by Dr. Gregory B. Newby,
as taken from the CIA's online version of the book
published at the address:
http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/guide.html
Note the original book includes maps and other
graphics. These are not included in the Project
Gutenberg edition. The tables may not correctly
align due to limitations of HTML conversion, but
are otherwise intact. It is past experience that the
CIA does not maintain past versions of The
Factbook online. Hopefully, the Project Gutenberg
edition will be useful to you for a long time in the
future.
The CIA World Factbook 1998TABLE OF CONTENTS
Countries are listed in alphabetical order. Notes
and appendixes follow the country listings.
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda
Arctic Ocean
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Atlantic Ocean
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Baker Island
Bangladesh
Barbados
Bassas da India
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Bouvet Island
Brazil
British Indian Ocean Territory
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burma
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Christmas Island
Clipperton Island
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the
Cook Islands
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Europa Island
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Gabon
Gambia, The
Gaza Strip
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Glorioso Islands
Greece
Greenland
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala Guernsey
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Holy See (Vatican City)
Honduras
Hong Kong
Howland Island
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indian Ocean
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Jan Mayen
Japan
Jarvis Island
Jersey
Johnston Atoll
Jordan
Juan de Nova Island
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kingman Reef
Kiribati
Korea, North
Korea, South
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta Man, Isle of
Marshall Islands
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mexico
Micronesia, Federated States of
Midway Islands
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nauru
Navassa Island
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norfolk Island
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pacific Ocean
Pakistan
Palau
Palmyra Atoll
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paracel Islands
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Pitcairn Islands
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Reunion
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Saint Helena
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia and Montenegro
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Spain
Spratly Islands
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Svalbard
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tromelin Island
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Virgin Islands
Wake Island Wallis and Futuna
West Bank
Western Sahara
World
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Notes and Definitions
Appendixes
Appendix A: Abbreviations
Appendix B: United Nations System
Appendix C: International Organizations and
Groups
Appendix D: Selected International
Environmental Agreements
Appendix E: Weights and Measures
Appendix F: Cross-Reference List of Country
Data Codes
Appendix G: Cross-Reference List of
Hydrographic Codes
Appendix H: Cross-Reference List of
Geographic Names
History
Contributors and Copyright Information
Purchase Information
______________________________________________________________________
AFGHANISTAN
@Afghanistan:Geography
Location: Southern Asia, north and west of
Pakistan, east of Iran
Geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 65 00 E
Map references: Asia
Area: total: 647,500 sq km land: 647,500 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area-comparative: slightly smaller than Texas
Land boundaries:
total: 5,529 km
border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km,
Pakistan 2,430 km,
Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km,
Uzbekistan 137 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot
summers
Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north
and southwest
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Amu Darya 258
m highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m
Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal,
copper, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore,
salt, precious and semiprecious stones
Land use: arable land: 12% permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 46% forests and woodland:
3% other: 39% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 30,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: damaging earthquakes occur in
Hindu Kush mountains; flooding
Environment-current issues: soil degradation;
overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining
forests are being cut down for fuel and building
materials); desertification
Environment-international agreements: party to:
Desertification, Endangered Species,
Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping,
Nuclear Test Ban signed, but not ratified:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes,
Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Geography-note: landlocked
@Afghanistan:People
Population: 24,792,375 (July 1998 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 43% (male 5,425,510;
female 5,216,954) 15-64 years: 54% (male
6,978,549; female 6,494,253) 65 years and over:
3% (male 357,780; female 319,329) (July 1998
est.)
Population growth rate: 4.21% (1998 est.) note:
this rate reflects the continued return of refugees
Birth rate: 42.37 births/1,000 population (1998 est.)
Death rate: 17.4 deaths/1,000 population (1998
est.)Net migration rate: 17.14 migrant(s)/1,000
population (1998 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15
years: 1.03 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.07
male(s)/female 65 years and over: 1.12
male(s)/female (1998 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 143.63 deaths/1,000 live
births (1998 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 46.83
years male: 47.35 years female: 46.29 years (1998
est.)
Total fertility rate: 6.01 children born/woman (1998
est.)
Nationality: noun: Afghan(s) adjective: Afghan
Ethnic groups: Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Uzbek
6%, Hazara 19%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks,
Turkmen, Baloch, and others)
Religions: Sunni Muslim 84%, Shi'a Muslim 15%,
other 1%
Languages: Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari)
50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and
Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily
Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and
write total population: 31.5% male: 47.2% female:
15% (1995 est.)
@Afghanistan:Government
Country name: conventional long form: Islamic
State of Afghanistan; note-the self-proclaimed
Taliban government refers to the country as
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan conventional short
form: Afghanistan local long form: Dowlat-e Eslami-
ye Afghanestan local short form: Afghanestan
former: Republic of Afghanistan
Data code: AF
Government type: transitional government
National capital: Kabul
Administrative divisions: 30 provinces (velayat,
singular-velayat);
Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian,